Sandbox 2

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News, Issues, and Status at Other Refineries

Phillips 66 has 15 refineries globally and 2.2 million barrels a day of capacity. "When we think about our refining business we like to think about it in four segments. One is the Mid-Continent, about 21% of our capacity is there. Margins have been very strong in this area, as you know. Our largest region is the Gulf Coast, about 33% of our capacity is there.We have large economy of scale here. We have very complex refineries on the Gulf Coast. The Western US and Pacific region is about 20%, includes our interests in the Melaka refinery.The West Coast has typically had high margins historically, but the last couple years has been challenged in part due to the economic slowdown in California." Derivative Photo: Hugh Pickens

Phillips 66 has 15 refineries globally and 2.2 million barrels a day of capacity. "When we think about our refining business we like to think about it in four segments. One is the Mid-Continent, about 21% of our capacity is there. Margins have been very strong in this area, as you know. Our largest region is the Gulf Coast, about 33% of our capacity is there.We have large economy of scale here. We have very complex refineries on the Gulf Coast. The Western US and Pacific region is about 20%, includes our interests in the Melaka refinery.The West Coast has typically had high margins historically, but the last couple years has been challenged in part due to the economic slowdown in California."[1][2][3]

Characteristics of Phillips 66 Worldwide Refineries[4]

Country Name Location Capacity (KBD) Nelson Complexity Factor Clean Product Yield
Central US Billings Refinery (BI) Billings, MT 118 14.4 89%
Central US Borger Refinery (BG) Borger, TX 146 12.3 89%
Central US Ponca City Refinery (PC) Ponca City, OK 187 9.8 91%
Central US Wood River Refinery (WR) Roxana, IL 306 12.5 85%
Eastern US and Europe Bayway Refinery (BW) Linden, NJ 238 8.4 90%
Eastern US and Europe Humber Refinery (HU) North Linconshire 265 11.6 81%
Eastern US and Europe MIRO Refinery in Germany* (MI) Karlsruhe 56 7.9 85%
Eastern US and Europe Whitegate Refinery in Ireland (WG) Cork 71 3.8 65%
Gulf Coast US Alliance Refinery (AL) Belle Chasse, LA 247 12.5 86%
Gulf Coast US Sweeny Refinery (SW) Old Ocean, TX 247 13.2 87%
Gulf Coast US Lake Charles Refinery (LC) Westlake, LA 239 11.2 69%
Western US and Asia Ferndale Refinery (FN) Ferndale, WA 105 7.0 75%
Western US and Asia Los Angeles Refinery (LA) Carson, CA/Wilmington, CA 139 14.1 87%
Western US and Asia San Francisco Refinery (SF) Rodeo, CA 120 13.5 83%
Western US and Asia Melaka Refinery in Malaysia (ME) Melaka 58 9.3 83%
  • Denotes joint ventures. Crude capacity reflects that proportion.

Nelson Complexity Number

What differentiates one refinery from another are their capacities and the types of processing units used to produce these petroleum products. Refineries have a distillation column and then can have any combination of secondary processing units depending on the type of crude oil they process and the products they want to produce. A distillation column separates crude oil into different petroleum products based on differences in boiling points. Each secondary processing unit after the distillation column has a specific purpose, whether it is increasing separation; upgrading low-value products, like residual fuel oil, to high value products, like distillate; increasing octane; or enhancing environmental compliance by removing sulfur and other pollutants. A refinery's level of complexity is often based on how much secondary conversion capacity it has.[5]

The Nelson Complexity Index is one measure of refinery complexity. Developed in the 1960s by W.L. Nelson, the index measures the complexity and cost of each major type of refinery equipment.[6] The Nelson complexity index assigns a complexity factor to each major piece of refinery equipment based on its complexity and cost in comparison to crude distillation, which is assigned a complexity factor of 1.0. The complexity of each piece of refinery equipment is then calculated by multiplying its complexity factor by its throughput ratio as a percentage of crude distillation capacity. Adding up the complexity values assigned to each piece of equipment, including crude distillation, determines a refinery’s complexity on the Nelson Complexity Index. The Nelson complexity index indicates not only the investment intensity or cost index of the refinery but also its potential value addition. Thus, the higher the index number, the greater the cost of the refinery and the higher the value of its products.[7]

For example, the Phillips 66 refinery at Ferndale refinery in Washington has a Nelson Complexity Number of 7.0 and includes a fluid catalytic cracker, alkylation, and hydrotreating units. The Wilmington Refinery has a Nelson Complexity Number of 14.1 and includes a fluid catalytic cracker, alkylation, hydrocracking, reforming, and coking units.[8]

Alliance Refinery

The Alliance Refinery, located on the Mississippi River in Belle Chasse, La., 25 miles south of New Orleans, has a crude oil capacity of 247 MBD and processes mainly light, low-sulfur crude oil. Alliance receives domestic crude oil from the Gulf of Mexico via pipeline and foreign crude oil from West Africa via pipeline connected to the Louisiana Offshore Oil Port. The single-train refinery’s facilities include fluid catalytic cracking, hydrodesulfurization units, a reformer and aromatics units that enable it to produce a high percentage of transportation fuels, such as gasoline, diesel fuel and jet fuel. Other products include petrochemical feedstocks, home heating oil and anode petroleum coke.The majority of the refined products are distributed to customers in the southeastern and eastern United States through major common-carrier pipeline systems and by barge.[9] Photo by eustatic Flicker Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Generic (CC BY-NC-SA 2.0)
Flooding at the Alliance Refinery in Belle Chasse, Louisiana after Hurricane Isaac. Greg Garland told investors and securities analysts at the 2012 Barclays CEO Energy-Power Conference in New York on September 5, 2012 that Isaac went right over the top of the Alliance refinery. "We got back in the refinery on Wednesday afternoon. Some minor damage in terms of insulation blown off of towers, but really the refinery came through in really good shape. Back side of the storm created flooding in Plaquemines Parish. It overran a levy. We had about a 100 foot breach in our dike. So we got water into the refinery. By Thursday afternoon, we had managed to breach that. But we had about a foot to a foot and a half of water in the refinery." Photo: Lower Mississippi Riverkeeper Flickr Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.0 Generic (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)

Description of Alliance Refinery

The Alliance Refinery, located on the Mississippi River in Belle Chasse, La., 25 miles south of New Orleans, has a crude oil capacity of 247 MBD and processes mainly light, low-sulfur crude oil. Alliance receives domestic crude oil from the Gulf of Mexico via pipeline and foreign crude oil from West Africa via pipeline connected to the Louisiana Offshore Oil Port. The single-train refinery’s facilities include fluid catalytic cracking, hydrodesulfurization units, a reformer and aromatics units that enable it to produce a high percentage of transportation fuels, such as gasoline, diesel fuel and jet fuel. Other products include petrochemical feedstocks, home heating oil and anode petroleum coke.The majority of the refined products are distributed to customers in the southeastern and eastern United States through major common-carrier pipeline systems and by barge.[10]

News and Views on Alliance Refinery

July 31, 2013: Phillips to Process More Light Oil at Alliance Refinery

Greg Garland told analysts at Phillips 2nd Quarters earnings conference on July 31, 2013 that Phillips has opportunities at the Sweeny Refinery, Alliance Refinery, and Lake Charles Refinery to make some modifications and process more light oil through these facilities and with minimal capital investment. "We are looking for 40% return type projects on the refining side. And so we’re looking for quick hit, fast payout projects. We have some underutilized equipment that we can kind of tie together and use that all and so we've got some projects around that that we are executing." Garland added that the projects are already underway. "We actually do things like tie-ins and turnarounds and some other things. So, it kind of depends on the schedule and things that are available, but those are our plans that we have in place to make those margin in some of our refining system already."[11]

February 14, 2013: Equipment Malfunction Shuts Compressor at Alliance Refinery

Phillips 66 reported flaring at its Alliance refinery in Belle Chasse on February 14 was due to an equipment malfunction that shut a compressor, according to a filing with the U.S. National Response Center. Operators were attempting to stabilize the units and get the compressor back online.[12]

January 30, 2013: Garland Says Phillips Has Completely Backed Out US Light Sweet Crude from Alliance Refinery

Greg Garland told analysts at the 4th quarter earnings conference on January 30, 2013 that Phillips has completely backed out imports of U.S. light sweet crude in the Gulf Coast refineries including Alliance Refinery.[13]

December 13, 2012: Phillips Announces Marine Charter Agreements to Supply Alliance Refinery with Eagle Ford Advantaged Crude

Phillips 66 reported at their inaugural Analyst Meeting on December 13, 2013 that they had recently signed time charter agreements for two medium-range Jones Act marine vessels that will supply the Alliance and Bayway refineries, and potentially the company’s other Gulf Coast refineries, with Eagle Ford crude beginning in early 2013.[14]

October 31, 2012: Phillips Ran Global Refineries at 96% Capacity in 3rd Quarter Despite Downtime at Alliance Refinery

Chief Financial Officer Greg Maxwell reported at the Phillips Third Quarter Earnings Conference on October 31, 2012 that globally Phillips ran at a 96% utilization rate despite the Alliance refinery being down for approximately three weeks related to the impact of Hurricane Isaac.[15]

September 21, 2012: Production Resumes at Alliance Refinery

Nasdaq reported on September 26, 2012 that production had resumed at its Alliance refinery on September 21, 2012 as expected. Operations were idled on August 28 ahead of Hurricane Isaac.[16]

September 19, 2012: Phillips Expects to Have Alliance Back Online by September 22

Phillips 66 reported on September 17, 2012 that several units have been brought back online at the Alliance Refinery and that Phillips expects to have all refinery units back online by the end of the week of September 17.[17]

September 6, 2012: Power Restored at Alliance Refinery

Phillips 66 reported on September 6, 2012 that power was restored to Alliance Refinery on September 5, 2012 and the refinery expected to be operating by mid-September.[18]

September 5, 2012: Alliance Refinery Loses Electricity

Phillips 66 reported on September 5, 2012 that Alliance Refinery has lost electricity supply from its third-party power provider and work is proceeding to resolve the problem, and the utility provider expects to have power back to the refinery by late in the day on September 5, 2012. This outage will slow the restart of the refinery.[19]

Greg Garland told investors and securities analysts at the 2012 Barclays CEO Energy-Power Conference in New York on September 5, 2012 that Isaac went right over the top of the Alliance refinery. "We got back in the refinery on Wednesday afternoon. Some minor damage in terms of insulation blown off of towers, but really the refinery came through in really good shape. Back side of the storm created flooding in Plaquemines Parish. It overran a levy. We had about a 100 foot breach in our dike. So we got water into the refinery. By Thursday afternoon, we had managed to breach that. But we had about a foot to a foot and a half of water in the refinery. By Saturday, we had pumped all that out. No equipment damage really. We had hardened the refinery after Katrina. We had raised and elevated motor control centers, control rooms, etc. So really no equipment damage. We got a boiler started up Sunday night. We got gas restored on Sunday, power restored on Tuesday. So we're in startup mode and we expect in six to nine days, we'll have Alliance up and running. So really we came out well compared to the Katrina event back in 2005."[20]

September 4, 2012: Electricity Restored to Alliance Refinery

Phillips 66 reported on September 4, 2012 that power was restored to the Alliance Refinery early the morning of September 24, 2012 and refinery personnel are in the process of safely bringing the refinery back online. It is expected to take a couple of weeks before the refinery is running at normal rates.[21]

September 4, 2012: Alliance Refinery Reports Leakage at Oil Storage Facility

Reuters reported on September 4, 2012 that a leaking oil storage facility at the Alliance Refinery released an unknown amount of oil into the facility and surrounding area according to a filing with national pollution regulators. The incident was discovered at 1308 (local time) on September 2, 2012, the filing said.[22]

September 2, 2012: Alliance Refinery Remains Shut Down without Power

Phillips 66 reported on September 2, 2012 that the Alliance Refinery remains shut down and is without power at this time but most of the floodwater has been cleared from the refinery and personnel have returned to work and are preparing the refinery for an eventual restart once power has been restored by the third-party power provider.[23]

August 31, 2012: Alliance Refinery Remains Shut Down Due to Flooding

Phillips 66 reported on August 31, 2012 that the Alliance Refinery remains shut down without power and floodwater remains in parts of the refinery. More than 100 employees should be at the refinery by the end of August 31, 2012 to assist with assessment and recovery of the refinery and additional emergency generators, fuel and other supplies also are expected. A timeline for restart will be developed once the assessment is complete.[24]

Herald Online reported on August 31, 2012 that Phillips will contribute $500,000 to the American Red Cross to assist relief operations following Hurricane Isaac and flooding in the Gulf Coast region and will match employee contributions for disaster relief. "Our thoughts and prayers go out to all those impacted by Hurricane Isaac, including our many employees, friends and neighbors across the Gulf Coast,” said Phillips CEO Greg Garland. “We are extremely thankful that all of the employees at our Alliance Refinery in Belle Chasse, La., and their immediate families are safe, though some have experienced significant damage to their homes and property.[25]

August 30, 2012: Some Flooding from Hurricane Isaac in Alliance Refinery

Phillips 66 reported on their web site on Augsut 30, 2012 that a team is assessing damage from flooding from Hurricane Isaac and that some flooding is evident in the refinery with personnel working to prevent more flooding and to pump water out of the flooded areas. The refinery remains shut down and is without power and a timeline for restarting the refinery will be made once the assessment is complete.[26]

August 28, 2012: Alliance Refinery Loses Power During Hurricane Isaac

The Times-Picayune reported on August 28, 2012 that according Plaquemines Parish Sheriff's Office deputies, Hurricane Isaac knocked out power at the Phillips 66 Alliance Refinery in Belle Chase's Jesuit Bend area. Belle Chase has about 5,100 outages as hurricane-force winds in lower Plaquemines likely would last between 6 to 10 hours.[27] “We are not yet able to confirm whether or not flooding in the region has impacted the refinery,” the company said in a statement on its website.[28] The Phillips 66 web site reported that refinery personnel are making plans to re-enter the refinery once the hurricane has passed and it is safe to do so in order to assess the condition of the refinery. A decision on a timeline for restart will be made once the assessment can be completed.[29]

August 27, 2012: Alliance Refinery Will be Shut Down for Hurricane Isaac

Fox News reported on August 27, 2012 that the Alliance refinery in Belle Chasse was in the process of suspending operations and would be completely shut down by the evening of August 27, 2012 ahead of Tropical Storm Isaac.[30] Refinery owners often shut down operations in advance of a storm because refineries consume enormous amounts of electric power and generate steam to cook crude oil into gasoline, diesel, jet fuel and heating oil and if a refinery loses power suddenly, operators can't properly clear the partially cooked oil out of pipes, and re-starting the refinery can take several days or even weeks. However if refineries instead conduct what is known as an orderly shutdown, they can re-start as soon as the power supply is assured again.[31]

August 26, 2012: Alliance Refinery Likely to Shut Down for Hurricane Isaac

Reuters reported on August 26, 2012 that Hurricane Isaac looks set to disrupt U.S. offshore oil and gas supplies and analysts say it could wreak havoc on "refinery row" along the Gulf Coast, a low-lying area between Texas and Mississippi that is home to about 44 percent of U.S. refining capacity and could be the biggest test for U.S. energy infrastructure since 2008, when Hurricanes Gustav and Ike disrupted offshore oil output for months and damaged onshore natural gas processing plants, pipelines and some refineries. According to Lousiana Governor Bobby Jindal, Phillips 66 was "likely" to shut its 247,000 bpd Alliance refinery in Belle Chasse, Louisiana.[32]

August 9, 2012: Phillips 66 Puts Project On Hold to Boost ultra-low-sulfur diesel fuel output at Alliance Refinery

Bloomberg reported on August 9, 2012 that Phillips is holding off on starting a project that would boost ultra-low-sulfur diesel fuel output at its Alliance refinery in Louisiana. Phillips 66 is “re-evaluating the timing of the project based on market economics,” Rich Johnson, a Houston-based company spokesman, said in an e-mailed statement. “Reviewing economics such as supply and demand forecasts for our product will be taken into consideration as part of the long-range planning cycle we use to determine what capital projects we want to invest in.” The company received a permit on July 25, 2012 to expand a diesel hydrotreater and gulfining unit, according to a filing with the state’s Department of Environmental Quality allowing the units to remove more sulfur to meet emissions regulations. The permit will expire on Jan. 25, 2014.[33]

August 1, 2012: Phillips to Run 50,000 to 90,000 bpd of Advantaged Crudes to Alliance Refinery

Phillips reported during their second-quarters earnings report on August 1, 2012 that Phillips wants to move the shale crudes from 120,000 to ultimately 450,000 to 460,000 barrels a day and has a plan to get advantaged crude into most Phillips refineries. "We are trying to get those crudes to every refinery we can," said Phillips CEO Greg Garland. "And then Alliance, we are running today Eagle Ford crude and some Bakken crude in Alliance, but ultimately [we want to run] 50,000 to 90,000 barrels a day."."[34]

August 1, 2012: Phillips Won't Sell Alliance Refinery

Reuters reported on Phillips second-quarters earnings report on August 2, 2012 that Phillips 66 said it would retain its 247,000 barrel-per-day Alliance plant in Belle Chasse, Louisiana, because it expects increased access to cut-price light sweet crude to run there.[35] "We had a lot of people go through the data room. We had a handful of offers and nothing we really regarded as approaching our whole value for the asset," said Garland. "I think in the interim year that's passed since we made that first decision that our view has changed in terms of Gulf Coast crudes particularly LLS as becoming advantaged. So we just think Alliance really has more future value than certainly -- value today than what people are willing to pay."[36]

June 5, 2012: Phillips 66 Reconsiders Sale of Alliance Refinery

Nasdaq reported on June 5, 2012 that Phillips 66 CEO Greg Garland told financial analysts during an investors conference that although Phillips 66 has been considering the sale of its Alliance refinery in Belle Chasse, Louisiana since December 2011, the company is now rethinking the prospect amid falling prices for Light Louisiana Sweet (LLS) crude oil and may not put the refinery up for sale after all. "Our view of that refinery has increased," said Garland. "We think LLS will become an advantaged crude." hillips 66 and other refiners have been rearranging their geographic footprint to take advantage of a boom in US oil and natural gas production that has scrambled the refining map. Refineries with access to new, discounted oil in the U.S. midcontinent have prospered, while coastal refineries have seen profit margins decline.[37] LLS sold for about $95 a barrel Tuesday, down nearly 17% since December. The premium of about $12 LLS commands over inland-crude-oil benchmark West Texas Intermediate should fall as more WTI crude comes to the Gulf Coast via pipelines and rail cars.[38]

According to an article in the Wall Street Journal on June 7, 2012, it may be difficult for Phillips to find a buyer for the Alliance Refinery because long term US gasoline consumption is falling. "Other refineries all have assets on the chopping block, but in a world where domestic fuel sales are in long-term decline, potential buyers are in short supply," write Ben Lefebre. However lower crude prices are making the economics of refining attractive again. "There may be a gleam of hope for Gulf Coast refiner profitability," writes Lefebre. "Exports are growing and Gulf Coast crude economics are getting better. The surge in domestic crude production could bring down the cost of regional oil benchmark Light Louisiana Sweet, giving refines in the region a distinct advantage, refiners and analysts have said."[39]

May 1, 2012: Phillips 66 is Trying to Sell Alliance Refinery

Garland told Reuters on May 1, 2012 that Phillips 66 aims to double refined product exports to 200,000 bpd in the next two years, but its 247,000 bpd Alliance refinery in Belle Chasse, Louisiana -- which runs light-sweet crude -- is on the block. Increasing U.S. light-sweet inland shale oil output along with more infrastructure to move it to the refinery-heavy Gulf Coast means more advantaged crude prices could show up in the region in the coming years, increasing Alliance's value, Garland said. If the price isn't right for what he called "a good export platform for us," Phillips 66 will keep it, Garland said. "We wouldn't let the refinery go cheap."[40]

Bayway Refinery

The Bayway Refinery, located on New York Harbor in Linden, N.J., has a crude oil processing capacity of 238 MBD and processes mainly light, low-sulfur crude oil. Crude oil is supplied to the refinery by tanker, primarily from the North Sea, Canada and West Africa. Bayway refining units include one of the world’s largest fluid catalytic cracking units, two hydrodesulfurization units, a reformer, alkylation unit and other processing equipment. The refinery produces a high percentage of transportation fuels, such as gasoline, diesel fuel and jet fuel, as well as petrochemical feedstocks, residual fuel oil and home heating oil. The facility distributes refined products to East Coast customers via barges, trucks, pipelines and railcars. Bayway also operates a 775 MMLB/Y polypropylene plant.[41] Photo by William Hartz Flicker Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Generic (CC BY-NC-SA 2.0)

Description of Bayway Refinery

The Bayway Refinery, located on New York Harbor in Linden, N.J., has a crude oil processing capacity of 238 MBD and processes mainly light, low-sulfur crude oil. Crude oil is supplied to the refinery by tanker, primarily from the North Sea, Canada and West Africa. Bayway refining units include one of the world’s largest fluid catalytic cracking units, two hydrodesulfurization units, a reformer, alkylation unit and other processing equipment. The refinery produces a high percentage of transportation fuels, such as gasoline, diesel fuel and jet fuel, as well as petrochemical feedstocks, residual fuel oil and home heating oil. The facility distributes refined products to East Coast customers via barges, trucks, pipelines and railcars. Bayway also operates a 775 MMLB/Y polypropylene plant.[42] Bayway is the northernmost refinery along the U.S. Atlantic Basin. Bayway Refinery's nickname, "The Gasoline Machine," is derived from its gasoline-making fluid catalytic cracking unit, which at 145,000 bpd is the largest in the nation. It has the capacity to supply half the gasoline used in New Jersey, the nation's 11th most populous state.[43]

Bayway is the second largest of 12 refineries on the East Coast, and the 25th largest in the United States, according to the U.S. Energy Information Administration. It employs about 800 people at the Linden facility.[44]

History of Bayway Refinery

In 1907 Standard Oil founder John D. Rockefeller acquired several hundred acres of the former Morse family estate between Linden and Elizabeth, New Jersey as the site for the Bayway refinery. Construction of temporary office buildings began on October 15, 1907 and work clearing the heavily wooded land began immediately. The cornerstone of the machine shop, the first permanent structure at the site, was laid on January 18, 1908, and construction continued throughout the year. The first crude stills at Bayway were completed in late 1908 and on January 2, 1909, they were symbolically fired up by William C. Koehler. The facility began processing an initial 10,000 barrels of crude oil per day. Capacity was expanded to an estimated 7,176 barrels per day by 1911. Over the next several years the plant continued expanding and increasing capacity and workforce.[45]

In 1911, Standard Oil was broken up into smaller units in accordance the Sherman Antitrust Act. One of these successor companies was Standard Oil Company of New Jersey, the precursor to Esso and later Exxon, which retained the ownership of the Bayway facilities.[46]

In 1993, the Tosco Corporation finalized proceedings to purchase the refinery from Exxon for a sum of $175 million, although the Exxon Chemical Company continued to run the Chemical Plant. During this time Bayway was operated by Bayway Refining Company, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Tosco Corporation. Under the direction of Tosco, Bayway was able to reorganize and upgrade the facility, and years of operating at a loss for Exxon in the later 1980s were turned around swiftly. Tosco was bought in 2001 by Phillips Petroleum, which merged with Conoco to form ConocoPhillips in 2002 and later spun-off downstream, midstream and chemical assets into a new Phillips 66 company in 2012.[47]

News and Views about Bayway Refinery

July 18, 2013: Planned Maintenance Concluded at Bayway Refinery

The WSJ reported on July 18, 2013 that planned maintenance on unspecified equipment at Phillips' Bayway Refinery had been concluded. Phillips spokesman Rich Johnson said he wasn't able to comment on the scope of the work, when it started, or the unit, or units, involved.[48]

June 12, 2013: Employee is Exposed to Hydrogen Sulfide at Bayway Refinery

Phillips 66 said operations were not affected at its Bayway refinery in Linden, NJ after an employee was hospitalized following an exposure to hydrogen sulfide on June 12. The employee was released from the hospital later the same day, a spokesman said.[49]

April 26, 2013: Safety Called into Question at Bayway Refinery

Jim Hoffer wrote at WABC on April 26, 2013 that Bayway refinery worker and Union President Gary Doherty says that Phillips is cutting back on fire safety putting workers and the community in danger. Doherty says that Bayway's Fire Department has been reduced from 10 full-time firefighters in 2008 to seven today. "Managers made it clear to us that this is to save money, and we ask, at what cost?" Doherty said. Phillips 66 says it maintains robust emergency response capabilities and that only one full-time firefighter position has been cut.[50]

Eyewitness News learned that the volunteer rescue squad had its firefighting training eliminated causing nearly half of the refinery workers on the 48-man volunteer fire brigade to quit the squad. "They turned in their gear and they no longer volunteer to come in and fight fires in the refinery," Doherty said. "They fear for their safety." Phillips 66 says it has reversed its decision to cut firefighting training for Bayway's rescue squad resulting in a return of several volunteers who had quit the fire brigade but Eyewitness News has been told that earlier this week, a training class had to be cancelled because of a lack of volunteers.[51]

