Phillips 66 Refinery Status

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A photo of part of Marland Refinery in Ponca City, Oklahoma taken in 1919. An article from Petroleum Age in 1922 said that Marland Refinery in Ponca City had a production of 10,000-barrel per day and Marland Refinery included nearly two million barrels of steel storage for crude and finished products. An article from Petroleum Age in 1928 said "Marland refinery at Ponca City is one of the largest complete plants in the Mid-Continent field with a crude capacity of 35,000 barrels per day of which approximately half can be run down to wax. The plant is equipped with four large Dubbs units, two Cross units, and 18 Fleming stills." Derivative Photo: Hugh Pickens
A photo of Marland Refinery in Ponca City in 1921. By 1921 EW Marland had consolidated all of his oil operations under the auspices of the Marland Oil Company. Headquartered in Ponca City the firm continued its phenomenal growth pattern by absorbing numerous small oil companies including the Comar Oil Company, Tom Jones Oil Company, Kenney-Cleary Oil Company, Francoma Oil Company, John S. Alcorn Oil Company, and many others whose highly competent executives Marland's company usually retained. Photo: Oklahoma Historical Society
Willie Cries was the first successful oil well drilled by EW Marland in 1911. Photo: Wikipedia

by Hugh Pickens, Ponca City Oklahoma


The purpose of this report is to provide a comprehensive overview of Phillips 66 that documents and explains the company's business strategy and execution of that strategy with a particular emphasis on Phillips 66's Refinery and Marketing Business Segment.

Major Sections of this report include:

Safety, Environment, Legal


Corporate


Strategic and Financial


Business Segments


Stock Market


Reference

Refining Business Segment


Increasing Profitability in Refining Business Segment


Detailed Look at Ponca City Refinery


Other Phillips Refineries


Other Locations


Contents

Master Index for Phillips 66 Articles

Safety, Environment, Legal


Corporate


Strategic and Financial


Business Segments


Stock Market


Reference

Refining Business Segment


Increasing Profitability in Refining Business Segment


Detailed Look at Ponca City Refinery


Other Phillips Refineries


Other Locations

News, Issues, and Status at Other Refineries

Phillips 66 has 15 refineries globally and 2.2 million barrels a day of capacity. "When we think about our refining business we like to think about it in four segments. One is the Mid-Continent, about 21% of our capacity is there. Margins have been very strong in this area, as you know. Our largest region is the Gulf Coast, about 33% of our capacity is there.We have large economy of scale here. We have very complex refineries on the Gulf Coast. The Western US and Pacific region is about 20%, includes our interests in the Melaka refinery.The West Coast has typically had high margins historically, but the last couple years has been challenged in part due to the economic slowdown in California." Derivative Photo: Hugh Pickens

Phillips 66 has 15 refineries globally and 2.2 million barrels a day of capacity. "When we think about our refining business we like to think about it in four segments. One is the Mid-Continent, about 21% of our capacity is there. Margins have been very strong in this area, as you know. Our largest region is the Gulf Coast, about 33% of our capacity is there.We have large economy of scale here. We have very complex refineries on the Gulf Coast. The Western US and Pacific region is about 20%, includes our interests in the Melaka refinery.The West Coast has typically had high margins historically, but the last couple years has been challenged in part due to the economic slowdown in California."[1][2][3]

Characteristics of Phillips 66 Worldwide Refineries

Phillips has the following worldwide refineries:[4]

Country Name Location Capacity (KBD) Nelson Complexity Factor Clean Product Yield
Gulf Coast US Alliance Refinery (AL) Belle Chasse, LA 247 12.5 86%
Eastern US and Europe Bayway Refinery (BW) Linden, NJ 238 8.4 90%
Central US Billings Refinery (BI) Billings, MT 118 14.4 89%
Central US Borger Refinery (BG) Borger, TX 146 12.3 89%
Western US and Asia Ferndale Refinery (FN) Ferndale, WA 105 7.0 75%
Eastern US and Europe Humber Refinery (HU) North Linconshire 265 11.6 81%
Gulf Coast US Lake Charles Refinery (LC) Westlake, LA 239 11.2 69%
Western US and Asia Los Angeles Refinery (LA) Carson, CA/Wilmington, CA 139 14.1 87%
Western US and Asia Melaka Refinery in Malaysia (ME) Melaka 58 9.3 83%
Eastern US and Europe MIRO Refinery in Germany* (MI) Karlsruhe 56 7.9 85%
Central US Ponca City Refinery (PC) Ponca City, OK 187 9.8 91%
Western US and Asia San Francisco Refinery (SF) Rodeo, CA and Santa Maria, CA 120 13.5 83%
Gulf Coast US Sweeny Refinery (SW) Old Ocean, TX 247 13.2 87%
Eastern US and Europe Whitegate Refinery in Ireland (WG) Cork 71 3.8 65%
Central US Wood River Refinery (WR) Roxana, IL 306 12.5 85%
  • Denotes joint ventures. Crude capacity reflects that proportion.

Nelson Complexity Number

What differentiates one refinery from another are their capacities and the types of processing units used to produce these petroleum products. Refineries have a distillation column and then can have any combination of secondary processing units depending on the type of crude oil they process and the products they want to produce. A distillation column separates crude oil into different petroleum products based on differences in boiling points. Each secondary processing unit after the distillation column has a specific purpose, whether it is increasing separation; upgrading low-value products, like residual fuel oil, to high value products, like distillate; increasing octane; or enhancing environmental compliance by removing sulfur and other pollutants. A refinery's level of complexity is often based on how much secondary conversion capacity it has.[5]

The Nelson Complexity Index is one measure of refinery complexity. Developed in the 1960s by W.L. Nelson, the index measures the complexity and cost of each major type of refinery equipment.[6] The Nelson complexity index assigns a complexity factor to each major piece of refinery equipment based on its complexity and cost in comparison to crude distillation, which is assigned a complexity factor of 1.0. The complexity of each piece of refinery equipment is then calculated by multiplying its complexity factor by its throughput ratio as a percentage of crude distillation capacity. Adding up the complexity values assigned to each piece of equipment, including crude distillation, determines a refinery’s complexity on the Nelson Complexity Index. The Nelson complexity index indicates not only the investment intensity or cost index of the refinery but also its potential value addition. Thus, the higher the index number, the greater the cost of the refinery and the higher the value of its products.[7]

For example, the Phillips 66 refinery at Ferndale refinery in Washington has a Nelson Complexity Number of 7.0 and includes a fluid catalytic cracker, alkylation, and hydrotreating units. The Wilmington Refinery has a Nelson Complexity Number of 14.1 and includes a fluid catalytic cracker, alkylation, hydrocracking, reforming, and coking units.[8]

Alliance Refinery

The Alliance Refinery, located on the Mississippi River in Belle Chasse, La., 25 miles south of New Orleans, has a crude oil capacity of 247 MBD and processes mainly light, low-sulfur crude oil. Alliance receives domestic crude oil from the Gulf of Mexico via pipeline and foreign crude oil from West Africa via pipeline connected to the Louisiana Offshore Oil Port. The single-train refinery’s facilities include fluid catalytic cracking, hydrodesulfurization units, a reformer and aromatics units that enable it to produce a high percentage of transportation fuels, such as gasoline, diesel fuel and jet fuel. Other products include petrochemical feedstocks, home heating oil and anode petroleum coke.The majority of the refined products are distributed to customers in the southeastern and eastern United States through major common-carrier pipeline systems and by barge.[9] Photo by eustatic Flicker Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Generic (CC BY-NC-SA 2.0)
Flooding at the Alliance Refinery in Belle Chasse, Louisiana after Hurricane Isaac. Greg Garland told investors and securities analysts at the 2012 Barclays CEO Energy-Power Conference in New York on September 5, 2012 that Isaac went right over the top of the Alliance refinery. "We got back in the refinery on Wednesday afternoon. Some minor damage in terms of insulation blown off of towers, but really the refinery came through in really good shape. Back side of the storm created flooding in Plaquemines Parish. It overran a levy. We had about a 100 foot breach in our dike. So we got water into the refinery. By Thursday afternoon, we had managed to breach that. But we had about a foot to a foot and a half of water in the refinery." Photo: Lower Mississippi Riverkeeper Flickr Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.0 Generic (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)

Description of Alliance Refinery

The Alliance Refinery, located on the Mississippi River in Belle Chasse, La., 25 miles south of New Orleans, has a crude oil capacity of 247 MBD and processes mainly light, low-sulfur crude oil. Alliance receives domestic crude oil from the Gulf of Mexico via pipeline and foreign crude oil from West Africa via pipeline connected to the Louisiana Offshore Oil Port. The single-train refinery’s facilities include fluid catalytic cracking, hydrodesulfurization units, a reformer and aromatics units that enable it to produce a high percentage of transportation fuels, such as gasoline, diesel fuel and jet fuel. Other products include petrochemical feedstocks, home heating oil and anode petroleum coke.The majority of the refined products are distributed to customers in the southeastern and eastern United States through major common-carrier pipeline systems and by barge.[10]

News and Views on Alliance Refinery

December 30, 2014: Phillips Donates $100,000 to Belle Chasse YMCA

The Plaquemines Gazette reported on December 30, 2014 that Phillips presented a $100,000 grant to the YMCA of Greater New Orleans on December 22, 2014 that will allow the YMCA in Belle Chasse to build an outdoor walking and jogging track around their facility. “Phillips 66’s Alliance Refinery recently recognized a need for a safe place, free from traffic, for walkers and joggers to exercise outside. Without even being asked to do so, they have now provided a means to our YMCA Belle Chasse facility to meet this community need. Thank you Phillips 66 for your generosity,” said YMCA of Greater New Orleans’ President and Chief Executive Officer Gordon Wadge.[11]

October 29, 2014: Phillips Increased Advantaged Crude to Alliance Refinery in Third Quarter

Greg Garland told analysts during the third quarter earnings conference call on October 29, 2014 that during the third quarter, 95% of Phillips U.S. crude slate was advantaged, and this compares with 93% last quarter and this was tied to increased advantaged crude at the Alliance Refinery. "During the quarter, 95% of our U.S. crude slate was advantaged, and this compares with 93% last quarter. This represents a record quarter for us. The improvement was tied to increased crude runs at our Alliance Refinery after their second-quarter turnaround, and was also due to certain crudes becoming advantaged relative to Brent."

"Alliance came back on after turnarounds, so you had more exposure to light and medium grades with that," added Tim Taylor. "And then there was less availability of Maya, the crude, and that was backfilled with more light medium. So we had a mix - effect that gave more exposure to light medium versus heavy in the third quarter."[12]

October 14, 2014: Bomb Scare at Alliance Refinery Was Only a PVC Pipe

The Times-Picayune reported on October 14, 2014 that a bomb scare at a Alliance Refinery on October 14, 2014 brought an FBI bomb expert to the scene, who quickly determined the suspicious object was simply a PVC pipe with putty and duct tape on the end used as a marker by a sub-contractor. The three-inch long PVC pipe, later found to contain a two-inch in diameter ball bearing, "is commonly used by a refinery subcontractor as a marker while taking X-rays," according to the Plaquemines Sheriff's Office. A sheriff's office spokesman said the refinery did not need to be evacuated and production was not affected.[13]

July 30, 2014: Turnaround Lets Phillips Run More Eagle Ford at Alliance Refinery

Greg Garland told analysts during the 2nd quarter earnings conference on July 30, 2014 that the alliance turnaround allowed Phillips to run more Eagle Ford at Alliance but it really didn’t necessarily increase overall throughput. "I don’t think it’s a function of running more lights sweet crude necessarily. We did do at alliance turnaround some work that allowed us to run more Eagle Ford at Alliance but it really didn’t necessarily increase overall throughput at alliance. It was just avoiding some of the issues we had when we ran the Eagle Ford."[14]

April 30, 2014: Earnings Down In Gulf Coast Largely Due To Plant Turnaround at Alliance Refinery

Greg Maxwell, Chief Financial Officer for Phillips, reported during the first quarter earnings call that in the Gulf Coast, earnings were down largely due to plant turnaround at the Alliance Refinery. [15]

March 26, 2014: Phillips Pays $500,000 Fine for Clean Air Violations at Alliance Refinery and Four Other Refineries

CSP Daily News reported on March 26, 2014 that Phillips will pay a $500,000 penalty for violations of the Clean Air Act at the Alliance Refinery in Belle Chasse, La., the Sweeny Refinery in Old Ocean, Texas, the Wood River Refinery in Roxana, Ill., the Lake Charles Refinery in Westlake, La., the Borger Refinery in Borger, Texas, and several terminals across the country. Phillips also agreed to retire more than 21 billion sulfur credits that could have been used in the production of gasoline, which could potentially lead to significantly less pollution from vehicles. In a administrative settlement agreement, the EPA alleged that the company generated invalid sulfur credits between 2006 and 2012 and that Phillips failed to comply with recordkeeping, reporting, sampling and testing requirements at the five refineries. EPA discovered these violations during facility inspections and through a review of company records, which included the results of third-party company audits required by the Clean Air Act.[16]

May 7, 2014: Phillips Added ‘Pre Flash’ Unit at Alliance Refinery to Improve Eagle Ford Crude Runs

Phillips added a unit during recent planned work at its Alliance refinery in Belle Chasse, Louisiana, to improve runs of Texas Eagle Ford crude, the company’s CEO said on Wednesday. The “pre-flash” unit handles natural gas liquids and condensate that are prevalent in Eagle Ford output. Without it Alliance would have had to slow rates or shut down more often for maintenance, according to the CEO.[17]

February 14, 2014: Garland Says Phillips Has Plans to Process More Eagle Ford Crude Alliance Refinery

Greg Garland told security analysts at the Credit Suisse Global Energy Summit on February 12, 2014 that Phillips has plans to process more Eagle Ford crude at Sweeny and Alliance Refineries. "One of the things we find with the Eagle Ford crude, you hit limits because of bottleneck issues. So even in Alliance, which is 230 a day light sweet refinery, we hit limits of how much Eagle Ford we can process there. So we have projects at Alliance to debottleneck that if you will so we can process more Eagle Ford at Alliance. Similarly, Sweeny, these are projects that are $30 million or $40 million where you can take existing equipment, reconfigure, do a pre-flash tower, and we can get an incremental 5,000, 10,000 barrels a day through. But we're not going to invest $500 million or $600 million or $1 billion in adding capacity to do that. It'll be very incremental around the margin for us. So you should expect we can move to 350 to 360 and 370 maybe, but we're not going to take it to 500."[18]

February 14, 2014: Garland Says the Decision Not the Sell Alliance Refinery Was a Good One

Greg Garland told security analysts at the Credit Suisse Global Energy Summit on February 12, 2014 that the decision not to sell Alliance Refinery was a good one. "As we look at what's happening and the crudes coming at us, clearly the U.S. Gulf Coast is going to move to we think a very advantaged position. As we came out of Conoco Phillips, we made the decision to take Alliance off the market, because we were in the middle of a process to sell Alliance. I think it turned out to be a good decision for us as we look back."[19]

February 11, 2014: Alliance Refinery to Begin 47 Day Turnaround

Businessweek reported on February 11, 2014 that Alliance refinery will begin shutting down 10 units on March 5 including the only crude unit, whose atmospheric tower is plugged, and a delayed coker, which requires decoking for a turnaround that will last 47 days, according to two people who asked not to be identified because the information isn’t public. Other units to be shut for the turnaround include a catalytic reformer, a diesel hydrotreater, an aromatic extraction unit, a saturate gas unit and a low-sulfur gasoline unit, according to a regulatory filing with the state last month. The refinery’s catalytic cracker will remain in operation during the work.[20]

Dennis Nuss, a company spokesman in Houston, said in an e-mail that details regarding specific units and duration of work involved in a turnaround are considered proprietary.[21]

July 31, 2013: Phillips to Process More Light Oil at Alliance Refinery

Greg Garland told analysts at Phillips 2nd Quarters earnings conference on July 31, 2013 that Phillips has opportunities at the Sweeny Refinery, Alliance Refinery, and Lake Charles Refinery to make some modifications and process more light oil through these facilities and with minimal capital investment. "We are looking for 40% return type projects on the refining side. And so we’re looking for quick hit, fast payout projects. We have some underutilized equipment that we can kind of tie together and use that all and so we've got some projects around that that we are executing." Garland added that the projects are already underway. "We actually do things like tie-ins and turnarounds and some other things. So, it kind of depends on the schedule and things that are available, but those are our plans that we have in place to make those margin in some of our refining system already."[22]

February 14, 2013: Equipment Malfunction Shuts Compressor at Alliance Refinery

Phillips 66 reported flaring at its Alliance refinery in Belle Chasse on February 14 was due to an equipment malfunction that shut a compressor, according to a filing with the U.S. National Response Center. Operators were attempting to stabilize the units and get the compressor back online.[23]

January 30, 2013: Garland Says Phillips Has Completely Backed Out US Light Sweet Crude from Alliance Refinery

Greg Garland told analysts at the 4th quarter earnings conference on January 30, 2013 that Phillips has completely backed out imports of U.S. light sweet crude in the Gulf Coast refineries including Alliance Refinery.[24]

December 13, 2012: Phillips Announces Marine Charter Agreements to Supply Alliance Refinery with Eagle Ford Advantaged Crude

Phillips 66 reported at their inaugural Analyst Meeting on December 13, 2013 that they had recently signed time charter agreements for two medium-range Jones Act marine vessels that will supply the Alliance and Bayway refineries, and potentially the company’s other Gulf Coast refineries, with Eagle Ford crude beginning in early 2013.[25]

October 31, 2012: Phillips Ran Global Refineries at 96% Capacity in 3rd Quarter Despite Downtime at Alliance Refinery

Chief Financial Officer Greg Maxwell reported at the Phillips Third Quarter Earnings Conference on October 31, 2012 that globally Phillips ran at a 96% utilization rate despite the Alliance refinery being down for approximately three weeks related to the impact of Hurricane Isaac.[26]

September 21, 2012: Production Resumes at Alliance Refinery

Nasdaq reported on September 26, 2012 that production had resumed at its Alliance refinery on September 21, 2012 as expected. Operations were idled on August 28 ahead of Hurricane Isaac.[27]

September 19, 2012: Phillips Expects to Have Alliance Back Online by September 22

Phillips 66 reported on September 17, 2012 that several units have been brought back online at the Alliance Refinery and that Phillips expects to have all refinery units back online by the end of the week of September 17.[28]

September 6, 2012: Power Restored at Alliance Refinery

Phillips 66 reported on September 6, 2012 that power was restored to Alliance Refinery on September 5, 2012 and the refinery expected to be operating by mid-September.[29]

September 5, 2012: Alliance Refinery Loses Electricity

Phillips 66 reported on September 5, 2012 that Alliance Refinery has lost electricity supply from its third-party power provider and work is proceeding to resolve the problem, and the utility provider expects to have power back to the refinery by late in the day on September 5, 2012. This outage will slow the restart of the refinery.[30]

Greg Garland told investors and securities analysts at the 2012 Barclays CEO Energy-Power Conference in New York on September 5, 2012 that Isaac went right over the top of the Alliance refinery. "We got back in the refinery on Wednesday afternoon. Some minor damage in terms of insulation blown off of towers, but really the refinery came through in really good shape. Back side of the storm created flooding in Plaquemines Parish. It overran a levy. We had about a 100 foot breach in our dike. So we got water into the refinery. By Thursday afternoon, we had managed to breach that. But we had about a foot to a foot and a half of water in the refinery. By Saturday, we had pumped all that out. No equipment damage really. We had hardened the refinery after Katrina. We had raised and elevated motor control centers, control rooms, etc. So really no equipment damage. We got a boiler started up Sunday night. We got gas restored on Sunday, power restored on Tuesday. So we're in startup mode and we expect in six to nine days, we'll have Alliance up and running. So really we came out well compared to the Katrina event back in 2005."[31]

September 4, 2012: Electricity Restored to Alliance Refinery

Phillips 66 reported on September 4, 2012 that power was restored to the Alliance Refinery early the morning of September 24, 2012 and refinery personnel are in the process of safely bringing the refinery back online. It is expected to take a couple of weeks before the refinery is running at normal rates.[32]

September 4, 2012: Alliance Refinery Reports Leakage at Oil Storage Facility

Reuters reported on September 4, 2012 that a leaking oil storage facility at the Alliance Refinery released an unknown amount of oil into the facility and surrounding area according to a filing with national pollution regulators. The incident was discovered at 1308 (local time) on September 2, 2012, the filing said.[33]

September 2, 2012: Alliance Refinery Remains Shut Down without Power

Phillips 66 reported on September 2, 2012 that the Alliance Refinery remains shut down and is without power at this time but most of the floodwater has been cleared from the refinery and personnel have returned to work and are preparing the refinery for an eventual restart once power has been restored by the third-party power provider.[34]

August 31, 2012: Alliance Refinery Remains Shut Down Due to Flooding

Phillips 66 reported on August 31, 2012 that the Alliance Refinery remains shut down without power and floodwater remains in parts of the refinery. More than 100 employees should be at the refinery by the end of August 31, 2012 to assist with assessment and recovery of the refinery and additional emergency generators, fuel and other supplies also are expected. A timeline for restart will be developed once the assessment is complete.[35]

Herald Online reported on August 31, 2012 that Phillips will contribute $500,000 to the American Red Cross to assist relief operations following Hurricane Isaac and flooding in the Gulf Coast region and will match employee contributions for disaster relief. "Our thoughts and prayers go out to all those impacted by Hurricane Isaac, including our many employees, friends and neighbors across the Gulf Coast,” said Phillips CEO Greg Garland. “We are extremely thankful that all of the employees at our Alliance Refinery in Belle Chasse, La., and their immediate families are safe, though some have experienced significant damage to their homes and property.[36]

August 30, 2012: Some Flooding from Hurricane Isaac in Alliance Refinery

Phillips 66 reported on their web site on Augsut 30, 2012 that a team is assessing damage from flooding from Hurricane Isaac and that some flooding is evident in the refinery with personnel working to prevent more flooding and to pump water out of the flooded areas. The refinery remains shut down and is without power and a timeline for restarting the refinery will be made once the assessment is complete.[37]

August 28, 2012: Alliance Refinery Loses Power During Hurricane Isaac

The Times-Picayune reported on August 28, 2012 that according Plaquemines Parish Sheriff's Office deputies, Hurricane Isaac knocked out power at the Phillips 66 Alliance Refinery in Belle Chase's Jesuit Bend area. Belle Chase has about 5,100 outages as hurricane-force winds in lower Plaquemines likely would last between 6 to 10 hours.[38] “We are not yet able to confirm whether or not flooding in the region has impacted the refinery,” the company said in a statement on its website.[39] The Phillips 66 web site reported that refinery personnel are making plans to re-enter the refinery once the hurricane has passed and it is safe to do so in order to assess the condition of the refinery. A decision on a timeline for restart will be made once the assessment can be completed.[40]