April 26, 2013: Amy Goldsmith and Fletcher Harper write that Phillips 66 has Reduced Staffing in Safety Areas at Bayway Refinery, Creating Concern for Workers and Neighbors

Amy Goldsmith and Fletcher Harper wrote in an op-ed in the New Jersey Star-Ledger on April 26, 2013 that the threat of an industrial fire and explosion that recently hospitalized hundreds in West, Texas has potentially increased for New Jersey residents as a result of a recent change in ownership at the Bayway oil refinery. "Last year, the refinery became part of Phillips 66," write Goldsmith and Harper. "After the ownership change, Phillips 66 eliminated one of just two positions dedicated entirely to firefighting and response to chemical leaks on the night shift and also reduced staffing for a process unit that can generate deadly hydrogen sulfide gas. They also cut back on long-established procedures for testing fire protection."[52]

According to Goldsmith, director of the New Jersey Environmental Federation, the state chapter of Clean Water Action, and Harper, executive director of GreenFaith, Phillips produces millions of pounds of highly toxic and flammable substances at Bayway Refinery and Phillips May 2012 Risk Management Plan submitted to EPA acknowledges that a flammable mixture could cause serious harm in the surrounding area in which 18,000 people live. "The people who work at the Bayway refinery have been objecting to Phillips 66’s cuts through their union, Teamsters Local 877. Unfortunately, Phillips 66 has responded by ordering a two-week suspension from work for the local union officer who has helped lead the workers’ health and safety efforts for many years," write Goldsmith and Harper. "Between Earth Day (Monday) and Workers’ Memorial Day (this Sunday), this week has focused Americans’ attention on the need to put public safety and environmental protection ahead of extra profits and bonuses for corporate CEOs. This would be a good time for corporate executives such as those at Phillips 66 to start listening."[53]

April 22, 2013: Phillips Reports Normal Operations at Bayway Refinery

Phillips reported normal operations at its Bayway refinery on April 22 following a power dip that affected several unspecified units on April 19, 2013.[54]

March 20, 2013: Phillips Signs Deals to Boost Deliveries of Cheap Crude to Bayway Refinery

Eliot Caroom reported on Bloomberg on March 20, 2013 that Phillips has signed a three-year deal with Enbridge Energy Partners LP for loading rail cars with up to 35,000 to 45,000 barrels a day of Bakkan crude from Enbridge’s terminal in Berthold, North Dakota. The crude will be delivered to Bayway Refinery on the east coast and Ferndale Refinery on the West Coast. Some crude could also be sent to Gulf Coast refineries at Lake Charles, Alliance, and Sweeney.“We are aggressively pursuing increased access to advantaged crudes in North America by partnering with leading third-party transportation providers and better leveraging our own system capabilities,” Greg Garland, Phillips 66 chairman and chief executive officer, said in the statement. “Increasing our utilization of those advantaged crudes should allow us to capture significant value in our refining and marketing businesses.”[55]

February 19, 2013: Bayway Refinery Manager Presents Check for $500,000 to American Red Cross

The Star Ledger reported on February 19, 2013 that David Erfert, Phillips 66 Bayway Refinery Manager, presented a check on behalf of Phillips 66 to Suzanne Lutz of the North Jersey Region of the American Red Cross to assist with hurricane relief efforts following Superstorm Sandy. "The American Red Cross is extremely grateful for Phillips 66’s generosity to support our work helping those impacted by Superstorm Sandy," said Lutz.[56]

January 30, 2013: Garland Says Phillips Utilization Rate Was Negatively Impacted by Hurricane Sandy Related Unplanned Downtime at the Bayway Refinery

Greg Garland told analysts at the 4th quarter earnings conference on January 30, 2013 that Phillips utilization rate was negatively impacted by Hurricane Sandy related unplanned downtime at the Bayway refinery as well as the turnarounds at the Wood River Refinery, Los Angeles Refinery and Borger Refinery. "In refining and marketing, our refining realized margin was $13.67 per barrel with a global crude utilization rate of 91% and a clean product yield of 83%," said Garland. "Lower volumes negatively impacted earnings by $42 million, mainly in the Atlantic basin and the Central Corridor regions, reflecting unplanned downtime due to Hurricane Sandy and plant turnarounds."[57]

January 8, 2013: Global Partners to Deliver 50,000 bpd of Bakken Crude to Bayway Refinery

The Boston Globe reported on January 8, 2013 that Global Partners LP has signed a five-year contract with Phillips 66 to deliver crude oil from North Dakota to Bayway Refinery using its rail transloading, logistics, and transportation system to deliver about 91 million barrels of crude oil to the Phillips refinery over the life of the contract. That equates to approximately 50,000 barrels per day.[58] “Global has established a ‘virtual pipeline’ for the reliable transportation of Bakken crude,” said Tim Taylor, Executive Vice President, Commercial, Marketing, Transportation & Business Development of Phillips 66. “Our five-year agreement with Global assures us long-term access to advantaged crude for our Bayway refinery through what we believe is a cost competitive origin-to-destination supply system to the East Coast.” The Bakken crude oil is expected to be transloaded at Basin Transload LLC’s North Dakota rail facilities.[59]

December 13, 2012: Phillips Announces Marine Charter Agreements to Supply Bayway Refinery with Eagle Ford Advantaged Crude

Phillips 66 reported at their inaugural Analyst Meeting on December 13, 2013 that they had recently signed time charter agreements for two medium-range Jones Act marine vessels that will supply the Alliance and Bayway refineries, and potentially the company’s other Gulf Coast refineries, with Eagle Ford crude beginning in early 2013.[60]

November 27, 2012: Bayway Refinery Resumes Normal Operations

Fox Business reported on November 27, 2012 that Bayway Refinery has resumed normal operations following extensive repair and replacement of equipment impacted by salt water during Hurricane Sandy.[61]

November 26, 2012: Phillips Reports Emissions During Equipment Startup at Bayway Refinery

Businessweek reported on November 26, 2012 that Phillips reported emissions associated with an equipment startup when more than 500 pounds of sulfur dioxide flared at the Bayway refinery on November 25, 2012. The unit was undergoing repairs and maintenance following Hurricane Sandy.[62]

November 17, 2012: Bayway Refinery to Reopen by End of November

Phillips 66 reported on November 19, 2012 that the Bayway Refinery is expected to resume normal operations by the end of November. Work to repair or replace damaged equipment, primarily electrical equipment impacted by saltwater during the storm surge from Hurricane Sandy, is progressing. The refinery’s processing units are in good condition. The Bayway polypropylene plant will follow the same restart schedule as the refinery.[63]

November 5, 2012: Bayway Refinery Leaked 7,700 Gallons of Oil after Hurricane Sandy

Reuters reported on November 5, 2012 that according to the US Coast Guard about 7,700 gallons of fuel spilled from the Bayway Refinery after Hurricane Sandy.[64]

November 2, 2012: Bayway Refinery Could be Weeks Away from Restart

Reuters reported on November 2, 2012 that a source familiar with refinery operations Bayway refinery is weeks away from restarting due to heavy damage caused by salt water flooding into the facility from the neighboring Arthur Kill during Hurricane Sandy. Work is underway on one of the two docks where the pumps were ruined by salt water. Estimates for one dock to return to service and receive product are for next week, the source said.[65]

The Phillips 66 website reported on November 2, 2012 that the refinery remains temporarily shut down at this time while we continue to clean up, assess equipment and begin to make necessary repairs. A decision regarding when the refinery will be able to resume crude oil processing operations will be made once all assessments are complete.[66]

October 31, 2012: Greg Maxwell Updates Analysts on Bayway Refinery Shutdown

Chief Financial Officer Greg Maxwell reported at the Phillips Third Quarter Earnings Conference on October 31, 2012 that before Hurricane Sandy made landfall in the Northeast Phillips safely idled the Bayway refinery and shut down the terminals as a precautionary measure. "There was some flooding in low-lying areas of the refinery but flood waters have since receded. And as of this morning power has been restored at Bayway. We are currently assessing the condition of the assets. And a decision on resuming operations will be made once this assessment is complete."[67]

October 31, 2012: Phillips to Send More Advantaged Crude to Bayway Refinery by Rail

Chief Financial Officer Greg Maxwell reported at the Phillips Third Quarter Earnings Conference on October 31, 2012 that Phillips is delivering 30,000 to 40,000 barrels per day of advantaged crude to the Bayway refinery by rail.Time Taylor, Phillips head of EVP Commercial Transportation, Business Development and Marketing, added during the question period that on average it costs Phillips $2 to $3 a barrel to move crude to Bayway by rail. Asked if there was a significant increase in moving crude to Bayway by rail from the 2nd to the 3rd Quarter, Taylor said there had been an increase. ". I can't remember the exact increase but we're increasing that. As you can guess we're continuing to, so to speak, test the limits. And we can go substantially higher. I think the challenge for us is to continue to work logistics and get more and more of that into the Bayway refinery."[68]

October 30, 2012: Sandy Knocks Out Power at Bayway Refinery

Houston Business Journal reported on October 30, 2012 that Phillips 66 has reported a power outage at its Bayway refinery. The plant had been shut down as a precaution, but the outage could slow the recovery at the plant. Phillips 66 said there was "some flooding in low-lying areas" of the refinery. Utility PSE&G said power was likely to be restored no sooner than in 24 to 48 hours. The flooding at Bayway, which had been seen by experts as the refinery most vulnerable to Sandy's record 13-foot (4-meter) storm surge and subsequent power outages, is a potential second nightmare for Phillips 66, which had struggled to restore its Alliance, Louisiana, refinery after Hurricane Isaac in August. That storm pushed more than 2 feet of floodwater into the plant.[69][70]

October 28, 2012: Phillips Begins Shutdown of Bayway Refinery

Reuters reported on October 28, 2012 that Phillips had begun shutting its Bayway Refinery in Linden, New Jersey in preparation for Hurricane Sandy. "A significant storm surge is predicted for coastal areas in New Jersey and New York, and as a precaution, we are in the process of temporarily shutting down the 238,000 barrel-per-day Bayway Refinery in Linden, N.J. We expect the refinery to be completely shut down by early Monday morning. Our Riverhead, N.Y., and Tremley Point, N.J., terminals also have been temporarily shut down. Our Linden terminal remains open at this time but will be shut down by Monday morning. Decisions regarding restarting these operations will be made once the storm has passed and post-storm assessments have been completed."[71][72]

October 26, 2012: Bayway Refinery Prepares for Hurricane Sandy

Reuters reported on October 26, 2012 that Oil refineries along the U.S. Atlantic Seaboard on Friday braced for Hurricane Sandy, putting in place emergency plans ahead of the storm's expected landfall in the Northeast early next week. Phillips 66, owner of the 238,000 bpd Bayway refinery in Linden, New Jersey, said it is monitoring the storm. "All of our East Coast operations continue to operate normally while we prepare our facilities for the storm," said Rich Johnson, a spokesman for the company.[73]

September 10, 2012: Union Contract Ratified with 52 percent of Bayway Refinery Workers Voting in Favor

Reuters reported on September 10, 2012 that union members at Phillips 66 Bayway refinery ratified a three-year contract with 52 percent of the 288 members of the Teamsters union at the refinery voting in favor of the contract which takes effect on October 1, 2012. Union leadership recommended the contract be accepted but several members of the union expressed displeasure with some of the work rights and quality of life changes in the new contract.[74]

September 7, 2012: Bayway Refinery Workers Vote on New Union Contract

Reuters reported on September 7, 2012 that members of the Teamsters Union at Bayway refinery vote on September 7, 2012 on whether to ratify their latest labor contract. The existing union contract ends on October 1, 2012 but if the contract is voted down there will not be an immediate strike but rather a return to negotiations. Contract negotiations began in June which provided a longer window for the talks. Although The contract was recommended by the union's executive board, according to a source familiar with the situation, some union members plan to vote against the contract which includes issues concerning work rules, overtime pay, and scheduling changes. Rich Johnson, a spokesman for Phillips 66, said the company would prefer to wait until after the ratification vote before offering any comment.[75]

August 27, 2012: County Hazardous Materials Team Called to Bayway Refinery After Compressor Problems

NewJersey.com reported on August 27, 2012 that a hazmat team from Union County was called to the Phillips 66 Bayway Refinery after a routine flaring operation led to problems with a compressor. New Jersey's Department of Environmental Protection contacted the county, asking that the hazmat team collect air samples. They found "no unusual activity," said Tina Casey, a county spokeswoman. The flaring process is a common stopgap measure in which raw materials are burned off in the open air. The resulting flames can be seen atop the plant's towering exhaust pipes, visible in nearby communities and from nearby highways.[76]

August 1, 2012: Phillips to Run 100.000 bpd of Advantaged Crudes to Bayway Refinery

Phillips reported during their second-quarters earnings report on August 1, 2012 that Phillips wants to move the shale crudes from 120,000 to ultimately 450,000 to 460,000 barrels a day and has a plan to get advantaged crude into most of Phillips' refineries. "We are trying to get those crudes to every refinery we can," said Phillips CEO Greg Garland adding that Phillips can probably move 100,000 barrels a day of shale type crudes into Bayway.[77]

August 1, 2012: Bayway Refinery to Remain in Phillips Portfolio if Phillips Can Run More Bakken Crude

Reuters reported on Phillips second-quarters earnings report on August 2, 2012 that the Bayway Refinery is "absolutely" more likely to stay in the company's portfolio if Phillips 66 can increase the amount of Bakken crude the refinery runs, backing out other more expensive crudes. Bayway can run run up to 100,000 bpd of light crude and Phillips plans to rail Bakken crude to Bayway and to its Ferndale Refinery. Phillips 66 plans to buy 2,000 railcars to move cheap crude from North Dakota's Bakken shale play to it Bayway Refinery and to its Ferndale Refinery.[78]

June 24, 2012: Bayway Refinery Earns EPA’s ENERGY STAR® Certification

New Jersey Today reported on June 24, 2012 that Phillips Bayway Refinery has earned the US. Environmental Protection Agency’s ENERGY STAR certification, which signifies that the industrial facility performs in the top 25 percent of similar facilities nationwide for energy efficiency and meets strict energy efficiency performance levels set by the EPA. Bayway Refinery improved its energy efficiency by 11 percent since 2002 by strategically managing energy consumption and making cost-effective improvements to the plant. To earn the ENERGY STAR, Phillips 66 Bayway Refinery replaced a large crude oil unit furnace to newer, more efficient technology in 2010, replaced its sulfur recovery plant in 2007, upgraded various plant energy recovery systems. ENERGY STAR was introduced by EPA in 1992 as a voluntary, market-based partnership to reduce greenhouse gas emissions through energy efficiency.[79]

May 2, 2012: Bayway Employees Join Garland to Ring Wall Street Opening Bell

On May 2, 2012, executives and employees from Phillips 66 celebrated the company's first week of regular trading on the New York Stock Exchange by ringing the opening bell at the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) with Phillip 66 Chairman and Chief Executive Officer Greg C. Garland leading the delegation, which included employees from Phillips 66' Houston Headquarters and employees from Phillips 66 Bayway Refinery in Linden, NJ.[80]

May 1, 2012: Phillips 66 Plans to Keep the Bayway Refinery

Garland told Reuters on May 1, 2012 that Phillips 66 plans to keep the Bayway plant and its foothold in the East Coast refining market. "It's a good machine. It should be the last refinery standing in PADD I," Garland said.[81]

November 17, 2011: Bayway Refinery Faces a Challenge to Stay Open

NJ.com reported on November 17, 2011 that Bayway Refinery faces a challenge: The crude oil it refines is more expensive than crude oil in other parts of the country, a dynamic that already led to the sale or closure of several East Coast refineries this year. Nearby plants owned by other companies also have been on the chopping block, including two Sunoco plants — in Philadelphia and Marcus Hook, Pa. — that will be sold or closed. "What you’re seeing is a lot of refineries shutting down in this region," said Hamza Khan, an analyst at the Schork Report, which covers energy markets. "Sunoco is pulling out. A number of refineries are shutting down on the East Coast. The onus is either shut down or sell." However Bayway Refinery may have an advantage due to upgrades over the years. "They’re continuing to operate Bayway, and I think Bayway is a little more sophisticated," said Tom Kloza, the Wall Township-based chief oil analyst for the Oil Price Information Service. "A complex refinery can use cheaper, heavier sour crude." Because Bayway can handle a variety of types of crude, Kloza said, it probably could survive. "It’s in a strategic location, and for most of the years I’ve seen it make money," Kloza said. "I think most people take them at their word that they’re not making any money at their Pennsylvania refinery." Kloza said ConocoPhillips has a list of five or six refineries that are candidates for sale or closure. "I’ve heard varying reports of whether Bayway is on the list or not," Kloza said. "That is one that’s on the bubble."[82]

Billings Refinery

The Billings Refinery is located in Billings, Mont. It has a crude oil processing capacity of 58 MBD and processes a mixture of Canadian heavy, high-sulfur crude oil plus domestic high-sulfur and low-sulfur crude oil, all delivered by pipeline. Its facilities include fluid catalytic cracking and hydrodesulfurization units. A delayed coker converts heavy, high-sulfur residue into higher-value light oils. The refinery produces a high percentage of transportation fuels, such as gasoline, aviation and diesel fuels, as well as fuel-grade petroleum coke. Finished petroleum products from the refinery are delivered via pipeline, railcar and truck. Pipelines transport most of the refined products to markets in Montana, Wyoming, Idaho, Utah and Washington.[83] Photo by jonmartin Flicker Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Generic (CC BY-NC-SA 2.0)

Description of Billing Refinery

The Billings Refinery is located in Billings, Mont. It has a crude oil processing capacity of 58 MBD and processes a mixture of Canadian heavy, high-sulfur crude oil plus domestic high-sulfur and low-sulfur crude oil, all delivered by pipeline. Its facilities include fluid catalytic cracking and hydrodesulfurization units. A delayed coker converts heavy, high-sulfur residue into higher-value light oils. The refinery produces a high percentage of transportation fuels, such as gasoline, aviation and diesel fuels, as well as fuel-grade petroleum coke. Finished petroleum products from the refinery are delivered via pipeline, railcar and truck. Pipelines transport most of the refined products to markets in Montana, Wyoming, Idaho, Utah and Washington.[84]

The Billings Refinery's market value in 2010 according to Montana property records is $508,333,155.[85]

News and Views on the Billings Refinery

July 18, 2013: Phillips Pays Fine for Billings Refinery Pollution Violations

The Daily Journal reported on July 18, 2013 that Phillips has paid $17,075 to resolve pollution violations involving wastewater from the company's Billings refinery when the Montana Department of Environmental Quality said Phillips' refinery exceeded chlorine limits in its wastewater in 2010, and limits on oil and grease in 2012. Phillips used chlorinated water which is toxic to fish to test a large storage tank for leaks, but did not remove the chlorine prior to draining the tank.[86]

July 12, 2013: Phillips Blames Shifting Land for 25,000 Gallon Crow Reservation Oil Spill

KULR News reported on July 12, 2013 that Phillips 66 says shifting land appears to have damaged an underground pipeline that spilled up to 25,000 gallons of gasoline on the Crow Reservation west of Lodge Grass. Phillips says that it has completed repairs on its 8-inch underground Seminoe line and a cleanup plan is pending. The line is expected to be put back into operation by July 14, 2013 and spokesman Dennis Nuss says by the time of the restart the company will have fulfilled safety actions requested by federal regulators to prevent further problems.[87]

July 9, 2013: Phillips Plans New Oil Pipeline across Yellowstone River

KTVQ reported on July 9, 2013 that Phillips plans to build a new petroleum pipeline across the Yellowstone River in Montana after a survey conducted in 2011 found that the existing Phillips pipeline was only covered by two to six feet of river bed. The project comes two years after Exxon's pipeline broke in the Yellowstone River, spewing 63,000 gallons of crude oil into the water. Phillips wants to construct a new line that would run 40 feet underneath the water to prevent the line from breaking. The Montana Department of Natural Resources & Conservation recommends that Phillips 66 remove the old pipeline as part of the project but Phillips disagrees with this recommendation. The Montana Land Board will vote on whether or not to grant the construction permit on July 15, 2013.[88]

July 5, 2013: Phillips Gas pipeline Spills 25,000 Gallons on Crow Reservation in Montana

UPI reported on July 5, 2013 that a Phillips 66 pipeline spilled 25,000 gallons of gasoline on the Crow Reservation in southeastern Montana. The same pipeline broke twice in one week in 1997, spilling an estimated 2,300 barrels of gasoline near Lodge Grass and Banner, NBC News said. A U.S. Department of Transportation spokesman said the leak, which occurred about 15 miles from Lodge Grass, Mont., was under investigation but posed no safety threat to the public and did not immediately affect any waterways.[89] Phillips 66 says the pipeline transports finished petroleum products such as gasoline and diesel from its Billings refinery to Wyoming, Utah, and Colorado. Spokesman Dennis Nuss says Phillips immediately shut down the pipeline and that there are no anticipated health concerns. Crow Tribal Chair Darrin Old Coyote confirmed this and also said the leak is not near any homes or streams. "Phillips 66 was the one who reported it," Old Coyote said. "The pipeline is shut down and they are mobilizing their equipment to actually do the cleanup. No evacuations have taken place, but they are doing traffic control because the area is close to the road that goes from Hardin to Fort Smith."[90] In 2004, the Conoco Pipe Line Co. agreed to pay $465,000 for environmental violations after the line broke twice in a week in 1997, spilling more than 2,300 barrels of gasoline near Lodge Grass and Banner, Wyo.[91]

May 31, 2013: Phillips Continues Tax Protest at Billings Refining

Clair Johnson reported in the Billings Gazette on May 31, 2013 that Phillips paid its second-half 2012 Yellowstone County property taxes of $3.9 million with $1.3 million protested while its long-running tax dispute with the state of Montana continues. Taxes paid under protest are held in an escrow account pending resolution of the dispute. Taxing jurisdictions can demand distribution of the protested taxes but may have to repay the money depending on how the issues are resolved. Phillips 66 appealed its tax assessment to the Yellowstone County Tax Appeals Board, which sided with the company. The Revenue Department then appealed that decision to the Montana State Tax Appeals Board, which has not yet ruled. Another oil refiner, CHS refinery in Laurel, paid $4.08 million, with $1.6 million paid under protest.[92]

May 21, 2013: Phillips Refinery Manager Julian Stoll Bullish on Billings Refinery's Future

Jay Kohn reported for KTVQ on May 21, 2013 that Billngs Refinery employs 295 full time employees and about 100 contractors. Refinery Manager Julian Stoll told the reporter that 98% of the crude processed in Billings Refinery comes from Canada and that production is 60,000 bpd with the two new coke units installed last year, up from 7,500 bpd when the refinery was built in 1949.[93]

December 28, 2012: Billings Refinery Back to Normal After Flaring

The Billings Gazette reported on December 29, 2012 that the Billings Refinery is back to normal operations after a compressor that pumps gases from the cracker unit twice tripped offline and a pressure relief valve did not close properly triggering flaring of excess gases. The plant’s main processing unit, the fluid catalytic cracker (FCCU), is back online and operating normally said Phillips spokesman Travis Sloan. "“The refinery is back to normal operations as of 7:20 p.m. last night." The refinery used its flare-gas recovery system to remove sulfides from the gas to cut the amount of sulfur dioxide pollution from the flare and a refinery official reported that flaring at the plant only emitted between eight and 30 pounds a day of sulfur dioxide during the event. The refinery’s air quality permit limits the amount of pollution that can be released by flaring to 150 pounds over a three-hour period, or 1,200 pounds a day. Neither of those limits was exceeded said Jim Hughes, an environmental specialist with the Montana Department of Environmental Quality.[94]

December 27, 2012: Compressor Failure Leads to Large Flames Shooting from Billings Refinery's Main Flare Stack

The Billings Gazette reported on December 27, 2012 that the failure of a wet-gas compressor on the fluid catalytic cracking unit (FCCU) is to blame for large flames shooting from the refinery's main flare stack that can be seen from the eastern half of Billings. "There is a back pressure release valve that is stuck," says Jim Hughes, an environmental specialist in Billings with the Montana Department of Environmental Quality, adding that there isn't any known public danger. "They haven’t been able to completely close it, so there are gases that are still escaping." Phillips 66 officials also offered reassurance. "We are currently in the process of restoring normal operations," says Travis Sloan, a Phillips 66 spokesman. "Refinery personnel have been monitoring air quality, and there remains no concern for the public at this time. Phillips 66 is committed to protecting the safety and environment in the communities we operate."[95]

December 22, 2012: Phillips to Remove Oil Pipeline beneath Bighorn River

The Missoulian reported on December 22, 2012 that Phillips 66 is removing an oil pipeline from beneath Bighorn River after determining the line had to be abandoned because it was increasingly exposed by erosion. The planned removal comes in the wake of a break in an Exxon Mobil Corp. pipeline last year beneath the Yellowstone River that spilled an estimated 63,000 barrels of crude into the flooding river and contaminated 70 miles of riverbank. "Like a lot of the older pipelines around here, it wasn't buried real deep," said Fish, Wildlife and Parks spokesman Bob Gibson. "This was one that was considered at risk, and there were times it was exposed. This is good — getting it proactively and replacing it before it pops."[96]

September 19, 2012: Phillips Sues Yellowstone County over Property Taxes on Billing Refinery

Equities.com reported on September 19 that Phillips 66 has taken its property tax protest involving its Billings refinery to court in Yellowstone County filing a complaint that the Montana Department of Revenue illegally or improperly raised the refinery's market value for 2010, resulting in a tax bill that was $623,715 higher. Phillips asked Yellowstone District Judge Ingrid Gustafson to block its revised tax assessment, saying it will "suffer irreparable injury absent the issuance of a preliminary injunction." The complaint also said Montana is improperly trying to retroactively raise the refinery's tax assessment from 2003 through 2010 in order to collect more taxes. The refinery's market value in 2010 should be $379,718,534, said Phillips, not the department's retroactive change to $508,333,155. Revenue Department officials in Helena says they conducted a routine audit in July and found that Phillips 66 refinery property that had “either escaped assessment, been erroneously assessed or omitted from taxation” from 2003 to 2010, said department spokeswoman Mary Ann Dunwell. Revenue Department officials in Helena said that they are reviewing the complaint and plan to file a response by the end of next week.[97]

September 19, 2012: Billing Refinery Plans Disaster Simulation

The Billings Gazette reported on September 19, 2012 that the Billings refinery will simulate a disaster on September 26, 2012 affecting about 60 volunteers who will have fake but real-looking wounds to test the community’s response to a full-scale disaster. The code name for the operation is COYOTE 2012, which is short for “County of Yellowstone Operating Together in an Emergency.” Held every few years, the drill allows emergency responders and agencies to test their plans in an effort to improve services and to ensure the public receives the highest level of service possible, said Duane Winslow, Yellowstone County’s director of Disaster and Emergency Services.[98]

July 14, 2012: Phillips Protests Property Tax for Billings Refinery

The Missoulian reported on July 14 that Phillips is one of seven refinery, utility and communications companies in Yellowstone County that is protesting their property tax bill for the 2011 tax year. When a company protests its tax bill, the money is placed in an escrow account, earning interest, until the argument is settled. Schools and other taxing entities who were counting on the funds can tap into these “frozen” taxes, but must repay some or all of the money with interest if the taxpayer wins the protest.[99]

May 30, 2012: Phillips Fires 21 Union Workers, 3 Supervisors at Billing Refinery for Stealing Hours

The Billings Gazette reported on May 30, 2012 that according to Wade Johnson, president of the United Steelworkers International union in Billing that twenty-one pipefitters, welders and insulators and three supervisors were fired from the Phillips 66 refinery on May 30, 2012. “They were certainly not given an option of keeping their jobs,” said Johnson. “So, I would call that being fired.” Rich Johnson, a Phillips 66 spokesman based in Houston, said the company took some individual personnel actions. “I can tell you we took personnel actions against employees today,” said Johnson said. “But it is our company policy not to comment on personnel matters.” According to KTVQ TX the workers were fired for for knowingly violating policy in regard to hours worked at the refinery. "There are no mass layoffs taking place at the refinery," said Johnson.[100][101]

KTVQ reported on May 31, 2012 that the United Steelworkers International union says it plans to fight the dismissal of 21 union employees at the Billings Phillips 66 refinery. Union president, Wade Johnson, with the United Steelworkers International in Billings, says the union believes the employees were wrongfully discharged.[102] According to a comment to the story by Kathy Reinhardt the fired workers were called in to work extra hours so that turnaround could be completed at the refinery. According to a comment by Jonathon Sapp the supervisor who called the men in to work should have been held responsible.[103]

May 15, 2012: Smell at Billings Refinery Alarms Downtown Businesses

The Billings Gazette reported on May 15, 2012 that a foul odor from the Billings Refinery prompted some downtown Billings businesses to evacuate. The smell originated from Phillips 66 refinery and was harmless. "We try to to minimize any odors coming from our facility, but during start-up it happens," said Travis Sloan of Phillips 66. The refinery didn't evacuate, Sloan said, but did send observers into surrounding neighborhoods to monitor the smell, which was harmless and dissipated after 20 minutes. Sloan added that the Billings facility has been out of service for its on-going turn around, that started the last week in March. "We did not evacuate anybody, but certainly there were businesses downtown that evacuated their own buildings," said Frank Odermann, Billings Fire Department assistant chief. Odermann added that since the chemical release quickly dissipated, there are no on-going health concerns.[104][105]

May 1, 2012: Billings Refinery Anticipates No Major Changes

KTVQ reported on May 1, 2012 that there will be no major changes with the Billings Refinery in Billing, Montana. "We don't expect any significant changes to our local operations. We are excited about being part of a new, independent downstream energy company. Phillips 66 has a robust portfolio of businesses that already rank among the best-performing players in their industry segments, a strong financial position, an extraordinary global workforce, and a continued commitment to safety and operating excellence."[106]

Borger Refinery

The Borger Refinery is located in Borger, Texas, in the Texas Panhandle about 50 miles north of Amarillo and includes an NGL fractionation facility. The refinery’s gross crude oil processing capacity is 146 MBD, and the NGL fractionation capacity is 45 MBD. The refinery facilities include coking, fluid catalytic cracking, hydrodesulfurization and naphtha reforming that enable it to produce a high percentage of transportation fuels. As a result of the business venture with Cenovus Energy, ConocoPhillips has a 50 percent interest in the refinery. The refinery processes primarily medium sour crude oil and natural gas liquids delivered through pipelines from West Texas, the Texas Panhandle, Wyoming and Canada. The Borger Refinery also can receive foreign crude oil via company-owned and common-carrier pipeline systems. It produces a high percentage of transportation fuels, such as gasoline, diesel fuel and jet fuel, as well as coke, NGL and solvents. Pipelines move refined products to West Texas, New Mexico, Colorado and the Mid-Continent Region. The Borger refinery is operated by Phillips in a 50-50 joint venture with Cenovus Energy Inc.[107][108] Borger Refinery Photo by: Philip Klein All Rights Reserved. Photo used with permission of the photographer

Description of Borger Refinery

The Borger Refinery is located in Borger, Texas, in the Texas Panhandle about 50 miles north of Amarillo and includes an NGL fractionation facility. The refinery’s gross crude oil processing capacity is 146 MBD, and the NGL fractionation capacity is 45 MBD. The refinery facilities include coking, fluid catalytic cracking, hydrodesulfurization and naphtha reforming that enable it to produce a high percentage of transportation fuels. As a result of the business venture with Cenovus Energy, ConocoPhillips has a 50 percent interest in the refinery. The refinery processes primarily medium sour crude oil and natural gas liquids delivered through pipelines from West Texas, the Texas Panhandle, Wyoming and Canada. The Borger Refinery also can receive foreign crude oil via company-owned and common-carrier pipeline systems. It produces a high percentage of transportation fuels, such as gasoline, diesel fuel and jet fuel, as well as coke, NGL and solvents. Pipelines move refined products to West Texas, New Mexico, Colorado and the Mid-Continent Region. The Borger refinery is operated by Phillips in a 50-50 joint venture with Cenovus Energy Inc.[109][110]

News and Views on the Borger Refinery

August 13, 2013: Phillips Regains Control After Process Upset at Borger Refinery

The DOE reported on August 13, 2013 that Phillips reported it regained control after a process upset and emissions from the unit 34 sulfur recovery unit (SRU) at its refinery in Borger, Texas late Monday, according to a filing with state pollution regulators. The company said that there was no planned maintenance under way at the refinery.[111]

August 12, 2013: Phillips Reports Emissions at Borger Refinery

The DOE reported on August 12, 2013 that Phillips reported a process upset and emissions from the unit 34 sulfur recovery unit (SRU) at its refinery in Borger, Texas, according to a filing with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality. The company reported maintenance on Sunday on electrostatic precipitators serving the fluidic catalytic cracking unit (FCCU) at the refinery, according to a notice filed with state pollution regulators.[112]

August 5, 2013: Phillips Reports Process Upset at Borger Refinery

Phillips reported a process upset at its joint venture refinery in Borger, Texas according to a notice filed with the state pollution regulators. The company had regained control of the process but did not specify which units were involved in the incident.[113]

July 16, 2013: Process Upset at Borger Refinery

Hydrocarbon Processing reported on July 16, 2013 that Phillips reported a process upset at unspecified equipment in Area C at its Borger Refinery and that associated emissions of sulfur dioxide and sulfur monoxide were routed to a safety flare.[114]

July 14, 2013: 400 Migratory Birds Encrusted with Salt at Borger Refinery

Jennifer Hiller reported in the San Antonio Express-News on July 14, 2013 that Texas is a major migration flyway for birds and with the severe drought birds desperate for water are landing in open pits and tanks that hold water for drilling and hydraulic fracturing operations. Last fall, for example, 400 migrating birds dove into briny water at Borger Refinery. “Their water source was dry and so they went to a huge brine pit that was within a refinery, and 400 or more birds were encrusted with salt,” said Longtime bird rehabilitator Bebe McCasland.[115]

July 7, 2013: Process Upset Causes Emissions at Borger Refinery

Phillips reported emissions at its Borger refinery July 7 were due to an unspecified process upset, according to a filing with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality.[116]

June 14, 2013: Unspecified Process Upset Causes Emissions at Borger Refinery

Phillips reported a process upset at its Borger refinery that led to emissions, according to a filing with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality.[117]

May 6, 2013: Phillips Completes Scheduled Work at Borger Refinery

Businessweek reported on May 6, 2013 that Phillips completed scheduled work at Borger Refinery that may have included a fluid catalytic cracker and alkylation unit, according to people familiar with plant operations.[118]

April 29, 2013: Process Upset at Borger Refinery

Fox Business reported on April 30, 2013 that a process upset occurred on April 29, 2013 that resulted in sulfur dioxide and hydrogen sulfide being emitted at Phillips' Borger Refinery. Phillips declined to say if operations were affected.[119]

March 13, 2013: Phillips Completes Maintenance on Wet Compressor at Borger Refinery

Fox Business reported on March 13, 2013 that Phillips 66 completedd maintenance at a key gasoline-making unit's wet gas compressor at its Borger Refinery on March 13, 2013. The planned work got under way on February 27, 2013.[120]

February 27, 2013: Maintenance Begins on Wet Gas Compressor of Unit 40 Fluid Catalytic Cracker at Borger Refinery

Nasdaq reported on February 27, 2013 that maintenance began on the wet gas compressor of the unit 40 fluid catalytic cracker, a component in the gasoline-making process at the Borger Refinery that is scheduled to last through March 8 according to a filing with state regulators.[121]

February 25, 2013: Phillips Reports Process Upset, FCCU Emissions at Borger Refinery

Phillips 66 reported a process upset and emissions from the No. 40 fluid catalytic cracking unit (FCCU) at its Borger refinery, according to a filing with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality.[122]

January 30, 2013: Garland Says Phillips Utilization Rate Was Negatively Impacted by Turnaround at Borger Refinery

Greg Garland told analysts at the 4th quarter earnings conference on January 30, 2013 that Phillips utilization rate was negatively impacted by the turnaround at the Borger Refinery as well as turnarounds at Wood River and Los Angeles refineries, and Hurricane Sandy related unplanned downtime at the Bayway refinery. "In refining and marketing, our refining realized margin was $13.67 per barrel with a global crude utilization rate of 91% and a clean product yield of 83%," said Garland. "Lower volumes negatively impacted earnings by $42 million, mainly in the Atlantic basin and the Central Corridor regions, reflecting unplanned downtime due to Hurricane Sandy and plant turnarounds."[123]

December 10, 2012: Maintenance Finally Completed at Borger Refinery

Nasdaq reported on December 11, 2012 that a Phillips 66 spokesman said December 10, 2012 that recent planned maintenance at the Borger Refinery had been completed. The company said December 7, 2012 that it was shutting down its Unit 29 fluid catalytic cracking unit and that it would conduct work on Unit 29 after finishing working on FCCU No. 40, which is now believed to be back online.[124] Phillips had originally said FCCU, No. 40 would begin the process of restarting on November 26, 2012.[125]

December 5, 2012: Maintenance Still Ongoing at Borger Refinery

Fox News reported on December 5, 2012 that maintenance was still ongoing at its Borger Refinery despite the company having said on November 26 that a key gasoline-making fluid catalytic cracking unit, or FCCU, No. 40 at the refinery would begin the process of restarting.[126] Businessweek reported on December 5, 2012 that acccording to a person familiar with the operations the refinery is operating one of three crude units and a fluid catalytic cracker. The Borger outage has contributed to a growing glut of supply in West Texas with pipelines taking oil out of the region running at capacity. West Texas Intermediate crude delivered in Midland, Texas, rose $3.50 to an $11.50-a-barrel discount to the same grade delivered in Cushing, Oklahoma.[127]

November 30, 2012: Maintenance Still Underway at Borger Refinery

Businessweek reported on November 30, 2012 that according to Rich Johnson, a Phiilips spokesman maintenance is still under way at the Borger Refinery. The plant was scheduled to restart a fluid catalytic cracker Nov. 26, according to a filing with state regulators.[128]

November 30, 2012: Maintenance Delays at Borger Refinery Fuel Decline in WTI

“The outage is a major contributor to the blowout in WTI- Midland discounts,” Jeff Dietert, an analyst with Simmons & Co. in Houston, said in a note to clients. “Eliminating the demand from the Borger refinery creates over a 100,000- barrel-a-day shortage of demand/pipeline takeaway capacity in the Basin.” West Texas Intermediate crude delivered in Midland, Texas, declined $1.25 a barrel to a discount of $8.50 to the same grade of oil delivered in Cushing, Oklahoma according to data compiled by Bloomberg. West Texas Sour, another crude grade produced in West Texas, dropped $2 to a discount of $9.50 a barrel.[129]

November 26, 2012: Borger Refinery Down for Planned Maintenance Longer Than Expected

Businessweek reported on November 26, 2012 that the Borger Refinery has been down for planned maintenance longer than expected. Phillips took down production units for maintenance on September 22, 2012 and was scheduled to restart them last week, a person familiar with the situation said. Planned maintenance at the refinery is ongoing, the company said in an e-mail.[130]

November 20, 2012: Two Fluid Catalytic Cracking Units Shut Down For Maintenance At Borger Refinery

Bloomberg reported on November 20, 2012 that Phillips plans to shut down two fluid catalytic cracking units for maintenance has been delayed at least a week because repairs were more difficult than anticipated, according to a person with knowledge of the situation. The plant may start up this weekend, the company said.[131]

November 5, 2012: Process Upset at Borger Refinery

Fox Business reported on November 6, 2012 that a sulfur recovery unit process upset caused emissions to be routed to the plant's safety flare system at the Borger Refinery. The upset occurred at around 4:30 p.m. CST on Monday and ended at approximately 12:30 p.m. CST on Tuesday, the company said in a filing to Texas state environmental regulators.[132]

October 31, 2012: Major Turnaround in Progress at Borger Refinery

Tim Taylor reported at the Phillips Third Quarter Earnings Conference on October 31, 2012 that Borger Refinery is in a major turnaround. "Wood River and Borger are both in turnarounds today. We expect those back in operation here in November. Those are major turnarounds. Borger is a very significant one."[133]

September 24, 2012: Coker Taken Out of Service at Borger Refinery

Nasdaq reported on September 26, 2012 that FCCU 40, a key gasoline-making fluid catalytic cracking unit, will be taken out of service for just over one month starting September 24, 2012. FCCU 29 will shut down on October 21 for one month.[134]

August 8, 2012: Phillips 66 reports process upset at Borger refinery

Fox Business reported on August 8, 2012 that Phillips reported a process upset at its Borger Refinery. The filing didn't specify the unit involved in the upset, but listed Area C and D as sources of the emissions that lasted just over three hours. The status of operations at the plant is unclear. A Phillips 66 representative wasn't immediately available to comment, and typically doesn't speak about day-to-day refining operations or regulatory filings.[135]

July 11, 2012: Refinery Manager Chris Coon Says Borger Refinery has about 720 Full-Time Employees and 200 Routine Contractors

The Borger News Herald reported on July 11, 2012 that refinery manager Chris Coon speaking to the Borger Rotary Club told members that he Borger refinery has about 720 full-time employees and 200 routine contractors. Coon added that the refinery has a $65 million payroll annually, and is on the rolls for almost $6 million in payroll taxes and about $12 million in property taxes.[136]

July 11, 2012: Refinery Manager Chris Coon Says Borger Refinery Will be on Turnaround from Early August to October 1, 2012

The Borger News Herald reported on July 11, 2012 that refinery manager Chris Coons speaking to the Borger Rotary Club told members that at the beginning of August, a turnaround is beginning at the plant that will go through the first of October. The peak loading is going to be around 3,000 people, which amounts to about 1,500 per shift. Coon said this should benefit those involved in restaurants, hotels, and leasing.[137]

June 12, 2012: Phillips 66 reports process upset at Borger refinery

Phillips 66 reported a process upset on June 12, 2012 at its ) Borger, Texas, refinery according to a filing with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality.[138]

June 3, 2012: Process Upset in Area A

On June 3, 2012 Philips 66 reported a process upset in Area A on Friday, according to a notice filed with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality.[139]

May 25, 2012: Equipment Malfunction at Borger Refinery

Reuters reported on May 25, 2012 that an incident occurred around 3 p.m, local time, on May 25, 2012 at Phillips 66 Borger Refinery and the unspecified equipment was shut as a result according to a filing with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality.[140][141] According to a government filing a hole in the furnace caused at release of 100 pounds of hydrogen sulfide.[142]

May 13, 2012: Process Upset at Borger Refinery

Reuters reported on May 14, 2012 that a process upset had occurred at Phillips 66 Borger refinery. The incident occurred at about 8.30 am, local time, on May 13, 2012 and a gasoline making fluid catalytic cracking unit was identified as a source of emissions. A report was filed with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality.[143] A third party steam provider (Cogen Unit #1) tripped at 7:40 a.m. due to mechanical failure of a motor. Unit 40 FCCU was shut down and Unit 82 South Scrubber was upset due to steam issues. Unit 40 was restarted.[144][145]

May 10, 2012: Process Upset Leads to Emissions at Borger Refinery

Phillips 66 reported an unspecified process upset at its Borger refinery led to emissions at 1:42 pm on May 10, 2012 according to a filing with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality. During a third party natural gas supplier upset (Rock Creek startup & line up) the South Scrubber overpressured and relieved to the flare. The emissions were routed to a control device and the operator hard blocked the West Rock Creek valve and moved gas from U82 to U35. The HDS platformer board man vented fuel gas to flare to help lower system pressure.[146][147]

May 1, 2012: Employee Fatality at Borger Refinery

KVII-TV in Amarillo, Texas, reported on May 1, 2012 an employee at the Phillips 66 refinery in Borger, Texas fell from a height of 100 feet at about 3pm and was taken to the Golden Plains Community Hospital in Borger where he died. "ConocoPhillips deeply regrets the loss of our employee and wishes to extend sympathy to the employee's family, friends and co-workers," said spokesman Rich Johnson. "ConocoPhillips is investigating the cause of the accident." Officials with Phillips 66 say the incident remains under investigation. It is reported that this is the first fatality at the refinery in 25 years.[148][149]

Ferndale Refinery

The Ferndale Refinery is located on Puget Sound in Ferndale, Wash., about 20 miles south of the U.S.-Canada border, and has a crude oil capacity of 100 MBD. The refinery processes primarily light, Alaska North Slope crude oil. Ferndale operates a deepwater dock capable of accommodating tankers transporting Alaskan North Slope crude oil from Valdez, Alaska. It also receives Canadian crude oil via pipeline. Ferndale Refinery facilities include a fluid catalytic cracker, an alkylation unit, a diesel hydrotreater and an S-ZorbTM unit. The refinery produces transportation fuels, such as gasoline and diesel fuel. Other products include fuel oil supplying the northwest marine transportation market. Most refined products are distributed by pipeline and barge to major markets in the northwest United States.[150] Photo by The Center for Land Use Interpretation

Description of Ferndale Refinery

The Ferndale Refinery is located on Puget Sound in Ferndale, Wash., about 20 miles south of the U.S.-Canada border, and has a crude oil capacity of 100 MBD. The refinery processes primarily light, Alaska North Slope crude oil. Ferndale operates a deepwater dock capable of accommodating tankers transporting Alaskan North Slope crude oil from Valdez, Alaska. It also receives Canadian crude oil via pipeline. Ferndale Refinery facilities include a fluid catalytic cracker, an alkylation unit, a diesel hydrotreater and an S-ZorbTM unit. The refinery produces transportation fuels, such as gasoline and diesel fuel. Other products include fuel oil supplying the northwest marine transportation market. Most refined products are distributed by pipeline and barge to major markets in the northwest United States.[151]

News and Views on Ferndale Refinery

July 21, 2013: Phillips Reports Flaring at Ferndale Refinery

Phillips reported emissions at its Ferndale, Washington, refinery on July 21, according to a filing with the Northwest Clean Air Agency. [152]

July 12, 2013: CCU Upset Reported at Ferndale Refinery

A catalytic cracking unit (CCU) upset was reported on July 1, according to a filing with the Northwest Clean Air Agency. The company also reported the release of hydrogen cyanide from the unit[153]

June 29, 2013: Ferndale Refinery Prepares for North Dakota Oil Trains

The Associated Press reported on June 29, 2013 that the Phillips refinery in Ferndale want to diversify their supply as oil production in Alaska falls from historic levels and plans to build its own rail terminal and bring one oil train to Ferndale every two days, on average. The trains are made up of 100 or more tank cars, Phillips reports, with train lengths of more than a mile. Those trains will travel to and from the refineries on the BNSF line through Bellingham and Ferndale. Phillips spokesman Jeff Callender said his company hopes to begin construction this summer. Once the rail terminal is done, Phillips could meet as much as 30 percent of its 100,000-barrel-per-day demand with rail shipments.[154]

May 13, 2013: Phillips to Restart Crude Distillation Unit at Ferndale Refinery

Fox Business reported on May 13, 2013 that according to a person familiar with the refinery's operations, Phillips expects to restart the crude distillation at Ferndale Refinery by May 16, 2013. Phillips 66 had taken the unit down earlier this month at the 100,000 barrel-a-day refinery, sources said. A Phillips spokesman was not immediately available.[155]

April 13, 2013: Phillips Reports Emissions from FCCU Flu Gas Scrubber at Ferndale Refinery

Phillips 66 reported carbon monoxide emissions from a fluid catalytic cracking unit (FCCU) flu gas scrubber at its Ferndale, Washington refinery on April 13, according to a filing with the Northwest Clean Air Agency.[156]

April 3, 2013: Phillips Plans Rail-Unloading Facility for Fernadale Refinery

Fox Business reported on April 3, 2013 that Phillips plans to build a crude-oil unloading facility that would allow a train with 100 or more railcars to pull up at the refinery and have its cargo pumped to existing storage tanks, according to an application filed with the Northwest Clean Air Agency. The unloading facility would be able to transfer about 12,800 barrels of oil per hour, allowing a new train to be unloaded about every other day. Work on Phillips 66's proposed unloading facility is scheduled to begin this summer and be completed by December 2014, according to the filing. Larry Ziemba, Phillips 66's executive vice president for refining, project development and procurement, said last month that Phillips was considering a rail rack at the Ferndale refinery that would allow the company to take in Canadian crude that could then be sent by ship to refineries in California.[157]

March 20, 2013: Phillips Signs Deal to Boost Deliveries of Cheap Crude to Ferndale Refinery

Eliot Caroom reported on Bloomberg on March 20, 2013 that Phillips has signed a three-year deal with Enbridge Energy Partners LP for loading rail cars with up to 35,000 to 45,000 barrels a day of Bakkan crude from Enbridge’s terminal in Berthold, North Dakota. The crude will be delivered to Bayway Refinery on the east coast and Ferndale Refinery on the West Coast. Some crude could also be sent to Gulf Coast refineries at Lake Charles, Alliance, and Sweeney.[158]

Phillips also signed a pact with Targa Resources Partners LP (NGLS) for five years to provide rail-unloading and barge-loading services in Tacoma, Washington for about 30,000 barrels a day of U.S. and Canadian crudes that will go to the Ferndale Refinery. Phillips’s Rodeo refinery near San Francisco could also receive crude deliveries, displacing imports from outside North America. “We are aggressively pursuing increased access to advantaged crudes in North America by partnering with leading third-party transportation providers and better leveraging our own system capabilities,” Greg Garland, Phillips 66 chairman and chief executive officer, said in the statement. “Increasing our utilization of those advantaged crudes should allow us to capture significant value in our refining and marketing businesses.”[159]