August 27, 2012: Alliance Refinery Will be Shut Down for Hurricane Isaac

Fox News reported on August 27, 2012 that the Alliance refinery in Belle Chasse was in the process of suspending operations and would be completely shut down by the evening of August 27, 2012 ahead of Tropical Storm Isaac.[41] Refinery owners often shut down operations in advance of a storm because refineries consume enormous amounts of electric power and generate steam to cook crude oil into gasoline, diesel, jet fuel and heating oil and if a refinery loses power suddenly, operators can't properly clear the partially cooked oil out of pipes, and re-starting the refinery can take several days or even weeks. However if refineries instead conduct what is known as an orderly shutdown, they can re-start as soon as the power supply is assured again.[42]

August 26, 2012: Alliance Refinery Likely to Shut Down for Hurricane Isaac

Reuters reported on August 26, 2012 that Hurricane Isaac looks set to disrupt U.S. offshore oil and gas supplies and analysts say it could wreak havoc on "refinery row" along the Gulf Coast, a low-lying area between Texas and Mississippi that is home to about 44 percent of U.S. refining capacity and could be the biggest test for U.S. energy infrastructure since 2008, when Hurricanes Gustav and Ike disrupted offshore oil output for months and damaged onshore natural gas processing plants, pipelines and some refineries. According to Lousiana Governor Bobby Jindal, Phillips 66 was "likely" to shut its 247,000 bpd Alliance refinery in Belle Chasse, Louisiana.[43]

August 9, 2012: Phillips 66 Puts Project On Hold to Boost ultra-low-sulfur diesel fuel output at Alliance Refinery

Bloomberg reported on August 9, 2012 that Phillips is holding off on starting a project that would boost ultra-low-sulfur diesel fuel output at its Alliance refinery in Louisiana. Phillips 66 is “re-evaluating the timing of the project based on market economics,” Rich Johnson, a Houston-based company spokesman, said in an e-mailed statement. “Reviewing economics such as supply and demand forecasts for our product will be taken into consideration as part of the long-range planning cycle we use to determine what capital projects we want to invest in.” The company received a permit on July 25, 2012 to expand a diesel hydrotreater and gulfining unit, according to a filing with the state’s Department of Environmental Quality allowing the units to remove more sulfur to meet emissions regulations. The permit will expire on Jan. 25, 2014.[44]

August 1, 2012: Phillips to Run 50,000 to 90,000 bpd of Advantaged Crudes to Alliance Refinery

Phillips reported during their second-quarters earnings report on August 1, 2012 that Phillips wants to move the shale crudes from 120,000 to ultimately 450,000 to 460,000 barrels a day and has a plan to get advantaged crude into most Phillips refineries. "We are trying to get those crudes to every refinery we can," said Phillips CEO Greg Garland. "And then Alliance, we are running today Eagle Ford crude and some Bakken crude in Alliance, but ultimately [we want to run] 50,000 to 90,000 barrels a day."."[45]

August 1, 2012: Phillips Won't Sell Alliance Refinery

Reuters reported on Phillips second-quarters earnings report on August 2, 2012 that Phillips 66 said it would retain its 247,000 barrel-per-day Alliance plant in Belle Chasse, Louisiana, because it expects increased access to cut-price light sweet crude to run there.[46] "We had a lot of people go through the data room. We had a handful of offers and nothing we really regarded as approaching our whole value for the asset," said Garland. "I think in the interim year that's passed since we made that first decision that our view has changed in terms of Gulf Coast crudes particularly LLS as becoming advantaged. So we just think Alliance really has more future value than certainly -- value today than what people are willing to pay."[47]

June 5, 2012: Phillips 66 Reconsiders Sale of Alliance Refinery

Nasdaq reported on June 5, 2012 that Phillips 66 CEO Greg Garland told financial analysts during an investors conference that although Phillips 66 has been considering the sale of its Alliance refinery in Belle Chasse, Louisiana since December 2011, the company is now rethinking the prospect amid falling prices for Light Louisiana Sweet (LLS) crude oil and may not put the refinery up for sale after all. "Our view of that refinery has increased," said Garland. "We think LLS will become an advantaged crude." hillips 66 and other refiners have been rearranging their geographic footprint to take advantage of a boom in US oil and natural gas production that has scrambled the refining map. Refineries with access to new, discounted oil in the U.S. midcontinent have prospered, while coastal refineries have seen profit margins decline.[48] LLS sold for about $95 a barrel Tuesday, down nearly 17% since December. The premium of about $12 LLS commands over inland-crude-oil benchmark West Texas Intermediate should fall as more WTI crude comes to the Gulf Coast via pipelines and rail cars.[49]

According to an article in the Wall Street Journal on June 7, 2012, it may be difficult for Phillips to find a buyer for the Alliance Refinery because long term US gasoline consumption is falling. "Other refineries all have assets on the chopping block, but in a world where domestic fuel sales are in long-term decline, potential buyers are in short supply," write Ben Lefebre. However lower crude prices are making the economics of refining attractive again. "There may be a gleam of hope for Gulf Coast refiner profitability," writes Lefebre. "Exports are growing and Gulf Coast crude economics are getting better. The surge in domestic crude production could bring down the cost of regional oil benchmark Light Louisiana Sweet, giving refines in the region a distinct advantage, refiners and analysts have said."[50]

May 1, 2012: Phillips 66 is Trying to Sell Alliance Refinery

Garland told Reuters on May 1, 2012 that Phillips 66 aims to double refined product exports to 200,000 bpd in the next two years, but its 247,000 bpd Alliance refinery in Belle Chasse, Louisiana -- which runs light-sweet crude -- is on the block. Increasing U.S. light-sweet inland shale oil output along with more infrastructure to move it to the refinery-heavy Gulf Coast means more advantaged crude prices could show up in the region in the coming years, increasing Alliance's value, Garland said. If the price isn't right for what he called "a good export platform for us," Phillips 66 will keep it, Garland said. "We wouldn't let the refinery go cheap."[51]

Bayway Refinery

The Bayway Refinery, located on New York Harbor in Linden, N.J., has a crude oil processing capacity of 238 MBD and processes mainly light, low-sulfur crude oil. Crude oil is supplied to the refinery by tanker, primarily from the North Sea, Canada and West Africa. Bayway refining units include one of the world’s largest fluid catalytic cracking units, two hydrodesulfurization units, a reformer, alkylation unit and other processing equipment. The refinery produces a high percentage of transportation fuels, such as gasoline, diesel fuel and jet fuel, as well as petrochemical feedstocks, residual fuel oil and home heating oil. The facility distributes refined products to East Coast customers via barges, trucks, pipelines and railcars. Bayway also operates a 775 MMLB/Y polypropylene plant.[52] Photo by William Hartz Flicker Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Generic (CC BY-NC-SA 2.0)
A 3D map of a possible oil pipeline route to bring crude oil shipped to Albany, N.Y. to the Phillips 66 refinery in Linden, NJ. Pilgrim Pipeline officials say the pipeline would reduce the number of barges in the Hudson River, though environmentalists are still concerned about any impact to the Highlands. Photo: Pilgrim Pipeline Holdings

Description of Bayway Refinery

The Bayway Refinery, located on New York Harbor in Linden, N.J., has a crude oil processing capacity of 238 MBD and processes mainly light, low-sulfur crude oil. Crude oil is supplied to the refinery by tanker, primarily from the North Sea, Canada and West Africa. Bayway refining units include one of the world’s largest fluid catalytic cracking units, two hydrodesulfurization units, a reformer, alkylation unit and other processing equipment. The refinery produces a high percentage of transportation fuels, such as gasoline, diesel fuel and jet fuel, as well as petrochemical feedstocks, residual fuel oil and home heating oil. The facility distributes refined products to East Coast customers via barges, trucks, pipelines and railcars. Bayway also operates a 775 MMLB/Y polypropylene plant.[53] Bayway is the northernmost refinery along the U.S. Atlantic Basin. Bayway Refinery's nickname, "The Gasoline Machine," is derived from its gasoline-making fluid catalytic cracking unit, which at 145,000 bpd is the largest in the nation. It has the capacity to supply half the gasoline used in New Jersey, the nation's 11th most populous state.[54]

Bayway is the second largest of 12 refineries on the East Coast, and the 25th largest in the United States, according to the U.S. Energy Information Administration. It employs about 800 people at the Linden facility.[55]

History of Bayway Refinery

In 1907 Standard Oil founder John D. Rockefeller acquired several hundred acres of the former Morse family estate between Linden and Elizabeth, New Jersey as the site for the Bayway refinery. Construction of temporary office buildings began on October 15, 1907 and work clearing the heavily wooded land began immediately. The cornerstone of the machine shop, the first permanent structure at the site, was laid on January 18, 1908, and construction continued throughout the year. The first crude stills at Bayway were completed in late 1908 and on January 2, 1909, they were symbolically fired up by William C. Koehler. The facility began processing an initial 10,000 barrels of crude oil per day. Capacity was expanded to an estimated 7,176 barrels per day by 1911. Over the next several years the plant continued expanding and increasing capacity and workforce.[56]

In 1911, Standard Oil was broken up into smaller units in accordance the Sherman Antitrust Act. One of these successor companies was Standard Oil Company of New Jersey, the precursor to Esso and later Exxon, which retained the ownership of the Bayway facilities.[57]

In 1993, the Tosco Corporation finalized proceedings to purchase the refinery from Exxon for a sum of $175 million, although the Exxon Chemical Company continued to run the Chemical Plant. During this time Bayway was operated by Bayway Refining Company, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Tosco Corporation. Under the direction of Tosco, Bayway was able to reorganize and upgrade the facility, and years of operating at a loss for Exxon in the later 1980s were turned around swiftly. Tosco was bought in 2001 by Phillips Petroleum, which merged with Conoco to form ConocoPhillips in 2002 and later spun-off downstream, midstream and chemical assets into a new Phillips 66 company in 2012.[58]

News and Views about Bayway Refinery

January 29, 2015: Phillips Bayway Refinery Donates $29,000 for Paramedic Radios in New Jersey

New Jersey reported on January 29, 2015 that Phillips 66 has donated $29,000 to purchase replacement mobile and portable paramedic radios that communicate with all the local towns to enhance communication during responses to the community.[59]

November 15, 2014: Phillips Reports Emissions from Bayway Refinery

Phillips Reports Emissions from Bayway Refinery [60]

November 5, 2014: Phillips Set to Overhaul FCCU at Bayway Refinery in 2016 to Increase Diesel Production 25 Percent

Phillips plans to overhaul the 150,000 b/d fluid catalytic cracking unit (FCCU) at its refinery in Linden, New Jersey, in 2016, as part of a broader goal to increase diesel production by as much as 25 percent. The overhaul will include construction of a new reactor for the FCCU and is expected to begin in the third quarter 2016.[61]

October 29, 2014: Phillips Began Operations of 75,000 bpd Rail Facility at Bayway Refinery in August

Greg Garland told analysts during the third quarter earnings conference call on October 29, 2014 that in August, Phillips began operations at its 75,000 barrel a day rail rack at the Bayway Refinery. "We're constructing a rail loading facility with up to 200,000 barrels a day of capacity in North Dakota. In August, our Company began operations at its 75,000 barrel a day rail rack at the Bayway Refinery, and the 30,000 barrel a day rail rack at our Ferndale Refinery is in the commissioning phase. This quarter, we improved our advantaged crude capture to 95%."

Garland added that even with the rail rack coming online, Phillips would continue to barge Gulf Coast crude over to the East Coast. " I think we'll continue to do both. We've actually run the Jones Act ship up around the Bayway also, and so I think you'll see us continue to do both."[62]

October 20, 2014: Chemical Leak of Ethylaluminum dichloride Contained at Bayway Refinery

CBS reported on October 20, 2014 that police, firefighters and a hazmat team responded to the Infineum plant inside the Bayway Refinery Complex around 8:30 a.m. on October 20, 2014 and contained a chemical leak. In a statement on the company’s website, the plant said a 25 percent concentration of ethylaluminum dichloride in a hydrocarbon oil was released and plant employees were ordered to shelter in place. Police said the leak did not pose a threat to the surrounding area. Authorities sent a message to neighbors letting them know to close their doors and windows. “No injuries have been reported, and there is no health or safety impact either at the site or within the community,” said Infineum USA Spokesperson Lissette Gonzalez. “Crews that were dispatched to monitor the fenceline and surrounding areas did not detect any odor or hydrocarbon concentrations.” Ethylaluminum dichloride is a clear, yellow liquid that turns into fumes when it hits the air. It is used as a catalyst to make other chemicals like fuel additives and the chemical can irritate the nose, eyes, skin and throat and is highly flammable and reactive. There is no word on what caused the leak.[63]

September 3, 2014: Phillips Receives First Crude-Only Train at Bayway Refinery

Reuters reported on September 3, 2014 that Greg Garland told analysts at the Barclays CEO Energy-Power Conference that Bayway Refinery in Linden, New Jersey, received its first crude-only train at the plant's newly expanded offloading system. The system can take up to 70,000 bpd, in addition to up to 75,000 bpd from a joint venture with Global Partners. Phillips 66's 30,000-bpd offloading system at Ferndale Refinery is also on track to start up in the fourth quarter.[64]

Garland also said that Phillips has ordered another 500 railcars to increase its fleet to 3,700 railcars. which will allow it to eventually move up to 185,000 barrels per day (bpd) of North Dakota Bakken crude oil to its refineries on the East and West coasts.[65]

June 10, 2014: Phillips Honored with Philanthropy Award at Bayway Refinery

New Jersey reported on June 10, 2014 that Trinitas Health Foundation honored Phillips with a Philanthropy Award at the Trinitas Health Foundation’s “Passion for Our Patients” Gala. Gary Horan, FACHE, President and Chief Executive Officer noted, "Phillips 66 Bayway Refinery exemplifies how philanthropy connects a community. Throughout our partnership, they have helped financially including generous assistance to acquire a digital endoscopy scanner, breast health imaging equipment, C.O.R.E. (Center of Regional Education) Building Project, Outpatient Electronic Medical Records Project, Emergency Department Patient Cardiac Monitors Upgrade Project, and with in-kind donations of office furniture for the Women's Clinic. They've also answered patients' direct needs with donations of clothing and toys. We are thrilled to honor Phillips 66 at the Gala."[66][67]

"Our relationship with Trinitas began more than two decades ago, and we are pleased to be honored tonight," said Mary Phillips, Community Relations Coordinator. "Many of our employees and neighbors call Trinitas their community hospital, and assisting our neighbors in the communities where we operate our business is consistent with our values of safety, honor, and commitment. We are looking forward to being honored and receiving the Trinitas Celebrating Philanthropy Award." [68][69]

May 20, 2014: 38 Organizations Join Forces To Oppose Proposed Oil Pipeline to Bayway Refinery

The New Jersey Star-Ledger reported on May 20, 2014 that a coalition of 38 organizations from New York and New Jersey has called on Governors Chris Christie and Andrew Cuomo to oppose the proposed 150-mile oil pipeline between Albany, NY and Phillips' Bayway Refinery in Linden, NJ. “Putting the Pilgrim Pipeline through one of the most densely populated areas in the country is an accident waiting to happen, given how volatile Bakken shale oil is,” said Jeff Tittel, director of New Jersey’s Sierra Club chapter and the leader of the teleconference. “Even worse is having this pipeline pass through major water supply rivers” in northern New Jersey’s Highlands region, Tittel added. “This is playing Russian roulette with a fully loaded gun.”[70]

George Bochis, vice president of development for Pilgrim, said the company is “disappointed that these groups are opposing the project without meeting with us. We would be happy to meet to provide additional information. “We are surprised that these groups prefer the status quo when this project could provide a safer, more environmentally friendly and efficient means to transport these products."[71]

April 30, 2014: 70,000 barrel per day Rail Rack Expected to Come Online in the sSecond Quarter at Bayway Refinery

Garland reported during the first quarter earnings call that a 70,000 barrel per day rail rack is expected to come online in the second quarter.[72]

April 4, 2014: Pilgrim Proposes Pipeline from Albany to Bayway Refinery

Scott Fallon reported at NewJersey.com on April 4, 2014 that Pigrim Pipeline, recently formed company, is proposing a new pipeline through North Jersey’s Highlands — potentially along Route 287 — to move oil back and forth between a transportation hub in Albany, N.Y., and the Phillips 66 Bayway refinery in Linden. The company has received only preliminary financing and has yet to file any documents or permit applications with regulatory agencies, but it has begun surveying land and contacting local officials in North Jersey to arrange presentations. The crude originates from the booming Bakken region in North Dakota, which is producing about a million barrels of oil a day. It is shipped by rail to Albany, where New York officials have allowed the amount handled at the Hudson River port to triple to 2.8 billion gallons a year. About 25 million gallons a week is pumped onto several barges and a tanker that travel 145 miles down river to the Bayway facility and another refinery in Canada. Pilgrim has not contacted Phillips 66 even though its Bayway refinery is integral to the project. “Until today, Phillips 66 was not familiar with the Pilgrim Pipeline project, and we have not had any discussions with Pilgrim Pipeline Holdings LLC regarding the project,” said Dennis Nuss, a Phillips 66 spokesman. Environmentalists say putting a pipeline in the middle of New Jersey’s most important water generating region would be a looming disaster. “Imagine if a pipeline leaked into the Ramapo River or the Boonton Reservoir,” said Jeff Tittel, director of the New Jersey Sierra Club, who learned of the project from Highlands residents contacted by Pilgrim surveyors. “This is something that could have catastrophic effects.”[73]

February 14, 2014: Garland Says Phillips Plants to Move 75,000 BPD Avantaged Crude to Bayway Refinery

Greg Garland told security analysts at the Credit Suisse Global Energy Summit on February 12, 2014 that Phillips has the rail rack at Bayway and plans to move 75,000 barrels a day to the refinery later this year.[74]

December 17, 2013: Phillips Reports Sulfur Dioxide Emissions at Bayway Refinery

Phillips reported sulfur dioxide emissions at its Bayway refinery in Linden, New Jersey, according to a filing with state pollution regulators. [75]

November 8, 2013: Bayway Plant Maintenance Said to Be Behind Schedule

Bloomberg reported on November 8, 2013 that according to a person familiar with operations, Phillips' Bayway refinery is two or three weeks behind schedule on their turnaround that began in October and was expected to last 40 days. The turnaround included work on the fuel-gas, isomerization and catalytic cracking units. Rich Johnson, a spokesman at Phillips 66’s headquarters in Houston, said maintenance was under way at Bayway but didn’t comment on when the work might be finished. Catalytic crackers upgrade oil feedstock to produce higher-value, lighter products such as gasoline. Isomerization units make unleaded gasoline components to improve the octane level of the fuel.[76]

October 30, 2013: Phillips Building New Rail Facilities at Bayway Refinery

Phillips said on October 30, 2013 it was building a new rail offloading facility at its Bayway refinery in Linden, New Jersey, to handle 75,000 b/d of crude deliveries via train. The Bayway refinery already can receive up to 90,000 b/d of North Dakota Bakken crude via rail. The rail facilities are expected to be operational in the second half of 2014, the company said [77]

October 30, 2013: Garland Says Bayway is a Great Asset And a Challenged Market

Garland told analysts at the third quarter earnings conference that Bayway is a great asset and a challenged market. "But when we look at our assets around the Midcontinent and Gulf Coast, we think those are pretty good assets, and long-term those assets will probably be in our portfolio, because if we think about West Coast and East Coast and U.S, it is not necessarily true, Atlantic Basin is a very challenging place if you well know," said Garland. "If you look at that, 30,000 feet the market that we are in North America and Europe aren't going to be growing market, in fact they're probably declining markets. And so the opportunity to employ capital and make a good return on that is just more difficult. I’d rather move into the higher valued businesses in midstream in chemical and we have been pretty consistent about that. But we are always going to look at our portfolio and optimize the portfolio."[78]

October 30, 2013: Phillips Cut Shipments of Advantaged Crude to Bayway Refinery in Third Quarter

Reuters reported on October 30, 2013 that Garland told analysts during the third quarter earnings conference call that Bayway refinery had been running about 100,000 barrels per day of U.S. crudes in place of imports - from Texas via tanker and North Dakota's Bakken via rail and barge but the company cut rail shipments to 30,000 bpd day when the discount of U.S. crude benchmark West Texas Intermediate to London's Brent all but dried up during the quarter. The discount of North Dakota Bakken crude to WTI also narrowed. However, Phillips 66 is ramping rail shipments back up and running less imported crude now that the spread has widened to more than $10 a barrel. "The spreads now incent us to run Bakken at Bayway today," said Tim Taylor, executive vice president for commercial, marketing, transportation and business development, in a post-call interview. Phillips 66 is building a new rail offloading facility at Bayway to further increase shipments by 75,000 bpd by the second half of 2014.[79]

July 18, 2013: Planned Maintenance Concluded at Bayway Refinery

The WSJ reported on July 18, 2013 that planned maintenance on unspecified equipment at Phillips' Bayway Refinery had been concluded. Phillips spokesman Rich Johnson said he wasn't able to comment on the scope of the work, when it started, or the unit, or units, involved.[80]

June 12, 2013: Employee is Exposed to Hydrogen Sulfide at Bayway Refinery

Phillips 66 said operations were not affected at its Bayway refinery in Linden, NJ after an employee was hospitalized following an exposure to hydrogen sulfide on June 12. The employee was released from the hospital later the same day, a spokesman said.[81]

April 26, 2013: Safety Called into Question at Bayway Refinery

Jim Hoffer wrote at WABC on April 26, 2013 that Bayway refinery worker and Union President Gary Doherty says that Phillips is cutting back on fire safety putting workers and the community in danger. Doherty says that Bayway's Fire Department has been reduced from 10 full-time firefighters in 2008 to seven today. "Managers made it clear to us that this is to save money, and we ask, at what cost?" Doherty said. Phillips 66 says it maintains robust emergency response capabilities and that only one full-time firefighter position has been cut.[82]

Eyewitness News learned that the volunteer rescue squad had its firefighting training eliminated causing nearly half of the refinery workers on the 48-man volunteer fire brigade to quit the squad. "They turned in their gear and they no longer volunteer to come in and fight fires in the refinery," Doherty said. "They fear for their safety." Phillips 66 says it has reversed its decision to cut firefighting training for Bayway's rescue squad resulting in a return of several volunteers who had quit the fire brigade but Eyewitness News has been told that earlier this week, a training class had to be cancelled because of a lack of volunteers.[83]