August 1, 2012: Phillips to Run 50,000 bpd of Advantaged Crudes to Ferndale Refinery

Phillips reported during their second-quarters earnings report on August 1, 2012 that Phillips wants to move the shale crudes from 120,000 to ultimately 450,000 to 460,000 barrels a day and has a plan to get advantaged crude into most of Phillips' refineries. "We are trying to get those crudes to every refinery we can," said Phillips CEO Greg Garland. "We think Ferndale can probably run 50,000 barrels a day of Bakken crude.".[160]

August 1, 2012: Ferndale Refinery to Remain in Phillips Portfolio if Phillips Can Run More Bakken Crude

Reuters reported on Phillips second-quarters earnings report on August 2, 2012 that the Ferndale Refinery is "absolutely" more likely to stay in the company's portfolio if Phillips 66 can increase the amount of Bakken crude the refinery run, backing out other more expensive crudes. Ferndale can run 50,000 bpd and Phillips plans to rail Bakken crude to both plants. Phillips 66 plans to buy 2,000 railcars to move cheap crude from North Dakota's Bakken shale play to it Ferndale Refinery and to its Bayway Refinery in Linden, New Jersey.[161]

June 17, 2012: Ferndale Refinery Reports Flaring after Sulphur Dioxide Release

Reuters reported on June 17, 2012 that Phillips 66's Ferndale Refinery reported flaring on June 15, 2012, according to a notice filed with the U.S. National Response Center. A refinery's safety flare system is used when refinery production units cannot process hydrocarbons normally. The cause of the flaring, which released sulfur dioxide was unknown.[162]

May 10, 2012: Carbon Monoxide Emissions at Ferndale Refinery

Phillips 66 reported carbon monoxide emissions during the restart of the fluid catalytic cracking unit (FCCU) at its Ferndale refinery, according to a filing with the Northwest Clean Air Agency.[163]

Lake Charles Refinery

The Lake Charles Refinery, located in Westlake, La., has a crude oil processing capacity of 239 MBD and processes mainly heavy, high-sulfur crude oil, as well as low-sulfur and acidic crude oil. The refinery receives domestic Gulf Coast and foreign crude oil. The Lake Charles Refinery produces a high percentage of transportation fuels, such as gasoline and jet fuel, along with home heating oil. The majority of its refined products are distributed by truck, railcar, barge or major common-carrier pipelines in the southeastern and eastern United States. In addition, refined products can be sold into export markets through the refinery’s marine terminal. The facilities include crude distillation, fluid catalytic cracker, hydrocracker, delayed coker and hydrodesulfurization units that enable it to produce low-sulfur gasoline and heating oil. The refinery facilities also include a specialty coker and calciner, which produce graphite petroleum coke for the steel industry. Through the Excel Paralubes joint venture, the refinery produces base oils for lubricants.[164] Lake Charles Refinery Photo by: Cory O'Quinn Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Generic

Description of Lake Charles refinery

The Lake Charles Refinery, located in Westlake, La., has a crude oil processing capacity of 239 MBD and processes mainly heavy, high-sulfur crude oil, as well as low-sulfur and acidic crude oil. The refinery receives domestic Gulf Coast and foreign crude oil. The Lake Charles Refinery produces a high percentage of transportation fuels, such as gasoline and jet fuel, along with home heating oil. The majority of its refined products are distributed by truck, railcar, barge or major common-carrier pipelines in the southeastern and eastern United States. In addition, refined products can be sold into export markets through the refinery’s marine terminal. The facilities include crude distillation, fluid catalytic cracker, hydrocracker, delayed coker and hydrodesulfurization units that enable it to produce low-sulfur gasoline and heating oil. The refinery facilities also include a specialty coker and calciner, which produce graphite petroleum coke for the steel industry. Through the Excel Paralubes joint venture, the refinery produces base oils for lubricants.[165]

News and Views of Lake Charles Refinery

September 4, 2013: Phillips Lake Charles Refinery Operating Normally After Storms Shut Units

Phillips said operations were back to normal at its Lake Charles refinery in Westlake, Louisiana. The company had reported severe weather had led to a shutdown of some units at the refinery although no damage was reported.[166]

September 3, 2013: Storm Shuts Units at Lake Charles Refinery

Phillips reported a storm with lightning shut down some units at its Lake Charles refinery in Westlake, Louisiana, according to a filing with the U.S. National Response Center. There was a release of sulfur dioxide and instruments will be put back online after securing the release, the filing said.[167]

August 6, 2013: Phillips Conducts Evacuation Drills at Lake Charles Refinery

KPLC TV reported on Augusut 6, 2013 that Phillips planned drill exercises over multiple days to cover all shifts and that residents should not be alarmed by horns. "Neighbors and passersby may hear a series of horn blasts and see employees gathering in the parking lot, however, they should not be alarmed as this is part of the exercise. The horns will sound to signal the start of the evacuation and then again when the all clear is issued," the release states. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) requires all VPP Star sites to conduct an annual evacuation drill.[168]

July 31, 2013: Phillips to Process More Light Oil at Lake Charles Refinery

Greg Garland told analysts at Phillips 2nd Quarters earnings conference on July 31, 2013 that Phillips has opportunities at the Sweeny Refinery, Alliance Refinery, and Lake Charles Refinery to make some modifications and process more light oil through these facilities and with minimal capital investment. "We are looking for 40% return type projects on the refining side. And so we’re looking for quick hit, fast payout projects. We have some underutilized equipment that we can kind of tie together and use that all and so we've got some projects around that that we are executing." Garland added that the projects are already underway. "We actually do things like tie-ins and turnarounds and some other things. So, it kind of depends on the schedule and things that are available, but those are our plans that we have in place to make those margin in some of our refining system already."[169]

April 4, 2013: Planned Maintenance Completed at Lake Charles Refinery

Fox Business reported on April 4, 2013 that planned maintenance was recently concluded, on schedule, at its Lake Charles refinery. Phillips did not specify what unit, or units, were involved in this round of maintenance.[170]

February 27, 2013: Phillips 66 Process Technology Building Opens at SOWELA Technical Community College

KPLC reported on February 27, 2013 that SOWELA Technical Community College held a ribbon cutting ceremony on February 27, 2013 for the new Phillips 66 Process Technology Center. Phillips - then ConocoPhillips - donated $2 million to the school to construct a new industrial technology building after the campus sustained extensive damage from Hurricane Rita. "This program is important to industry in the area because SOWELA provides us with well trained operators," said Phillips 66 refinery manager Willie Tempton Jr.[171]

January 30, 2013: Garland Says Phillips Has Completely Backed Out US Light Sweet Crude from Lake Charles Refinery

Greg Garland told analysts at the 4th quarter earnings conference on January 30, 2013 that Phillips has completely backed out imports of U.S. light sweet crude in the Gulf Coast refineries including Lake Charles .[172]

October 24, 2012: Louisiana Supreme Court Asked to Review Phillips 66 I-10 Bridge Case

KPLC reported on October 24, 2012 that the Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development (DOTD ) hopes the Louisiana Supreme Court will reverse the decision by Judge Clayton Davis to postpone the trial against Phillips 66 on a lawsuit for spilling an estimated 1.7 million pounds of ethylene dichloride (EDC). Judge Clayton Davis continued the lawsuit until a three-year environmental impact study is done. DOTD officials have said when a new bridge is built, they must avoid hitting the underground plume of chemical contamination to avoid spreading it and estimates the state's damages from the spill are $235-million, including the increased cost of a bridge with spans long enough to bypass the spill. "DOTD would like to move forward with the case and get a trial date," said DOTD Attorney Patrick McIntire. "Phillips 66 believes the trial court's [original] ruling was well-reasoned and fair," said a spokesman for Phillips 66.[173]

August 27, 2012: Phillips Keeping a Close Eye on Hurricane Isaac but Lake Charles Refinery Still Operating

Fox News reported on August 27, 2012 that Phillips 66's Lake Charles refinery in Westlake, La. was still running but that the company was keeping a close eye on the progress of Tropical Storm Isaac. Tropical Storm Isaac blew into the eastern Gulf of Mexico August 27, 2012 and is expected to strengthen into a hurricane before hitting parts of the Louisiana coastline by August 29, 2012. Phillips' Alliance refinery in Belle Chasse was in the process of suspending operations and would be completely shut down by the evening of August 27, 2012 ahead of Tropical Storm Isaac.[174]

July 14, 2012: Naphtha Spill at Lake Charles Refinery

The National Response Center reported that there was a spill of Naphtha from Phillips 66’s Westlake, Louisiana refinery due to a flange leak.[175]

June 26, 2012: Court Hearing held on I-10 Bridge contamination from Chemical Spill that Caused $235 million Damage twenty years ago

KPIC.TV reported on June 272, 2012 that there's been almost no progress on a new I-10 calcasieu river bridge because state highway officials say they need to avoid hitting the underground plume of chemical contamination from a chemical spill nearly twenty years ago for which Conoco Phillips and Sasol are responsible and the State Department of Transportation and Development estimates the state's damages from the spill are $235 million including the increased cost of a bridge with spans long enough to bypass the spill. They don't want to drive pilings through the plume for fear of spreading the contamination. The state has filed suit to get that added cost and the jury trial is set for October. "There's contamination in the ground and the groundwater where we need to build the bridge. It's going to cost extra to stay out of the contamination when the bridge is built and that's the damages that the state is requesting that be awarded in the lawsuit. The state would like to stay out of the contamination and span the contamination and that's what drives up the extra cost," says Attorney Patrick McIntire representing the state of Lousiana.[176]

Conoco Phillips and Sasol say it's uncertain what kind of bridge should be built--and that the trial on that part of damages should be delayed until an environmental impact study which will take at least three years. "We are a valued member of this community, and are committed to being a part of the solution for this project in a manner that is consistent with the on-going federal environmental review process. The resolution of the motion presented today will not delay this project in any way," says Phillips 66 in an official statement.[177]

June 17, 2012: Units at Lake Charles Refinery Restarted after Partial Power Outage

Reuters reported on June 17, 2012 that Phillips 66's Lake Charles Refinery was restarting units on June 17, 2012 after a partial power outage and the refinery released particulate matter while flaring following the power outage according to a notice filed with the U.S. National Response Center.[178] BusinessWeek reported on June 18, 2012 that Gulf Coast gasoline strengthened against New York futures as Phillips 66 resumed routine operations at the Lake Charles refinery after the power loss.[179]

Los Angeles Refinery

The Wilmington Refinery, located in Wilmington, Calif., about 15 miles southeast of Los Angeles International Airport. serves as the back end by upgrading the intermediate products to finished products. The refinery has a crude oil processing capacity of 139 MBD and processes mainly heavy, high-sulfur crude oil. It receives domestic crude oil via pipeline from California and both foreign and domestic crude oil by tanker through a third-party terminal in the Port of Long Beach. The refinery produces a high percentage of transportation fuels, such as gasoline, diesel fuel and jet fuel. Other products include fuel-grade petroleum coke. The refinery produces California Air Resources Board (CARB)-grade gasoline using ethanol to meet government-mandated oxygenate requirements. Refined products are distributed to customers in California, Nevada and Arizona by pipeline and truck.[180] Photo by unzarjones Flicker Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 2.0 Generic (CC BY-NC 2.0)

Description of Los Angeles Refinery

The Los Angeles Refinery is composed of two linked facilities located roughly five miles apart in Carson and Wilmington, Calif., about 15 miles southeast of Los Angeles International Airport. Carson serves as the front end of the refinery by processing crude oil, and Wilmington serves as the back end by upgrading the intermediate products to finished products. The refinery has a crude oil processing capacity of 139 MBD and processes mainly heavy, high-sulfur crude oil. It receives domestic crude oil via pipeline from California and both foreign and domestic crude oil by tanker through a third-party terminal in the Port of Long Beach. The refinery produces a high percentage of transportation fuels, such as gasoline, diesel fuel and jet fuel. Other products include fuel-grade petroleum coke. The refinery produces California Air Resources Board (CARB)-grade gasoline using ethanol to meet government-mandated oxygenate requirements. Refined products are distributed to customers in California, Nevada and Arizona by pipeline and truck.[181]

News and Views on Los Angeles Refinery

August 12, 2013: Carson Refinery Flares Gas

Bloomberg reported on August 12, 2013 that the Carson Refinery refinery reported flaring at 12:40 a.m. local time, according to a notice to state regulators. The same part of the refinery reported flaring on July 29.[182]

July 29, 2013: Carson Refinery Flares Gas

Bloomberg reported on August 12, 2013 that the Carson Refinery refinery reported flaring on July 29, 2013.[183]

June 7, 2013: Phillips Reports Unplanned Flaring at Wilmington Refinery

Phillips 66 reported unplanned flaring at its Wilmington refinery began the morning of June 7 and continued until late night on June 8, according to a filing with the South Coast Air Quality Management District.[184]

May 10, 2013: Phillips Plans to Flare Sulfur Oxide at Wilmington Refinery from May 12 to May 26

Fox Business reported on May 10, 2013 that Phillips plans to flare sulfur oxide and other gases from May 12 until May 26, 2013 according to a filing with the South Coast Air Quality Management District. A Phillips 66 spokesman declined to comment on the refinery's activities.[185]

April 13, 2013: Unspecified Breakdown Causes Flaring at Wilmington Refinery

Phillips reported unplanned flaring due to a breakdown at its Wilmington refinery, according to a filing with the South Coast Air Quality Management District.[186]

April 4, 2013: Fire Extinguished at Wilmington Refinery

Fox Business reported on April 4, 2013 that a small fire in a coking unit at the Wilmington Refinery was put out quickly and caused no injuries.[187]

March 28, 2013: Phillips Shuts Down Leaky Isomerization Unit at Los Angeles Refinery

Bloomberg reported on March 18, 2013 that Phillips shut an isomerization unit on March 18, 2013 at their Los Angeles Refinery after discovering a leak, a person with direct knowledge of the work said. The unit, which makes unleaded gasoline components, may remain down until tomorrow for line repairs, the person said.[188]

February 7, 2013: Phillips Reports Flaring at Wilmington Refinery

Phillips 66 reported a flaring event at its Wilmington refinery February 7, 2013, according to a filing with the California Emergency Management Agency. Operators were investigating the incident, which caused more than 500 pounds of sulfur dioxide to release to the atmosphere. [189]

February 5, 2013: Canadian Crude is Being Transported to Los Angeles Refinery

Reuters reported on February 5, 201 that Tim Taylor, Phillips executive vice president for commercial, marketing, transportation and business development, told the Credit Suisse energy conference that Phillips has begun moving cut-price Canadian crude to its California refineries at Los Angeles and San Francisco via rail. "We're beginning to deliver Canadian crude to our California refineries by rail," said Taylor. Garland told Reuters on January 30, 2013 that Phillips was looking at coiled tube cars that are suited to bitumen in Canada's heavy oil deposits that must be heated in order to flow.[190]

January 30, 2013: Garland Does Not Rule Out a Sale of Los Angeles Refinery

Reuters reports that Greg Garland told investors on January 30, 2013 at the 4th quarter earnings conference that Phillips did not rule out a sale of Phillips two California refineries, one at Los Angeles and one at San Francisco, given challenges with state regulatory requirements and high costs. "We're studying any and all options for California in terms of where do we go long-term in the business," said Garland. "We are doing everything we can to improve it. I don't feel it's a distressed asset. We want to take our time and be thoughtful."[191]

Garland told analysts that Phillips 66 was looking at getting railcars capable of hauling even cheaper Canadian heavy crude to the company's refineries in California. However, he said resistance to such a move was likely. A 2006 California law requiring sharp cuts in emissions has a component that would require refineries to run crudes produced in environmentally friendly ways. Canadian crude production comes with high emissions. Plus, California has the huge Monterey shale, estimated by the U.S. government to have more reserves than the prolific Eagle Ford in Texas or Bakken in North Dakota. But output has been spotty with geology that differs from those other plays. Given those uncertainties, Garland told Reuters in an interview that for the time being, Phillips 66 will focus on improving the California refineries' single-digit returns while studying a possible sale, joint venture or spinoff. "The option value to hold California is zero. It really costs us nothing."[192]

January 30, 2013: Garland Says Phillips Utilization Rate Was Negatively Impacted by Turnaround at Los Angeles Refinery

Greg Garland told analysts at the 4th quarter earnings conference on January 30, 2013 that Phillips utilization rate was negatively impacted by the turnaround at the Los Angeles Refinery as well as turnarounds at Wood River and Borger refineries, and Hurricane Sandy related unplanned downtime at the Bayway refinery. "In refining and marketing, our refining realized margin was $13.67 per barrel with a global crude utilization rate of 91% and a clean product yield of 83%," said Garland. "Lower volumes negatively impacted earnings by $42 million, mainly in the Atlantic basin and the Central Corridor regions, reflecting unplanned downtime due to Hurricane Sandy and plant turnarounds."[193]

November 16, 2012: Planned Flaring to Occur at Wilmington Refinery from November 22 to December 6

Bloomberg reported on November 16, 2012 that planned flaring will take place at its Wilmington Refinery from November 22 to December 4, 2012. “Planned maintenance is under way” at the refinery, Dennis Nuss, a spokesman at Phillips 66’s headquarters in Houston, said by e-mail.[194]

November 8, 2012: Planned Flaring to Occur at Carson Refinery from November 10 to November 23

Nasdaq reported on November 13, 2012 that planned flaring will take place at its Carson Refinery between November 10 and 23, 2012. The flaring isn't associated with equipment breakdown, the filing to government regulators said.[195]

October 31, 2012: California Refineries are in Lower Performing Part of Refinery Portfolio and Must Improve

Tim Taylor was asked at the Phillips Third Quarter Earnings Conference on October 31, 2012 if Phillips' position with its two major refineries in California was sufficiently advantaged to warrant continued participation and replied that when Phillips looks at the West Coast, it's been one of the more challenged markets from a recovery standpoint post-recession. "In California, specifically, it's a tough regulatory environment, as well, so costs are higher. And there is a lot of potential additional costs as new regulations come into effect. That said, it's still a very significant market and we think it's really important to look at how can we get some of these crudes out of the middle part of the country into the West Coast, particularly California. So we're working hard on that to try and change that. The comment I'd make in Washington is that that's got a natural access to the Bakken in North Dakota and Canadian crudes. We separate the Washington piece from the California piece that way. But everyone's working hard to look at some crude solutions for the West Coast to improve its competitive position."[196]

"I think we look at the market and say demand continues to struggle out there, as well, post-recession," added Taylor. "And then I think you look more fundamentally at the operating environment and the costs associated with particularly the environmental regulations. And we think that's going to continue to keep pressure on operations and operating costs out there. So, yes, I would say that from a California perspective it is one of the more challenged parts of our portfolio in terms of the basic value equation. So that's why we're still looking at the crude side of it. And continuing to stay abreast and on top of what it's going to take to comply with things like AB32 to really maintain your operations out there."[197]

Asked if California would still remain part of Phillips' core portfolio Taylor replied that right now California is in the lower performing part of Phillips portfolio. "So I think that if our assessment would become that it's going to be challenged for some period of time, we've either got to find a way to improve that operation or find some other way to deal with that."[198]

October 24, 2012: Phillips Restarts Units at Wilmington Refinery after Power Dip

Fox Business reported on October 24, 2012 that a few units at Phillips' Wilmington Refinery were restarted on October 23, 2012 after experiencing an external power dip from the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power. The Refinery also reported an unplanned flaring event to the South Coast Air Quality Management District.[199]

October 5, 2012: Sources Allege Phillips Delays Work at Los Angeles Refinery to Cash In on Record Profit Margins

The Tulsa World reported on October 6, 2012 that according to two people with knowledge of Phillips Los Angles Refinery maintenance schedule, Phillips 66 has delayed work at its Los Angeles refinery to cash in on record profit margins in California. A six-week maintenance turnaround on the hydrocracker, which makes high-octane gasoline and other lighter oil products, has been put off until at least Oct. 16 from a previous Oct. 9 start date, said the people, who asked not to be identified because the information wasn't public. "With crack spreads this high, it's kind of expected that all will make as much fuel as possible to cash in on the spreads," Tim Hamilton, executive director of the Automotive United Trades Organization. A Phillips 66 spokesman at the company's headquarters in Houston, declined to comment on maintenance plans at the 139,000-barrel-a-day Los Angeles plant. "I can tell you there is no planned maintenance work currently at our Los Angeles refinery," said Rick Johnson.[200]

September 24, 2012: Air Pollution Regulators Probe Day Long Burnoff at Wilmington Refinery

The Contra Costa Times reported on September 24, 2012 that air quality regulators are investigating whether a burnoff of petroleum products at the Phillips 66 oil refinery in Wilmington that lasted for about six hours after a power outage caused a sudden shutdown of all refinery operations could have been avoided. Black smoke billowing out of the refinery's flare could be seen for miles. The South Coast Air Quality Management District received 125 complaints about the smoke that day. Two days later, more complaints streamed in over a chemical odor surrounding the refinery. AQMD spokesman Sam Atwood said investigators believe the smell came from vapors that had leaked from a petroleum storage tank. The refinery was issued a violation last week due to the odors, and will have to either pay a fine or invest in something that benefits the local environment, Atwood said.[201]

September 20, 2012: Facility-wide Shutdown at Los Angeles Refinery

Nasdaq reported on September 21, 2012 that record heat and a power outage on September 15, 2012 forced a facility-wide shutdown at Phillips 66's Los Angeles refinery but that several units have been brought back online and all units are seen back by the end of the week.[202] Nasdaq reported on September 26, 2012 that production resumed on September 21, 2012 after record heat and a power outage on September 15 forced a facility-wide shutdown.[203]

July 22, 2012: Planned Flaring at Wilmington Refinery

Nasdaq reported on July 27, 2012 that maintenace work was completed on July 19, 2012 and that planned flaring took place at the Wilmington Refinery from July 22 to July 25, 2012 according to the South Coast Air Quality Management District.[204]

July 20, 2012: Planned Flaring at Wilmington Refinery

Reuters reported a planned flaring at the Wilmington Refinery on July 12, 2012.[205]

July 12, 2012: Planned Flaring at Wilmington Refinery

Reuters reported a planned flaring at the Wilmington Refinery on July 12, 2012.[206]

July 8, 2012: Wilmington Refinery in Planned Overhaul

Reuters reported on July 8, 2012 that the Wilmington Refinery was in a planned overhaul which shut the hydrogen plant, according to a notice the refinery filed with California pollution regulators. The work triggered flaring at the refinery and the release of sulfur dioxide, according to the notice filed with the California Emergency Management Agency.[207]

July 3, 2012: Flaring Reported at Wilmington Refinery

Reuters reported a flaring at the Wilmington Refinery on July 3, 2012.[208]

June 29, 2012: Upset in Alky Unit at Wilmington Refinery

Reuters reported an upset in the AlkyUnit at the Wilmington Refinery on June 29, 2012.[209] Phillips 66 reported flaring due to an alkylation unit upset at its Wilmington refinery, according to a filing with the California Emergency Management Agency. Operators had secured the release and flaring had stopped at the time of the filing.[210]

June 26, 2012: Sulfur Recovery Plant Down at Wilmington Refinery

Nasdaq reported on June 26, 2012 that a sulfur recovery plant at Phillips 66's Wilmington refinery shut down unexpectedly on June 26, causing a flaring event, according to a California Emergency Management Agency hazardous materials spill report.[211]

May 8, 2012: Work Completed as Los Angeles Refinery

Reuters reported on May 8, 2012 that Phillips 66 finished unspecified planned work at its Los Angeles-area refinery that had begun in April, 2012. The refinery has two linked facilities in the Los Angeles-area: one in Carson that processes crude oil and another five miles away in Wilmington that upgrades the products.[212] Bloomberg Businessweek reported on May 3, 2012 that the Los Angeles refinery was scheduled to flare gases through May 3 as part of planned maintenance.[213]

Malacca Refinery

News and Views from the Malacca Refinery

July 15, 2013: Malacca Refinery Crude Unit Restarted

Business Times reported on July 15, 2013 that the crude distillation unit at Phillips' Malacca refinery has restarted after being shut since mid-June. he unit, which processes 100,000 barrels per day (bpd), was shut after a fire at the refinery and was expected to be restarted by early July but the refinery has been hit with "technical issues" which caused the CDU to be shut longer than expected. "There was an issue with the steam chamber which is where the fire happened, but it affected the CDU as well," said a source familiar with the matter. The downtime in Malacca resulted in imports of about 1.2 million barrels of gasoline pushing the Asian gasoline margin on July 12 to more than a four-year high of US$16.74 a barrel, a trader estimated. Besides a base oil plant, there are two CDUs in the Malacca refinery that run as standalone operations.[214]

December 13, 2012: Phillips Likely to Sell its stake in Melaka Refinery in Malaysia