April 26, 2013: Amy Goldsmith and Fletcher Harper write that Phillips 66 has Reduced Staffing in Safety Areas at Bayway Refinery, Creating Concern for Workers and Neighbors

Amy Goldsmith and Fletcher Harper wrote in an op-ed in the New Jersey Star-Ledger on April 26, 2013 that the threat of an industrial fire and explosion that recently hospitalized hundreds in West, Texas has potentially increased for New Jersey residents as a result of a recent change in ownership at the Bayway oil refinery. "Last year, the refinery became part of Phillips 66," write Goldsmith and Harper. "After the ownership change, Phillips 66 eliminated one of just two positions dedicated entirely to firefighting and response to chemical leaks on the night shift and also reduced staffing for a process unit that can generate deadly hydrogen sulfide gas. They also cut back on long-established procedures for testing fire protection."[84]

According to Goldsmith, director of the New Jersey Environmental Federation, the state chapter of Clean Water Action, and Harper, executive director of GreenFaith, Phillips produces millions of pounds of highly toxic and flammable substances at Bayway Refinery and Phillips May 2012 Risk Management Plan submitted to EPA acknowledges that a flammable mixture could cause serious harm in the surrounding area in which 18,000 people live. "The people who work at the Bayway refinery have been objecting to Phillips 66’s cuts through their union, Teamsters Local 877. Unfortunately, Phillips 66 has responded by ordering a two-week suspension from work for the local union officer who has helped lead the workers’ health and safety efforts for many years," write Goldsmith and Harper. "Between Earth Day (Monday) and Workers’ Memorial Day (this Sunday), this week has focused Americans’ attention on the need to put public safety and environmental protection ahead of extra profits and bonuses for corporate CEOs. This would be a good time for corporate executives such as those at Phillips 66 to start listening."[85]

April 22, 2013: Phillips Reports Normal Operations at Bayway Refinery

Phillips reported normal operations at its Bayway refinery on April 22 following a power dip that affected several unspecified units on April 19, 2013.[86]

March 20, 2013: Phillips Signs Deals to Boost Deliveries of Cheap Crude to Bayway Refinery

Eliot Caroom reported on Bloomberg on March 20, 2013 that Phillips has signed a three-year deal with Enbridge Energy Partners LP for loading rail cars with up to 35,000 to 45,000 barrels a day of Bakkan crude from Enbridge’s terminal in Berthold, North Dakota. The crude will be delivered to Bayway Refinery on the east coast and Ferndale Refinery on the West Coast. Some crude could also be sent to Gulf Coast refineries at Lake Charles, Alliance, and Sweeney.“We are aggressively pursuing increased access to advantaged crudes in North America by partnering with leading third-party transportation providers and better leveraging our own system capabilities,” Greg Garland, Phillips 66 chairman and chief executive officer, said in the statement. “Increasing our utilization of those advantaged crudes should allow us to capture significant value in our refining and marketing businesses.”[87]

February 19, 2013: Bayway Refinery Manager Presents Check for $500,000 to American Red Cross

The Star Ledger reported on February 19, 2013 that David Erfert, Phillips 66 Bayway Refinery Manager, presented a check on behalf of Phillips 66 to Suzanne Lutz of the North Jersey Region of the American Red Cross to assist with hurricane relief efforts following Superstorm Sandy. "The American Red Cross is extremely grateful for Phillips 66’s generosity to support our work helping those impacted by Superstorm Sandy," said Lutz.[88]

January 30, 2013: Garland Says Phillips Utilization Rate Was Negatively Impacted by Hurricane Sandy Related Unplanned Downtime at the Bayway Refinery

Greg Garland told analysts at the 4th quarter earnings conference on January 30, 2013 that Phillips utilization rate was negatively impacted by Hurricane Sandy related unplanned downtime at the Bayway refinery as well as the turnarounds at the Wood River Refinery, Los Angeles Refinery and Borger Refinery. "In refining and marketing, our refining realized margin was $13.67 per barrel with a global crude utilization rate of 91% and a clean product yield of 83%," said Garland. "Lower volumes negatively impacted earnings by $42 million, mainly in the Atlantic basin and the Central Corridor regions, reflecting unplanned downtime due to Hurricane Sandy and plant turnarounds."[89]

January 8, 2013: Global Partners to Deliver 50,000 bpd of Bakken Crude to Bayway Refinery

The Boston Globe reported on January 8, 2013 that Global Partners LP has signed a five-year contract with Phillips 66 to deliver crude oil from North Dakota to Bayway Refinery using its rail transloading, logistics, and transportation system to deliver about 91 million barrels of crude oil to the Phillips refinery over the life of the contract. That equates to approximately 50,000 barrels per day.[90] “Global has established a ‘virtual pipeline’ for the reliable transportation of Bakken crude,” said Tim Taylor, Executive Vice President, Commercial, Marketing, Transportation & Business Development of Phillips 66. “Our five-year agreement with Global assures us long-term access to advantaged crude for our Bayway refinery through what we believe is a cost competitive origin-to-destination supply system to the East Coast.” The Bakken crude oil is expected to be transloaded at Basin Transload LLC’s North Dakota rail facilities.[91]

December 13, 2012: Phillips Announces Marine Charter Agreements to Supply Bayway Refinery with Eagle Ford Advantaged Crude

Phillips 66 reported at their inaugural Analyst Meeting on December 13, 2013 that they had recently signed time charter agreements for two medium-range Jones Act marine vessels that will supply the Alliance and Bayway refineries, and potentially the company’s other Gulf Coast refineries, with Eagle Ford crude beginning in early 2013.[92]

November 27, 2012: Bayway Refinery Resumes Normal Operations

Fox Business reported on November 27, 2012 that Bayway Refinery has resumed normal operations following extensive repair and replacement of equipment impacted by salt water during Hurricane Sandy.[93]

November 26, 2012: Phillips Reports Emissions During Equipment Startup at Bayway Refinery

Businessweek reported on November 26, 2012 that Phillips reported emissions associated with an equipment startup when more than 500 pounds of sulfur dioxide flared at the Bayway refinery on November 25, 2012. The unit was undergoing repairs and maintenance following Hurricane Sandy.[94]

November 17, 2012: Bayway Refinery to Reopen by End of November

Phillips 66 reported on November 19, 2012 that the Bayway Refinery is expected to resume normal operations by the end of November. Work to repair or replace damaged equipment, primarily electrical equipment impacted by saltwater during the storm surge from Hurricane Sandy, is progressing. The refinery’s processing units are in good condition. The Bayway polypropylene plant will follow the same restart schedule as the refinery.[95]

November 5, 2012: Bayway Refinery Leaked 7,700 Gallons of Oil after Hurricane Sandy

Reuters reported on November 5, 2012 that according to the US Coast Guard about 7,700 gallons of fuel spilled from the Bayway Refinery after Hurricane Sandy.[96]

November 2, 2012: Bayway Refinery Could be Weeks Away from Restart

Reuters reported on November 2, 2012 that a source familiar with refinery operations Bayway refinery is weeks away from restarting due to heavy damage caused by salt water flooding into the facility from the neighboring Arthur Kill during Hurricane Sandy. Work is underway on one of the two docks where the pumps were ruined by salt water. Estimates for one dock to return to service and receive product are for next week, the source said.[97]

The Phillips 66 website reported on November 2, 2012 that the refinery remains temporarily shut down at this time while we continue to clean up, assess equipment and begin to make necessary repairs. A decision regarding when the refinery will be able to resume crude oil processing operations will be made once all assessments are complete.[98]

October 31, 2012: Greg Maxwell Updates Analysts on Bayway Refinery Shutdown

Chief Financial Officer Greg Maxwell reported at the Phillips Third Quarter Earnings Conference on October 31, 2012 that before Hurricane Sandy made landfall in the Northeast Phillips safely idled the Bayway refinery and shut down the terminals as a precautionary measure. "There was some flooding in low-lying areas of the refinery but flood waters have since receded. And as of this morning power has been restored at Bayway. We are currently assessing the condition of the assets. And a decision on resuming operations will be made once this assessment is complete."[99]

October 31, 2012: Phillips to Send More Advantaged Crude to Bayway Refinery by Rail

Chief Financial Officer Greg Maxwell reported at the Phillips Third Quarter Earnings Conference on October 31, 2012 that Phillips is delivering 30,000 to 40,000 barrels per day of advantaged crude to the Bayway refinery by rail.Time Taylor, Phillips head of EVP Commercial Transportation, Business Development and Marketing, added during the question period that on average it costs Phillips $2 to $3 a barrel to move crude to Bayway by rail. Asked if there was a significant increase in moving crude to Bayway by rail from the 2nd to the 3rd Quarter, Taylor said there had been an increase. ". I can't remember the exact increase but we're increasing that. As you can guess we're continuing to, so to speak, test the limits. And we can go substantially higher. I think the challenge for us is to continue to work logistics and get more and more of that into the Bayway refinery."[100]

October 30, 2012: Sandy Knocks Out Power at Bayway Refinery

Houston Business Journal reported on October 30, 2012 that Phillips 66 has reported a power outage at its Bayway refinery. The plant had been shut down as a precaution, but the outage could slow the recovery at the plant. Phillips 66 said there was "some flooding in low-lying areas" of the refinery. Utility PSE&G said power was likely to be restored no sooner than in 24 to 48 hours. The flooding at Bayway, which had been seen by experts as the refinery most vulnerable to Sandy's record 13-foot (4-meter) storm surge and subsequent power outages, is a potential second nightmare for Phillips 66, which had struggled to restore its Alliance, Louisiana, refinery after Hurricane Isaac in August. That storm pushed more than 2 feet of floodwater into the plant.[101][102]

October 28, 2012: Phillips Begins Shutdown of Bayway Refinery

Reuters reported on October 28, 2012 that Phillips had begun shutting its Bayway Refinery in Linden, New Jersey in preparation for Hurricane Sandy. "A significant storm surge is predicted for coastal areas in New Jersey and New York, and as a precaution, we are in the process of temporarily shutting down the 238,000 barrel-per-day Bayway Refinery in Linden, N.J. We expect the refinery to be completely shut down by early Monday morning. Our Riverhead, N.Y., and Tremley Point, N.J., terminals also have been temporarily shut down. Our Linden terminal remains open at this time but will be shut down by Monday morning. Decisions regarding restarting these operations will be made once the storm has passed and post-storm assessments have been completed."[103][104]

October 26, 2012: Bayway Refinery Prepares for Hurricane Sandy

Reuters reported on October 26, 2012 that Oil refineries along the U.S. Atlantic Seaboard on Friday braced for Hurricane Sandy, putting in place emergency plans ahead of the storm's expected landfall in the Northeast early next week. Phillips 66, owner of the 238,000 bpd Bayway refinery in Linden, New Jersey, said it is monitoring the storm. "All of our East Coast operations continue to operate normally while we prepare our facilities for the storm," said Rich Johnson, a spokesman for the company.[105]

September 10, 2012: Union Contract Ratified with 52 percent of Bayway Refinery Workers Voting in Favor

Reuters reported on September 10, 2012 that union members at Phillips 66 Bayway refinery ratified a three-year contract with 52 percent of the 288 members of the Teamsters union at the refinery voting in favor of the contract which takes effect on October 1, 2012. Union leadership recommended the contract be accepted but several members of the union expressed displeasure with some of the work rights and quality of life changes in the new contract.[106]

September 7, 2012: Bayway Refinery Workers Vote on New Union Contract

Reuters reported on September 7, 2012 that members of the Teamsters Union at Bayway refinery vote on September 7, 2012 on whether to ratify their latest labor contract. The existing union contract ends on October 1, 2012 but if the contract is voted down there will not be an immediate strike but rather a return to negotiations. Contract negotiations began in June which provided a longer window for the talks. Although The contract was recommended by the union's executive board, according to a source familiar with the situation, some union members plan to vote against the contract which includes issues concerning work rules, overtime pay, and scheduling changes. Rich Johnson, a spokesman for Phillips 66, said the company would prefer to wait until after the ratification vote before offering any comment.[107]

August 27, 2012: County Hazardous Materials Team Called to Bayway Refinery After Compressor Problems

NewJersey.com reported on August 27, 2012 that a hazmat team from Union County was called to the Phillips 66 Bayway Refinery after a routine flaring operation led to problems with a compressor. New Jersey's Department of Environmental Protection contacted the county, asking that the hazmat team collect air samples. They found "no unusual activity," said Tina Casey, a county spokeswoman. The flaring process is a common stopgap measure in which raw materials are burned off in the open air. The resulting flames can be seen atop the plant's towering exhaust pipes, visible in nearby communities and from nearby highways.[108]

August 1, 2012: Phillips to Run 100.000 bpd of Advantaged Crudes to Bayway Refinery

Phillips reported during their second-quarters earnings report on August 1, 2012 that Phillips wants to move the shale crudes from 120,000 to ultimately 450,000 to 460,000 barrels a day and has a plan to get advantaged crude into most of Phillips' refineries. "We are trying to get those crudes to every refinery we can," said Phillips CEO Greg Garland adding that Phillips can probably move 100,000 barrels a day of shale type crudes into Bayway.[109]

August 1, 2012: Bayway Refinery to Remain in Phillips Portfolio if Phillips Can Run More Bakken Crude

Reuters reported on Phillips second-quarters earnings report on August 2, 2012 that the Bayway Refinery is "absolutely" more likely to stay in the company's portfolio if Phillips 66 can increase the amount of Bakken crude the refinery runs, backing out other more expensive crudes. Bayway can run run up to 100,000 bpd of light crude and Phillips plans to rail Bakken crude to Bayway and to its Ferndale Refinery. Phillips 66 plans to buy 2,000 railcars to move cheap crude from North Dakota's Bakken shale play to it Bayway Refinery and to its Ferndale Refinery.[110]

June 24, 2012: Bayway Refinery Earns EPA’s ENERGY STAR® Certification

New Jersey Today reported on June 24, 2012 that Phillips Bayway Refinery has earned the US. Environmental Protection Agency’s ENERGY STAR certification, which signifies that the industrial facility performs in the top 25 percent of similar facilities nationwide for energy efficiency and meets strict energy efficiency performance levels set by the EPA. Bayway Refinery improved its energy efficiency by 11 percent since 2002 by strategically managing energy consumption and making cost-effective improvements to the plant. To earn the ENERGY STAR, Phillips 66 Bayway Refinery replaced a large crude oil unit furnace to newer, more efficient technology in 2010, replaced its sulfur recovery plant in 2007, upgraded various plant energy recovery systems. ENERGY STAR was introduced by EPA in 1992 as a voluntary, market-based partnership to reduce greenhouse gas emissions through energy efficiency.[111]

May 2, 2012: Bayway Employees Join Garland to Ring Wall Street Opening Bell

On May 2, 2012, executives and employees from Phillips 66 celebrated the company's first week of regular trading on the New York Stock Exchange by ringing the opening bell at the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) with Phillip 66 Chairman and Chief Executive Officer Greg C. Garland leading the delegation, which included employees from Phillips 66' Houston Headquarters and employees from Phillips 66 Bayway Refinery in Linden, NJ.[112]

May 1, 2012: Phillips 66 Plans to Keep the Bayway Refinery

Garland told Reuters on May 1, 2012 that Phillips 66 plans to keep the Bayway plant and its foothold in the East Coast refining market. "It's a good machine. It should be the last refinery standing in PADD I," Garland said.[113]

November 17, 2011: Bayway Refinery Faces a Challenge to Stay Open

NJ.com reported on November 17, 2011 that Bayway Refinery faces a challenge: The crude oil it refines is more expensive than crude oil in other parts of the country, a dynamic that already led to the sale or closure of several East Coast refineries this year. Nearby plants owned by other companies also have been on the chopping block, including two Sunoco plants — in Philadelphia and Marcus Hook, Pa. — that will be sold or closed. "What you’re seeing is a lot of refineries shutting down in this region," said Hamza Khan, an analyst at the Schork Report, which covers energy markets. "Sunoco is pulling out. A number of refineries are shutting down on the East Coast. The onus is either shut down or sell." However Bayway Refinery may have an advantage due to upgrades over the years. "They’re continuing to operate Bayway, and I think Bayway is a little more sophisticated," said Tom Kloza, the Wall Township-based chief oil analyst for the Oil Price Information Service. "A complex refinery can use cheaper, heavier sour crude." Because Bayway can handle a variety of types of crude, Kloza said, it probably could survive. "It’s in a strategic location, and for most of the years I’ve seen it make money," Kloza said. "I think most people take them at their word that they’re not making any money at their Pennsylvania refinery." Kloza said ConocoPhillips has a list of five or six refineries that are candidates for sale or closure. "I’ve heard varying reports of whether Bayway is on the list or not," Kloza said. "That is one that’s on the bubble."[114]

Billings Refinery

The Billings Refinery is located in Billings, Mont. It has a crude oil processing capacity of 58 MBD and processes a mixture of Canadian heavy, high-sulfur crude oil plus domestic high-sulfur and low-sulfur crude oil, all delivered by pipeline. Its facilities include fluid catalytic cracking and hydrodesulfurization units. A delayed coker converts heavy, high-sulfur residue into higher-value light oils. The refinery produces a high percentage of transportation fuels, such as gasoline, aviation and diesel fuels, as well as fuel-grade petroleum coke. Finished petroleum products from the refinery are delivered via pipeline, railcar and truck. Pipelines transport most of the refined products to markets in Montana, Wyoming, Idaho, Utah and Washington.[115] Photo by jonmartin Flicker Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Generic (CC BY-NC-SA 2.0)

Description of Billing Refinery

The Billings Refinery is located in Billings, Mont. It has a crude oil processing capacity of 58 MBD and processes a mixture of Canadian heavy, high-sulfur crude oil plus domestic high-sulfur and low-sulfur crude oil, all delivered by pipeline. Its facilities include fluid catalytic cracking and hydrodesulfurization units. A delayed coker converts heavy, high-sulfur residue into higher-value light oils. The refinery produces a high percentage of transportation fuels, such as gasoline, aviation and diesel fuels, as well as fuel-grade petroleum coke. Finished petroleum products from the refinery are delivered via pipeline, railcar and truck. Pipelines transport most of the refined products to markets in Montana, Wyoming, Idaho, Utah and Washington.[116]

The Billings Refinery's market value in 2010 according to Montana property records is $508,333,155.[117]

News and Views on the Billings Refinery

February 27, 2015: Phillips 66 Billings Pipeline Division Takes Proactive Measures to Improve Safety at Pipeline near Mystic Park

Kulr8 News reported on February 27, 2015 that Phillips 66 is getting ready to replace a pipe near Mystic Park and bury it deeper below the Yellowstone River and will proactively replacing the crossing with a directionally-drilled crossing using a machine to drill horizontally more than 40 feet below the Yellowstone River in the bedrock and they'll pull the pipe through. "We kicked up that program,” says Mike Miller, the Billings division pipeline manager at Phillips 66. “We've always had a program but we got very aggressive. That's where we said we're going to look at every crossing up here and do a detailed assessment on it and if there's any concerns we're going to proactively get on it." Miller says these crossings didn't pose any imminent concerns. But it's important to do this because rivers can meander or get deeper. If a pipeline gets exposed, it's at risk. "Part of being a responsible company is being a good neighbor and protecting people and the environment. And it's just one of our core values. And this is a big program. It's one of many elements of our pipeline safety program."[118]

February 7, 2015: Phillips 66 Refinery Workers Stage Informational Picket in Billings to Highlight Understaffing, Safety, and Fatigue

KXLH reported on February 7, 2015 that about 70 union workers and their families held an informational picket for solidarity holding signs reading "Solidarity is Strength" and "Understaffing does not equal Safe Refineries." Billings is home to a Phillips 66 refinery.