Reuters reported on December 13, 2012 that Greg Garland told reporters on December 13, 2012 that Phillips will likely look to sell its Whitegate refinery in Cork, Ireland, and its stake in the 2 Melaka refinery in Malaysia. Phillips plans to retain stakes in the refineries it owns in the United Kingdom and Germany. "We don't envision growing in the Asian refining space," said Garland.[215]

Ponca City Refinery

The Ponca City Refinery, located in Ponca City, Oklahoma, has a crude oil processing capacity of 187 MBD making it by far the largest refinery in Oklahoma.[216] The refinery processes a mixture of light, medium and heavy crude oil. Most of the crude oil processed is received by pipeline from the Gulf of Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas and Canada.[217] Photo by Travel Aficionado Flicker Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 2.0 Generic (CC BY-NC 2.0)

Description of Marland Refinery in Ponca City

The Ponca City Refinery, located in Ponca City, Oklahoma, has a crude oil processing capacity of 187 MBD making it by far the largest refinery in Oklahoma.[218] The refinery processes a mixture of light, medium and heavy crude oil. Most of the crude oil processed is received by pipeline from the Gulf of Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas and Canada. Additional foreign crude is purchased into the Gulf Coast and delivered by pipeline. The Ponca City Refinery is a high-conversion facility that produces a full range of products, including gasoline, diesel fuel, jet fuel, LPG and anode-grade petroleum coke. Its facilities include fluid catalytic cracking, delayed coking and hydrodesulfurization units. Finished petroleum products are shipped by truck, railcar, and company-owned and common-carrier pipelines to markets throughout the Mid-Continent Region.[219]

Ponca City Community Advisory Council (CAC)

The Ponca City Community Advisory Council (CAC) was established in 1991 between ConocoPhillips and the citizens of Ponca City. The CAC holds monthly meetings that start with updates on safety and environmental performance followed by information on refinery operations. Many meetings have an educational topic and often focus on environmental topics, such as air quality and groundwater remediation. Other topics of interest include sustainable development and the company’s other operations. The Ponca City CAC’s mission statement is to establish and maintain a dialogue between the community and ConocoPhillips in order to understand community issues and ConocoPhillips issues in an atmosphere of trust and mutual respect, using open, honest communication. With that in mind, members of the CAC conducted a survey in which they asked 10 community members about what issues, questions or suggestions they have for ConocoPhillips. The group used the results in planning the monthly meetings and other events in the community.[220]

San Francisco Refinery

The Rodeo Refinery. Semi-refined products from the Santa Maria facility are sent by pipeline to the Rodeo facility for upgrading into finished petroleum products. A high proportion of the refinery’s production is transportation fuel, such as gasoline, diesel fuel and jet fuel. The refinery produces CARB-grade gasoline using ethanol to meet government-mandated oxygenate requirements. The majority of refined products are distributed by pipeline, railcar and barge to customers in California.[221] Photo by Thomas Hawk Flicker Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 2.0 Generic (CC BY-NC 2.0)

Description of San Francisco Refinery

The San Francisco Refinery is comprised of two facilities linked by a 200-mile pipeline. The Santa Maria facility is located in Arroyo Grande, Calif., while the Rodeo facility is in the San Francisco Bay Area. The combined facilities have a total crude oil processing capacity of 120 MBD. The refinery processes mainly heavy, high-sulfur crude oil. It receives California crude oil via pipeline and both domestic and foreign crude oil by tanker. Semi-refined products from the Santa Maria facility are sent by pipeline to the Rodeo facility for upgrading into finished petroleum products. A high proportion of the refinery’s production is transportation fuel, such as gasoline, diesel fuel and jet fuel. The refinery produces CARB-grade gasoline using ethanol to meet government-mandated oxygenate requirements. The majority of refined products are distributed by pipeline, railcar and barge to customers in California.[222]

News and Views on San Francisco Refinery

August 23, 2013: Expansion of Rodeo Refinery Worries East Bay Residents

KGO-TV reported on August 23, 2013 that a plan to build a propane storage facility at Phillips' Rodeo Refinery has some residents fearing for their safety, especially after the big explosion at a propane plant in Central Florida last month. "You can run from a fire, you cannot run from an explosion," says Tegan Clive of Rodeo. "It's too close to people." Phillips says they're just trying to catch up to their competitors in the Bay Area, that all the others already have propane plants on site. "Right now, we currently utilize propane and butane and burn it in our furnaces here. So, it's a fuel source. We're going to replace that with natural gas, something that's cleaner burning than propane and butane," says Phillips spokesman Mark Hughest. Phillips 66 says their plan has been reviewed by safety experts and the risks are low. The Contra Costa Planning Commission has approved a draft environmental impact report. If the full board of supervisors approves a final plan, Phillips hopes to begin construction early next year.[223]

July 5, 2013: Seal Repaired at Santa Maria Refinery

Nasdaq reported on July 5, 2013 that according to a filing with California'sOffice of Emergency Services a pump seal that failed in the tail gas unit of its Santa Maria refinery on July 4, 2013 was repaired and the refinery had returned to normal operations.[224]

June 24, 2013: Phillips to Restart Santa Maria Refinery After Outage

Alison Sider reported in the WSJ on June 24, 2013 that Phillips is restarting its Santa Maria refinery in Arroyo Grande, Calif, after it lost power June 23. 2013 in a regional power outage. Semi-refined products from the Arroyo Grande facility are sent by pipeline to the Rodeo Refinery for upgrading into finished petroleum products, according to Phillips 66's website. The Rodeo plant was not affected by the power outage.[225]

June 10, 2013: Equipment Problem at Rodeo Refinery

4-traders reported on June 10, 2013 that according to a filing with the Contra Costa Health Services Hazardous Materials Program, sulfur dioxide was burned off after an unspecified equipment problem at Rodeo Refinery. The filing did not give a date.[226]

April 18, 2013: Phillips to Restart Hydrocracker after Pump Repairs at Rodeo Refinery

Phillips to Restart Hydrocracker after Pump Repairs at Rodeo Refinery by April 18.[227]

April 12, 2013: Phillips Cuts Production at Rodeo Refinery to Repair Pump

Bloomberg reported on April 12, 2013 that Phillips cut production at Rodeo Refinery to repair a pump at the No. 246 hydrocracker that was damaged after overheating on April 10, 2013. The work is expected to last about three days, said a person familiar with operations at Rodeo, who asked not to be identified because the information isn’t public.[228]

April 10, 2013: Rodeo Refinery Flared Gases for Six Hours after a Unit Shut

Bloomberg reported on April 11, 2013 that Rodeo refinery flared gases for six hours after a unit shut, the company said in a notice to Contra Costa County regulators on April 10, 2013.[229]

March 20, 2013: Phillips Signs Deal that Could Boost Deliveries of Cheap Crude to Rodeo Refinery

Eliot Caroom reported on Bloomberg on March 20, 2013 that Phillipshas signed a pact with Targa Resources Partners LP (NGLS) for five years to provide rail-unloading and barge-loading services in Tacoma, Washington for about 30,000 barrels a day of U.S. and Canadian crudes that will go to the Ferndale Refinery. Phillips’s Rodeo refinery near San Francisco could also receive crude deliveries, displacing imports from outside North America. “We are aggressively pursuing increased access to advantaged crudes in North America by partnering with leading third-party transportation providers and better leveraging our own system capabilities,” Greg Garland, Phillips 66 chairman and chief executive officer, said in the statement. “Increasing our utilization of those advantaged crudes should allow us to capture significant value in our refining and marketing businesses.”[230]

February 13, 2013: Phillips Reports Gasoline Leak at Rodeo Refinery

According to a filing with the Contra Costa Health Services, Phillips 66’s refinery in Rodeo, California, experienced a small gas leak of several gallons from a seal on a pump February 11. The company reported that it isolated and stopped the leak.[231]

February 5, 2013: Canadian Crude is Being Transported to San Francisco Refinery

Reuters reported on February 5, 201 that Tim Taylor, Phillips executive vice president for commercial, marketing, transportation and business development, told the Credit Suisse energy conference that Phillips has begun moving cut-price Canadian crude to its California refineries at Los Angeles and San Francisco via rail. "We're beginning to deliver Canadian crude to our California refineries by rail," said Taylor. Garland told Reuters on January 30, 2013 that Phillips was looking at coiled tube cars that are suited to bitumen in Canada's heavy oil deposits that must be heated in order to flow.[232]

February 1, 2013: Unspecified Unit Outage at Rodeo Refinery

Fox Business reported on February 6, 2013 that an unspecified unit outage occurred at Philips Rodeo refinery on February 1, 2013.[233]

January 30, 2013: Garland Does Not Rule Out a Sale of San Francisco Refinery

Reuters reports that Greg Garland told investors on January 30, 2013 at the 4th quarter earnings conference that Phillips did not rule out a sale of Phillips two California refineries, one at Los Angeles and one at San Francisco, given challenges with state regulatory requirements and high costs. "We're studying any and all options for California in terms of where do we go long-term in the business," said Garland. "We are doing everything we can to improve it. I don't feel it's a distressed asset. We want to take our time and be thoughtful."[234]

Garland told analysts that Phillips 66 was looking at getting railcars capable of hauling even cheaper Canadian heavy crude to the company's refineries in California. However, he said resistance to such a move was likely. A 2006 California law requiring sharp cuts in emissions has a component that would require refineries to run crudes produced in environmentally friendly ways. Canadian crude production comes with high emissions. Plus, California has the huge Monterey shale, estimated by the U.S. government to have more reserves than the prolific Eagle Ford in Texas or Bakken in North Dakota. But output has been spotty with geology that differs from those other plays. Given those uncertainties, Garland told Reuters in an interview that for the time being, Phillips 66 will focus on improving the California refineries' single-digit returns while studying a possible sale, joint venture or spinoff. "The option value to hold California is zero. It really costs us nothing."[235]

January 22, 2013: Unspecified Shutdown at Rodeo Refinery

Fox Business reported on February 6, 2013 that an unspecified shutdown occurred at Philips Rodeo refinery on January 22, 2013.[236]

January 9, 2013: Phillips Reports Sulfur Dioxide Emissions at Rodeo Refinery

Phillips 66 reported emissions of sulfur dioxide from an unspecified unit at its Rodeo refinery very early morning on January 9, according to a filing with the California Emergency Management Agency. The filing did not specify the cause of the emissions, which lasted for more than seven hours.[237]

January 9, 2013: Phillips Restarts an Unspecified Unit at Rodeo Refinery

Phillips reported an unspecified unit restart at its Rodeo refinery early on January 9, according to a filing with local environmental regulators. No further detail is provided in the filing.[238]

December 12, 2012: Phillips Wants to Increase Production at Santa Maria Refinery

KCOY reported on December 12, 2012 that Phillips 66 is asking San Luis Obispo County for permission to expand its refinery in Arroyo Grande to increase its oil production by 4,500 barrels a day. "There is no new construction of the refinery," says Phillips 66 Spokesperson Rich Johnson. "The existing equipment is capable of processing more crude oil." The San Luis Obispo County planning commission will consider the company's proposal in a hearing on December 13, 2012. Following that hearing, the company will still have to go before the Air Pollution Quality Control District in January. "We looked at public safety, noise, land use, public services, water resources and air quality and found that there were no significant and unavoidable impacts," says Arlin Genet of the San Luis Obispo County Air Pollution Quality Control District.[239]

October 31, 2012: California Refineries are in Lower Performing Part of Refinery Portfolio and Must Improve

Tim Taylor was asked at the Phillips Third Quarter Earnings Conference on October 31, 2012 if Phillips' position with its two major refineries in California was sufficiently advantaged to warrant continued participation and replied that when Phillips looks at the West Coast, it's been one of the more challenged markets from a recovery standpoint post-recession. "In California, specifically, it's a tough regulatory environment, as well, so costs are higher. And there is a lot of potential additional costs as new regulations come into effect. That said, it's still a very significant market and we think it's really important to look at how can we get some of these crudes out of the middle part of the country into the West Coast, particularly California. So we're working hard on that to try and change that. The comment I'd make in Washington is that that's got a natural access to the Bakken in North Dakota and Canadian crudes. We separate the Washington piece from the California piece that way. But everyone's working hard to look at some crude solutions for the West Coast to improve its competitive position."[240]

"I think we look at the market and say demand continues to struggle out there, as well, post-recession," added Taylor. "And then I think you look more fundamentally at the operating environment and the costs associated with particularly the environmental regulations. And we think that's going to continue to keep pressure on operations and operating costs out there. So, yes, I would say that from a California perspective it is one of the more challenged parts of our portfolio in terms of the basic value equation. So that's why we're still looking at the crude side of it. And continuing to stay abreast and on top of what it's going to take to comply with things like AB32 to really maintain your operations out there."[241]

Asked if California would still remain part of Phillips' core portfolio Taylor replied that right now California is in the lower performing part of Phillips portfolio. "So I think that if our assessment would become that it's going to be challenged for some period of time, we've either got to find a way to improve that operation or find some other way to deal with that."[242]

September 10, 2012: Unplanned Flaring Event at Rodeo Refinery

Nasdaq reported on September 20, 2012 that unplanned flaring event took place on September 10, 2012 at the Rodeo Refinery, according to the California Emergency Management Agency. It wasn't known which units were affected.[243]

August 29, 2012: Fire at Rodeo Refinery Said to Have Shut Down Coker Plant

Bloomberg reported on August 30, 2012 that according to Rick Johnson, a Phillips 66 spokesman, a “small fire” was extinguished in a unit at the Rodeo Refinery on August 29, 2012. According to a person with knowledge of the incident who asked not to be identified because the information isn’t public, the fire was said to have shut down the coker plant and the unit, which converts heavy oil feedstocks into lighter products such as naphtha and heating oil, was not expected to run at 50 percent of capacity until after 4 pm on August 30, 2012 and not at full rates until the end of the week. Phillips 66 declined to comment on the unit’s status.[244]

August 24, 2012: Rodeo Refinery Shuts Down Hydrocracking unit due to Equipment Failure

Reuters reported that the Rodeo Refinery shut the hydrocracking unit August 24, 2012 due to an equipment failure, according to a notice filed with California pollution regulators. "Equipment failure at the unicracker required shutdown and flaring," according to the notice filed with the Contra Costa County Health Department Hazardous Materials Program.[245]

August 10, 2012: Sources Allege Phillips Delaying Work on a Hydrocracker at Rodeo Refinery to Take Advantage of Record Profits

Businessweek reported on August 10, 2012 that Phillips is said to made the decision to delay work on a hydrocracker at the Rodeo refinery in Northern California to take advantage of a fuel-price surge after a fire that cut production at Chevron Corp's Richmond plant. The Rodeo refinery put off maintenance for at least a month at a hydrocracking unit, which makes gasoline and jet fuel, said a person with knowledge of the schedule. The work on the hydrocracker was to have taken six weeks.[246] Phillips 66 delayed a hydrocracker turnaround at the Rodeo refinery in Northern California by a month to profit from a price surge following an Aug. 6 fire at Chevron's Richmond refinery, a person with direct knowledge of the work said.[247]

August 1, 2012: Phillips to Run 30,000 bpd of Advantaged Crudes to Rodeo Refinery

Phillips reported during their second-quarters earnings report on August 1, 2012 that Phillips wants to move the shale crudes from 120,000 to ultimately 450,000 to 460,000 barrels a day and has a plan to get advantaged crude into most of Phillips' refineries. "We are trying to get those crudes to every refinery we can," said Phillips CEO Greg Garland. "Smaller Rodeo we can get at 30,000 barrels a day."[248]

July 25, 2012: Valve Leak Causes Flaring at Rodeo Refinery

The Wall Street Journal reported on July 25, 2012 that a leaking valve caused flaring and the release of excessive amounts of sulfur dioxide on July 24, the Rodeo, Refinery according to a California Emergency Management Agency Hazardous Materials Spill Report.[249]

July 19, 2012: Pump Fire at Rodeo Refinery

Bloomberg reported on July 19, 2012 that Phillips 66 extinguished a fire on a pump at the 76,000-barrel-a-day Rodeo plant, according to Rich Johnson, a company spokesman in Houston.[250]

June 27, 2012: Contra Costa Health Department to Address Concerns About Rodeo Refinery Chemical Release

The San Fransisco Chronicle reported on June 27, 2012 that the Contra Costa Health Department will hold a meeting on July 2nd to address concerns and answer questions about the Phillips 66 refinery chemcial release, which occurred on June 15th and affected residents in Pleasant Hill & Martinez. On June 15, the seam of a tank storing processed water at the Phillips 66 refinery separated and allowed hydrogen sulfide vapors into the air, causing a rotten egg odor. The release persisted throughout the area and people may have felt nausea, had headaches or people with respiratory sensitivities may have affected their breathing. Hazardous Materials Ombudsman Michael Kent said it is important to be transparent when such incidents occur so the public is aware of what happened, what is being done and what follow-up actions are taking place. Speakers at the meeting will include representatives from Phillips 66 and County Supervisor Federal Glover’s office, Public Health Director Dr. Wendel Brunner and Chief Environmental Health and Hazardous Materials Officer Randy Sawyer.[251]

June 26, 2012: Santa Maria Refinery Wins a National Safety Award

The Santa Maria Times reported on June 26, 2012 that the Phillips 66 Santa Maria refinery won a national safety award from the American Fuel and Petrochemicals Manufacturers and a delegation of five refinery employees traveled to San Antonio, Texas, to accept the 2011 Distinguished Safety Award presented May 17 at AFPM’s national safety conference. To qualify, a facility must have an exceptional safety record that includes no lost-time injuries for three prior years. The Santa Maria Refinery has about 150 employees and processes about 45,000 barrels per day of crude oil that is shipped via pipeline for further processing at the company’s refinery in Rodeo.[252]

June 16, 2012: Crews Pumped Hundreds of Thousands Of Gallons Of "Sour Water" from a Ruptured Tank at Rodeo Refinery

Rick Hurd reported in the Contra Costa Times on June 16, 2012 that hazardous materials crews pumped hundreds of thousands of gallons of "sour water" from a ruptured tank at a Phillips 66 petroleum refinery in Rodeo as they continued to clean up from a leak the day before. Hydrogen sulfide is not dangerous in low concentrations, but its offensive rotten-egg smell is strong and easily noticed, and can cause dizziness and nausea, said Randy Sawyer, the county's chief environmental health and hazardous materials officer. The threshold for the gas becoming a health hazard is 30 parts per million, and the highest measurement in the area surrounding the refinery was 1 part per million. Crews laid down a blanket of firefighting foam in the tank, and a contractor will rivet and tape down a heavy chemical resistant tarp. The cause of the rupture remains unknown, and the investigation likely won't be finished for weeks.[253][254]

June 15, 2012: Gas Release from Rodeo Refinery Causes Concern in Benicia

JB Davis reported in the Benicia Patch that a leak at the Phillips 66 oil refinery in Rodeo caused a gaseous smell that greeted morning walkers in Benicia as ground level monitors in Benicia that track air quality did showed an uptick in hydrogen sulfide, a colorless, flammable gas that has a rotten egg smell. The Contra Costa County Hazardous Materials team and the county’s health department determined that the leak created a “non-harmful nuisance odor,” according to Division Chief Nick Thomas of the Benicia Fire Department. “Just prior to 8 a.m. was the height of the readings but they are back to normal now,” said Benicia Fire Chief Steve Vucurevich who also reported that the City has received nearly 400 phone calls about the odor.[255] Phillips 66 reported that a leak from a storage tank caused a release of water used in the refining process. The water has a foul smell like rotten eggs. Refinery production was unaffected.[256]

June 4, 2012: Planned Overhaul Completed at Rodeo Refinery

Reuters reported on June 4, 2012 that Phillips 66 has completed a planned overhaul at Rodeo Refinery that began on April 24.[257]

June 1, 2012: Sulfur Dioxide Emissions due to a Flaring Event

Reuters reported that Phillips 66 reported sulfur dioxide emissions due to a flaring event at its refinery in Rodeo, California, according to a filing with state pollution regulators. The filing with California Emergency Management Agency said the release would not pose threat to local residents. Flaring usually indicates refinery operations are interrupted by planned maintenance or an unplanned breakdown.[258]

Sweeny Refinery

The Sweeny Refinery, located in Old Ocean, Texas, 65 miles southwest of Houston, has a crude oil processing capacity of 247 MBD. It processes mainly heavy, high-sulfur crude oil, but also processes light, low-sulfur crude oil. The refinery facilities include fluid catalytic cracking, delayed coking, alkylation, a continuous regeneration reformer and hydrodesulfurization units. The refinery receives domestic and foreign crude oil, primarily through wholly and jointly owned terminals on the Gulf Coast, including a deepwater terminal at Freeport, Texas. It produces a high percentage of transportation fuels, such as gasoline, diesel fuel and jet fuel. Other products include petrochemical feedstocks, home heating oil and coke. The refinery operates nearby terminals and storage facilities in Freeport, Jones Creek and on the San Bernard River, along with pipelines that connect these facilities to the refinery. Refined products are distributed throughout the Midwest and southeastern United States by pipeline, barge and railcar. Photo by imelda Flicker Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.0 Generic (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)

Description of Sweeny Refinery

The Sweeny Refinery, located in Old Ocean, Texas, 65 miles southwest of Houston, has a crude oil processing capacity of 247 MBD. It processes mainly heavy, high-sulfur crude oil, but also processes light, low-sulfur crude oil. The refinery facilities include fluid catalytic cracking, delayed coking, alkylation, a continuous regeneration reformer and hydrodesulfurization units. The refinery receives domestic and foreign crude oil, primarily through wholly and jointly owned terminals on the Gulf Coast, including a deepwater terminal at Freeport, Texas. It produces a high percentage of transportation fuels, such as gasoline, diesel fuel and jet fuel. Other products include petrochemical feedstocks, home heating oil and coke. The refinery operates nearby terminals and storage facilities in Freeport, Jones Creek and on the San Bernard River, along with pipelines that connect these facilities to the refinery. Refined products are distributed throughout the Midwest and southeastern United States by pipeline, barge and railcar. Merey Sweeny, L.P. (MSLP) is a limited partnership that owns a 70 MBD delayed coker and related facilities at the Sweeny Refinery that produce fuel-grade petroleum coke. Prior to August 2009, MSLP was owned 50/50 by ConocoPhillips and Petróleos de Venezuela, S.A. (PDVSA), Venezuela’s national oil company. Under agreements that govern relationships between the partners, certain defaults by PDVSA with respect to supply of crude oil to the Sweeny Refinery gave ConocoPhillips the right to acquire PDVSA’s 50 percent ownership interest in MSLP. In August 2009, ConocoPhillips exercised that right. PDVSA has initiated arbitration in the International Chamber of Commerce challenging ConocoPhillips’ actions, and the arbitration process is under way.[259]

News and Views on Sweeny Refinery

July 31, 2013: Two Power Outages at Sweeny Were a Major Problem for Phillips

FuelFix reported on July 31, 2013 that Phillips 66 underperformed in the second quarter as its earnings dropped 19 percent because of higher costs for oil and outages that shut down key facilities. The refinery at Sweeny had two power outages that were a major problem. “We had a second power outage in the second quarter and in my view that’s unacceptable,” Garland said. The refinery is powered both by an on-site generation facility and by a power company. The power company was the cause of the two outages. “To me, personally, the biggest disappointment in the quarter was having a second power outage at Sweeny,” Garland added.[260]

"We are working with the third-party power supplier to upgrade their systems, their networks, we are looking at what we can do within refinery to recover from one of these incidents quicker around our own systems and balances," said Greg G. Maxwell, EVP, Finance and CFO. "There is a co-gen unit at Sweeny, it’s running sort 350,000 megawatt and we’ve used about 125,000 megawatt at the complex. So we are looking to say, what can we do to island that facility, technically it’s possible, practically difficult, but it can be done we’re working and then finally we are working to get a second supplier power into that complex. So that should be an event that is not repeated in the future. And so I think if you think for me personally and the biggest disappointment in the quarter was having a second power outage at Sweeny, which by the way impacts all the way across our businesses, so we had the refinery down, all the ethylene units were down, the frac was down. So it impacted all three business platforms that we had, and so we’ll absolutely get that one fixed."[261]

July 31, 2013: Phillips to Process More Light Oil at Sweeny Refinery

Greg Garland told analysts at Phillips 2nd Quarters earnings conference on July 31, 2013 that Phillips has opportunities at the Sweeny Refinery, Alliance Refinery, and Lake Charles Refinery to make some modifications and process more light oil through these facilities and with minimal capital investment. "We are looking for 40% return type projects on the refining side. And so we’re looking for quick hit, fast payout projects. We have some underutilized equipment that we can kind of tie together and use that all and so we've got some projects around that that we are executing." Garland added that the projects are already underway. "We actually do things like tie-ins and turnarounds and some other things. So, it kind of depends on the schedule and things that are available, but those are our plans that we have in place to make those margin in some of our refining system already."[262]