President of the local group for Phillips 66 with United Steel Workers Wade Johnson said its also a display of community. Johnson added that "a safe community is important to the guys who work at this plant, it always has been. We take that very seriously," Johnson said. "And understaffing is a serious threat to community and the safety of the community." When asked why understaffing was a threat, Johnson said workers get fatigued. "On paper, these facilities tell us that they're giving us enough staffing. But then they'll pull 10 to 15 percent of the people out on any given week to do other projects. Other people have to cover that with overtime," Johnson said. "I just think we want folks to know that we're part of this community," he said. "All of these actions across the country are community actions. We're trying to get local folks hired at these facilities and we're trying to get enough of us hired so we're not always tired."[119]

December 10, 2015: Phillips Makes $40,000 Donation to Billings Firefighters

The Billings Gazette reported on December 10, 2014 that Phillips has made a $40,000 grant to help protect Billings residents from potentially slower fire and other emergency response times by allowing for videoconference training for firefighters. Fire Chief Paul Dextras and City Administrator Tina Volek announced the grant Friday in an email to Billings City Council members. Volek wrote that she wants to invite Phillips 66 officials to an upcoming City Council meeting “to recognize their contributions to this important piece of the training program that Chief Dextras has helped lead during his time with the department.” The videoconference system will be used widely, Dextras said. “Probably 70-80 percent of our training sessions can be broadcast,” he said. “Embracing this technology will allow us to do so much more. It’s huge for the Fire Department in a lot of ways, and it shows the neat things that Phillips 66 does by contributing to the community.”[120]

December 5, 2014: Phillips 66 Donates $50,000 for ZooMontana Wolverine Habitat

The Billings Gazette reported on December 5, 2014 that Phillips 66 has donated $50,000 to ZooMontana to build a new wolverine habitat and exhibit. “Phillips 66 is committed to both community and environmental education, so we felt this was a great mix of the two,” said Shea Dawson, the Billings refinery’s manager of finance and public affairs, in a news release. “We look forward to the process of helping ZooMontana construct this exciting exhibit.” The new habitat will be located near the junction in the zoo’s central area that leads to either the wolf or tiger habitats. Designs are underway, and zoo officials hope to put it out for bid soon. Construction likely will begin in the summer of 2015.[121]

December 2, 2014: Yellowstone County Reduces Phillips 66’s Tax Bill for Billing Refinery after Settlement

The Billings Gazette reported on December 2, 2014 that Yellowstone County will be disbursing about $3.3 million in protested taxes from the Phillips 66 oil refinery in Billings after the company and the Montana Department of Revenue settled a tax dispute. After making adjustments based on the settlement, the county will return $1.8 million, plus interest, to Phillips 66 and distribute $1.4 million to local taxing jurisdictions. The settlement, said county assessor Max Lenington, resulted in amended valuations for the refinery. The appraised value for 2014 was reduced by $82 million to $579 million, he said. And the appraised value for 2013 was reduced by $114 million to $599 million. Phillips 66 protested its 2013 taxes but paid its 2014 taxes at about the time of the settlement. Lenington said the 2014 tax statement will be corrected to reflect the settlement and re-sent. The settlement reduced the 2014 taxes from $9.3 million to $7.9 million, he said.[122]

October 7, 2014: Phillips Makes $40,000 Grant to 'Pheasants Forever'

The Billings Gazette reported on October 7, 2014 that Phillips awarded a $40,000 grant to 'Pheasants Forever' to help upland birds, other wildlife and bird hunters in Eastern Montana. The conservation group announced this week that the money would go to hiring a seasonal habitat technician, the purchase of a truck and trailer and to accelerate upland habitat work on public lands in Yellowstone, Big Horn and Treasure counties by the Montana Habitat Partnership. “The partnership’s work provides community members the opportunity to spend half a day hunting or running their dog in great habitat close to Billings,” said Dan Bailey, Pheasants Forever’s regional representative for Montana. “As private land becomes increasingly difficult to access, especially around metropolitan areas like Billings, improving the existing habitat to create high-quality public land is more important than ever.”[123]

September 17, 2014: Phillips Billings Refinery Is Third Top Taxpayer in Yellowstone County

The Billings Gazette reported on September 17, 2014 that Phillips Billings Refinery is the third top taxpayer in Yellowstone County with a taxable valuation of $16,500,425.[124]

September 2, 2014: Phillips Starts to Bury 9 miles of the Yellowstone Pipe Line Coming from Billings Refinery

The Greenfield Daily Reporter reported on September 2, 2014 that workers are scheduled to start on the project to bury about 9 miles of the Yellowstone Pipe Line in Shoshone County under the Coeur d'Alene River Road to to eliminate sections that travel under the Coeur d'Alene River to help protect the environment. Phillips 66 spokeswoman Carrie Wildin says the old pipeline will be left in place but will be purged and cleaned, and then permanently sealed. The 690-mile pipeline carries oil from Billings, Montana, to Moses Lake, Washington, with delivery points along the way.[125]

August 5, 2014: Yellowstone County Distributes Protested Taxes From Phillips 66

The Billings Gazette reported on Augusut 5, 2014 that with the settlement of several major tax disputes, millions of dollars in protested taxes have been distributed throughout Yellowstone County in one-time payments. Three of the recently resolved tax disputes involved Charter Communications, which protested tax years 2010-2013; Verizon Wireless, which protested years 2009-2013; and Phillips 66, which protested years 2010-2012. Phillips 66 protested a total of about $6.48 million and received a refund of $2 million, or about 32 percent. Tax protests remaining unresolved include about $3.29 million from Phillips 66 for 2013. While it is good to have the disputes resolved and taxes disbursed, said Yellowstone County Finance Director Scott Turner, there will be an overall decrease in the county’s base value because of the settlements. That means one mill levied will raise fewer tax dollars.[126]

July 30, 2014: Judge Grants Phillips Pipeline Access From Canada to Billings

Cheminfo reported on July 30, 2014 that Phillips will be able to continue operating three pipelines that transport crude oil from Canada after a judge granted access to the final land parcel whose easement had expired. Phillips 66 had negotiated access agreements with about 600 landowners and the tribe where the pipelines cross the Blackfeet Reservation, but filed a condemnation complaint in federal court against the owners of one parcel when negotiations failed. U.S. District Judge Sam Haddon ruled in favor of Phillips 66 and ordered the company to pay the landowners $1,450 in compensation for access to the final parcel concluding that the pipeline locations are reasonable and they are necessary for public use. The company said relocating the 8-inch and two 12-inch pipelines would have cost $2 million.[127]

July 30, 2014: Fire Caused Some Reduced Capacity and Throughput at Billings Refinery

Greg Garland told analysts during the 2nd quarter earnings conference on July 30, 2014 that the fire at the Billings refinery caused some reduced capacity and throughput at our billings facilities. "I think you’re always going to have some ups and some downs and in and outs and we did during the quarter. We had some issues, we had small fire at buildings and so we saw some reduced capacity and throughput at our billings facilities. But in generally I’ll tell you across the system, solid operations."[128]

July 9, 2014: Phillips Pledges $750,000 to Support STEM Education in Billings

The Billings Gazette reported on July 9, 2014 that has pledged to donate $750,000 over three years to support enhanced science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) education in Billings School District 2 elementary and middle schools. Ray Rigdon, the refinery's manager, said that the donation comes from Phillips 66's Signature Community Initiative, in which it partners with local groups and nonprofits to address targeted, defined issues within the community. "It makes a meaningful investment ... to solve specific community problems with meaningful results," said Rigdon. The money will also fund a technology training center for teachers, students and community members that is expected to open in the fall at Orchard.[129]

June 12, 2014: Fire Crew Extinguishes Blaze in Crude Unit at Billings Refinery

The Billings Gazette reported on June 12, 2014 that a fire broke out at the large crude unit at the Billings Refinery at about 1:45 that was extinguished in about 15 minutes by on-site personnel. According to Phillips spokesman Travis Sloane, no one was injured in the fire and employees have been dispatched off-site while air quality is measured There does not appear to be any environmental harm as a result of the fire.[130]

June 11, 2014: Phillips Shuts CRU, VDU at Billings Refinery Due to Crude Unit Fire

A fire in the crude unit at Phillips 66’s refinery in Billings, Montana, on Wednesday forced the company to shut two major units for an indefinite period of time. The 38,000 b/d catalytic reforming unit (CRU) and 35,000 b/d vacuum distillation unit (VDU) were shut down on Wednesday afternoon, according to research company Genscape. Late Wednesday Phillips said it had a fire in the large crude unit, which had been extinguished onsite by emergency response personnel. It provided no estimate on the duration of the closure. [131]

July 18, 2013: Phillips Pays Fine for Billings Refinery Pollution Violations

The Daily Journal reported on July 18, 2013 that Phillips has paid $17,075 to resolve pollution violations involving wastewater from the company's Billings refinery when the Montana Department of Environmental Quality said Phillips' refinery exceeded chlorine limits in its wastewater in 2010, and limits on oil and grease in 2012. Phillips used chlorinated water which is toxic to fish to test a large storage tank for leaks, but did not remove the chlorine prior to draining the tank.[132]

July 12, 2013: Phillips Blames Shifting Land for 25,000 Gallon Crow Reservation Oil Spill

KULR News reported on July 12, 2013 that Phillips 66 says shifting land appears to have damaged an underground pipeline that spilled up to 25,000 gallons of gasoline on the Crow Reservation west of Lodge Grass. Phillips says that it has completed repairs on its 8-inch underground Seminoe line and a cleanup plan is pending. The line is expected to be put back into operation by July 14, 2013 and spokesman Dennis Nuss says by the time of the restart the company will have fulfilled safety actions requested by federal regulators to prevent further problems.[133]

July 9, 2013: Phillips Plans New Oil Pipeline across Yellowstone River

KTVQ reported on July 9, 2013 that Phillips plans to build a new petroleum pipeline across the Yellowstone River in Montana after a survey conducted in 2011 found that the existing Phillips pipeline was only covered by two to six feet of river bed. The project comes two years after Exxon's pipeline broke in the Yellowstone River, spewing 63,000 gallons of crude oil into the water. Phillips wants to construct a new line that would run 40 feet underneath the water to prevent the line from breaking. The Montana Department of Natural Resources & Conservation recommends that Phillips 66 remove the old pipeline as part of the project but Phillips disagrees with this recommendation. The Montana Land Board will vote on whether or not to grant the construction permit on July 15, 2013.[134]

July 5, 2013: Phillips Gas pipeline Spills 25,000 Gallons on Crow Reservation in Montana

UPI reported on July 5, 2013 that a Phillips 66 pipeline spilled 25,000 gallons of gasoline on the Crow Reservation in southeastern Montana. The same pipeline broke twice in one week in 1997, spilling an estimated 2,300 barrels of gasoline near Lodge Grass and Banner, NBC News said. A U.S. Department of Transportation spokesman said the leak, which occurred about 15 miles from Lodge Grass, Mont., was under investigation but posed no safety threat to the public and did not immediately affect any waterways.[135] Phillips 66 says the pipeline transports finished petroleum products such as gasoline and diesel from its Billings refinery to Wyoming, Utah, and Colorado. Spokesman Dennis Nuss says Phillips immediately shut down the pipeline and that there are no anticipated health concerns. Crow Tribal Chair Darrin Old Coyote confirmed this and also said the leak is not near any homes or streams. "Phillips 66 was the one who reported it," Old Coyote said. "The pipeline is shut down and they are mobilizing their equipment to actually do the cleanup. No evacuations have taken place, but they are doing traffic control because the area is close to the road that goes from Hardin to Fort Smith."[136] In 2004, the Conoco Pipe Line Co. agreed to pay $465,000 for environmental violations after the line broke twice in a week in 1997, spilling more than 2,300 barrels of gasoline near Lodge Grass and Banner, Wyo.[137]

May 31, 2013: Phillips Continues Tax Protest at Billings Refining

Clair Johnson reported in the Billings Gazette on May 31, 2013 that Phillips paid its second-half 2012 Yellowstone County property taxes of $3.9 million with $1.3 million protested while its long-running tax dispute with the state of Montana continues. Taxes paid under protest are held in an escrow account pending resolution of the dispute. Taxing jurisdictions can demand distribution of the protested taxes but may have to repay the money depending on how the issues are resolved. Phillips 66 appealed its tax assessment to the Yellowstone County Tax Appeals Board, which sided with the company. The Revenue Department then appealed that decision to the Montana State Tax Appeals Board, which has not yet ruled. Another oil refiner, CHS refinery in Laurel, paid $4.08 million, with $1.6 million paid under protest.[138]

May 21, 2013: Phillips Refinery Manager Julian Stoll Bullish on Billings Refinery's Future

Jay Kohn reported for KTVQ on May 21, 2013 that Billngs Refinery employs 295 full time employees and about 100 contractors. Refinery Manager Julian Stoll told the reporter that 98% of the crude processed in Billings Refinery comes from Canada and that production is 60,000 bpd with the two new coke units installed last year, up from 7,500 bpd when the refinery was built in 1949.[139]

December 28, 2012: Billings Refinery Back to Normal After Flaring

The Billings Gazette reported on December 29, 2012 that the Billings Refinery is back to normal operations after a compressor that pumps gases from the cracker unit twice tripped offline and a pressure relief valve did not close properly triggering flaring of excess gases. The plant’s main processing unit, the fluid catalytic cracker (FCCU), is back online and operating normally said Phillips spokesman Travis Sloan. "“The refinery is back to normal operations as of 7:20 p.m. last night." The refinery used its flare-gas recovery system to remove sulfides from the gas to cut the amount of sulfur dioxide pollution from the flare and a refinery official reported that flaring at the plant only emitted between eight and 30 pounds a day of sulfur dioxide during the event. The refinery’s air quality permit limits the amount of pollution that can be released by flaring to 150 pounds over a three-hour period, or 1,200 pounds a day. Neither of those limits was exceeded said Jim Hughes, an environmental specialist with the Montana Department of Environmental Quality.[140]

December 27, 2012: Compressor Failure Leads to Large Flames Shooting from Billings Refinery's Main Flare Stack

The Billings Gazette reported on December 27, 2012 that the failure of a wet-gas compressor on the fluid catalytic cracking unit (FCCU) is to blame for large flames shooting from the refinery's main flare stack that can be seen from the eastern half of Billings. "There is a back pressure release valve that is stuck," says Jim Hughes, an environmental specialist in Billings with the Montana Department of Environmental Quality, adding that there isn't any known public danger. "They haven’t been able to completely close it, so there are gases that are still escaping." Phillips 66 officials also offered reassurance. "We are currently in the process of restoring normal operations," says Travis Sloan, a Phillips 66 spokesman. "Refinery personnel have been monitoring air quality, and there remains no concern for the public at this time. Phillips 66 is committed to protecting the safety and environment in the communities we operate."[141]

December 22, 2012: Phillips to Remove Oil Pipeline beneath Bighorn River

The Missoulian reported on December 22, 2012 that Phillips 66 is removing an oil pipeline from beneath Bighorn River after determining the line had to be abandoned because it was increasingly exposed by erosion. The planned removal comes in the wake of a break in an Exxon Mobil Corp. pipeline last year beneath the Yellowstone River that spilled an estimated 63,000 barrels of crude into the flooding river and contaminated 70 miles of riverbank. "Like a lot of the older pipelines around here, it wasn't buried real deep," said Fish, Wildlife and Parks spokesman Bob Gibson. "This was one that was considered at risk, and there were times it was exposed. This is good — getting it proactively and replacing it before it pops."[142]

September 19, 2012: Phillips Sues Yellowstone County over Property Taxes on Billing Refinery

Equities.com reported on September 19 that Phillips 66 has taken its property tax protest involving its Billings refinery to court in Yellowstone County filing a complaint that the Montana Department of Revenue illegally or improperly raised the refinery's market value for 2010, resulting in a tax bill that was $623,715 higher. Phillips asked Yellowstone District Judge Ingrid Gustafson to block its revised tax assessment, saying it will "suffer irreparable injury absent the issuance of a preliminary injunction." The complaint also said Montana is improperly trying to retroactively raise the refinery's tax assessment from 2003 through 2010 in order to collect more taxes. The refinery's market value in 2010 should be $379,718,534, said Phillips, not the department's retroactive change to $508,333,155. Revenue Department officials in Helena says they conducted a routine audit in July and found that Phillips 66 refinery property that had “either escaped assessment, been erroneously assessed or omitted from taxation” from 2003 to 2010, said department spokeswoman Mary Ann Dunwell. Revenue Department officials in Helena said that they are reviewing the complaint and plan to file a response by the end of next week.[143]

September 19, 2012: Billing Refinery Plans Disaster Simulation

The Billings Gazette reported on September 19, 2012 that the Billings refinery will simulate a disaster on September 26, 2012 affecting about 60 volunteers who will have fake but real-looking wounds to test the community’s response to a full-scale disaster. The code name for the operation is COYOTE 2012, which is short for “County of Yellowstone Operating Together in an Emergency.” Held every few years, the drill allows emergency responders and agencies to test their plans in an effort to improve services and to ensure the public receives the highest level of service possible, said Duane Winslow, Yellowstone County’s director of Disaster and Emergency Services.[144]

July 14, 2012: Phillips Protests Property Tax for Billings Refinery

The Missoulian reported on July 14 that Phillips is one of seven refinery, utility and communications companies in Yellowstone County that is protesting their property tax bill for the 2011 tax year. When a company protests its tax bill, the money is placed in an escrow account, earning interest, until the argument is settled. Schools and other taxing entities who were counting on the funds can tap into these “frozen” taxes, but must repay some or all of the money with interest if the taxpayer wins the protest.[145]

May 30, 2012: Phillips Fires 21 Union Workers, 3 Supervisors at Billing Refinery for Stealing Hours

The Billings Gazette reported on May 30, 2012 that according to Wade Johnson, president of the United Steelworkers International union in Billing that twenty-one pipefitters, welders and insulators and three supervisors were fired from the Phillips 66 refinery on May 30, 2012. “They were certainly not given an option of keeping their jobs,” said Johnson. “So, I would call that being fired.” Rich Johnson, a Phillips 66 spokesman based in Houston, said the company took some individual personnel actions. “I can tell you we took personnel actions against employees today,” said Johnson said. “But it is our company policy not to comment on personnel matters.” According to KTVQ TX the workers were fired for for knowingly violating policy in regard to hours worked at the refinery. "There are no mass layoffs taking place at the refinery," said Johnson.[146][147]

KTVQ reported on May 31, 2012 that the United Steelworkers International union says it plans to fight the dismissal of 21 union employees at the Billings Phillips 66 refinery. Union president, Wade Johnson, with the United Steelworkers International in Billings, says the union believes the employees were wrongfully discharged.[148] According to a comment to the story by Kathy Reinhardt the fired workers were called in to work extra hours so that turnaround could be completed at the refinery. According to a comment by Jonathon Sapp the supervisor who called the men in to work should have been held responsible.[149]

May 15, 2012: Smell at Billings Refinery Alarms Downtown Businesses

The Billings Gazette reported on May 15, 2012 that a foul odor from the Billings Refinery prompted some downtown Billings businesses to evacuate. The smell originated from Phillips 66 refinery and was harmless. "We try to to minimize any odors coming from our facility, but during start-up it happens," said Travis Sloan of Phillips 66. The refinery didn't evacuate, Sloan said, but did send observers into surrounding neighborhoods to monitor the smell, which was harmless and dissipated after 20 minutes. Sloan added that the Billings facility has been out of service for its on-going turn around, that started the last week in March. "We did not evacuate anybody, but certainly there were businesses downtown that evacuated their own buildings," said Frank Odermann, Billings Fire Department assistant chief. Odermann added that since the chemical release quickly dissipated, there are no on-going health concerns.[150][151]

May 1, 2012: Billings Refinery Anticipates No Major Changes

KTVQ reported on May 1, 2012 that there will be no major changes with the Billings Refinery in Billing, Montana. "We don't expect any significant changes to our local operations. We are excited about being part of a new, independent downstream energy company. Phillips 66 has a robust portfolio of businesses that already rank among the best-performing players in their industry segments, a strong financial position, an extraordinary global workforce, and a continued commitment to safety and operating excellence."[152]

Borger Refinery

The Borger Refinery is located in Borger, Texas, in the Texas Panhandle about 50 miles north of Amarillo and includes an NGL fractionation facility. The refinery’s gross crude oil processing capacity is 146 MBD, and the NGL fractionation capacity is 45 MBD. The refinery facilities include coking, fluid catalytic cracking, hydrodesulfurization and naphtha reforming that enable it to produce a high percentage of transportation fuels. As a result of the business venture with Cenovus Energy, ConocoPhillips has a 50 percent interest in the refinery. The refinery processes primarily medium sour crude oil and natural gas liquids delivered through pipelines from West Texas, the Texas Panhandle, Wyoming and Canada. The Borger Refinery also can receive foreign crude oil via company-owned and common-carrier pipeline systems. It produces a high percentage of transportation fuels, such as gasoline, diesel fuel and jet fuel, as well as coke, NGL and solvents. Pipelines move refined products to West Texas, New Mexico, Colorado and the Mid-Continent Region. The Borger refinery is operated by Phillips in a 50-50 joint venture with Cenovus Energy Inc.[153][154] Borger Refinery Photo by: Philip Klein All Rights Reserved. Photo used with permission of the photographer

Description of Borger Refinery

The Borger Refinery is located in Borger, Texas, in the Texas Panhandle about 50 miles north of Amarillo and includes an NGL fractionation facility. The refinery’s gross crude oil processing capacity is 146 MBD, and the NGL fractionation capacity is 45 MBD. The refinery facilities include coking, fluid catalytic cracking, hydrodesulfurization and naphtha reforming that enable it to produce a high percentage of transportation fuels. As a result of the business venture with Cenovus Energy, ConocoPhillips has a 50 percent interest in the refinery. The refinery processes primarily medium sour crude oil and natural gas liquids delivered through pipelines from West Texas, the Texas Panhandle, Wyoming and Canada. The Borger Refinery also can receive foreign crude oil via company-owned and common-carrier pipeline systems. It produces a high percentage of transportation fuels, such as gasoline, diesel fuel and jet fuel, as well as coke, NGL and solvents. Pipelines move refined products to West Texas, New Mexico, Colorado and the Mid-Continent Region. The Borger refinery is operated by Phillips in a 50-50 joint venture with Cenovus Energy Inc.[155][156]

In 2007 the Borger refinery became part of a business joint venture with the Canadian oil company EnCana (now Cenovus Energy) with each partner now having a 50 percent interest in the refinery. In return, ConocoPhillips gained a 50% interest in Cenovus's oil sands projects at Foster Creek and Christina Lake, Alberta.[157]

News and Views on the Borger Refinery

December 19, 2014: FCCU to Remain Online During Work at Borger Refinery

Phillips reported the electrostatic precipitator within the unit 40 fluid catalytic cracking unit (FCCU) was scheduled for replacement and the FCCU was not scheduled for shutdown during repairs, according to a filing with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality. Phillips reports the ending date for the maintenance activity as January 16, 2015.[158]

December 2, 2014: Phillips Shuts FCC Unit 40 at Borger Refinery

Reuters reported on December 2, 2014 that Phillips 66 reported the shutdown of the fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) Unit 40 starting December 1, 2014 at Borger, Texas refinery and expects to restart the unit on December 23, 2014.[159]

November 14, 2014: Phillips Reports FCCU Startup at Borger Refinery

Phillips Reports FCCU Startup at Borger Refinery [160]

November 8, 2014: Phillips Reports FCCU Shut at Borger Refinery

Phillips reported the shutdown of the fluid catalytic cracking unit 40 (FCCU) starting Saturday at its Borger, Texas refinery, according to a filing with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality. The unit was expected to be started up on November 20, the filing said. The heavy oil catalytic cracking unit 40 has a capacity of 30,000 b/d.[161]

November 5, 2014: Phillips Begins Planned Maintenance at Borger Refinery

Hellenic Shipping News Worldwide reported on November 5, 2014 that Phillips began planned maintenance at Borger Refinery the week ending October 31, 2014. Phillips shut the No. 40 fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) unit for 37 days starting the week ended October 31. The 146,000 b/d Borger refinery has two FCCs with a total capacity of 56,000 b/d. FCCs convert vacuum gasoil into gasoline and other high-end refined products. An FCC’s closure could result in a gasoline-stock drawdown, unless imports increase enough to offset production losses.[162]

October 23, 2014: Cenovus Profit Falls on Unplanned Outage at Borger Refinery

The Globe and Mail reported that Cenovus Energy Inc, Canada’s No.2 independent oil producer, reported a 4 per cent fall in quarterly profit and a 53 per cent drop in operating cash flow mainly due to an outage at Borger Refinery in July, 2014 that lasted for 35 days. A planned turnaround at the Wood River refinery in Illinois also contributed to the drop in profit and cash flow. Cenovus has a 50 per cent stake in the two U.S. refineries which are operated by Phillips 66.[163] "Several factors reduced profitability of our refineries in the third quarter, including lower throughput due to planned downtime with Wood River and unplanned outage at Borgerand lower crack spreads compared to earlier this year," said Cenovus COO John K. Brannan.[164]

October 20, 2014: Phillips Reports Exchanger Was De-pressured to Flare at Borger Refinery

Phillips reported on October 20, 2014 that an exchanger was de-pressured to flare at Borger refinery.[165]

October 16, 2014: Phillips Reports Process Upset at Borger Refinery

Phillips reported a process upset at its Borger, Texas refinery, according to a filing with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality.[166]

September 24, 2014: Phillips Reports Unit Upset During Startup at Borger Refinery

Phillips reported unit 45 experienced a process upset during startup and emissions from a gas oil hydrodesulphurizer flare at its Borger, Texas, refinery, according to a filing with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality.[167]

September 2, 2014: Phillips Extends Downtime on FCCU at Borger Refinery Until September 10

Platts reported on September 2, 2014 that Phillips 66 has extended the downtime for an FCC at Borger Refinery until September 10.[168]

August 11, 2014: FCCU Shutdown at Borger Refinery

Retuers reported on August 11, 2014 that Phillips reported its unit 29 fluid catalytic cracking unit (FCCU) was shutdown to repair process piping at the Borger Refinery with work expected to end August 25. The No. 40 FCCU at the refinery will undergo maintenance from Aug. 10 to Aug. 27, 2014.[169]

August 5, 2014: Phillips 66’s Borger Refinery Returns to Normal Rates

Phillips returned the 62,000 b/d crude unit at its Borger, Texas refinery to normal rates on Tuesday after heater issues a week earlier, according to an IIR Energy report. The 30,000 b/d fluid catalytic cracking unit (FCCU), which was also operating at reduced rates during the repairs, returned to run at normal rates, IIR added. All units at the plant were operational as of late afternoon on Tuesday, IIR said. A spokesman for the company said planned maintenance work was underway at the refinery, but declined to provide details regarding specific units involved and the duration of the work.[170]

July 30, 2014: Garland Says Borger Refinery Hasn't Run Very Well This Year

Greg Garland told analysts during the 2nd quarter earnings conference on July 30, 2014 that with Borger's major turnaround in March and the 30-day-plus outage in July, Borger hasn’t run well this year. "So we’re working on improving operational reliability at Borger really to me are expectations. But the July event, by the way Borger is back up and running today. But July then was unplanned outage."[171]

July 30, 2014: Garland Says Borger Refinery is Back Up and Running

Greg Garland told analysts during the 2nd quarter earnings conference on July 30, 2014 that Borger is back up and running after the 30-day-plus outage in July. "So we’re working on improving operational reliability at Borger really to me are expectations. But the July event, by the way Borger is back up and running today. But July then was unplanned outage."[172]

July 3, 2014: Phillips to Close Borger Refinery for up to 35 Days After Power Failure

Dan Murtaugh reported at Businessweek on July 3, 2014 that Phillips plans to shut most of its Borger Refinery for as long as 35 days after it was unable to recover from a power failure, according to a report from Energy News Today. Phillips declined to comment on the report when contacted by Bloomberg.[173]

July 4, 2014: Phillips to Shut Most Units for Repair at Borger Refinery Over July 4 Weekend

Phillips said it would shut most of the production units at its refinery in Borger, Texas, over the July Fourth weekend to start a month of repairs following a power outage early this week, said sources familiar with operations at the refinery. The company had already been planning to shut the refinery’s 25,000 b/d delayed coking unit over the weekend for a three-week overhaul, sources told Reuters. Trade sources have said the refinery was planning a multi-unit overhaul this month to correct operational problems created by the power outage. [174]

June 30, 2014: Phillips Reduces Rates Ahead of Maintenance at Borger Refinery

Phillips 66’s refinery in Borger, Texas, started running at reduced rates this week ahead of maintenance, trade sources said on Monday. One source familiar with refinery operations said Phillips was shutting the 25,000 b/d delayed coking unit for work, which was expected to take two to three weeks and reduce rates on other units. A second trade source said the whole refinery was expected to be offline next week.[175]

May 8, 2014: Phillips Reports Process Upset at Borger Refinery

Phillips reported a process upset led to emissions at its Borger, Texas, refinery, according to a filing with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality on Thursday. The filing with did not specify which refinery units were involved in the incident. [176]

May 4, 2014: Phillips Reports Process Upset at Borger Refinery

Phillips reported a process upset at its Borger, Texas refinery, according to a filing with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality. The incident on Sunday led to emissions from the unit 40 fluid catalytic cracking unit, the filing said. [177]

April 28, 2014: New Refinery Manager at Borger Refinery

The Ponca City News reported on April 29, 2014 that Refinery Manager Pete Stynes is leaving the Ponca City Refinery to take over as Refinery Manager at the Borger Refinery. Stynes came to Ponca City in July 2009. Tim Seidel, currently the Production Manager at the Ponca City refinery will take over as Refinery Manager. Seidel previously was at the Santa Maria Refinery.[178]

March 26, 2014: Phillips Pays $500,000 Fine for Clean Air Violations at Borger Refinery and Four Other Refineries

CSP Daily News reported on March 26, 2014 that Phillips will pay a $500,000 penalty for violations of the Clean Air Act at the Borger Refinery in Borger, Texas, the Lake Charles Refinery in Westlake, La., the Wood River Refinery in Roxana, Ill., the Alliance Refinery in Belle Chasse, La., the Sweeny Refinery in Old Ocean, Texas, and several terminals across the country. Phillips also agreed to retire more than 21 billion sulfur credits that could have been used in the production of gasoline, which could potentially lead to significantly less pollution from vehicles. In a administrative settlement agreement, the EPA alleged that the company generated invalid sulfur credits between 2006 and 2012 and that Phillips failed to comply with recordkeeping, reporting, sampling and testing requirements at the five refineries. EPA discovered these violations during facility inspections and through a review of company records, which included the results of third-party company audits required by the Clean Air Act.[179]

March 18, 2014: Three Workers Injured in Hydrofluric Acid Unit at Borger Refinery

Channel 7 Amarillo reported on March 18, 2014 that two Phillips employees and a contractor were injured in an accident at Borger refinery that took place at about 5 pm on March 18, 2014. The injured were taken to Golden Plains Community Hospital to receive medical treatment and the condition of the individuals is not life threatening. One employee is at Golden Plains Community Hospital, the second has been transported to the Lubbock Burn Center, and the contract worker is under observation at Golden Plains Community Hospital. Scanner traffic indicated the injured had been exposed to hydrogen sulfide. Phillips is investigating the incident.[180]

According to the "Borger News-Herald" the incident occurred during turnaround at the unit that handles hydrofluric (HF) acid. The hydrofluric acid unit was shut down at the time the accident occurred. Phillips did not confirm the exact nature of the incident. Phillips is investigating the cause and implications of the incident and details are still being clarified as the influx of turnaround workers has increased traffic inside the plant. "We want to figure out exactly what happened," said Dennis Nuss, a Senior Advisor for Phillips 66 who works with Project Communications. "We want to make sure that something similar will not happen again." When asked if the incident was due to either a chemical exposure or a fire, Nuss said, "There was no fire." The Borger News-Herald is reaching out to contract companies and contractors for more information and will update the story as more information is released.[181]

February 14, 2014: Phillips Sells Gold Line System Serving Borger Refinery to Phillips 66 Partners

The Oil and Gas Journal reported on February 14, 2014 that Phillips will sell the Gold Product Pipeline System, also known as the “Gold Line System,” and the Medford Spheres, two newly constructed refinery-grade propylene storage spheres, to Phillips 66 Partners for a total consideration of $700 million. The Gold Line system shuttles approximately 132,000 barrels per day of refined products from a Phillips 66 refinery in Borger, Texas, north to Cahokia, Ill. It also includes two lateral lines, and four terminals with 4.3 million barrels of aggregate storage capacity.[182][183]

December 27, 2013: Phillips Reports Process Upset at Borger Refinery

Phillips reported a process upset at its refinery in Borger, Texas, according to a filing with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality. The company reported hydrogen sulfide and sulfur dioxide emissions from a stack, according to the filing. [184]

December 20, 2013: Phillips Reports Process Upset at Borger Refinery

Phillips reported a process upset at its refinery in Borger, Texas, according to a filing with state pollution regulators. The company reported emissions from a fluid catalytic cracker and a gas oil hydrodesulphurizer.[185]

December 13, 2013: Phillips' Refineries in Ponca City and Borger to Supply Jet Fuel to Department of Defense

Channel 6 reported on December 13, 2013 that the US Department of Defense announced that it awarded a $292,016,625 contract to Phillips 66 for aviation turbine fuel to DOD facilities in Oklahoma, Colorado, Iowa, Kansas, Nebraska and Minnesota for 14 months, ending on April 30, 2015. "This competitive contract is awarded annually by the Defense Logistics Agency to supply jet fuel (aviation turbine fuel) to several Department of Defense facilities in Oklahoma, Colorado, Iowa, Kansas, Nebraska and Minnesota. Phillips 66 has a long history of supplying jet fuel to these locations from our Borger and Ponca City refineries. This contract is to supply approximately 87 million gallons over 14 months, with previous contract awards being in the 80 to 100 million gallon range."[186]

November 27, 2013: Phillips to Pay $300K Settlement for Migratory Bird Deaths near Borger Refinery

Jim McBride reported in the Amarillo Globe-News on November 27, 2013 that Phillips and federal authorities have reached a nearly $300,000 settlement over migratory bird killed near their Borger Refinery after the the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service learned in August 2012 about 260 waterfowl, mostly teal, had been killed at the Johnson Tank Farm Pond, a 3 million-barrel brine water pond spanning 22 acres in Hutchinson County. In exchange for the company’s mitigation efforts, authorities will not prosecute Phillips under the Migratory Bird Treaty Act or other federal laws if the company continues to comply with terms of the agreement, which was reached November 22, 2013. “At Phillips 66 we conduct our business with care for the environment. ... We have added additional deterrents and continue to work closely with the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service to minimize bird activity near our operations,” said Phillips spokeswoman Janet Grothe. Phillips has established an emergency treatment center for injured birds at the Borger facility, installed bird deterrent devices and contracted with another firm to keep birds away from the pond with a boat and air horns, federal authorities said.[187]

November 19, 2013: Planned Work is Underway at Borger Refinery

Reuters reported on November 19, 2013 that planned maintenance is underway at Borger Refinery. Phillips did not provide details regarding the specific units involved and the duration of the work.[188]

November 11, 2013: Phillips Said to Plan Unit Repairs on Alkylation Unit at Borger Refinery in March

Businessweek reported on November 11, 2013 that Phillips will shut down an alkylation unit for maintenance at their Borger Refinery in March said a person familiar with the schedule. Repairs on the unit, which produces a high-octane blending component for gasoline, will begin in the first week of that month, said the person, who asked not to be identified because the information isn’t public. Rich Johnson, a spokesman at Phillips 66’s headquarters in Houston, declined by e-mail to comment.[189]

November 1, 2013: Phillips Reports FCCU Restart at Borger Refinery

Phillips reported it was restarting the fluidic catalytic cracker unit (FCCU), which caused emissions at its Borger, Texas, refinery, according to a filing with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality. [190]

October 25, 2013: Phillips Reports Process Upset, Emissions at Borger Refinery

Phillips reported a process upset and emissions from a unit at its refinery in Borger, Texas, according to a filing with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality. [191]

October 18, 2013: Phillips Said to Idle Catalytic Cracker at Borger Refinery for Two Weeks

Bloomberg reported on October18, 2013 that Phillips may be forced to keep No. 40 fluid catalytic cracker, one of two of the systems at the refinery, shut at its Borger Refinery for at least two weeks for repairs, said a person with knowledge of the situation who asked not to be identified because the information isn’t public. Borger reported to the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality on September 24 that it would perform planned maintenance on Unit 40 through October 3. On October 13, the refinery reported emissions from a process upset. Two days later, the company reported there might be flaring related to the startup of the unit.[192]

October 15, 2013: Phillips Reports FCC Restart at Borger Refinery

Phillips reported that it was beginning to restart its unit 40 fluidic catalytic cracker (FCC) after emissions at its refinery in Borger, Texas, according to the filing with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality. [193]

September 24, 2013: Phillips Reports FCC Precipitator Work at Borger Refinery

Phillips 66 reported maintenance at its unit 40 fluidic catalytic cracker (FCC) precipitators at its refinery in Borger, Texas, according to a filing with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality. The maintenance was expected to last from September 24 to October 3, the filing said. [194]

August 13, 2013: Phillips Regains Control After Process Upset at Borger Refinery

The DOE reported on August 13, 2013 that Phillips reported it regained control after a process upset and emissions from the unit 34 sulfur recovery unit (SRU) at its refinery in Borger, Texas late Monday, according to a filing with state pollution regulators. The company said that there was no planned maintenance under way at the refinery.[195]

August 12, 2013: Phillips Reports Emissions at Borger Refinery

The DOE reported on August 12, 2013 that Phillips reported a process upset and emissions from the unit 34 sulfur recovery unit (SRU) at its refinery in Borger, Texas, according to a filing with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality. The company reported maintenance on Sunday on electrostatic precipitators serving the fluidic catalytic cracking unit (FCCU) at the refinery, according to a notice filed with state pollution regulators.[196]

August 5, 2013: Phillips Reports Process Upset at Borger Refinery

Phillips reported a process upset at its joint venture refinery in Borger, Texas according to a notice filed with the state pollution regulators. The company had regained control of the process but did not specify which units were involved in the incident.[197]

July 16, 2013: Process Upset at Borger Refinery

Hydrocarbon Processing reported on July 16, 2013 that Phillips reported a process upset at unspecified equipment in Area C at its Borger Refinery and that associated emissions of sulfur dioxide and sulfur monoxide were routed to a safety flare.[198]

July 14, 2013: 400 Migratory Birds Encrusted with Salt at Borger Refinery

Jennifer Hiller reported in the San Antonio Express-News on July 14, 2013 that Texas is a major migration flyway for birds and with the severe drought birds desperate for water are landing in open pits and tanks that hold water for drilling and hydraulic fracturing operations. Last fall, for example, 400 migrating birds dove into briny water at Borger Refinery. “Their water source was dry and so they went to a huge brine pit that was within a refinery, and 400 or more birds were encrusted with salt,” said Longtime bird rehabilitator Bebe McCasland.[199]

July 7, 2013: Process Upset Causes Emissions at Borger Refinery

Phillips reported emissions at its Borger refinery July 7 were due to an unspecified process upset, according to a filing with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality.[200]

June 14, 2013: Unspecified Process Upset Causes Emissions at Borger Refinery

Phillips reported a process upset at its Borger refinery that led to emissions, according to a filing with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality.[201]

May 6, 2013: Phillips Completes Scheduled Work at Borger Refinery

Businessweek reported on May 6, 2013 that Phillips completed scheduled work at Borger Refinery that may have included a fluid catalytic cracker and alkylation unit, according to people familiar with plant operations.[202]

April 29, 2013: Process Upset at Borger Refinery

Fox Business reported on April 30, 2013 that a process upset occurred on April 29, 2013 that resulted in sulfur dioxide and hydrogen sulfide being emitted at Phillips' Borger Refinery. Phillips declined to say if operations were affected.[203]

March 13, 2013: Phillips Completes Maintenance on Wet Compressor at Borger Refinery

Fox Business reported on March 13, 2013 that Phillips 66 completedd maintenance at a key gasoline-making unit's wet gas compressor at its Borger Refinery on March 13, 2013. The planned work got under way on February 27, 2013.[204]

February 27, 2013: Maintenance Begins on Wet Gas Compressor of Unit 40 Fluid Catalytic Cracker at Borger Refinery

Nasdaq reported on February 27, 2013 that maintenance began on the wet gas compressor of the unit 40 fluid catalytic cracker, a component in the gasoline-making process at the Borger Refinery that is scheduled to last through March 8 according to a filing with state regulators.[205]

February 25, 2013: Phillips Reports Process Upset, FCCU Emissions at Borger Refinery

Phillips 66 reported a process upset and emissions from the No. 40 fluid catalytic cracking unit (FCCU) at its Borger refinery, according to a filing with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality.[206]

January 30, 2013: Garland Says Phillips Utilization Rate Was Negatively Impacted by Turnaround at Borger Refinery

Greg Garland told analysts at the 4th quarter earnings conference on January 30, 2013 that Phillips utilization rate was negatively impacted by the turnaround at the Borger Refinery as well as turnarounds at Wood River and Los Angeles refineries, and Hurricane Sandy related unplanned downtime at the Bayway refinery. "In refining and marketing, our refining realized margin was $13.67 per barrel with a global crude utilization rate of 91% and a clean product yield of 83%," said Garland. "Lower volumes negatively impacted earnings by $42 million, mainly in the Atlantic basin and the Central Corridor regions, reflecting unplanned downtime due to Hurricane Sandy and plant turnarounds."[207]

December 10, 2012: Maintenance Finally Completed at Borger Refinery

Nasdaq reported on December 11, 2012 that a Phillips 66 spokesman said December 10, 2012 that recent planned maintenance at the Borger Refinery had been completed. The company said December 7, 2012 that it was shutting down its Unit 29 fluid catalytic cracking unit and that it would conduct work on Unit 29 after finishing working on FCCU No. 40, which is now believed to be back online.[208] Phillips had originally said FCCU, No. 40 would begin the process of restarting on November 26, 2012.[209]

December 5, 2012: Maintenance Still Ongoing at Borger Refinery

Fox News reported on December 5, 2012 that maintenance was still ongoing at its Borger Refinery despite the company having said on November 26 that a key gasoline-making fluid catalytic cracking unit, or FCCU, No. 40 at the refinery would begin the process of restarting.[210] Businessweek reported on December 5, 2012 that acccording to a person familiar with the operations the refinery is operating one of three crude units and a fluid catalytic cracker. The Borger outage has contributed to a growing glut of supply in West Texas with pipelines taking oil out of the region running at capacity. West Texas Intermediate crude delivered in Midland, Texas, rose $3.50 to an $11.50-a-barrel discount to the same grade delivered in Cushing, Oklahoma.[211]

November 30, 2012: Maintenance Still Underway at Borger Refinery

Businessweek reported on November 30, 2012 that according to Rich Johnson, a Phiilips spokesman maintenance is still under way at the Borger Refinery. The plant was scheduled to restart a fluid catalytic cracker Nov. 26, according to a filing with state regulators.[212]

November 30, 2012: Maintenance Delays at Borger Refinery Fuel Decline in WTI

“The outage is a major contributor to the blowout in WTI- Midland discounts,” Jeff Dietert, an analyst with Simmons & Co. in Houston, said in a note to clients. “Eliminating the demand from the Borger refinery creates over a 100,000- barrel-a-day shortage of demand/pipeline takeaway capacity in the Basin.” West Texas Intermediate crude delivered in Midland, Texas, declined $1.25 a barrel to a discount of $8.50 to the same grade of oil delivered in Cushing, Oklahoma according to data compiled by Bloomberg. West Texas Sour, another crude grade produced in West Texas, dropped $2 to a discount of $9.50 a barrel.[213]

November 26, 2012: Borger Refinery Down for Planned Maintenance Longer Than Expected

Businessweek reported on November 26, 2012 that the Borger Refinery has been down for planned maintenance longer than expected. Phillips took down production units for maintenance on September 22, 2012 and was scheduled to restart them last week, a person familiar with the situation said. Planned maintenance at the refinery is ongoing, the company said in an e-mail.[214]

November 20, 2012: Two Fluid Catalytic Cracking Units Shut Down For Maintenance At Borger Refinery

Bloomberg reported on November 20, 2012 that Phillips plans to shut down two fluid catalytic cracking units for maintenance has been delayed at least a week because repairs were more difficult than anticipated, according to a person with knowledge of the situation. The plant may start up this weekend, the company said.[215]

November 5, 2012: Process Upset at Borger Refinery

Fox Business reported on November 6, 2012 that a sulfur recovery unit process upset caused emissions to be routed to the plant's safety flare system at the Borger Refinery. The upset occurred at around 4:30 p.m. CST on Monday and ended at approximately 12:30 p.m. CST on Tuesday, the company said in a filing to Texas state environmental regulators.[216]

October 31, 2012: Major Turnaround in Progress at Borger Refinery

Tim Taylor reported at the Phillips Third Quarter Earnings Conference on October 31, 2012 that Borger Refinery is in a major turnaround. "Wood River and Borger are both in turnarounds today. We expect those back in operation here in November. Those are major turnarounds. Borger is a very significant one."[217]

September 24, 2012: Coker Taken Out of Service at Borger Refinery

Nasdaq reported on September 26, 2012 that FCCU 40, a key gasoline-making fluid catalytic cracking unit, will be taken out of service for just over one month starting September 24, 2012. FCCU 29 will shut down on October 21 for one month.[218]

August 8, 2012: Phillips 66 reports process upset at Borger refinery

Fox Business reported on August 8, 2012 that Phillips reported a process upset at its Borger Refinery. The filing didn't specify the unit involved in the upset, but listed Area C and D as sources of the emissions that lasted just over three hours. The status of operations at the plant is unclear. A Phillips 66 representative wasn't immediately available to comment, and typically doesn't speak about day-to-day refining operations or regulatory filings.[219]

July 11, 2012: Refinery Manager Chris Coon Says Borger Refinery has about 720 Full-Time Employees and 200 Routine Contractors

The Borger News Herald reported on July 11, 2012 that refinery manager Chris Coon speaking to the Borger Rotary Club told members that he Borger refinery has about 720 full-time employees and 200 routine contractors. Coon added that the refinery has a $65 million payroll annually, and is on the rolls for almost $6 million in payroll taxes and about $12 million in property taxes.[220]

July 11, 2012: Refinery Manager Chris Coon Says Borger Refinery Will be on Turnaround from Early August to October 1, 2012

The Borger News Herald reported on July 11, 2012 that refinery manager Chris Coons speaking to the Borger Rotary Club told members that at the beginning of August, a turnaround is beginning at the plant that will go through the first of October. The peak loading is going to be around 3,000 people, which amounts to about 1,500 per shift. Coon said this should benefit those involved in restaurants, hotels, and leasing.[221]

June 12, 2012: Phillips 66 reports process upset at Borger refinery

Phillips 66 reported a process upset on June 12, 2012 at its ) Borger, Texas, refinery according to a filing with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality.[222]

June 3, 2012: Process Upset in Area A

On June 3, 2012 Philips 66 reported a process upset in Area A on Friday, according to a notice filed with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality.[223]

May 25, 2012: Equipment Malfunction at Borger Refinery

Reuters reported on May 25, 2012 that an incident occurred around 3 p.m, local time, on May 25, 2012 at Phillips 66 Borger Refinery and the unspecified equipment was shut as a result according to a filing with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality.[224][225] According to a government filing a hole in the furnace caused at release of 100 pounds of hydrogen sulfide.[226]