July 1, 2013: Phillips Reports Release of Hydrogen Cyanide at Sweeny Refinery

According to a filing with the National Response Center, two fluid catalytic cracking units (FCCUs) released hydrogen cyanide July 1. The report did not give a status on the FCCUs.[263]

June 11, 2013: Controller Failure Causes Delayed Coker Emissions at Sweeny Refinery

Phillips 66 reported flaring at its Sweeny refinery June 11 after the Unit 29.2 Delayed Coker Pressure Indicated Controller (PIC) valve opened due to a controller failure, according to a filing with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality. The Unit 29.2 Delayed Coker and Unit 29 Flare are listed as sources of emissions.[264]

May 29, 2013: Unit 35 Shut Down at Sweeny Refinery

Retuers reported on May 29, 2013 that Unit 35 shut down at the Sweeny Refinery and that intermittent flaring occurred.[265] Phillips said a furnace problem caused Unit 35, previously identified as an Aromatics Unit, to shut down, a filing to Texas state environmental regulators. Aromatics, which are produced in the catalytic reforming of naphtha, are used in the production of petrochemicals and can be added to gasoline to raise its octane rating. Refinery operations personnel routed the emissions caused by the event to several of the plant's safety flare stacks intermittently throughout the day and worked to bring Unit 35 back on line. The emissions event lasted just under 12 hours.[266]

May 28, 2013: Furnace Stack Malfunction Shuts Unit at Sweeny Refinery

Phillips 66 reported that Unit 35 furnace at its Sweeny refinery tripped when a stack damper stuck in a closed position, which caused Unit 35 to shut, causing flaring, according to a filing with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality. Intermittent flaring related to this incident continued for about 9 hours on May 28.[267]

May 20, 2013: Sweeny Refinery is Operational Again

Christine Harvey reported on Bloomberg on May 20, 2013 that Sweeny Refinery is operational again as Phillips completed a restart of the refinery after a power failure on May 11, 2013 caused the plant to temporarily shut down and flare gases, according to Rich Johnson, a company spokesman based in Houston.[268]

May 11, 2013: Power Outage Causes Shutdown at Sweeeny Refinery That Will Take Several Days to Restart

Fox Business reported on May 11, 2013 that according to a government filing Phillips shut down some units and decreased production on others on May 11, 2013 after a power outage at its Sweeny refinery. Units affected included the 25.2 crude distillation unit--one of the first steps in the oil refining process--and the 27.1 fluid catalytic cracking unit, a key gasoline production unit. The power outage started at 9 a.m. local time and was triggered by a larger outage in Texas and New Mexico. "This is an ongoing event," Phillips 66 said in the filing.[269]

Fox Business reported on May 12, 2013 that Phillips announced on May 12, 2013 that it would take "several days" to fully restart its Sweeny refinery in Old Ocean, Texas, after a power outage on May 11, 2013. "Power has been restored and the refinery is in the process of restarting, which is expected to take several days to complete," said Phillips 66 spokesman Rich Johnson.[270]

April 19, 2013: Transformer Malfunction Shuts Crude Unit, Causes FCCU Emissions at Sweeny Refinery

Phillips 66 reported a transformer malfunction near the Crude Unit No. 25.1 at its Sweeny refinery caused the unit to shut down, and forced operators to reduce rates, according to a filing with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality. During this event, operators de-energized the Unit 27 fluid catalytic cracking unit (FCCU) electrostatic precipitator, causing emissions from the Unit 27 FCCU regenerator and Unit 27.1 FCCU regenerator. Operators later restored the FCCU electrostatic precipitator to normal service. On April 19, energy intelligence service Genscape reported the shutdown of a 123,500 b/d crude distillation unit and a 47,000 b/d FCCU at the refinery.[271]

April 16, 2013: Phillips Resumes Normal Operations at Sweeny Refinery after Steam Loss Affects Several Units

Phillips 66 reported that several units at its Sweeny refinery shut down the morning of April 16 following a loss of most of the plant’s steam supply, according to a filing with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality. The steam loss was caused by an interruption in the natural gas supply to the adjacent cogeneration unit, which resulted in the shutdown of all the cogeneration turbines operating at the time. Operators were investigating the cause of the natural gas supply disruption. Following the loss of most steam, the refinery followed established steam shedding procedures and shut certain units down in a safe and controlled manner, which resulted in flaring. A backup boiler provided sufficient steam to allow some units to continue to operate. The natural gas supply to the cogeneration turbines was restored, and refining units re-started in a sequence to minimize emissions. Operators reported the refinery had resumed normal operations by the April 17.[272]

April 9, 2013: Unit Trips at Sweeny Refinery

Nasdaq reported on April 12, 2013 that Unit 38 tripped on April 9, 2013 while a depressure valve was being serviced at Sweeny Refinery according to a filing with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality.[273]

March 26. 2013: Compressor Failure at Sweeny Refinery

Nasdaq reported on March 26, 2013 that Phillips in a filing with the National Response Center reported a compressor problem on March 25, 2013 at its Sweeny Refinery resulting in lower production rates.[274]

March 11, 2013: Power Outage at Sweeney Refinery Causes Chemical Release

Bloomberg reported on March 11, 2013 that Phillips released an unknown amount of hydrogen sulfide, sulfur dioxide and benzene at its Sweeny, Texas, oil refinery because of flaring after a power outage.[275] Fox News reported on March 14, 2013 that power at Sweeny Refinery has been fully restored and the plant is in the process of restarting after a third-party provided power failure on March 10. It will take several days for the refinery to reach normal operations, a Phillips 66 spokesman said.[276]

February 25, 2013: Phillips Restarting Pipestill, SRU at Sweeny Refinery after Extended Work

Phillips was restarting production units including a pipestill and sulfur recovery unit (SRU) at its Sweeny refinery on February 25, according to sources familiar with the operations. Several production units were shut in early January for planned work initially scheduled to run four weeks, but operators extended the work by two weeks for additional repairs. Sources had previously reported the refinery was on February 22 restarting a 124,000 b/d crude distillation unit and a coking unit. A Phillips 66 spokesman said February 25 that maintenance was still underway.[277]

February 22, 2013: Phillips Begins Restarting 124,000 b/d CDU and Coker Unit at Sweeny Refinery after Extended Work

Phillips 66 was restarting a 124,000 b/d crude distillation unit (CDU) and a coking unit at its Sweeny refinery on February 22, according to sources familiar with refinery operations. Operators began restarting the units earlier in the week and expected initial production to begin this week, with full production restored by mid-March. The CDU and coker were shut in early January for planned work initially scheduled to run four weeks, but operators extended the work by two weeks for additional repairs.[278]

February 18, 2013: Phillips Reports Coker and FCCU Emissions at Sweeny Refinery

Phillips 66 reported reported emissions from a coker and from the Unit 27 FCCU on February 18 were due to a malfunction in the instrument air header, which led to a decision by operators to de-energize the electrostatic precipitators and thus created excess emissions.[279]

February 14, 2013: Phillips Restarts FCCU after Electrical Trip at Sweeny Refinery

Phillips 66 reported it was restarting the Unit 27 fluid catalytic cracking unit (FCCU) at its Sweeny refinery on February 14 after an electrical feeder trip shut the unit, resulting in emissions from the FCCU and the coker,

February 7, 2013: Production Units Restart at Sweeney Refinery After Planned Maintenance

Bloomberg reported on February 25, 2013 that production units including a pipestill and sulfur recovery unit wee restarting after planned maintenance that began on January 7, 2013 according to two people familiar with the operations who asked not to be identified because the information isn’t public. [280]

January 30, 2013: Garland Says Phillips Has Completely Backed Out US Light Sweet Crude from Sweeney Refinery

Greg Garland told analysts at the 4th quarter earnings conference on January 30, 2013 that Phillips has completely backed out imports of U.S. light sweet crude in the Gulf Coast refineries including Sweeney.[281]

January 6, 2013: Compressor Trip Causes Flaring at Sweeny Refinery

Phillips 66 reported a compressor on Unit 26.2 at its Sweeny refinery tripped, according to a filing with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality.[282]

October 31, 2012: Sweeny Refinery to Receive 30,000 barrels per day of Eagle Ford Crude by Early 2014

Tim Taylorl reported at the Phillips Third Quarter Earnings Conference on October 31, 2012 that Phillips had reached agreement with Kinder Morgan to deliver up to 30,000 barrels per day of Eagle Ford crude via a new pipeline connection to our Sweeny refinery in early 2014. "That's actually a project or a connector pipeline that's relatively short that will be built by Kinder Morgan. And so that's a throughput pipeline connection agreement that we have specifically for that."[283]

September 30, 2012: Process Units Restarted at Sweeny Refinery after Power Outage

Nasdaq reported on October 1, 2012 that Philips restarted process units at its Sweeny Refinery on September 30, 2012 following an early morning power outage. The outage caused flaring and opacity as some units shut down; some went into circulation mode, and some reduced charge rates, a government filing said.[284]

September 11, 2012: Sweeny Refinery Reports Release from Thermal Oxidizer

Reuters reported on September 11, 2012 that there was a benzene release from a thermal oxidizer Sweeny Refinery, according to a filing with national pollution regulators.[285]

August 23, 2012: New Pipeline to Transport up to 30,000 bpd of Advantaged Eagle Ford Shale Crude to Sweeney Refinery

PR Newswire reported on August 23, 2012 that Kinder Morgan plans invest $90 million to build a 27-mile, 12-inch diameter lateral pipeline to extend its Kinder Morgan Crude Condensate (KMCC) pipeline to transport Eagle Ford crude and condensate to Phillips 66’s Sweeny Refinery. The pipeline will have an initial capacity of 30,000 barrels per day (bpd) of capacity, expandable to 100,000 bpd. “This pipeline lateral will provide yet another attractive delivery point for customers of our KMCC pipeline while providing Phillips 66 with enhanced access to price-advantaged Eagle Ford crude and condensate,” said KMP Products Pipelines President Tom Bannigan. Kinder Morgan’s crude/condensate pipeline, which was ready for service in June 2012, already transports crude/condensate from the Eagle Ford shale to the Houston Ship Channel through 65 miles of new-build construction and 113 miles of converted natural gas pipeline. “This agreement aligns with a fundamental part of the Phillips 66 business strategy to get advantaged crude to our refineries,” said Glenn Simpson, general manager, Phillips 66 Crude & International Supply.[286] The Eagle Ford formation is located close to the U.S. Gulf Coast and the largest concentration of U.S. refineries. Eagle Ford crude was priced at $93.75 a barrel on Agust 22, 2012, about a $3 discount to U.S. crude benchmark West Texas Intermediate and a $19 discount to Louisiana Light Sweet.[287]

August 2, 2012: FCCU Emissions During Rapper System Repairs at Sweeney Refinery

Phillips 66 reported it would begin repairs on August 2, 2012 to fix a short circuit detected this week at its Sweeney refinery, according to a filing with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality. The short circuit was causing a portion of the rapper system to operate abnormally and had ultimately led to emissions, the filing said. After locating the problem and making the necessary repairs, operators will return the system to service. The filing lists a fluid catalytic cracking unit (FCCU) as a source of emissions, which were expected to continue until August 9.[288]

August 1, 2012: Phillips to Run 40,000 bpd of Advantaged Crudes to Sweeney Refinery

Phillips reported during their second-quarters earnings report on August 1, 2012 that Phillips wants to move the shale crudes from 120,000 to ultimately 450,000 to 460,000 barrels a day and has a plan to get advantaged crude into most of Phillips' refineries. "We are trying to get those crudes to every refinery we can," said Phillips CEO Greg Garland. "Sweeny about 40,000 barrels a day."[289]

CNBC reported on August 23, 2012 that Phillips 66's Sweeny, Texas, refinery will take 30,000 bpd of Eagle Ford oil beginning in 2014 when Kinder Morgan Energy Partners completes a $90-million extension of a pipeline to the plant, which is 66 miles south of Houston. Light, sweet Eagle Ford crude is lower-priced than other global crudes, which increases profitability for refiners by cutting their crude costs. Eagle Ford crude was recently priced at $93.75 a barrel, about a $3 discount to U.S. crude benchmark West Texas Intermediate and a $19 discount to Louisiana Light Sweet.[290]

July 16, 2012: Fluid Catalytic Cracking Unit Restarted at Sweeney Refinery

On July 25, 2012 Reuters reported that the Fluid Catalytic Cracking Unit (FCCU) restarted at the Sweeney Refinery on July 16, 2012.[291]

July 12, 2012: Coker Flare at Sweeney Refinery

Reuters reported on June 13, 2012 there was a Coker Flare at the Sweeney Refinery on July 12, 2012.[292] Businessweek reported on July 12, 2012 that the refinery reported emissions from coker and fluid catalytic cracker No. 3, according to a filing with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality. The maintenance event began yesterday at 6:22 a.m. local time and lasted until 11:22 a.m. today, the company said.[293]

July 5, 2012: Unplanned Work at Sweeney Refinery

Reuters reported on June 13, 2012 there was unplanned work at the Sweeney Refinery on July 5, 2012.[294]

July 1, 2012: Leaks Repaired on a portion of Fluidic Catalytic Cracking Unit at Sweeney Refinery

Reuters reported on July 1, 2012 that Phillips repaired leaks on a portion of the gasoline-producing fluidic catalytic cracking unit on June 30 and July 1 after the refinery found oil oozing from welds on a box attached to the unit's riser to repair a hot spot found between a month and two months ago, according to a notice the refinery filed with state pollution regulators. Additional welding was done on the box to repair the leaks, but the work resulted in increased release of particulate matter and carbon monoxide.[295]

May 12, 2012: Power Outage at Sweeny Refinery

Reuters reported on May 13, 2012 that the Sweeny refinery restarted on May 12, 2012 after a power outage hit the refinery affecting the sulfur recovery unit according to a notice the refinery filed with Texas pollution regulators.[296]

Trainer Refinery

The Trainer Refinery, sold by Phillips 66 to Delta Airlines in June, 2012, is located on the Delaware River in Trainer, Pa., about 10 miles southwest of downtown Philadelphia. The refinery has a crude oil processing capacity of 185 MBD and processes mainly light, low-sulfur crude oil. Trainer receives crude oil by tanker from West and North Africa and Canada. The refinery facilities include fluid catalytic cracking, hydrodesulfurization units, a reformer and a hydrocracker that enable it to produce a high percentage of transportation fuels, such as gasoline, diesel fuel and jet fuel. Other products include home heating oil and low-sulfur fuel oil. Refined products are primarily distributed to customers in Pennsylvania, New York and New Jersey via pipeline, barge and railcar.[297] Photo by Phillips 66

Description of Trainer Refinery

The Trainer Refinery, sold by Phillips 66 to Delta Airlines in June, 2012, is located on the Delaware River in Trainer, Pa., about 10 miles southwest of downtown Philadelphia. The refinery has a crude oil processing capacity of 185 MBD and processes mainly light, low-sulfur crude oil. Trainer receives crude oil by tanker from West and North Africa and Canada. The refinery facilities include fluid catalytic cracking, hydrodesulfurization units, a reformer and a hydrocracker that enable it to produce a high percentage of transportation fuels, such as gasoline, diesel fuel and jet fuel. Other products include home heating oil and low-sulfur fuel oil. Refined products are primarily distributed to customers in Pennsylvania, New York and New Jersey via pipeline, barge and railcar.[298]

News and Views on Trainer Refinery

January 23, 2013: Phillips 66 pays $50K over Hazardous Waste Allegations at Trainer Refinery

The Philadelphia Inquirer reported on January 23, 2013 that Phillips 66 Co. has agreed to pay a $50,000 penalty to settle alleged violations of hazardous waste regulations at its former refinery in Trainer. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency cited Phillips 66 for violations involving the storage of hazardous materials including refinery hydrocarbon waste, chromium waste, heavy metal waste from batteries and mercury waste from fluorescent bulbs.[299]

June 22, 2012: Delta Completes Purchase of Trainer Refinery

CBS Moneywatch reported on June 22, 2012 that Delta Airlines had completed its $180 million purchase of Phillips' Trainer Refinery and the refinery is expected to restart in September, according to filings made with Pennsylvania utility regulators by the Delta subsidiary that will run it, Monroe Energy LLC. Delta said the refinery will hire back about 400 people.[300]

June 13, 2012: Delta Airlines Set to Close its Landmark Deal on June 22 to buy the Trainer Refinery

Reuters reported on June 13, 2012 that Delta Airlines is set to close its deal to buy Phillips 66's Trainer Refinery on June 22, allowing Delta to begin a long-delayed maintenance overhaul in early July. A plant-wide turnaround lasting 40 to 50 days is expected to begin after July 4, allowing the idled plant to resume producing fuel. The major maintenance, which is required every five years, was originally due in the spring of 2011, but had been deferred until the plant was shut later that year. Delta expects to reconfigure parts of the refinery to maximizes jet fuel production. About 175 out of the 220 hourly workers are expected to return to the plant, with the remainder either retiring, transferring or getting other employment.[301]

May 1, 2012: Phillips 66 Sells Trainer Refinery

Phillips 66 issued a press release on May 1, 2012 announcing that Phillips 66 and Monroe Energy LLC have signed a purchase and sales agreement for Monroe Energy LLC, a subsidiary of Delta Air Lines, to purchase the Trainer Refinery and associated terminal and pipeline assets for $180 million. The purchase price does not include the value of existing inventories. The transaction is expected to close in the first half of 2012. Phillips 66 also has entered into multi-year agreements with Monroe to supply jet fuel to Monroe in other regions of the country while Phillips 66 will purchase gasoline and other refined products from Monroe at the Trainer Refinery and local terminals.[302]

Critics of Delta's purchase of the refinery have questioned the wisdom of Delta trying to run a refinery in the Northeast. Ed Hirs, a professor of energy economics at the University of Houston, said hedging fuel costs through options can accomplish very much the same agenda without being exposed to the risks of owning a refinery.[303]

Reuters reported on April 9, 2012 that Phillips 66 continue to shore up its refining portfolio and has two refineries up for sale - Trainer and Alliance in Louisiana. Sources familiar with the sales process said Delta Airlines is considering a bid for the Trainer refinery, idled at the end of September 2011, and is in "very critical" negotiations with ConocoPhillips. Reuters also reports that there may be other actions affecting its portfolio.[304]

Andrew Maykuth wrote in the Philadelphia Inquirer that a bid by Delta Airlines to buy the idled Phillips 66 refinery in Trainer to satisfy its enormous thirst for jet fuel appears to be gaining momentum. "Sources close to negotiations believe that Delta Air Lines has emerged as the clear favorite for the idle plant," says Tom Kloza, publisher of Oil Price Information Service. "The action certainly implies that the Trainer refinery will be restarted in the second half of 2012, and perhaps as early as July or August." Delta's interest in buying a business that an experienced oil company wants to jettison has raised eyebrows among some analysts, who believe that the airline has other means available to protect itself from fuel-price fluctuations without investing in manufacturing. "At one level it makes sense to better manage supply," said James Balaschak, a principal with Deloitte Consulting L.L.P. in Philadelphia. "On the other hand it is outside their core business. There are alternative strategies such a hedging which can be as effective."[305]

The Phiadelphia Inquirer reported on April 17, 2012 that US Senator Bob Casey Jr. (D., Pa.) and the Delaware County Council had urged ConocoPhillips to sell its refinery in Trainer to a buyer that would keep the refinery operating as a manufacturing facility rather than turn it into a fuel storage terminal and wrote to ConocoPhillips chief executive James Mulva to urge him to sell the plant to buyer that would operate it as a refinery, which would employ more people and require more investment than a fuel-storage facility.[306]

Did Delta Make a Mistake Buying the Trainer Refinery from Phillips 66?

Greory J. Millman wrote in the Wall Street Journal on May 15, 2012 that Delta's out-of-pocket investment to acquire the Trainer Refinery is $150 million, and it plans to spend another $ 100 million to maximize jet fuel production there. "There are three problems here. First, Delta will not manage the capital invested in the refinery for optimal return. Second, even if Delta were to do so, the refinery is one of the least economical in the U.S. so its potential returns are low at best. Third, the refinery will probably require much more capital than Delta's public presentations suggest." It's easy to see why ConocoPhillips (COP) shut Trainer down adds Millman. "The Trainer Refinery was not producing net income," said ConocoPhillips Chief Financial Officer Jeff Sheets during the company's third-quarter earnings call in 2011. "The cash generation was also not very strong. We were at a point where we were having to decide about timing on turnaround costs and future capital expenditures, which had a lot to do with the timing of the decision to shut it down in October." Once shareholders see the consequences of this deal unfold, they'll demand that Delta divest the refinery operations and redeploy the capital in more productive investments concludes Millman.[307]

Whitegate Refinery

News and Views from Whitegate refinery

June 10, 2013: Phillips Wants to Sell Whitegate Refinery

Reuters reported on June 11, 2013 that Phillips wants to sell the Whitegate Refinery in Cork, Ireland. However Seth Kleinman, head of energy research at Citigroup says the odds of finding a buyer look slim and that the refinery would probably have to be shut down as it will be hard to find a buyer for it. In the meantime Phillips will continue to operate the refinery. "Phillips 66 intends to continue operating the assets as usual during the marketing process, which is expected to last for several months," said company spokesman Rich Johnson in a statement.[308]

Europe's refining sector has been struggling because of over capacity and Coryton refinery in the UK, owned by the bankrupt Petroplus group, closed last year after administrators failed to find a buyer for it. Micheal Martin, the leader of Ireland's main opposition party Fianna Fail, said the sale of the refinery had potentially serious consequences for its economy as it is the only refinery in Ireland supplying about one third of Ireland's oil products. "Whitegate is a key strategic asset. It provides one third of all our transportation fuel and is a long-term principal supplier to the National Oil Reserves Agency. The threat to its future has serious implications for Ireland's energy supply and consequently for our economy," Martin said in a statement. "It has been a major employer in the area for decades, supporting hundreds of jobs directly and indirectly. Its loss would be a serious blow to local economy."[309]

"The move is part of a fire sale of Irish assets by Phillips," writes James Detar on Investor's Business Daily. "which is also selling an oil and refined products storage terminal in Bantry Bay in County Cork, and its Ireland wholesale marketing business."[310]

December 13, 2012: Phillips Likely to Sell Whitegate Refinery in Ireland

Reuters reported on December 13, 2012 that Greg Garland told reporters on December 13, 2012 that Phillips will likely look to sell its Whitegate refinery in Cork, Ireland, and its stake in the 2 Melaka refinery in Malaysia. Phillips plans to retain stakes in the refineries it owns in the United Kingdom and Germany. "We don't envision growing in the Asian refining space," said Garland.[311]

Wood River Refinery

The Wood River Refinery is located about 15 miles northeast of St. Louis, Mo., at the convergence of the Mississippi and Missouri rivers in Roxana, Ill. Jointly owned by ConocoPhillips and Cenovus Energy, the Wood River Refinery is operated by ConocoPhillips. Gross crude oil processing capacity of the refinery is approximately 306 MBD. The complex includes a docking area on the Mississippi River. The refinery processes a mix of light, low-sulfur and heavy, high-sulfur crude oil. Wood River receives domestic, Canadian and other foreign crude oil by various pipelines and produces a high percentage of transportation fuels, such as gasoline, diesel fuel and jet fuel. Other products include petrochemical feedstocks, asphalt and coke. The Wood River Refinery’s operations include three distilling units, two fluid catalytic cracking units, hydrocracking, coking, reforming, hydrotreating and sulfur recovery. Wood River is a major supplier to Lambert International Airport in St. Louis and is also a supplier to Chicago’s O’Hare Airport. Finished product leaves Wood River through pipeline, rail, barge and by truck. The company continues to progress the CORE Project at the Wood River Refinery. Upon completion, the project is expected to increase crude oil gross capacity from 95 MBD to 225 MBD and increase clean product yield by 5 percent.[312] Photo by Ran Yaniv Hartstein Flicker Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic (CC BY 2.0)

Description of Wood River Refinery

The Wood River Refinery is located about 15 miles northeast of St. Louis, Mo., at the convergence of the Mississippi and Missouri rivers in Roxana, Ill. Jointly owned by ConocoPhillips and Cenovus Energy, the Wood River Refinery is operated by ConocoPhillips. Gross crude oil processing capacity of the refinery is approximately 306 MBD. The complex includes a docking area on the Mississippi River. The refinery processes a mix of light, low-sulfur and heavy, high-sulfur crude oil. Wood River receives domestic, Canadian and other foreign crude oil by various pipelines and produces a high percentage of transportation fuels, such as gasoline, diesel fuel and jet fuel. Other products include petrochemical feedstocks, asphalt and coke. The Wood River Refinery’s operations include three distilling units, two fluid catalytic cracking units, hydrocracking, coking, reforming, hydrotreating and sulfur recovery. Wood River is a major supplier to Lambert International Airport in St. Louis and is also a supplier to Chicago’s O’Hare Airport. Finished product leaves Wood River through pipeline, rail, barge and by truck. The company continues to progress the CORE Project at the Wood River Refinery. Upon completion, the project is expected to increase crude oil gross capacity from 95 MBD to 225 MBD and increase clean product yield by 5 percent.[313]