May 13, 2012: Process Upset at Borger Refinery

Reuters reported on May 14, 2012 that a process upset had occurred at Phillips 66 Borger refinery. The incident occurred at about 8.30 am, local time, on May 13, 2012 and a gasoline making fluid catalytic cracking unit was identified as a source of emissions. A report was filed with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality.[227] A third party steam provider (Cogen Unit #1) tripped at 7:40 a.m. due to mechanical failure of a motor. Unit 40 FCCU was shut down and Unit 82 South Scrubber was upset due to steam issues. Unit 40 was restarted.[228][229]

May 10, 2012: Process Upset Leads to Emissions at Borger Refinery

Phillips 66 reported an unspecified process upset at its Borger refinery led to emissions at 1:42 pm on May 10, 2012 according to a filing with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality. During a third party natural gas supplier upset (Rock Creek startup & line up) the South Scrubber overpressured and relieved to the flare. The emissions were routed to a control device and the operator hard blocked the West Rock Creek valve and moved gas from U82 to U35. The HDS platformer board man vented fuel gas to flare to help lower system pressure.[230][231]

May 1, 2012: Employee Fatality at Borger Refinery

KVII-TV in Amarillo, Texas, reported on May 1, 2012 an employee at the Phillips 66 refinery in Borger, Texas fell from a height of 100 feet at about 3pm and was taken to the Golden Plains Community Hospital in Borger where he died. "ConocoPhillips deeply regrets the loss of our employee and wishes to extend sympathy to the employee's family, friends and co-workers," said spokesman Rich Johnson. "ConocoPhillips is investigating the cause of the accident." Officials with Phillips 66 say the incident remains under investigation. It is reported that this is the first fatality at the refinery in 25 years.[232][233]

Ferndale Refinery

The Ferndale Refinery is located on Puget Sound in Ferndale, Wash., about 20 miles south of the U.S.-Canada border, and has a crude oil capacity of 100 MBD. The refinery processes primarily light, Alaska North Slope crude oil. Ferndale operates a deepwater dock capable of accommodating tankers transporting Alaskan North Slope crude oil from Valdez, Alaska. It also receives Canadian crude oil via pipeline. Ferndale Refinery facilities include a fluid catalytic cracker, an alkylation unit, a diesel hydrotreater and an S-ZorbTM unit. The refinery produces transportation fuels, such as gasoline and diesel fuel. Other products include fuel oil supplying the northwest marine transportation market. Most refined products are distributed by pipeline and barge to major markets in the northwest United States.[234] Photo by The Center for Land Use Interpretation

Description of Ferndale Refinery

The Ferndale Refinery is located on Puget Sound in Ferndale, Wash., about 20 miles south of the U.S.-Canada border, and has a crude oil capacity of 100 MBD. The refinery processes primarily light, Alaska North Slope crude oil. Ferndale operates a deepwater dock capable of accommodating tankers transporting Alaskan North Slope crude oil from Valdez, Alaska. It also receives Canadian crude oil via pipeline. Ferndale Refinery facilities include a fluid catalytic cracker, an alkylation unit, a diesel hydrotreater and an S-ZorbTM unit. The refinery produces transportation fuels, such as gasoline and diesel fuel. Other products include fuel oil supplying the northwest marine transportation market. Most refined products are distributed by pipeline and barge to major markets in the northwest United States.[235]

News and Views on Ferndale Refinery

November 21, 2014: Ferndale Unloads First Train of Bakken Produced Crude

Argus reported on November 21, 2014 that Phillips 66 received the first unit train of Bakken produced oil earlier this week at its new crude-by-rail facility at its 96,000 b/d refinery in Ferndale, Washington. The 30,000 b/d rail unloading site is designed to unload 54 cars simultaneously. Midstream companies and refiners see Washington state as a growing market for discounted North American crudes and a possible gateway to reach California. All Washington state refiners, including Shell and Tesoro, have invested in rail facilities, and three midstream firms have announced plans to unload crude and transload barrels to ships out of the Port of Grays Harbor.[236]

October 29, 2014: Garland Says 30,000 bpd Rail Facility at Ferndale Refinery in Commissioning Phase

Greg Garland told analysts during the third quarter earnings conference call on October 29, 2014 that the 30,000 barrel a day rail rack at Phillips Ferndale Refinery is in the commissioning phase. "We're constructing a rail loading facility with up to 200,000 barrels a day of capacity in North Dakota. In August, our Company began operations at its 75,000 barrel a day rail rack at the Bayway Refinery, and the 30,000 barrel a day rail rack at our Ferndale Refinery is in the commissioning phase. This quarter, we improved our advantaged crude capture to 95%."

"The rail unloading facilities at our Bayway and Ferndale refineries and the Cross-Channel Connector Pipeline are great assets," Garland added. "They tie into and they support our operations."[237]

October 22, 2014: Crude-By-Rail Facility for Ferndale RefineryTo Open In November

Reuters reported on October 22, 2014 that Phillips 66 expects its facility capable of unloading 30,000 barrels of crude oil per day from trains at its Ferndale refinery to be operational in November. Phillips is building the offloading facility adjacent to its 100,000 barrel-per-day (bpd) Phillips 66 Ferndale Refinery, which is located on Puget Sound. The facility will be capable of unloading 54 railcars simultaneously.[238]

October 20, 2014: Ferndale Refinery Is One of the Top Polluters in Whatcom County

The Bellingham Herald reported on October 20, 2014 that Whatcom County's oil refineries were some of the biggest polluters in Washington state last year, according to the latest data from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. The Phillips 66 refinery in Ferndale released more than 769,000 tons of carbon dioxide making it the third largest polluter in the County after TransAlta's Centralia Plant (7.5 million metric tons of pollutants) which is scheduled to completely shut down by 2025 under a state law passed in 2011 and British Petroleum's Cherry Point Refinery. A Washington state law requires facilities that emit more than 10,000 metric tons of greenhouse gases per year to report their pollution to the state Department of Ecology. Those sources have reported their 2012 emissions to the Department of Ecology. Reports for 2013 emissions are due later this month.[239]

September 14, 2014: Are the Cities Near the Ferndale Refinery Prepared for an Oil Train Derailment?

Samantha Wohlfeil provided an in-depth report in the Bellingham Herland on September 14, 2014 on how prepared the cities near the Ferndale Refinery are for an oil train derailment. "If a train hauling more than 100 cars of highly volatile crude oil were to derail in Bellingham, would the city be prepared?" writes Wohlfeil. "What if it instead left the tracks near Ferndale, or rural Custer, or along Chuckanut Drive, where an accident only feet from the water might be nearly impossible for first responders to reach from land?" Acording to Kent Catlin, deputy director of the Whatcom County Sheriff’s Office Division of Emergency Management, the question is complex and may not have a simple answer. “Any event like this will overwhelm any jurisdiction and exhaust its resources,” said Catlin. “All of us operate at a bare bones of what we need because it doesn’t make sense to have more staff than needed.”[240]

When faced with an event like a derailment, first responders have to decide whether to fight or surround the problem, depending on available resources and the size and intensity of any fire or spill, said Roger Christensen, Bellingham’s interim emergency manager and recently retired fire chief. “If you’re faced with an event you can’t do anything about, you have to decide how to protect what’s around it,” Christensen said. With millions of gallons of potential combustible material on each train, if a fiery accident were to occur, even the most prepared communities might just have to sit back and watch it burn because most fire departments carry small amounts of firefighting foam that can be used to contain fuel and keep vapors from getting into the air. “Even with a lot of foam you may not be able to put that fire out,” says Patrick Brady, BNSF director of Hazardous Materials Special Operations. “Plus, it’s better to consume the oil in that fire rather than put it out and now it’ll get into the river, or in a populated area like Seattle it’ll get into the storm drains.”[241]

September 3, 2014: Rail Off-loading System On Track for 4th Quarter Start at Ferndale Refinery

Reuters reported on September 3, 2014 that Greg Garland told analysts at the Barclays CEO Energy-Power Conference that Phillips 66's 30,000-bpd offloading system at Ferndale Refinery is on track to start up in the fourth quarter. Garland also announced that Bayway Refinery in Linden, New Jersey, received its first crude-only train at the plant's newly expanded offloading system. The system can take up to 70,000 bpd, in addition to up to 75,000 bpd from a joint venture with Global Partners. [242]

Garland also said that Phillips has ordered another 500 railcars to increase its fleet to 3,700 railcars. which will allow it to eventually move up to 185,000 barrels per day (bpd) of North Dakota Bakken crude oil to its refineries on the East and West coasts.[243]

August 17, 2014: Phillips Reports Process Snag at Ferndale Refinery

Phillips reported a utility steam interruption and excess opacity in the FCC flue gas scrubber stack on August 17 and sulfur recovery unit (SRU) emissions on August 15, according to a filing with the Northwest Clean Air Agency.[244]

August 6, 2014: Three Protesters Lock Themselves to Train Tracks at Tesoro’s Anacortes Oil Refinery

Ahmed Gaya wrote on August 6, 2014 that he and two retirees locked ourselves to the train tracks at Tesoro’s Anacortes Oil Refinery on July 28, 2014 blocking at least one oil train for five hours to protest oil-trains running through the International District in Seattle, bound for Washington refineries. "With every disaster and near miss politicians express outrage and point fingers, while regulators issue half measures and promises for safety down the line. While this goes on the number of explosive trains running through our communities steadily increases. About 12 run through the International District every week. Once construction is complete on a rail terminal at the Phillips 66 refinery in Ferndale District, residents could see three per day," writes Gaya. "So our task is clear—stop the transportation of oil and other fossil fuels through our communities. If they can’t ship it, they can’t sell it, and if they can’t sell it the oil, coal and gas stays in the ground, where it should."[245]

February 10, 2014: Phillips 66 Reports Emissions at Ferndale Refinery

Phillips 66 reported emissions at its refinery in Ferndale, Washington, on February 10, according to a filing with the Northwest Clean Air Agency made public on Thursday. [246]

December 2, 2013: Phillips Reports Sulfur Plant Upset at Ferndale Refinery

Phillips reported a sulfur plant upset at its Ferndale, Washington refinery, according to a filing with the Northwest Clean Air Agency. The incident resulted in emissions from the no. 2 tail gas unit, the filing said.[247]

November 15, 2013: Phillips Honored for Outstanding Philanthropy at Ferndale Refinery by Association of Fundraising Professionals – Washington Chapter

Mauri Ingram reported at the Whatcom Community Foundation on November 15, 2013 that the Association of Fundraising Professionals – Washington Chapter honored Phillips 66 Ferndale Refinery for Outstanding Philanthropic Corporation. For nearly 60 years the Ferndale Refinery has provided millions of dollars and thousands of volunteer hours to support communities throughout Whatcom County. With a focus on education, the environment and health and safety, Phillips 66 supports a variety of nonprofit organizations with direct donations and generous employee volunteer and matching gift programs.[248]

Among the organizations benefiting from the company’s contributions are the United Way of Whatcom County, Whatcom Land Trust, Northwest Straits Marine Conservation Initiative, Bellingham Technical College, the Ferndale School District, Ferndale Chamber of Commerce, and Ferndale Boys & Girls Club. Phillips 66 also supports nonprofits in other Washington cities where it does business, such as Tacoma and Spokane. “Phillips 66 is an outstanding philanthropic leader that takes great pride in being a good neighbor and in helping make this a wonderful place to live and work,” wrote Mauri Ingram, president and Chief Executive of the Whatcom Community Foundation in nominating Phillips 66 for this honor.[249]

October 30, 2013: Phillips Has All Permits to Build a New Rail Offloading Facility at Ferndale

Reuters reported on October 30, 2013 that Garland told analysts during the third quarter earnings conference call that Phillips has received all necessary permits to build a new rail offloading facility at Ferndale Refinery to handle 30,000 bpd also by the second half of 2014.[250]

September 11, 2013: Phillips Terminates Five Year Contract with Targa for Logistics Support to Ferndale Refinery

Reuters reported on September 11, 2013 that Phillips terminated its five-year crude supply contract with energy logistics company Targa Resources Partners LP to provide rail unloading and barge loading services for crude oil at Targa's Tacoma, Washington terminal for delivery to Phillips Ferndale Refinery.[251] Phillips originally signed a pact with Targa Resources Partners LP (NGLS) on March 20, 2013 for five years to provide rail-unloading and barge-loading services in Tacoma, Washington for about 30,000 barrels a day of U.S. and Canadian crudes that will go to the Ferndale Refinery. [252] Phillips 66 did not explain the decision to end the deal with Targa, which was supposed to ramp up offloading capability to handle up to 30,000 bpd. Targa did not immediately return a call for comment.[253]

July 21, 2013: Phillips Reports Flaring at Ferndale Refinery

Phillips reported emissions at its Ferndale, Washington, refinery on July 21, according to a filing with the Northwest Clean Air Agency. [254]

July 12, 2013: CCU Upset Reported at Ferndale Refinery

A catalytic cracking unit (CCU) upset was reported on July 1, according to a filing with the Northwest Clean Air Agency. The company also reported the release of hydrogen cyanide from the unit[255]

June 29, 2013: Ferndale Refinery Prepares for North Dakota Oil Trains

The Associated Press reported on June 29, 2013 that the Phillips refinery in Ferndale want to diversify their supply as oil production in Alaska falls from historic levels and plans to build its own rail terminal and bring one oil train to Ferndale every two days, on average. The trains are made up of 100 or more tank cars, Phillips reports, with train lengths of more than a mile. Those trains will travel to and from the refineries on the BNSF line through Bellingham and Ferndale. Phillips spokesman Jeff Callender said his company hopes to begin construction this summer. Once the rail terminal is done, Phillips could meet as much as 30 percent of its 100,000-barrel-per-day demand with rail shipments.[256]

May 13, 2013: Phillips to Restart Crude Distillation Unit at Ferndale Refinery

Fox Business reported on May 13, 2013 that according to a person familiar with the refinery's operations, Phillips expects to restart the crude distillation at Ferndale Refinery by May 16, 2013. Phillips 66 had taken the unit down earlier this month at the 100,000 barrel-a-day refinery, sources said. A Phillips spokesman was not immediately available.[257]

April 13, 2013: Phillips Reports Emissions from FCCU Flu Gas Scrubber at Ferndale Refinery

Phillips 66 reported carbon monoxide emissions from a fluid catalytic cracking unit (FCCU) flu gas scrubber at its Ferndale, Washington refinery on April 13, according to a filing with the Northwest Clean Air Agency.[258]

April 3, 2013: Phillips Plans Rail-Unloading Facility for Ferndale Refinery

Fox Business reported on April 3, 2013 that Phillips plans to build a crude-oil unloading facility that would allow a train with 100 or more railcars to pull up at the refinery and have its cargo pumped to existing storage tanks, according to an application filed with the Northwest Clean Air Agency. The unloading facility would be able to transfer about 12,800 barrels of oil per hour, allowing a new train to be unloaded about every other day. Work on Phillips 66's proposed unloading facility is scheduled to begin this summer and be completed by December 2014, according to the filing. Larry Ziemba, Phillips 66's executive vice president for refining, project development and procurement, said last month that Phillips was considering a rail rack at the Ferndale refinery that would allow the company to take in Canadian crude that could then be sent by ship to refineries in California.[259]

March 20, 2013: Phillips Signs Deal with Enbridge to Boost Deliveries of Cheap Crude to Ferndale Refinery

Eliot Caroom reported on Bloomberg on March 20, 2013 that Phillips has signed a three-year deal with Enbridge Energy Partners LP for loading rail cars with up to 35,000 to 45,000 barrels a day of Bakkan crude from Enbridge’s terminal in Berthold, North Dakota. The crude will be delivered to Bayway Refinery on the east coast and Ferndale Refinery on the West Coast. Some crude could also be sent to Gulf Coast refineries at Lake Charles, Alliance, and Sweeney.[260]

March 20, 2013: Phillips Signs Deal with Targa to Boost Deliveries of Cheap Crude to Ferndale Refinery

Phillips also signed a pact with Targa Resources Partners LP (NGLS) for five years to provide rail-unloading and barge-loading services in Tacoma, Washington for about 30,000 barrels a day of U.S. and Canadian crudes that will go to the Ferndale Refinery. Phillips’s Rodeo refinery near San Francisco could also receive crude deliveries, displacing imports from outside North America. “We are aggressively pursuing increased access to advantaged crudes in North America by partnering with leading third-party transportation providers and better leveraging our own system capabilities,” Greg Garland, Phillips 66 chairman and chief executive officer, said in the statement. “Increasing our utilization of those advantaged crudes should allow us to capture significant value in our refining and marketing businesses.”[261]

August 1, 2012: Phillips to Run 50,000 bpd of Advantaged Crudes to Ferndale Refinery

Phillips reported during their second-quarters earnings report on August 1, 2012 that Phillips wants to move the shale crudes from 120,000 to ultimately 450,000 to 460,000 barrels a day and has a plan to get advantaged crude into most of Phillips' refineries. "We are trying to get those crudes to every refinery we can," said Phillips CEO Greg Garland. "We think Ferndale can probably run 50,000 barrels a day of Bakken crude.".[262]

August 1, 2012: Ferndale Refinery to Remain in Phillips Portfolio if Phillips Can Run More Bakken Crude

Reuters reported on Phillips second-quarters earnings report on August 2, 2012 that the Ferndale Refinery is "absolutely" more likely to stay in the company's portfolio if Phillips 66 can increase the amount of Bakken crude the refinery run, backing out other more expensive crudes. Ferndale can run 50,000 bpd and Phillips plans to rail Bakken crude to both plants. Phillips 66 plans to buy 2,000 railcars to move cheap crude from North Dakota's Bakken shale play to it Ferndale Refinery and to its Bayway Refinery in Linden, New Jersey.[263]

June 17, 2012: Ferndale Refinery Reports Flaring after Sulphur Dioxide Release

Reuters reported on June 17, 2012 that Phillips 66's Ferndale Refinery reported flaring on June 15, 2012, according to a notice filed with the U.S. National Response Center. A refinery's safety flare system is used when refinery production units cannot process hydrocarbons normally. The cause of the flaring, which released sulfur dioxide was unknown.[264]

May 10, 2012: Carbon Monoxide Emissions at Ferndale Refinery

Phillips 66 reported carbon monoxide emissions during the restart of the fluid catalytic cracking unit (FCCU) at its Ferndale refinery, according to a filing with the Northwest Clean Air Agency.[265]

Humber Refinery

Humber Refinery' The Humber Refinery is a British oil refinery in South Killingholme, North Lincolnshire. It is situated south of the railway line next to the A160; Total's Lindsey Oil Refinery is north of the railway line. It is situated approximately ten miles north west of Grimsby, and processes approximately 221,000 barrels (35,100 m3) of crude oil per day. It is owned by Phillips 66 since the split of ConocoPhillips on 1 May 2012. Photo Credit: Wikipedia David Wright Creative Commons Attribution Share-alike license 2.0

Description of Humber Refinery

The Humber Refinery is a British oil refinery in South Killingholme, North Lincolnshire. It is situated south of the railway line next to the A160; Total's Lindsey Oil Refinery is north of the railway line. It is situated approximately ten miles north west of Grimsby, and processes approximately 221,000 barrels (35,100 m3) of crude oil per day. It is owned by Phillips 66 since the split of ConocoPhillips on 1 May 2012[266]

At the time of construction Continental Oil (Conoco) owned the Jet distributor of petrol. Jet was formed in 1953 and was based nearby in Keadby in northern Lincolnshire. In June 1961 Continental Oil bought Jet Petroleum, and its 400 garages. In 1960 Continental had bought the German petrol company Sopi, and its 300 garages. The refinery was first planned in July 1964, and in August 1964 it was expected to cost £15 million, and to be operational by late 1966.[267]

Construction

Construction started in August 1966. It was built for Continental Oil (UK) Ltd, based in Ponca City, Oklahoma. It was originally estimated to cost £25 million but cost twice that. It was built by Power-Gas Corporation, a subsidiary of Sheffield-based Davy-Ashmore who had a £22 million contract. It should have been built by November 1968, and the delay in completion was blamed on bad weather in the summer of 1968, and the 1968/9 winter. Davy-Ashmore lost £12 million on the project. The railway sidings were installed by the Ward Group of Sheffield. 75 miles of steel tubing were built by the Corby steel works for £250,000. In September 1967 there were gales across the country and a man was killed on the site when an engineering shed fell on him. In October 1967 there was a strike, and 120 workers in the Constructional Engineers Union were sacked. In January 1968 a 20-year-old worker from Dublin was killed when a 275-ton coke drum, being raised by a twin jib rig onto a gantry, fell 50 feet to the ground, causing the worker to be crushed by a crane.[268]

Production

Humber Refinery opened in July 1969, producing around 80,000 barrels per day (13,000 m3/d). At the time of its opening Britain was using around 83,000 tons of petroleum coke a year, most of which was imported, and used in aluminium smelting. Much of the crude oil came from Libya, as Continental Oil had large discoveries there, and also in Dubai. The refinery had its own fire brigade. This was used on 8 August 1972 when there was a fire, with 50 feet flames, and a 49-year-old man from Grimsby was killed. In the mid-1970s there was a £45 million expansion of the plant to take its processing output to 130,000 barrels per day (21,000 m3/d). At this time, around a third of the oil it processed came from the North Sea. It was the first refinery to receive oil from British National Oil Corporation's (Britoil) Thistle field on 15 April 1978. In the mid-1990s Conoco invested £500 million in the plant.[269]

Operations

The notable areas of operation include an alkylation plant, the UK's only premium petroleum coke (for smelting steel) processing facility including three calcination rotary tunnels. 700,000 tonnes of petroleum coke are produced each year. 70% of the refined oil is for UK use, the rest is exported to mainland Europe. It is the world's largest producer of speciality graphite cokes. It is the largest anode coke producer in Europe. Crude oil arrives by tanker at Tetney in East Lindsey, then stored at the Tetney oil terminal, before being pumped underground to the refinery for refining. 130,000 barrels (21,000 m3) of petrol are produced per day, most of which is loaded onto tanker lorries at Immingham Dock. A purpose-built warehouse on the docks stores the petroleum coke before it is shipped out.[270]

News and Views at Humber Refinery

November 13, 2014: "Safety is the Humber Refinery’s Number One Priority"

The Grimsby Telegraph reported on November 13, 2014 that that contractors voted to go back to work today, following days of walkouts amid safety concerns. "This morning, contractors have returned to work," said spokeswoman Nina Stobart. "Phillips 66 will engage in open and honest dialogue to address any concerns outstanding and will work to reach a satisfactory conclusion. Safety is the Humber Refinery’s number one priority."[271]

Despite the vote for 'yes', one disgruntled worker said: "They've asked for a show of hands and the group is clearly split; they're not going to do anything until someone is killed." Contract workers initially walked out on Monday after claiming that refinery bosses had reneged on an agreement to meet them in person following a gas leak at the site last Wednesday, which left two people requiring hospital treatment. “The employer has climbed down a bit but Phillips 66 do not want us in the meetings with contractors as they seem to be anti-Union but they are creating a recipe for disaster," Shaune Clarkson, regional organiser for GMB.[272]

November 13, 2014: Workers Return to Work at Humber Refinery After Wildcat Strike Over Safety Issues

BBC and Harrogate reported on November 13, 2014 that striking workers have returned to work at Phillips 66's Humber Refinery after three days of industrial action claiming safety concerns following a gas leak last week in which two people were taken to the hospital. Engineering construction employees at the Humber Refinery decided at a mass meeting to return to work after spending three days on strike. The GMB union, which said it was aware of a health and safety issue on the site, said a meeting was being held between shop stewards and managers to finalise details of a return to work. Phillips said it would hold meetings with staff and the managers of contract companies and would "engage in open and honest dialogue to address any concerns outstanding and will work to reach a satisfactory conclusion". "Safety is the Humber Refinery's number one priority," it added.[273][274]

November 12, 2014: Humber Refinery Workers Walk Out for Third Day Over Safety Issues

BBC reported on November 12, 2014 that 450 contract employees have stopped working at the Humber Refinery in South Killingholme for the third day claiming concerns over "safety issues". GMB union officer Shaune Clarkson said his members wanted "reassurance" from management that the plant was safe. A spokeswoman for Phillips 66 said: "This morning, despite the repeated offers by the refinery management to meet face to face with each company and their staff, the contractors voted to stay off work for a third day in unofficial action." The company said the refinery was "not being impacted by this action".[275]

The GMB union national officer Phil Whitehurst said: "Following a major stoppage of work we have been advised that there is a major health and safety issue on the site. GMB has been refused access to the site in order to resolve what has been described to us as a major hazard. We urge the company to allow the union on to the site to try to resolve the issue as quickly as possible for the safety of workers and the public."[276]

November 11, 2014: Hundreds of Humber Refinery Workers Walk Out for Second Day Over Safety Issues

BBC reported on November 11, 2014 that hundreds of contract workers have downed tools for a second day at Phillips 66's Humber Refinery over "safety concerns" after two workers were injured by a steam leak on October 30, 2014. Phillips employs 1,000 contractors and 750 staff. Mechanical engineers, scaffolders, welders and pipe-fitters are among the workers who have walked out. GMB union officer Shaune Clarkson said his members wanted a meeting with management to discuss safety at the plant. "The most important thing when you walk through those gates in the morning is you get home safely to your families at night," said Clarkson. "All we want, and all the men want, is a reassurance that is going to happen." A company spokeswoman said Philips 66 had been holding an "ongoing dialogue with contractor management over the last week to discuss their issues, many of which relate to onsite communications".[277]

November 10, 2014: 450 Contract Employees Walk Out at Humber Refinery Over Safety Concerns

BBC reported on November 10, 2014 that 450 contract workers walked out at Phillips 66's Humber Refinery on November 10, 2014. The "unofficial" action is over communication issues at the site. However the GMB union says it's over safety concerns after a gas leak at the site last week in which two men were injured. Phillips 66 confirmed there had been "a small gas release on a unit during some routine maintenance work at the Humber Refinery" last Wednesday. "All we want is a reassurance that the site is safe [and] some safety issues addressed. Unfortunately, the employer has failed to do that and because of that then men have reacted," said GMB union officer Shaune Clarkson. "This is the straw that's broke the camel's back." A company spokeswoman said: "We can confirm that earlier today, at approximately midday, a number of contract workers left site in unofficial action. "We have been in ongoing dialogue with contractor management over the last week to discuss their issues, many of which relate to onsite communications, and will continue to work with them to reach a satisfactory conclusion."[278]

October 30, 2014: Two Workers Injured at Humber Refinery

BBC reported on October 30, 2014 that two workers were injured by a steam leak at the Humber Refinery at 09:30 GMT. Phillips said the pair had been taken to Pinderfields Hospital in Wakefield by air ambulance. The company has given no more information on the employees' injuries and said it was offering support and assistance to their families.[279]

August 13, 2014: Friends of Steam Burn Victims at Humber Refinery Take Cycle Challenge

The Grimsby Telegraph reported on August 13, 2014 that friends of a refinery worker who suffered 60 per cent burns to his body in a steam leak have taken part in an extraordinary endurance challenge to raise cash for those who came to his aid. The team's friend was in a critical condition – and was said to be "touch-and-go" at one stage – but is now making a full recovery. The other man suffered serious injuries, but was also expected to make a full recovery. Following the incident, the Health And Safety Executive (HSE) launched an official investigation, which is still ongoing.[280]

February 7, 2014: Phillips Appoints Julian Stoll as New Refinery Manager at Humber

The Grimsby Telegraph reported on February 7, 2014 that Phillips has appointed Julian Stoll as the new refinery manager at Humber Refinery replacing Brian Coffman who elected to retire after nearly two years in charge. Stoll returns to Britain from the Billings Refinery in Montana, following a step in the career path of Mike Wirkowski, Coffman's predecessor, who departed in the summer of 2012. Stoll joined Conoco in 1991 on completion of a degree in chemical and bio-process engineering at the University of Bath, as a chemical/process engineer at the Humber Refinery. Stoll subsequently worked at Humber in production, economics planning, strategy and business development. Stoll is the first Brit to head up Humber since John Thornton, also originally a junior engineer there, departed in 2008. Stoll's appointment, the fifth change in little over a decade, comes during a period of flux for the wider chemicals sector.[281]

November 28, 2013: Two Workers Injured in Steam Leak at Humber Refinery

The Grimsby Telegraph reported on November 28, 2013 that two workmen from Phillips, who received serious injuries after a steam leak at the Killingholme refinery last week, are still being treated at Pinderfields Hospital in Wakefield with one worker in a critical condition while the second is said to be making satisfactory progress.[282] The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) has visited the site and an official investigation into the accident is underway.[283]

September 30, 2013: Contractors at Humber Refinery Protest Against Cuts to Breaks

The Grimsby Telegraph reported on September 30, 2013 that more than 100 contractors at the Humber Refinery in Killingholme held on early morning protest on their own time outside the gates of the refinery to protest Phillips' plan to cut the 20 minute mid-morning refreshment break that goes into force January 1. "Everyone knows the importance of a break, especially in this kind of workplace." said one contractor who declined to be identified. "We need the tea break to refresh, to cool off and rehydrate."[284] The Grimsby Telegraph reported on October 1, 2013 that over 100 contractors met with union representatives and held a indicative vote through a show of hands to bring about the process of a legal vote for strike action over Phillips' plan to remove their 20 minute morning break starting January 2014. "When we are up there working in the freezing cold we need that tea break to warm up, when we are out there in the blistering heat we need that tea break to cool down," said an unidentified contrator. "They tell us safety first and tell us to follow guidelines but taking this break away means we are not following safety guidelines. When they are sat in ivory towers they can have their tea breaks still."[285]

Lake Charles Refinery

The Lake Charles Refinery, located in Westlake, La., has a crude oil processing capacity of 239 MBD and processes mainly heavy, high-sulfur crude oil, as well as low-sulfur and acidic crude oil. The refinery receives domestic Gulf Coast and foreign crude oil. The Lake Charles Refinery produces a high percentage of transportation fuels, such as gasoline and jet fuel, along with home heating oil. The majority of its refined products are distributed by truck, railcar, barge or major common-carrier pipelines in the southeastern and eastern United States. In addition, refined products can be sold into export markets through the refinery’s marine terminal. The facilities include crude distillation, fluid catalytic cracker, hydrocracker, delayed coker and hydrodesulfurization units that enable it to produce low-sulfur gasoline and heating oil. The refinery facilities also include a specialty coker and calciner, which produce graphite petroleum coke for the steel industry. Through the Excel Paralubes joint venture, the refinery produces base oils for lubricants.[286] Lake Charles Refinery Photo by: Cory O'Quinn Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Generic

Description of Lake Charles refinery

The Lake Charles Refinery, located in Westlake, La., has a crude oil processing capacity of 239 MBD and processes mainly heavy, high-sulfur crude oil, as well as low-sulfur and acidic crude oil. The refinery receives domestic Gulf Coast and foreign crude oil. The Lake Charles Refinery produces a high percentage of transportation fuels, such as gasoline and jet fuel, along with home heating oil. The majority of its refined products are distributed by truck, railcar, barge or major common-carrier pipelines in the southeastern and eastern United States. In addition, refined products can be sold into export markets through the refinery’s marine terminal. The facilities include crude distillation, fluid catalytic cracker, hydrocracker, delayed coker and hydrodesulfurization units that enable it to produce low-sulfur gasoline and heating oil. The refinery facilities also include a specialty coker and calciner, which produce graphite petroleum coke for the steel industry. Through the Excel Paralubes joint venture, the refinery produces base oils for lubricants.[287]

News and Views of Lake Charles Refinery

December 26, 2014: Phillips Gives $155,000 to Westlake Fire Department and Police

American Press reported on December 26, 2014 that Phillips 66 has given the Westlake police and fire departments $115,000 under the company’s Community Signature Initiative, which aids communities with emergency preparedness and safety efforts. “We had this in the works since September before the election,” said Steve Geiger, plant manager of Phillips 66’s Westlake refinery. “So we reached out to the police and fire departments and told them we had the opportunity to get a grant. So we basically collected the needs of the community and went back to our corporate office and said this is what we see as a benefit to the community.” Mayor Bob Hardey said the money will be split between the two departments. The Fire Department will get $60,000; the Police Department will get $55,000.[288]

November 24, 2014: Update: Phillips Says Unit Remains Shut at Westlake Refinery

Phillips said on Monday a unit remained shut following a fire on Sunday morning at its Lake Charles refinery in Westlake, Louisiana. Refinery operations have continued uninterrupted and there were no injuries due to the fire, which was put out by the plant’s in-house emergency response team, the company said. An investigation was underway into the incident, it added. The company reported a gasoline release due to a fire at the refinery, according to a filing with the U.S. National Response Center.[289]

November 23, 2014: Fire Extinguished at Lake Charles Refinery

KPLC reported on November 23, 2014 that a fire broke out in one of the units at the Phillips 66 Lake Charles Manufacturing Complex at 6 am on November 23, 2014. "The plant's in-house emergency response team was immediately called to the scene and extinguished the blaze," said Carol Collins, Public Relations Director for Phillips 66,. "There were no injuries and no impact to the community. As required, the refinery notified all appropriate local and state agencies." Westlake Police told KPLC the fire was out by 7:50 a.m. and a few roads near the refinery were blocked off and the fire was quickly put out. Collins said the cause of the fire is under investigation.[290]

October 28, 2014: Phillips Donates $100,000 to Lagrange High School in Lake Charles

KPLC TV reported on October 28, 2014 that Phillips donated $100,000 to LaGrange High to update the school's science labs. "It's very exciting to be in a lab here today," said Calcasieu Parish Superintendent Karl Bruchhaus. "Phillips 66 has been a great partner and has provided an opportunity for LaGrange High School to have a few things that no other high school that I'm familiar with has the benefit of."[291]

March 26, 2014: Phillips Pays $500,000 Fine for Clean Air Violations at Lake Charles Refinery and Four Other Refineries

CSP Daily News reported on March 26, 2014 that Phillips will pay a $500,000 penalty for violations of the Clean Air Act at the Lake Charles Refinery in Westlake, La., the Wood River Refinery in Roxana, Ill., the Alliance Refinery in Belle Chasse, La., the Sweeny Refinery in Old Ocean, Texas, the Borger Refinery in Borger, Texas, and several terminals across the country. Phillips also agreed to retire more than 21 billion sulfur credits that could have been used in the production of gasoline, which could potentially lead to significantly less pollution from vehicles. In a administrative settlement agreement, the EPA alleged that the company generated invalid sulfur credits between 2006 and 2012 and that Phillips failed to comply with recordkeeping, reporting, sampling and testing requirements at the five refineries. EPA discovered these violations during facility inspections and through a review of company records, which included the results of third-party company audits required by the Clean Air Act.[292]

January 7, 2014: Phillips Reports Unit Electric Issue at Lake Charles Refinery

Phillips reported an electrical problem leading to flaring at its Lake Charles refinery in Westlake, Louisiana, according to a notice filed with the National Response Center on January 7, 2014.[293]

November 18, 2013: Planned Maintenance Completed at Lake Charles Refinery

Reuters reported on November 18, 2013 that planned maintenance was completed at the Lake Charles Refinery. Phillips had previously reported that planned maintenance was on at the refinery as of September 12, 2013.[294]

October 30, 2013: Garland Says Decrease in Heavy Crude Is Due to Downtime at Sweeny and Lake Charles Refineries

Garland told analysts at the third quarter earnings conference on October 30, 2013 that the decrease in other heavy crude from 27% to 24% is attributed mainly to the downtime at Phillips' Lake Charles and Sweeney refineries this year.[295]

September 4, 2013: Phillips Lake Charles Refinery Operating Normally After Storms Shut Units

Phillips said operations were back to normal at its Lake Charles refinery in Westlake, Louisiana. The company had reported severe weather had led to a shutdown of some units at the refinery although no damage was reported.[296]

September 3, 2013: Storm Shuts Units at Lake Charles Refinery

Phillips reported a storm with lightning shut down some units at its Lake Charles refinery in Westlake, Louisiana, according to a filing with the U.S. National Response Center. There was a release of sulfur dioxide and instruments will be put back online after securing the release, the filing said.[297]

August 6, 2013: Phillips Conducts Evacuation Drills at Lake Charles Refinery

KPLC TV reported on Augusut 6, 2013 that Phillips planned drill exercises over multiple days to cover all shifts and that residents should not be alarmed by horns. "Neighbors and passersby may hear a series of horn blasts and see employees gathering in the parking lot, however, they should not be alarmed as this is part of the exercise. The horns will sound to signal the start of the evacuation and then again when the all clear is issued," the release states. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) requires all VPP Star sites to conduct an annual evacuation drill.[298]

July 31, 2013: Phillips to Process More Light Oil at Lake Charles Refinery

Greg Garland told analysts at Phillips 2nd Quarters earnings conference on July 31, 2013 that Phillips has opportunities at the Sweeny Refinery, Alliance Refinery, and Lake Charles Refinery to make some modifications and process more light oil through these facilities and with minimal capital investment. "We are looking for 40% return type projects on the refining side. And so we’re looking for quick hit, fast payout projects. We have some underutilized equipment that we can kind of tie together and use that all and so we've got some projects around that that we are executing." Garland added that the projects are already underway. "We actually do things like tie-ins and turnarounds and some other things. So, it kind of depends on the schedule and things that are available, but those are our plans that we have in place to make those margin in some of our refining system already."[299]

April 4, 2013: Planned Maintenance Completed at Lake Charles Refinery

Fox Business reported on April 4, 2013 that planned maintenance was recently concluded, on schedule, at its Lake Charles refinery. Phillips did not specify what unit, or units, were involved in this round of maintenance.[300]

February 27, 2013: Phillips 66 Process Technology Building Opens at SOWELA Technical Community College

KPLC reported on February 27, 2013 that SOWELA Technical Community College held a ribbon cutting ceremony on February 27, 2013 for the new Phillips 66 Process Technology Center. Phillips - then ConocoPhillips - donated $2 million to the school to construct a new industrial technology building after the campus sustained extensive damage from Hurricane Rita. "This program is important to industry in the area because SOWELA provides us with well trained operators," said Phillips 66 refinery manager Willie Tempton Jr.[301]

January 30, 2013: Garland Says Phillips Has Completely Backed Out US Light Sweet Crude from Lake Charles Refinery

Greg Garland told analysts at the 4th quarter earnings conference on January 30, 2013 that Phillips has completely backed out imports of U.S. light sweet crude in the Gulf Coast refineries including Lake Charles .[302]

October 24, 2012: Louisiana Supreme Court Asked to Review Phillips 66 I-10 Bridge Case

KPLC reported on October 24, 2012 that the Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development (DOTD ) hopes the Louisiana Supreme Court will reverse the decision by Judge Clayton Davis to postpone the trial against Phillips 66 on a lawsuit for spilling an estimated 1.7 million pounds of ethylene dichloride (EDC). Judge Clayton Davis continued the lawsuit until a three-year environmental impact study is done. DOTD officials have said when a new bridge is built, they must avoid hitting the underground plume of chemical contamination to avoid spreading it and estimates the state's damages from the spill are $235-million, including the increased cost of a bridge with spans long enough to bypass the spill. "DOTD would like to move forward with the case and get a trial date," said DOTD Attorney Patrick McIntire. "Phillips 66 believes the trial court's [original] ruling was well-reasoned and fair," said a spokesman for Phillips 66.[303]

August 27, 2012: Phillips Keeping a Close Eye on Hurricane Isaac but Lake Charles Refinery Still Operating

Fox News reported on August 27, 2012 that Phillips 66's Lake Charles refinery in Westlake, La. was still running but that the company was keeping a close eye on the progress of Tropical Storm Isaac. Tropical Storm Isaac blew into the eastern Gulf of Mexico August 27, 2012 and is expected to strengthen into a hurricane before hitting parts of the Louisiana coastline by August 29, 2012. Phillips' Alliance refinery in Belle Chasse was in the process of suspending operations and would be completely shut down by the evening of August 27, 2012 ahead of Tropical Storm Isaac.[304]

July 14, 2012: Naphtha Spill at Lake Charles Refinery

The National Response Center reported that there was a spill of Naphtha from Phillips 66’s Westlake, Louisiana refinery due to a flange leak.[305]

June 26, 2012: Court Hearing held on I-10 Bridge contamination from Chemical Spill that Caused $235 million Damage twenty years ago

KPIC.TV reported on June 272, 2012 that there's been almost no progress on a new I-10 calcasieu river bridge because state highway officials say they need to avoid hitting the underground plume of chemical contamination from a chemical spill nearly twenty years ago for which Conoco Phillips and Sasol are responsible and the State Department of Transportation and Development estimates the state's damages from the spill are $235 million including the increased cost of a bridge with spans long enough to bypass the spill. They don't want to drive pilings through the plume for fear of spreading the contamination. The state has filed suit to get that added cost and the jury trial is set for October. "There's contamination in the ground and the groundwater where we need to build the bridge. It's going to cost extra to stay out of the contamination when the bridge is built and that's the damages that the state is requesting that be awarded in the lawsuit. The state would like to stay out of the contamination and span the contamination and that's what drives up the extra cost," says Attorney Patrick McIntire representing the state of Lousiana.[306]

Conoco Phillips and Sasol say it's uncertain what kind of bridge should be built--and that the trial on that part of damages should be delayed until an environmental impact study which will take at least three years. "We are a valued member of this community, and are committed to being a part of the solution for this project in a manner that is consistent with the on-going federal environmental review process. The resolution of the motion presented today will not delay this project in any way," says Phillips 66 in an official statement.[307]

June 17, 2012: Units at Lake Charles Refinery Restarted after Partial Power Outage

Reuters reported on June 17, 2012 that Phillips 66's Lake Charles Refinery was restarting units on June 17, 2012 after a partial power outage and the refinery released particulate matter while flaring following the power outage according to a notice filed with the U.S. National Response Center.[308] BusinessWeek reported on June 18, 2012 that Gulf Coast gasoline strengthened against New York futures as Phillips 66 resumed routine operations at the Lake Charles refinery after the power loss.[309]

Los Angeles Refinery

The Wilmington Refinery, located in Wilmington, Calif., about 15 miles southeast of Los Angeles International Airport. serves as the back end by upgrading the intermediate products to finished products. The refinery has a crude oil processing capacity of 139 MBD and processes mainly heavy, high-sulfur crude oil. It receives domestic crude oil via pipeline from California and both foreign and domestic crude oil by tanker through a third-party terminal in the Port of Long Beach. The refinery produces a high percentage of transportation fuels, such as gasoline, diesel fuel and jet fuel. Other products include fuel-grade petroleum coke. The refinery produces California Air Resources Board (CARB)-grade gasoline using ethanol to meet government-mandated oxygenate requirements. Refined products are distributed to customers in California, Nevada and Arizona by pipeline and truck.[310] Photo by unzarjones Flicker Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 2.0 Generic (CC BY-NC 2.0)

Description of Los Angeles Refinery

The Los Angeles Refinery is composed of two linked facilities located roughly five miles apart in Carson and Wilmington, Calif., about 15 miles southeast of Los Angeles International Airport. Carson serves as the front end of the refinery by processing crude oil, and Wilmington serves as the back end by upgrading the intermediate products to finished products. The refinery has a crude oil processing capacity of 139 MBD and processes mainly heavy, high-sulfur crude oil. It receives domestic crude oil via pipeline from California and both foreign and domestic crude oil by tanker through a third-party terminal in the Port of Long Beach. The refinery produces a high percentage of transportation fuels, such as gasoline, diesel fuel and jet fuel. Other products include fuel-grade petroleum coke. The refinery produces California Air Resources Board (CARB)-grade gasoline using ethanol to meet government-mandated oxygenate requirements. Refined products are distributed to customers in California, Nevada and Arizona by pipeline and truck.[311]

News and Views on Los Angeles Refinery

January 29, 2015: Heavy Black Smoke Spews from Flare at Wilmington Refinery

The Daily Breeze reported on January 29, 2015 that heavy black smoke billowed across the Harbor Area and South Bay from a flare at Phillips 66’s Wilmington oil refinery after an unspecified emergency interrupted the steam system. Phillips 66 spokeswoman Janet Grothe said the South Coast Air Quality Management District was notified of the incident. Refinery tests found that the flares prevented any harmful air emissions from reaching the surrounding community. “Air monitoring has indicated no off-site impact and the refinery continues to operate,” Grothe said.[312]

October 30, 2014: Phillips 66 Reports Flaring at Wilmington Refinery

Phillips 66 reported flaring at its Wilmington, California refinery, according to a filing with the California Emergency Management Agency. The Phillips 66 refinery has two linked facilities about 5 miles apart in Carson and Wilmington.[313]

August 20, 2014: Phillips Report Flaring at Wilmington Refinery

Phillips reported a flaring event at its refinery in Wilmington, California, caused the release of chemical substance, according to a filing with the California Emergency Management Agency. The refinery has two linked facilities about five miles apart in Carson and Wilmington. The former processes crude oil while the latter upgrades the products.[314]

July 14, 2014: Phillips Reports Loss of Steam at Carson Refinery

Phillips reported its Carson, California, refinery experienced loss of steam resulting in flaring. The refinery has two linked facilities about five miles apart in Carson and Wilmington, California. Reuters, 11:54 July 14, 2014 [315]