News and Views on Wood River Refinery

September 2, 2013: Phillips Restarts VDU at Wood River Refinery

Phillips restarted the 105,000 b/d vacuum distillation unit (VDU) at its Wood River, Illinois refinery. Ramp-up of the VDU started September 2 after being offline since August 29. The associated 65,000 b/d coker has continued operating normally during the outage[314]

August 29, 2013: Phillips Reports Process Unit Upset, Emissions at Wood River Refinery

A process unit upset was reported at Phillips’ Wood River refinery in Roxana, Illinois, according to a filing with the Illinois Emergency Management Agency. The incident led to sulfur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide emissions, the filing said.[315]

August 28, 2013: Phillips Reports Flare Gas Recovery Compressor Shut at Wood River Refinery

A flare gas recovery compressor shutdown was reported at Phillips' Wood River refinery in Roxana, Illinois, a filing with the Illinois Emergency Management Agency said. The incident led to sulfur dioxide emissions, state pollution regulators said.[316]

August 9, 2013: Phillips Reports Malfunction at Wood River Refinery

The DOE reported on August 9, 2013 that Phillips reported a unit malfunction, on August 9, 2013 at its Wood River Refinery according to a notice filed with the Illinois Emergency Management Agency. The malfunction triggered releases of sulfur dioxide and nitrogenoxide, according to the notice. No further details were immediately available.[317]

August 5, 2013: Phillips Reports Process Equipment Upset at Wood River Refinery

Phillips reported a process equipment upset occurred August 5 at its Wood River refinery in Roxana, Illinois, according to a filing with Illinois Emergency Management Agency. The incident led to sulfur dioxide emissions, the filing said.[318]

July 23, 2013: Phillips Flared Gases After Unit Upset at Wood River Refinery

Bloomberg reported on July 23, 2013 that Phillips flared gases because of a unit upset at its Wood River Refinery.[319]

July 18, 2013: Flare Gas Compressor Shut at Phillips Wood River Refinery

Phillips reported a flare gas compressor shutdown at its Wood River refinery, according to a filing with state pollution regulators. There were also sulfur dioxide emissions, the filing with the Illinois Emergency Management Agency said.[320]

July 2, 2013: Wood Refinery Refinery Returns to Normal After Planned Maintenance

Reuters reported on July 2, 2013 that according to energy market intelligence firm Genscape, Phillips 66's Wood River Refinery had returned to normal operations following planned maintenance that began on or about June 6, 2013.[321]

June 18, 2013: Phillips Starts Up of HCU at Wood River Refinery

Phillips 66 reported that it had started up a hydrocracker unit at its Wood River refinery in Illinois on June 18, according to a filing with national pollution regulators.[322]

June 10, 2013: Phillips Reports Equipment Leak near Compressor at Wood River Refinery

Phillips 66 on June 10 reported emissions due to an equipment leak in a compressor area at its Wood River, Ill. refinery, according to filings with the State pollution regulator. Operators reported last week that plant maintenance was underway at the refinery.[323]

June 9, 2013: Phillips Reports Leak in Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel Unit at IWood River Refinery

Phillips 66 reported a leak in the ultra low sulfur diesel unit was discovered at its Wood River refinery late at night on June 9, according to a filing with the U.S. National Response Center. Operators were isolating and depressuring the unit. The company reported emissions on June 10 due to an equipment leak in a compressor area at the refinery in a notice filed with State pollution regulators.[324]

June 6, 2013: Planned Maintenance Under Way at Wood River Refinery

Nasdaq reported on June 6, 2013 that planned work is currently under way at its Wood River Refinery. It is not clear if the planned maintenance is associated with the failure of a flare gas recovery compressor on a flare stack unit that caused a release of sulfur dioxide and flaring on June 3, 2013. Citing company policy, Phillips 66 spokesman Rich Johnson did not elaborate on the scope of the maintenance, when it began or how long it would continue.[325]

June 3, 2013: Flare Gas Recovery Compressor Off Line at Wood River Refinery

Retuers reported on June 4, 2013 that a flare gas recovery compressor tripped off line at the Wood River Refinery on June 3, 2013.[326]

May 29, 2013: Hydrocarbon Unit Shut Down at Wood River Refinery

The Wall Street Journal reported on May 29, 2013 that a Hydrocarbon Unit was shut down on May 28, 2013 following a process leak that caused a hydrogen sulfide release at the Wood River Refinery.[327]

May 17, 2013: Phillips Reports Coke Compressor Loss at Wood River Refinery

Fox Business reported on May 17, 2013 that Phillips filed a report with the Illinois Emergency Management Agency on the loss of compressor on a coke unit at Wood River Refinery.[328]

May 3, 2013: Electrical Supply Problems Cause Emissions at Wood River Refinery

Phillips 66 reported emissions of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides from its Wood River refinery on May 3 were caused by electrical power supply problems, according to a filing with the Illinois Emergency Management Agency.[329]

April 30, 2013: Flare Gas Recovery Compressor Fails at Wood River Refinery

Phillips 66 reported the loss of a flare gas recovery compressor at its Wood River refinery on April 30, according to a filing with state pollution regulators.[330]

April 24, 2013: Sulphur Dioxide Flared at Wood River Refinery

Proactive Investors reported on April 24, 2013 that Phillips flared sulphur dioxide at its Wood River Refinery on April 23, 2013.[331]

April 18, 2013: Hydrocracking Unit Trips Offline at Wood River Refinery

Phillips 66 reported a hydrocracking unit at its Wood River refinery tripped offline April 18, causing nitrous oxide emissions, according to a filing with State pollution regulators. Operators discovered a hydrocracker high separator dump valve had lifted.[332]

April 15, 2013: Compressor Trip Causes Sulfur Dioxide Release at Wood River Refinery

Phillips 66 reported a compressor tripped offline at its Wood River refinery on April 15, causing a release of sulfur dioxide, according to a filing with the Illinois Emergency Management Agency.[333]

April 13, 2013: Phillips Reports HCU Leak Wood River Refinery

Phillips reported a leak of gas oil at a hydrocracker unit (HCU) at its Wood River refinery on April 13, according to filings with the U.S. National Response Center and the Illinois Emergency Management Agency.[334]

April 8, 2013: Phillips Reports Sulfuric Acid Leak at Wood River Refinery

Phillips 66 reported that approximately one barrel of sulfuric acid leaked from a flange at its Wood River refinery on April 8.[335]

April 6, 2013: Phillips Reports Work on Flare Gas Recovery System at Wood River Refinery

Phillips 66 reported it was performing work on the flare gas recovery system at its Wood River refinery on April 6, according to a filing with the Illinois Emergency Management Agency.[336]

April 2, 2013: Phillips Reports Compressor Trip at Wood River Refinery

Phillips reported a compressor tripped offline on April 2 at its 362,000 b/d Wood River refinery in Roxana, Illinois. There were sulfur dioxide emissions that coincided with the failure. The unit involved in the incident was not identified.[337]

March 25, 2013: Flare Gas Compressor Trip Causes Emissions at Wood River Refinery

Phillips 66 reported a flare gas recovery compressor tripped at its Wood River refinery on March 25, causing sulfur dioxide and nitrous oxide emissions, according to a filing with state pollution regulators.[338]

March 20, 2013: Phillips Reports Unspecified Flaring at Wood River Refinery

Phillips reported flaring at its Wood River refinery on March 20, according to a filing with state pollution regulators. Planned maintenance is underway at the refinery, but it was unclear what caused the flaring.[339]

March 1, 2013: Rates Said to be Cut on Two Crude Distillation Units at Wood River Refinery

Bloomberg reported on March 1, 2013 that according to a person familiar with the turnaround at the Wood River Refinery who asked not to be identified because the information isn’t public, the plant’s 120,000-barrel-a-day distillation unit is shut, while production from a 150,000-barrel-a-day unit will be cut by half for the next seven to 10 days, while a third unit, which can process about 60,000 barrels of crude a day, is operating at full rates. Work will be performed on that equipment for six days in late March. Planned work was also expected on a hydrocracker from late February to late March, a diesel hydrotreater and delayed coker for six days each in March and two desulfurization units for a combined 24 days. Rich Johnson, a Phillips spokesman, declined to comment on operations in an e-mail. Johnson said Feb. 26 that planned maintenance at the refinery was under way.[340]

Bloomberg reported on March 18, 2013 that the 120,000-barrel-a-day crude distillation unit at the Wood River Refinery, which had been shut, is now running at capacity, said the person, who asked not to be identified because the information isn’t public. The 150,000-barrel-a-day unit is operating at 50 percent of capacity and will return to full rates in the next seven days, the person said. A third unit, which can process about 60,000 barrels of crude a day, is at capacity. Work is planned on that unit for six days in late March.[341]

February 27, 2013: Unplanned Unit Shutdown at Wood River Refinery

Nasdaq reported on February 28, 2013 that an ""unplanned unit shutdown" ocurred at the Wood River Refinery according to a filing with Illinois regulators.[342]

February 26, 2013: Flaring Occurs During Scheduled Maintenance at Wood River Refinery

Nasdaq reported on February 27, 2013 that flaring occurred during scheduled maintenance at the Wood River Refinery on February 26, 2013.[343]

February 25, 2013: Process Upset at Wood River Refinery

Nasdaq reported on February 27, 2013 that a process upset occurred at the Wood River Refinery on February 25, 2013.[344]

February 19, 2013: Phillips Reports Flaring at Wood River Refinery

Phillips reported flaring and emissions of sulfur dioxide, nitrogen monoxide, and nitrogen dioxide were due to unknown reasons at its Wood River refinery on February 19, according to a filing with state pollution regulators.[345]

February 14, 2013: Phillips Reports Flare Gas Recovery Compressor Trip at Wood River Refinery

Phillips 66 reported sulfur dioxide emissions at its Wood River refinery in Roxana, Illinois, caused by a flare gas recovery compressor trip, according to a filing with state pollution regulators.[346]

January 30, 2013: Garland Says Phillips Utilization Rate Was Negatively Impacted by Turnaround at Wood River Refinery

Greg Garland told analysts at the 4th quarter earnings conference on January 30, 2013 that Phillips utilization rate was negatively impacted by the turnaround at the Wood River Refinery as well as turnarounds at Los Angeles and Borger refineries, and Hurricane Sandy related unplanned downtime at the Bayway refinery. "In refining and marketing, our refining realized margin was $13.67 per barrel with a global crude utilization rate of 91% and a clean product yield of 83%," said Garland. "Lower volumes negatively impacted earnings by $42 million, mainly in the Atlantic basin and the Central Corridor regions, reflecting unplanned downtime due to Hurricane Sandy and plant turnarounds."[347]

January 25, 2013: Phillips Restarts Alkylation unit at Wood River Refinery

Bloomberg reported on January 25, 2013 that Phillips will restart the alkylation unit at the Wood River Refinery that was shut down on January 22, 2013. The benzene extractor, a part of the unit, will close for work for 22 days beginning February 28, 2013 according to a person who asked not to be identified because the information isn’t public.[348]

January 23, 2013: Phillips to Shut Down two Crude Distillation Units for 33 Days at Wood River Refinery

Bloomberg reported on January 23, 2013 that Phillips plans to shut two crude distillation units, a hydrocracker, a diesel hydrotreater and a coker for 33 days beginning in late February The refinery will begin shutting a hydrocracker on February 26 for work lasting until late March, a diesel hydrotreater on March 9 for six days and a delayed coker on March 25 for six days, according to a person familiar with the turnaround schedule. Other units will be taken down for work during the turnaround, including two desulfurization units for a combined 24 days.[349]

January 16, 2013: Phillips Returns CDU to Service at Wood River Refinery After Electrical Fire

Phillips 66 said it has returned a crude distillation unit (CDU) to service at its Wood River refinery after repairs over the weekend. The unit was temporarily shut following a brief electrical fire on on January 12, 2013.[350]

January 12, 2013: Brief Electrical Fire Shuts CDU at Wood River Refinery

Phillips 66 reported a crude distillation unit (CDU) at its Wood River refinery was temporarily shut following a fire on January 12, 2013, according to a spokesman. At approximately 5:00 p.m. local time, an electrical fire occurred in a piece of equipment that supports one of the refinery’s crude units, the spokesman said. He did not identify the unit where the fire broke out, but the refinery filed a notice January 12 with the Illinois Emergency Management Agency about a fire on an above-ground crude oil storage tank. The spokesman said that repairs were underway and that the crude unit was expected to return to production in “a couple of days.” The CDU is one of three at the Wood River refinery.[351]

December 12, 2012: Flaring at Wood River Refinery

Fox Business reported that flaring at the Wood River refinery caused by the loss of a wet-gas compressor in a filing with the Illinois Emergency Management Agency.[352]

December 8, 2012: Hydrogen sulfide Release at Wood River Refinery

Fox Business reported that a compressor seal failed on a cracker unit at its Wood River refinery on December 8, 2012 leading to the release of hydrogen sulfide. A company spokesman declined to comment.[353]

November 16, 2012: Refining Units Being Brought Back Online at Wood River Refinery

Nasdaq reported on November 16, 2012 that refining units are being brought back on line at the Wood River Refinery according to traders doing business with the company. An unspecified number of units were taken off line late September and more recent issues have affected the restart of units.[354]

November 13, 2012: Excessive Emissions Released at Wood River Refinery

Nasdaq reported on November 16, 2012 that a gas compressor tripped off line at the Wood River Refinery on November 13, 2012 according to a state government filing. The even caused an excessive release of emissions, but it wasn't know which unit was affected. A refining unit was also upset at the same facility on November 9, 2012.[355]

November 8, 2012: Process Upset at Wood River Refinery

Nasdaq reported on November 13, 2012 that there had been a process upset at the Wood River Refinery on November 8, 2012. . It wasn't known which unit was affected.[356]

October 31, 2012: Scheduled Maintenance Turnaround in Progress at Wood River Refinery

Tim Taylor reported at the Phillips Third Quarter Earnings Conference on October 31, 2012 that the scheduled maintenance turnaround at the Wood River Refinery is currently underway and is proceeding as planned. "Wood River and Borger are both in turnarounds today. We expect those back in operation here in November. Those are major turnarounds. Borger is a very significant one. We do have some operations continuing at Wood River today. Those are planned turnarounds that we've had. We've got smaller turnarounds going on at LA that has some minor impacts in terms of its throughput."[357]

October 26, 2012: Contaminated Houses near Phillips' Wood River Refinery to Be Torn Down

The Telegraph reported on October 26, 2012 that three houses in a polluted area of Roxana near the west fence line of what is now the Wood River Refinery, operated by Phillips 66, are scheduled for demolition November 5 to allow the expansion of a pollution remediation project after tests showed benzene contamination in the area. Phillips 66 acquired the facility from Shell Oil Company after a series of other owners operated it and Phillips has defended the way it has operated the plant. The three houses near Chaffer and Fourth streets now are vacant after they were acquired by Shell, and neighbors are speculating that more homes may be purchased. The Illinois Environmental Protection Agency has been testing homes in the area for several months and found benzene in occupied rooms in the basements in the homes. One family was put up in a motel for several months before Shell bought their property, said Dale Carroll of the 100 block of Fourth Street near the three homes that are slated for demolition.[358]

October 6, 2012: Roxana School District Receives $10 million More in Property Tax Revenue from Reassessment of the Wood River Refinery

The Telegraph reported on October 6, 2012 that for the 2012 fiscal year, the Roxana School District received $10 million more in property tax revenue from the reassessment of the Wood River Refinery, operated by Phillips 66, with about $9.5 million of the increase attributable to the district's operating funds. The district still is working toward securing a long-term agreement with the refinery, said Superintendent Deb Kreutztrager.[359]

On March 31, 2012 the St. Louis Post-Dispatch reported that at issue is the completion of a $3.8 billion expansion at the Wood River Refinery in 2011. Phillips 66 sought to blunt an expected increase in its assessed valuation — on which property taxes are based — by claiming that the vast majority of its operation is dedicated to pollution control. A pollution control facility designation means significantly smaller assessment increases, which mean that school districts and other taxing bodies get smaller increases in revenue. Plaintiffs in the lawsuit include the village of Roxana and the school districts in Roxana, Wood River and East Alton. They say they were not initially aware of the move because the Pollution Control Board and Illinois EPA did not provide proper information and public access to meetings, in violation of the Open Meetings Act and Freedom of Information Act. As a result, the suit claims, the local governments have not been able to formally dispute what they say is an obviously suspect claim: that $3 billion of the project's $3.8 billion expansion was dedicated to pollution control rather than the business of refining fuel.[360]

The refinery and a larger group of affected taxing bodies negotiated an agreement in 2005 that established tax valuation through 2010. That agreement set the value at about $265 million — an increase of about $85 million — and provided for annual increases at a rate 1 percentage point below any increase of the Consumer Price Index. The refinery also agreed to supplemental payments of more than $3 million for previous tax years. In March 2012, the Madison County Board of Review set the 2011 assessed value at $402.2 million, reflecting a market value of $1.2 billion. It would affect taxes payable this year. That is up sharply from the 2010 valuation of $93.4 million, based on a market value of $280 million.[361][362]

The huge expansion increased the refinery's oil-processing capacity by about a third, to 356,000 barrels per day, and enabled it to process heavy crude from the oil sands of Alberta, Canada. The oil arrives via the 2,100-mile-long Keystone Pipeline, which opened last year. Melissa Erker, a spokeswoman for the refinery, would not comment on litigation specifics but said the pollution control exceptions are part of the state's tax code and "allow us to remain competitive relative to property taxes as compared to other refineries in the Midwest."[363]

September 25, 2012: Process Unit Shut Down for Planned Maintenance at Wood River Refinery

Nasdq reported on October 1, 2012 that an unspecified process unit was shut down on September 25, 2012 for planned maintenance at its Wood River Refinery in Roxana, Illinois, according to a filing made available on Sept 26.[364]

September 5, 2012: Garland says CORE was a Good Investment at Wood River Refinery

Greg Garland told investors and securities analysts at the 2012 Barclays CEO Energy-Power Conference in New York on September 5, 2012 that the $3.8 billion investment in CORE at the Wood River facility was a good investment. "The other way that we're looking at increasing our return on capital in the base R&M business is increasing clean product yield. You see a nice track record here. As we start up Wood River CORE, we premise about a 5% increase at Wood River CORE. We've seen that with the project in about the 1% increase you see between '11 and '12 year to date is primarily associated with Wood River starting up. We think we can drive this another 1% to 2% without significant capital investment. Want to give you a quick update on the CORE project, $3.8 billion at the Wood River facility. I think it was a good investment. You can see on the slide that the first half benefit to Phillips 66 was $200 million pretax. That's slightly better than expectations. When we approved the project a couple years ago, we're seeing the increase in clean products that we premised. We're running about 166,000 barrels a day of Canadian heavy now at the facility. So it's been a good solid project for us."[365]

August 23, 2012: Hydrogen Sulfide Released at Wood River Refinery

Nasdaq reported on August 30, 2012 that an equipment failure on August 23, 2012 caused a release of hydrogen sulfide at the Wood River Refinery.[366]

August 1, 2012: Phillips is Getting 15 to 20% Return on Investment on the CORE Project at Wood River Refinery

Phillips reported during their second-quarters earnings report on August 1, 2012 that Phillips is pleased with their investment the Coker and Refinery Expansion (CORE) project where up to 200,000 barrels a day of Canadian or heavy crude are coming intot he Wood Rive Refinery. "We are seeing the clean product yield improvement that we envisioned, we are net 65,000 barrels a day of clean products to us. So 120 across the refinery. So as we step back and look at that project you know $3.8 billion investment, solid returns in our view. This is a 15% to 20% type return project for us."[367]

According to a report by Downstream Today on December 4, 2008 the CORE Project was a $4 billion expansion to increase the facility's heavy oil processing capacity as well as its overall throughput by adding a coker unit and increase Wood River's bitumen handling capacity nearly 700% to 200,000 b/d and increase the facility's clean product yield to 87%. "The refinery's total capacity will increase by 94,000 b/d to 400,000 b/d. The facility's owners began the expansion in September 2008 following an unexpectedly lengthy process of obtaining the necessary air permits."[368]

When asked at the Q2 Earnings Conference Call by Morgan Bartosh of Citigroup about the CORE Project and what level of heavy light differential is required to make investment in a new coker economically feasible, Garland replied that he wasn't sure that anyone would start a new coker today in today's market environment. "There's more coking capacity than there is heavy capacity to get into the cokers today. And I think we view that through at least 2017," said Garland. " So, but on the other hand I would say that we are pleased with our investment that we made in the CORE project. It is delivering the results that we anticipated. We are up to 200,000 barrels a day of Canadian or heavy crude into Wood River. We are seeing the clean product yield improvement that we envisioned, we are net 65,000 barrels a day of clean products to us. So 120 across the refinery. So as we step back and look at that project you know $3.8 billion investment, solid returns in our view. This is a 15% to 20% type return project for us."[369]

August 1, 2012: Phillips to Run 90,000 to 120,000 bpd of Advantaged Crudes to Wood River Refinery

Phillips reported during their second-quarters earnings report on August 1, 2012 that Phillips wants to move the shale crudes from 120,000 to ultimately 450,000 to 460,000 barrels a day and has a plan to get advantaged crude into most of Phillips' refineries. "We are trying to get those crudes to every refinery we can," said Phillips CEO Greg Garland. "Wood River, we can run up to 90,000 to 120,000 barrels a day of shale type crudes there."[370]

July 1, 2012: Compressor failure Triggers Flaring at Wood River Refinery

Reuters reported on July 1, 2012 that according to a notice the refinery filed with Illinois regulators Phillips 66's joint-venture refinery in Wood River, Illinois, reported a compressor malfunction that triggered flaring on June 29, 2012. The refinery was working to repair the compressor and restart the unit affected by the malfunction.[371]

May 29, 2012: Illinois’ Attorney General Sues Owners of Wood River Refinery for Ground Water Pollution

Saint Louis Today reported on May 29, 2012 that Illinois’ Attorney General Lisa Madigan is suing the current and past owners of the Wood River Refinery in Roxana, Illinois claiming they're responsible for polluted groundwater around the refinery. The suit comes just months after the Village of Roxana filed a similar lawsuit alleging contamination from the plant. The lawsuit claims the companies have allowed oil, gasoline and other toxins to permeate the groundwater and spread beyond the plant’s property line. "These companies must be held accountable for the environmental and public health damage caused by this contamination,” said the attorney general in a statement. The refinery is jointly owned by Cenovus Energy and Phillips 66, which operates the plant. Melissa Erker, a Phillips 66 spokeswoman, said the company has been working with Shell and state environmental regulators to allow access for remediation of historical contamination. "It is our belief that we are named because of our direct relationship with the former owner," Erker said.[372][373][374]

May 8, 2012: Fault in a Flare Gas Recovery Compressor at the Wood River Refinery

Bloomberg reported on May 4, 2012 that Phillips 66 reported a fault in a flare gas recovery compressor that resulted in a release at its Wood River refinery in Illinois on May 3, 2012. Phillips sent a notice to the Illinois Emergency Management Agency about the incident but Rich Johnson, a spokesman at the company’s headquarters in Houston, declined to comment on the incident.[375]

May 4, 2012: Flare Gas Recovery Compressor Trips at Wood River Refinery

Phillips 66 reported that a flare gas recovery compressor tripped at its joint-venture Wood River refinery in Roxana, Illinois, according to a filing with state regulators. Operators put the compressor back online, which was expected to resolve the issue.[376]

Footnotes

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  133. Philips 66. "Phillips Third Quarter Earnings Conference" October 31, 2012
  134. Nasdaq. "Refinery Status: Coker Unit Snag Reported at Exxon Joliet" September 26, 2012.
  135. Fox Business. "Phillips 66 Reports Process Upset at Refinery in Borger, Texas" August 8, 2012.
  136. Borger News Herald. "Phillips 66 seeing success in Borger" by Michelle Berry. July 11, 2012.
  137. Borger News Herald. "Phillips 66 seeing success in Borger" by Michelle Berry. July 11, 2012.
  138. Reuters. "Phillips 66 reports process upset at Borger refinery" June 13, 2012.
  139. Reuters. "Phillips JV Borger, Texas, refinery report upset -filing" June 3, 2012.
  140. Reuters. "Phillips 66 reports equipment malfunction at Borger refinery" May 25, 2012.
  141. United Steelworkers. "Refinery Events - (May 25, 2012 through May 31, 2012)"
  142. Nasdaq. "Refinery Status: ExxonMobil Calif. Refinery Flare Not Due To Equipment Breakdown"
  143. Reuters. "Phillips 66 reports process upset at Borger refinery" May 14, 2012.
  144. Texas Commission on Environmental Quality "Emission Event Reporting Database"
  145. United Steelworkers. "Refinery Events - (May 4, 2012 through May 10, 2012)"
  146. Texas Commission on Environmental Quality. "Emission Event Reporting Database" May 10, 2012
  147. United Steelworkers. "Process Upset Leads to Emissions at Borger Refinery"
  148. Reuters. "Employee dies after fall at Phillips refinery" May 1, 2012.
  149. ConnectAmarillo.com "Borger ConocoPhillips employee dies after falling" by Travis Ruiz. May 1, 2012.
  150. ConocoPhillips. "US Refining as of March 31, 2011"
  151. ConocoPhillips. "US Refining as of March 31, 2011"
  152. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (July 26, 2013 through Aug. 1, 2013)
  153. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (July 12, 2013 through July 18, 2013)
  154. The Colombian. "Refineries prepare for N.Dak. oil trains" June 29, 2013.
  155. Fox Business. "Phillips 66 Expected to Restart Ferndale Refinery CDU This Week -Source" by Ben Lefebre. May 13, 2013.
  156. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (April 19, 2013 through April 25, 2013)
  157. Fox Business. "Phillips 66 Plans Rail-Unloading Facility at Washington Refinery" April 3, 2013.
  158. Bloomberg. "Phillips 66 Signs Deals to Boost Oil Deliveries by Pipe, Rail" by Eliot Caroom. March 20, 2013.
  159. Bloomberg. "Phillips 66 Signs Deals to Boost Oil Deliveries by Pipe, Rail" by Eliot Caroom. March 20, 2013.
  160. Phillips 66. "Transcript for Phillips 66 second-quarter earnings call" August 1, 2012
  161. Reuters. "Phillips 66 profit jumps 14 pct, shares up" by Kristin Hays. August 2, 2012
  162. Reuters. "Phillips Ferndale refinery reports flaring -filing" June 17, 2012.
  163. United Steelworkers. "Refinery Events - (May 11, 2012 through May 17, 2012)"
  164. ConocoPhillips. "US Refining as of March 31, 2011"
  165. ConocoPhillips. "US Refining as of March 31, 2011"
  166. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (Aug. 30, 2013 through Sept. 5, 2013)
  167. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (Aug. 30, 2013 through Sept. 5, 2013)
  168. KPLC TV "Phillips 66 to conduct drill exercise this week" by Elona Weston. August 6, 2013.
  169. Seeking Alpha. "Phillips 66's CEO Discusses Q2 2013 Results - Earnings Call Transcript" July 31, 2013.
  170. Fox Business. "Refinery Status: Leak, Fire at LyondellBasell -2-" April 4, 2013.
  171. KPLC. "Sowela Holds Ribbon Cutting For Phillips 66 Process Technology Building" February 27, 2013.
  172. Seeking Alpha. "Phillips 66's CEO Discusses Q4 2012 Results - Earnings Call Transcript" January 30, 2013.
  173. KPLC. "La. Supreme Court asked to review I-10 Bridge case" by Theresa Schmidt. October 24, 2012.
  174. Fox News. "Phillips 66: Belle Chasse, La., Refinery Closing Ahead of Isaac" August 27, 2012.
  175. United Steelworkers Weekly List of Refinery Events "July 13, 2012—July 19, 2012"
  176. KIPT TV. "Court hearing held on I-10 Bridge contamination" by Theresa Schmidt. June 26, 2012.
  177. KIPT TV. "Court hearing held on I-10 Bridge contamination" by Theresa Schmidt. June 26, 2012.
  178. Reuters. "Phillips Westlake refinery restarts after power loss -filing" June 17, 2012.
  179. BusinessWeek. "Gulf Gasoline Gains Amid Power Failure at Phillips 66 Refinery" by Paul Burkhardt. June 18, 2012.
  180. ConocoPhillips. "US Refining as of March 31, 2011"
  181. ConocoPhillips. "US Refining as of March 31, 2011"
  182. Bloomberg. "Los Angeles Gasoline Strengthens as Carson Refinery Flares Gases" by Eliot Caroom. August 12, 2013.
  183. Bloomberg. "Los Angeles Gasoline Strengthens as Carson Refinery Flares Gases" by Eliot Caroom. August 12, 2013.
  184. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (June 7, 2013 through June 13, 2013)
  185. Fox Business. "Phillips 66 Plans Gas Flaring at Wilmington, Calif., Refinery-Filing" by Ben Lefebre. May 10, 2013.
  186. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (April 12, 2013 through April 18, 2013)
  187. Fox Business. "Refinery Status: Leak, Fire at LyondellBasell -2-" April 4, 2013.
  188. Bloomberg. "Los Angeles Gasoline Advances as Phillips 66, Exxon Repair Units" March 18, 2013.
  189. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (Feb. 8, 2013 through Feb. 14, 2013)
  190. Reuters. "UPDATE 1-Phillips 66 moving some Canadian crude to Calif. refineries" by Kristen Hays. February 5, 2013.
  191. Reuters. "Phillips 66 mulling options for California refineries" by Kristen Hays.
  192. Reuters. "Phillips 66 mulling options for California refineries" by Kristen Hays.
  193. Seeking Alpha. "Phillips 66's CEO Discusses Q4 2012 Results - Earnings Call Transcript" January 30, 2013.
  194. Bloomberg. "Los Angeles Gasoline Rises as Phillips 66 Refinery Plans Flaring" November 26, 2012.
  195. Nasdaq. "Refinery Status: Unit Upset At Phillips 66/Cenovus Refinery In Wood River, Illinois" November 13, 2012.
  196. Philips 66. "Phillips Third Quarter Earnings Conference" October 31, 2012
  197. Philips 66. "Phillips Third Quarter Earnings Conference" October 31, 2012
  198. Philips 66. "Phillips Third Quarter Earnings Conference" October 31, 2012
  199. Fox News. "Phillips 66 Restarting Units at California Refinery-Spokesman" October 24, 2012.
  200. Tulsa World. "Phillips 66 delaying work on refinery; sources allege cash-in on gas-price surge" by Lynn Doan. October 6, 2012.
  201. Contra Costa Times. "Air pollution regulators probe Phillips 66 refinery in Wilmington" by Sandy Mazza. September 24, 2012.
  202. Nasdaq. "Refinery Status: Some Units Restarted At Phillips 66 Los Angeles Refinery" September 21, 2012.
  203. Nasdaq. "Refinery Status: Coker Unit Snag Reported at Exxon Joliet" September 26, 2012.
  204. Nasdaq. "Refinery Status: Valve Leak Causes Flaring At Phillips 66 Rodeo, Calif., Refinery" July 27, 2012.
  205. Reuters. "U.S. refinery shutdowns - Sinclair, Phillips 66, Tesoro" July 25, 2012.
  206. Reuters. "U.S. refinery shutdowns-Phillips 66, Tesoro, Exxon" July 13, 2012.
  207. Reuters. "Phillips LA refinery performing planned work-filing" July 8, 2012.
  208. Reuters. "U.S. refinery shutdowns-Phillips 66, Tesoro, Exxon" July 13, 2012.
  209. Reuters. "U.S. refinery shutdowns-Phillips 66, Tesoro, Exxon" July 13, 2012.
  210. United Steelworkers Weekly List of Refinery Events. "June 29, 2012—July 5, 2012
  211. Nasdaq. "Sulfur Recovery Plant Down at Phillips 66 Wilmington, Calif., Refinery" June 26, 2012.
  212. Reuters. "Planned work done at Los Angeles-area refinery -Phillips 66" May 8, 2012.
  213. Bloomberg Businessweek. "San Francisco Gasoline Rises to Six-Month High on Work" by Lynn Doan. May 3, 2012.
  214. Business Times. "Malacca refinery crude unit restarted" July 15, 2013.
  215. Reuters. "Phillips considers sale of Irish, Malaysian refining stakes" December 13, 2012.
  216. Bartlesvile Examiner-Enterprise. "ConocoPhillips, Phillips 66 have deep roots in Bartlesville" by Ryan Lance and Greg Garland. May 1,2012.
  217. ConocoPhillips. "Worldwide Refining"
  218. Bartlesvile Examiner-Enterprise. "ConocoPhillips, Phillips 66 have deep roots in Bartlesville" by Ryan Lance and Greg Garland. May 1,2012.
  219. ConocoPhillips. "Worldwide Refining"
  220. ConocoPhillips Web Site. "Ponca City Refinery - Community Advisory Council" Retrieved April 5, 2012
  221. ConocoPhillips. "US Refining as of March 31, 2011"
  222. ConocoPhillips. "US Refining as of March 31, 2011"
  223. KGO-TV. "Refinery expansion plans worry East Bay residents"by Laura Anthony. August 23, 2013.
  224. Nasdaq. "Phillips 66 Reported Seal Failure Has Been Repaired at Santa Maria Refinery" July 5, 2013.
  225. Wall Street Journal. "Phillips 66 Restarting Arroyo Grande Facility After Outage" June 24, 2013.
  226. 4-traders. "Phillips 66 : Had Problem at Rodeo Refinery -Filing" June 10, 2013.
  227. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (April 12, 2013 through April 18, 2013)
  228. Bloomberg. "San Francisco Gasoline Surges as Phillips 66 Said to Cut Rates" April 12, 2013.
  229. Bloomberg. "California Gasoline Premium Gains as BP Flares, Plant Unit Shuts" April 11, 2013.
  230. Bloomberg. "Phillips 66 Signs Deals to Boost Oil Deliveries by Pipe, Rail" by Eliot Caroom. March 20, 2013.
  231. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (Feb. 8, 2013 through Feb. 14, 2013)
  232. Reuters. "UPDATE 1-Phillips 66 moving some Canadian crude to Calif. refineries" by Kristen Hays. February 5, 2013.
  233. Fox Business. "Refinery Status: Phillips 66 Reports Unit Outage" February 6, 2013.
  234. Reuters. "Phillips 66 mulling options for California refineries" by Kristen Hays.
  235. Reuters. "Phillips 66 mulling options for California refineries" by Kristen Hays.
  236. Fox Business. "Refinery Status: Phillips 66 Reports Unit Outage" February 6, 2013.
  237. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (Jan. 1, 2013 through Jan. 10, 2013)
  238. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (Jan. 11, 2013 through Jan. 17, 2013)
  239. KCOY. "Phillips 66 Ask For More Oil Pumping On The Central Coast" by Libertad Zabala. December 12, 2012.
  240. Philips 66. "Phillips Third Quarter Earnings Conference" October 31, 2012
  241. Philips 66. "Phillips Third Quarter Earnings Conference" October 31, 2012
  242. Philips 66. "Phillips Third Quarter Earnings Conference" October 31, 2012
  243. Nasdaq. "Refinery Status: Coker Unit In Maintenance At HollyFrontier El Dorado, Kansas Refinery" September 20, 2012.
  244. Bloomberg. "San Francisco Diesel Rises To Record On 7-Year Supply Low" by Lynn Doan. August 30, 2012.
  245. Reuters. "Phillips Rodeo Calif. refinery hydrocracker shut -filing" August 29, 2012.
  246. Businessweek. "California Gasoline Falls After Phillips 66 Said to Delay Work" by LynnDoan. August 10, 2012.
  247. Tulsa World. "Phillips 66 delaying work on refinery; sources allege cash-in on gas-price surge" by LynnDoan. October 6, 2012.
  248. Phillips 66. "Transcript for Phillips 66 second-quarter earnings call" August 1, 2012
  249. Wall Street Journal. "Refinery Status: Valve Leak Causes Flaring At Phillips 66 Rodeo, Calif., Refinery" July 25, 2012
  250. Businessweek. "Los Angeles Fuel Rises on Tesoro Refinery Work" July 19, 2012.
  251. San Fransisco Chronicle. "Meeting to Address Concerns About the Phillips 66 Refinery Release" June 27, 2012.
  252. Santa Maria Times. "Phillips 66 refinery wins safety award" June 26, 2012.
  253. Mercury News. "Cleanup at Phillips 66 refinery in Rodeo continues" by Rick Hurd. June 16, 2012.
  254. The Oakland Tribune. "Cleanup at Phillips 66 refinery in Rodeo continues" by Rick Hurd. Updated June 16, 2012.
  255. Benicia Patch. "Gas Release from Philips 66 Refinery in Rodeo Causing Concern in Benicia" by JB Davis. June 16, 2012.
  256. Reuters. "US WCoast Products - Gasoline strengthens on release" June 15, 2012.
  257. Reuters. "Phillips completes overhaul at Rodeo refinery -company" June 4, 2012.
  258. Reuters. "Phillips 66 reports flaring at Rodeo, Calif, refinery" June 1, 2012.
  259. ConocoPhillips. "US Refining as of March 31, 2011"
  260. FuelFix. "Phillips 66 earnings fall with disappointments" by Zain Shauk. July 31, 2013.
  261. Seeking Alpha. "Phillips 66's CEO Discusses Q2 2013 Results - Earnings Call Transcript" July 31, 2013.
  262. Seeking Alpha. "Phillips 66's CEO Discusses Q2 2013 Results - Earnings Call Transcript" July 31, 2013.
  263. United Steelworkers. efinery Events - (June 28, 2013 through July 4, 2013)
  264. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (June 7, 2013 through June 13, 2013)
  265. Reuters. "Reuters. "Phillips Reports Unit Shut at Sweeny, TX Refinery" May 29, 2013.
  266. Hydrocarbon Processing. "Phillips 66 reports unit shutdown, emissions at Sweeny refinery" by Rose Marton-Vitale. May 30, 2013.
  267. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (May 24, 2013 through May 30, 2013)
  268. Bloomber. "Gulf Gasoline Hits Six-Week Low as Phillips 66 Completes Restart" by Christine Harvey. May 20, 2013.
  269. Fox Business. "Phillips 66 Has Power Outage at Sweeny Refinery - Filing" May 11, 2013.
  270. Fox Business. "Phillips 66 Restarting Sweeny Refinery After Outage" May 12, 2013.
  271. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (April 19, 2013 through April 25, 2013)
  272. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (April 12, 2013 through April 18, 2013)
  273. Nasdaq. "Refinery Status: Phillips 66 Reports Flaring at Rodeo, Calif. Refinery" April 12, 2013.
  274. Nasdaq. "Refinery Status: Phillips 66 Has Compressor Problem at Sweeny Refinery" March 26, 2013.
  275. Bloomberg. "Phillips 66 Has Power Outage at Sweeny Plant, NRC Filing Shows" by Christian Schmollinger. March 11, 2013.
  276. Fox Business. "Refinery Status: Citgo's Louisiana Refinery" March 14, 2013.
  277. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (Feb. 22, 2013 through Feb. 28, 2013)
  278. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (Feb. 22, 2013 through Feb. 28, 2013)
  279. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (Feb. 15, 2013 through Feb. 21, 2013)
  280. Bloomberg. "Gulf Gasoline Slumps as Exxon, Phillips 66 Restart Units" February 25, 2013.
  281. Seeking Alpha. "Phillips 66's CEO Discusses Q4 2012 Results - Earnings Call Transcript" January 30, 2013.
  282. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (Jan. 1, 2013 through Jan. 10, 2013)
  283. Philips 66. "Phillips Third Quarter Earnings Conference" October 31, 2012
  284. Nasdaq. "Refinery Status: Phillips 66 Restarting Sweeny, Texas, Units After Power Outage" October 1, 2012.
  285. Reuters. "Phillips 66 Sweeny refinery reports release from thermal oxidizer" September 11, 2012.
  286. PR Newswire. "Kinder Morgan Energy Partners and Phillips 66 Agree to Deliver Eagle Ford Shale Crude to Coastal Refinery" August 23, 2012.
  287. Reuters. "UPDATE 1-Kinder Morgan to carry Eagle Ford crude for Phillips 66" August 23, 2-12.
  288. United Steelworkers Weekly List of Refinery Events. July 27,2012 - Agust 2, 2012
  289. Phillips 66. "Transcript for Phillips 66 second-quarter earnings call" August 1, 2012
  290. CMBC. "Texas refiners thirsty for Eagle Ford crude" August 23, 2012.
  291. Reuters. "U.S. refinery shutdowns - Sinclair, Phillips 66, Tesoro" July 25, 2012.
  292. Reuters. "U.S. refinery shutdowns-Phillips 66, Tesoro, Exxon" July 13, 2012.
  293. Businessweek. "Gulf Coast Gasoline Gains as Phillips 66 Refinery Makes Repairs" by Paul Burkhardt. July 12, 2012.
  294. Reuters. "U.S. refinery shutdowns-Phillips 66, Tesoro, Exxon" July 13, 2012.
  295. Reuters. "Phillips Sweeny refinery fixes leak on FCC - filing" July 1, 2012.
  296. Reuters. "Phillips 66 Sweeny refinery restarting" May 13. 2012.
  297. ConocoPhillips. "US Refining as of March 31, 2011"
  298. ConocoPhillips. "US Refining as of March 31, 2011"
  299. Philadelphia Inquirer. "Phillips 66 pays $50K over hazardous waste allegations at Trainer refinery" January 23, 2013.
  300. CBS Moneywatch. "Delta Air Lines finalizes purchase of refinery" June 22, 2012.
  301. Reuters. "Delta set to close refinery deal, begin maintenance: sources" June 13, 2012.
  302. MarketWatch. "Phillips 66 Sells Trainer, Pa., Refinery to Delta Air Lines" April 30, 2012.
  303. Forbes Magazine. "Delta Pulls The Trigger On Purchase Of Philly Refinery From Phillips 66" by Steve Schaefer. May 1, 2012.
  304. Reuters. "Conoco spinoff's CEO has no comment on Trainer sale" April 9, 2012.
  305. Philadelphia Inquirer. "Delta bid for Trainer refinery gaining momentum" by Andrew Maykuth. April 17, 2012.
  306. Philadelphia Inquirer. "Pols: Keep it as a refinery" April 19, 2012.
  307. Wall Street Journal. "Delta Refines A Fallacy" by Gregory J. Millman. May 15, 2012.
  308. Reuters. "UPDATE 1-Phillips 66 to sell Ireland's sole refinery" June 10, 2013.
  309. Reuters. "UPDATE 1-Phillips 66 to sell Ireland's sole refinery" June 10, 2013.
  310. Investor's Business Daily. "Exxon, Phillips 66, Chevron In Major Oil Asset Deals" by James Detar. June 11, 2012.
  311. Reuters. "Phillips considers sale of Irish, Malaysian refining stakes" December 13, 2012.
  312. ConocoPhillips. "US Refining as of March 31, 2011"
  313. ConocoPhillips. "US Refining as of March 31, 2011"
  314. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (Aug. 30, 2013 through Sept. 5, 2013)
  315. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (Aug. 30, 2013 through Sept. 5, 2013)
  316. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (Aug. 23, 2013 through Aug. 29, 2013)
  317. United Steelworkers. "Weekly List of Refinery Events" by Lynne Hancock. August 13, 2013.
  318. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (Aug. 2, 2013 through Aug. 8, 2013)
  319. Bloomberg. "Midwest Gasoline Strengthens on Wood River Refinery Upset" by Christine Harvey. July 23, 2013.
  320. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (July 12, 2013 through July 18, 2013)
  321. Reuters. "Canada crude - Prices climb on refinery restarts" July 2, 2013.
  322. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (June 14, 2013 through June 20, 2013)
  323. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (June 7, 2013 through June 13, 2013)
  324. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (June 7, 2013 through June 13, 2013)
  325. Nasdaq. "Phillips 66: Planned Work Under Way at Illinois Refinery" June 6, 2013.
  326. Reuters. "Phillips 66 reports flare gas compressor off line" June 4, 2013.
  327. Wall Street Journal. "Refinery Status: Phillips 66 Reports Hydrocracker Unit Leak at Wood River" May 29, 2013.
  328. Fox Business. "Phillips 66 Reports Gas Flaring at Wood River, Ill., Refinery" May 17, 2013.
  329. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (May 2, 2013 through May 9, 2013)
  330. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (April 26, 2013 through May 2, 2013)
  331. Proactive Investors. "ENERGY MARKETS REPORT INCLUDING: Phillips 66 flared sulphur dioxide at its 356,000 bpd Wood River" April 24, 2013.
  332. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (April 19, 2013 through April 25, 2013)
  333. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (April 12, 2013 through April 18, 2013)
  334. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (April 12, 2013 through April 18, 2013)
  335. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (April 5, 2013 through April 11, 2013)
  336. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (April 5, 2013 through April 11, 2013)
  337. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (Mar. 29, 2013 through April 4, 2013)
  338. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (Mar. 22, 2013 through Mar. 28, 2013)
  339. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (Mar. 15, 2013 through Mar. 21, 2013)
  340. Bloomberg. "Phillips 66 Wood River Said to Slow Crude Units for Work" March 1, 2013.
  341. Bloomberg. "Phillips 66 Wood River Said to Restore Crude Units" by Kennerth Christiansen. March 18, 2013.
  342. Nasdaq. "Phillips 66 Unit Shutdown Reported at Wood River Refinery - Filing" February 28, 2013.
  343. Nasdaq. "Refinery Status: Planned Maintenance Begins in Phillips 66's Borger Unit" February 27, 2013.
  344. Nasdaq. "Refinery Status: Planned Maintenance Begins in Phillips 66's Borger Unit" February 27, 2013.
  345. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (Feb. 15, 2013 through Feb. 21, 2013)
  346. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (Feb. 8, 2013 through Feb. 14, 2013)
  347. Seeking Alpha. "Phillips 66's CEO Discusses Q4 2012 Results - Earnings Call Transcript" January 30, 2013.
  348. Bloomberg. "Phillips 66's Wood River Said to Restart Alky Unit Today" January 25, 2013.
  349. Bloomberg. "Phillips 66 Wood River Said To Start Cdu Work Next Month" January 23, 2013.
  350. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (Jan. 11, 2013 through Jan. 17, 2013)
  351. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (Jan. 11, 2013 through Jan. 17, 2013)
  352. Fox Business. "Refinery Status: Minimal Production Impact From -2-" December 24, 2012.
  353. Fox Business. "Refinery Status: Minimal Production Impact From -2-" December 24, 2012.
  354. Nasdaq. "Refinery Status: Tesoro Units Back On Line At Anacortes, Washington, Refinery" November 16, 2012.
  355. Nasdaq. "Refinery Status: Tesoro Units Back On Line At Anacortes, Washington, Refinery" November 16, 2012.
  356. Nasdaq. "Refinery Status: Unit Upset At Phillips 66/Cenovus Refinery In Wood River, Illinois" November 13, 2012.
  357. Philips 66. "Phillips Third Quarter Earnings Conference" October 31, 2012
  358. The Telegraph. "Contaminated houses to be torn down" by Sanford Schmidt. October 26, 2012.
  359. The Telegraph. "Contract talks snarled in Roxana district" by Kathie Bassett. October 6, 2012.
  360. The St. Louis Post-Dispatch. "Tax break frozen as judge hears dispute on assessment of Wood River Refinery" by Kevin McDermott. March 31, 2012.
  361. The St. Louis Post-Dispatch. "Tax break frozen as judge hears dispute on assessment of Wood River Refinery" by Kevin McDermott. March 31, 2012.
  362. The Telegraph. "Roxana teachers send message" by Kathie Bassett. October 11, 2012.
  363. The St. Louis Post-Dispatch. "Tax break frozen as judge hears dispute on assessment of Wood River Refinery" by Kevin McDermott. March 31, 2012.
  364. Nasdaq. "Refinery Status: Phillips 66 Restarting Sweeny, Texas, Units After Power Outage" October 1, 2012.
  365. Phillips 66. "2012 Barclays CEO Energy-Power Conference" presented by Phillips CEO Greg Garland. September 5, 2012.
  366. Nasdaq. "Refinery Status: Exxon Reports Flaring at Beaumont Refinery" August 30, 2012.
  367. Phillips 66. "Transcript for Phillips 66 second-quarter earnings call" August 1, 2012
  368. Downstream Today. "Wood River Refinery - Coker and Refinery Expansion (CORE)" December 4, 2008.
  369. Phillips 66. "Transcript for Phillips 66 second-quarter earnings call" August 1, 2012
  370. Phillips 66. "Transcript for Phillips 66 second-quarter earnings call" August 1, 2012
  371. Reuters. "Phillips JV Wood River refinery reports compressor failure-filing" July 1, 2012.
  372. St. Louis Today. "Illinois AG sues refinery over groundwater pollution" by Jeffrey Tomich. May 29, 2012.
  373. Reuters. "Illinois sues Wood River, alleging water pollution" May 29, 2012.
  374. Illinois Attorney General. "MADIGAN FILES LAWSUIT ALLEGING POLLUTED GROUNDWATER AT WOOD RIVER REFINERY IN ROXANA" May 29, 2012.
  375. Bloomberg Businessweek. "Chicago Gasoline Advances on Marathon Work, Phillips 66 Flaring" by Lynn Doan. May 04, 2012
  376. United Steelworkers. "Refinery Events - (May 4, 2012 through May 10, 2012)"
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