July 8, 2014: Representative Hahn Sends Letter to State Fire Marshal about Phillips Violations After Oil Spill

Zamná Ávila reported at Random Length News on July 8, 2014 that Representative Janice Hahn sent a letter to California Fire Marshal Tonya Hoover with regards to the Phillips 66 violations in a recent oil spill requesting an update on the office’s progress in citing Phillips 66 for federal law violations. “The 1,200 gallon oil spill in Wilmington placed the health of hundreds in danger due to a failure to follow federal law regarding pipeline safety,” Hahn wrote. “The families of Wilmington remain uncompensated for the destruction of their property, and the federal government is unable to act until your office cites the company for wrongdoing.” Hahn expressed her disappointment that Phillips 66 had not yet been cited.[316]

July 7, 2014: Phillips Reports Process Upset at Carson Refinery

Phillips reported RP states high sulfur in fuel gas resulted in excess of RQ for SOC (500 LBS in a 24-hour period), according to a filing with the California Emergency Management Agency. [317]

May 26, 2014: Phillips Reports Ammonia Release at Wilmington Refinery

Phillips reported release of anhydrous ammonia at its Los Angeles-area refinery in Wilmington, California, on Monday, according to a filing with state pollution regulators. The filing did not specify whether the event had an impact on production.[318]

March 18, 2014: Crack in Idle Phillips Pipeline Spews Crude Oil onto Wilmington Streets

The Wilmington Press-Telegrapm reported on March 18, 2014 that a crack in an idle Phillips oil pipeline, possibly caused by this week’s 4.4-magnitude earthquake, spewed thousands of gallons of crude oil onto a residential street in Wilmington. “After a thorough investigation of the source, we can confirm the leak is coming from an idle pipeline owned by Phillips 66,” said Phillips spokeswoman Monica Silva. “We are working to stop the leak and have recovered approximately 30 barrels of oil. Clean-up efforts continue.” Silva declined to elaborate on why the unused 10-inch pipeline was filled with crude oil. Normally, when a pipeline is not being used, oil companies will fill it with concrete slurry. However, if they think they may want to use the line again, they try to keep it viable. In this case, the oil may have been stored in the line to keep it from corroding or collapsing, fire officials said. Silva said oil company officials will not say more about the issue until Wednesday.[319]

Rep. Janice Hahn, D-San Pedro, visited the site on Tuesday out of “concern for the safety and well-being of the residents of Wilmington,” she said in a statement. “The harsh, crude oil smell is not only horrible, but can also be potentially harmful to the neighborhood residents and environment.” “As a member of the House Transportation and Infrastructure Subcommittee on Railroads, Pipelines and Hazardous Materials, I plan to make this oil spill incident a priority,” Hahn said. “I have already reached out to the subcommittee to find out what federal actions we can take to ensure that an incident like this will not happen again, and that there is proper oversight with our nation’s pipelines. County Hazardous Materials Specialist Don Miguel Ellis said that Phillips 66 officials were developing a plan Tuesday afternoon to remove the rest of the oil and clean and repair the area. “It’s a significant spill in a public area,” Ellis said. “But health risks are minimal.”[320]

Phillips, which earlier in the day said it was almost positive that it was not to blame for the leak, later took responsibility and put the blame on one of its out-of-service pipes. Janet Grothe, a spokeswoman for Phillips 66, said the company would investigate why oil remained in the pipe, which she said was taken out of service before Phillips 66 acquired it. Los Angeles Councilman Joe Buscaino, who was touring the area, said the pipe had been withdrawn from service in 1998. Don Ellis, a hazardous-materials specialist with the Los Angeles County Fire Department, said that when an underground oil pipeline is withdrawn from use, it is supposed to be capped and the material inside vacuumed out. Although Phillips initially thought the pipe didn't belong to the firm, the company was involved in the cleanup early on "as a good neighbor," Grothe said adding that Phillips' crews would steam clean the street and that repairs would be completed in a week.[321]

February 26, 2014: Phillips 66 Reports Flaring at Wilmington Refinery

Phillips 66 reported flaring at its Los Angeles-area refinery in Wilmington, California, on Wednesday, according to a filing with state pollution regulators. The filing did not specify whether the malfunction caused any production impact.[322]

February 19, 2014: Phillips 66 Reports Unspecified Material Combustion at Wilmington Refinery

Phillips 66 reported an unspecified material combustion due to unknown reasons at its Los Angeles-area refinery in Wilmington, California, on Wednesday, according to a filing with state pollution regulators. The filing did not specify whether the malfunction caused any production impact.[323]

December 31, 2013: Eleven Workers Treated After Hazardous Materials Leak at Wilmington Refinery

The Daily Breeze reported on December 31, 2013 that eleven workers were briefly treated for possible respiratory problems on December 31, 2013 following a sulfur dioxide leak at the Phillips 66 Refinery in Wilmington. A firefighter at the refinery said the 11 people were workers who had been exposed to sulfur dioxide gas. They were taken to hospitals for emergency treatment in fair condition said Katherine Main of the Los Angeles Fire Department. Other workers were told to shelter in place inside buildings on the refinery. By 11 a.m., the LAFD reported that the situation was “static’’ and there was “no active leak (and) no danger to the community." “All other refinery employees and contract workers have been accounted for and are safe. The area has been secured and the refinery is running under normal operations,’’ said Phillips 66 spokesman Rich Johnson.[324]

October 30, 2013: Garland Says the Option Value to Hold onto West Coast Refineries at Los Angeles and San Francisco is Not High

In answer to a question from Bradley Olsen of Tudor Pickering Holt & Co. Securities, Inc. Garland told analysts at the third quarter earnings conference on October 30, 2013 that the option value to hold onto West Coast Refineries at Los Angeles and San Francisco is not high. "I think in any time we look at an asset and we’re going to let an asset go, if we are going to get value for PSX shareholders, it has to be tax efficient in terms of the transaction itself. And we look at these assets East and West Coast, we’ll put in advantaged crudes, so that we think we can make them better and drive more value ultimately and optionality that thing, we look at these assets both east and west, we don’t have to put a lot of money into these assets," said Garland. "The option value to hold on is not high for us and again they are generating positive cash or generating maybe single-digit returns, but they are adding value to the portfolio overall. So we don’t feel like there it is stressed assets, we just have to move today. So we’ll hold them for some option value. We’ll consider multiple ways to create values with these assets, but in the mean time we’re going to work to make them better."[325]

September 27, 2013: Phillips Reports Flaring at Wilmington Refinery

Phillips 66 reported sulfur dioxide emissions led to flaring at its Los Angeles-area refinery in Wilmington, California, according to a filing with state pollution regulators. [326]

September 5, 2013: Phillips Has Wet Gas Compressor Breakdown at Wilmington Refinery

Phillips 66 reported the breakdown of a wet gas compressor system at its Wilmington Refinery according to a filing with the California Emergency Management Agency. The incident led to sulfur dioxide emissions, the filing said. [327]

August 12, 2013: Carson Refinery Flares Gas

Bloomberg reported on August 12, 2013 that the Carson Refinery refinery reported flaring at 12:40 a.m. local time, according to a notice to state regulators. The same part of the refinery reported flaring on July 29.[328]

July 29, 2013: Carson Refinery Flares Gas

Bloomberg reported on August 12, 2013 that the Carson Refinery refinery reported flaring on July 29, 2013.[329]

June 7, 2013: Phillips Reports Unplanned Flaring at Wilmington Refinery

Phillips 66 reported unplanned flaring at its Wilmington refinery began the morning of June 7 and continued until late night on June 8, according to a filing with the South Coast Air Quality Management District.[330]

May 10, 2013: Phillips Plans to Flare Sulfur Oxide at Wilmington Refinery from May 12 to May 26

Fox Business reported on May 10, 2013 that Phillips plans to flare sulfur oxide and other gases from May 12 until May 26, 2013 according to a filing with the South Coast Air Quality Management District. A Phillips 66 spokesman declined to comment on the refinery's activities.[331]

April 13, 2013: Unspecified Breakdown Causes Flaring at Wilmington Refinery

Phillips reported unplanned flaring due to a breakdown at its Wilmington refinery, according to a filing with the South Coast Air Quality Management District.[332]

April 4, 2013: Fire Extinguished at Wilmington Refinery

Fox Business reported on April 4, 2013 that a small fire in a coking unit at the Wilmington Refinery was put out quickly and caused no injuries.[333]

March 28, 2013: Phillips Shuts Down Leaky Isomerization Unit at Los Angeles Refinery

Bloomberg reported on March 18, 2013 that Phillips shut an isomerization unit on March 18, 2013 at their Los Angeles Refinery after discovering a leak, a person with direct knowledge of the work said. The unit, which makes unleaded gasoline components, may remain down until tomorrow for line repairs, the person said.[334]

February 7, 2013: Phillips Reports Flaring at Wilmington Refinery

Phillips 66 reported a flaring event at its Wilmington refinery February 7, 2013, according to a filing with the California Emergency Management Agency. Operators were investigating the incident, which caused more than 500 pounds of sulfur dioxide to release to the atmosphere. [335]

February 5, 2013: Canadian Crude is Being Transported to Los Angeles Refinery

Reuters reported on February 5, 201 that Tim Taylor, Phillips executive vice president for commercial, marketing, transportation and business development, told the Credit Suisse energy conference that Phillips has begun moving cut-price Canadian crude to its California refineries at Los Angeles and San Francisco via rail. "We're beginning to deliver Canadian crude to our California refineries by rail," said Taylor. Garland told Reuters on January 30, 2013 that Phillips was looking at coiled tube cars that are suited to bitumen in Canada's heavy oil deposits that must be heated in order to flow.[336]

January 30, 2013: Garland Does Not Rule Out a Sale of Los Angeles Refinery

Reuters reports that Greg Garland told investors on January 30, 2013 at the 4th quarter earnings conference that Phillips did not rule out a sale of Phillips two California refineries, one at Los Angeles and one at San Francisco, given challenges with state regulatory requirements and high costs. "We're studying any and all options for California in terms of where do we go long-term in the business," said Garland. "We are doing everything we can to improve it. I don't feel it's a distressed asset. We want to take our time and be thoughtful."[337]

Garland told analysts that Phillips 66 was looking at getting railcars capable of hauling even cheaper Canadian heavy crude to the company's refineries in California. However, he said resistance to such a move was likely. A 2006 California law requiring sharp cuts in emissions has a component that would require refineries to run crudes produced in environmentally friendly ways. Canadian crude production comes with high emissions. Plus, California has the huge Monterey shale, estimated by the U.S. government to have more reserves than the prolific Eagle Ford in Texas or Bakken in North Dakota. But output has been spotty with geology that differs from those other plays. Given those uncertainties, Garland told Reuters in an interview that for the time being, Phillips 66 will focus on improving the California refineries' single-digit returns while studying a possible sale, joint venture or spinoff. "The option value to hold California is zero. It really costs us nothing."[338]

January 30, 2013: Garland Says Phillips Utilization Rate Was Negatively Impacted by Turnaround at Los Angeles Refinery

Greg Garland told analysts at the 4th quarter earnings conference on January 30, 2013 that Phillips utilization rate was negatively impacted by the turnaround at the Los Angeles Refinery as well as turnarounds at Wood River and Borger refineries, and Hurricane Sandy related unplanned downtime at the Bayway refinery. "In refining and marketing, our refining realized margin was $13.67 per barrel with a global crude utilization rate of 91% and a clean product yield of 83%," said Garland. "Lower volumes negatively impacted earnings by $42 million, mainly in the Atlantic basin and the Central Corridor regions, reflecting unplanned downtime due to Hurricane Sandy and plant turnarounds."[339]

November 16, 2012: Planned Flaring to Occur at Wilmington Refinery from November 22 to December 6

Bloomberg reported on November 16, 2012 that planned flaring will take place at its Wilmington Refinery from November 22 to December 4, 2012. “Planned maintenance is under way” at the refinery, Dennis Nuss, a spokesman at Phillips 66’s headquarters in Houston, said by e-mail.[340]

November 8, 2012: Planned Flaring to Occur at Carson Refinery from November 10 to November 23

Nasdaq reported on November 13, 2012 that planned flaring will take place at its Carson Refinery between November 10 and 23, 2012. The flaring isn't associated with equipment breakdown, the filing to government regulators said.[341]

October 31, 2012: California Refineries are in Lower Performing Part of Refinery Portfolio and Must Improve

Tim Taylor was asked at the Phillips Third Quarter Earnings Conference on October 31, 2012 if Phillips' position with its two major refineries in California was sufficiently advantaged to warrant continued participation and replied that when Phillips looks at the West Coast, it's been one of the more challenged markets from a recovery standpoint post-recession. "In California, specifically, it's a tough regulatory environment, as well, so costs are higher. And there is a lot of potential additional costs as new regulations come into effect. That said, it's still a very significant market and we think it's really important to look at how can we get some of these crudes out of the middle part of the country into the West Coast, particularly California. So we're working hard on that to try and change that. The comment I'd make in Washington is that that's got a natural access to the Bakken in North Dakota and Canadian crudes. We separate the Washington piece from the California piece that way. But everyone's working hard to look at some crude solutions for the West Coast to improve its competitive position."[342]

"I think we look at the market and say demand continues to struggle out there, as well, post-recession," added Taylor. "And then I think you look more fundamentally at the operating environment and the costs associated with particularly the environmental regulations. And we think that's going to continue to keep pressure on operations and operating costs out there. So, yes, I would say that from a California perspective it is one of the more challenged parts of our portfolio in terms of the basic value equation. So that's why we're still looking at the crude side of it. And continuing to stay abreast and on top of what it's going to take to comply with things like AB32 to really maintain your operations out there."[343]

Asked if California would still remain part of Phillips' core portfolio Taylor replied that right now California is in the lower performing part of Phillips portfolio. "So I think that if our assessment would become that it's going to be challenged for some period of time, we've either got to find a way to improve that operation or find some other way to deal with that."[344]

October 24, 2012: Phillips Restarts Units at Wilmington Refinery after Power Dip

Fox Business reported on October 24, 2012 that a few units at Phillips' Wilmington Refinery were restarted on October 23, 2012 after experiencing an external power dip from the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power. The Refinery also reported an unplanned flaring event to the South Coast Air Quality Management District.[345]

October 5, 2012: Sources Allege Phillips Delays Work at Los Angeles Refinery to Cash In on Record Profit Margins

The Tulsa World reported on October 6, 2012 that according to two people with knowledge of Phillips Los Angles Refinery maintenance schedule, Phillips 66 has delayed work at its Los Angeles refinery to cash in on record profit margins in California. A six-week maintenance turnaround on the hydrocracker, which makes high-octane gasoline and other lighter oil products, has been put off until at least Oct. 16 from a previous Oct. 9 start date, said the people, who asked not to be identified because the information wasn't public. "With crack spreads this high, it's kind of expected that all will make as much fuel as possible to cash in on the spreads," Tim Hamilton, executive director of the Automotive United Trades Organization. A Phillips 66 spokesman at the company's headquarters in Houston, declined to comment on maintenance plans at the 139,000-barrel-a-day Los Angeles plant. "I can tell you there is no planned maintenance work currently at our Los Angeles refinery," said Rick Johnson.[346]

September 24, 2012: Air Pollution Regulators Probe Day Long Burnoff at Wilmington Refinery

The Contra Costa Times reported on September 24, 2012 that air quality regulators are investigating whether a burnoff of petroleum products at the Phillips 66 oil refinery in Wilmington that lasted for about six hours after a power outage caused a sudden shutdown of all refinery operations could have been avoided. Black smoke billowing out of the refinery's flare could be seen for miles. The South Coast Air Quality Management District received 125 complaints about the smoke that day. Two days later, more complaints streamed in over a chemical odor surrounding the refinery. AQMD spokesman Sam Atwood said investigators believe the smell came from vapors that had leaked from a petroleum storage tank. The refinery was issued a violation last week due to the odors, and will have to either pay a fine or invest in something that benefits the local environment, Atwood said.[347]

September 20, 2012: Facility-wide Shutdown at Los Angeles Refinery

Nasdaq reported on September 21, 2012 that record heat and a power outage on September 15, 2012 forced a facility-wide shutdown at Phillips 66's Los Angeles refinery but that several units have been brought back online and all units are seen back by the end of the week.[348] Nasdaq reported on September 26, 2012 that production resumed on September 21, 2012 after record heat and a power outage on September 15 forced a facility-wide shutdown.[349]

July 22, 2012: Planned Flaring at Wilmington Refinery

Nasdaq reported on July 27, 2012 that maintenace work was completed on July 19, 2012 and that planned flaring took place at the Wilmington Refinery from July 22 to July 25, 2012 according to the South Coast Air Quality Management District.[350]

July 20, 2012: Planned Flaring at Wilmington Refinery

Reuters reported a planned flaring at the Wilmington Refinery on July 12, 2012.[351]

July 12, 2012: Planned Flaring at Wilmington Refinery

Reuters reported a planned flaring at the Wilmington Refinery on July 12, 2012.[352]

July 8, 2012: Wilmington Refinery in Planned Overhaul

Reuters reported on July 8, 2012 that the Wilmington Refinery was in a planned overhaul which shut the hydrogen plant, according to a notice the refinery filed with California pollution regulators. The work triggered flaring at the refinery and the release of sulfur dioxide, according to the notice filed with the California Emergency Management Agency.[353]

July 3, 2012: Flaring Reported at Wilmington Refinery

Reuters reported a flaring at the Wilmington Refinery on July 3, 2012.[354]

June 29, 2012: Upset in Alky Unit at Wilmington Refinery

Reuters reported an upset in the AlkyUnit at the Wilmington Refinery on June 29, 2012.[355] Phillips 66 reported flaring due to an alkylation unit upset at its Wilmington refinery, according to a filing with the California Emergency Management Agency. Operators had secured the release and flaring had stopped at the time of the filing.[356]

June 26, 2012: Sulfur Recovery Plant Down at Wilmington Refinery

Nasdaq reported on June 26, 2012 that a sulfur recovery plant at Phillips 66's Wilmington refinery shut down unexpectedly on June 26, causing a flaring event, according to a California Emergency Management Agency hazardous materials spill report.[357]

May 8, 2012: Work Completed as Los Angeles Refinery

Reuters reported on May 8, 2012 that Phillips 66 finished unspecified planned work at its Los Angeles-area refinery that had begun in April, 2012. The refinery has two linked facilities in the Los Angeles-area: one in Carson that processes crude oil and another five miles away in Wilmington that upgrades the products.[358] Bloomberg Businessweek reported on May 3, 2012 that the Los Angeles refinery was scheduled to flare gases through May 3 as part of planned maintenance.[359]

Melaka Refinery

Melaka Refinery' The PSR-2 refinery in Melaka, Malaysia, is a joint venture with Petronas, the Malaysian state oil company. Phillips 66 owns a 47 percent interest in the joint venture. The medium, highsulfur crude oil processed by the refinery is sourced mostly from the Middle East. The refinery produces a full range of refined petroleum products and capitalizes on hydrocracking and coking technology to upgrade low-cost feedstocks to higher-margin products. Photo Credit: Hyrdrocarbons Technology

News and Views from the Melaka Refinery

November 12, 2014: Phillips to Sell Maleka Refinery for $635 Million

FuelFix reported on November 12, 2014 that Phillips has made a deal to sell its 47-percent stake in a Malaysian refinery for $635 million in cash that is expected to close at the end of 2014. “This divestiture allows us to redeploy resources to more strategic areas of our business,” said Larry Ziemba, executive vice president of refining for Phillips 66, in a written statement. Dean Acosta, a spokesman for Phillips 66, said the firm won’t have a refining presence in Asia after the deal closes. “We continually evaluate the assets in our portfolio to identify opportunities to significantly enhance returns,” Acosta said in an email. “We do that through portfolio management as well as improving margins on our current assets.”[360]

October 29, 2014: Sale of Maleka Refinery is an Ongoing Process

Greg Garland told analysts during the third quarter earnings conference call on October 29, 2014 that the sale of the Melaka Refinery is an ongoing process. "We have an ongoing process at Melaka. And I think our expectation is certainly end of this year, first quarter next year, that we'll complete that process."[361]

August 29, 2014: Second Unit Shut Down at Maleka Refinery

MSN reported on August 29, 2014 that Petronas is running the 100,000 barrels-per-day (bpd) Malacca refinery it jointly owns with US oil company Phillips 66 at a lower rate than usual after unexpectedly shutting a secondary unit. The refinery's crude distillation unit (CDU) will be running at a lower operating rate than normal from August 21 to September 8 while the secondary unit is being repaired, one of the sources said. Petronas operates two CDUs at the Malacca petroleum complex that run as standalone operations. It solely owns a 100,000-bpd CDU that mainly processes sweet crude.[362]

February 14, 2014: Garland Says Phillips Expects to Sell Maleka Refinery in 2014

Greg Garland told security analysts at the Credit Suisse Global Energy Summit on February 12, 2014 that Phillips expects to sell Maleka and Whitegate in 2014. "We've gotten very good at selling the good things. I told Clayton we're going to have to get very good at selling the not-so-good things. Certainly [we] have a process underway with Whitegate. We have a process underway with Melaka. What I would say in that you should expect that we will draw those processes to a conclusion in 2014.[363]

October 30, 2013: Garland Says Phillips Still Looking to Sell Its Interest in Melaka Refinery

Garland told analysts at the third quarter earnings conference on October 30, 2013 that Phillips is still looking at "selling possibly our Whitegate refinery in Ireland and our interest in the Melaka refinery in Malaysia, and so those efforts continue. We’re in the process of evaluating specifically the opportunities around Whitegate. So I think those have been the pieces of portfolio for us that long-term are really where the strategic interest is."[364]

July 15, 2013: Melaka Refinery Crude Unit Restarted

Business Times reported on July 15, 2013 that the crude distillation unit at Phillips' Melaka refinery has restarted after being shut since mid-June. he unit, which processes 100,000 barrels per day (bpd), was shut after a fire at the refinery and was expected to be restarted by early July but the refinery has been hit with "technical issues" which caused the CDU to be shut longer than expected. "There was an issue with the steam chamber which is where the fire happened, but it affected the CDU as well," said a source familiar with the matter. The downtime in Melaka resulted in imports of about 1.2 million barrels of gasoline pushing the Asian gasoline margin on July 12 to more than a four-year high of US$16.74 a barrel, a trader estimated. Besides a base oil plant, there are two CDUs in the Melaka refinery that run as standalone operations.[365]

January 30, 2013: Phillips Writes down $564 Million in Equity on Melaka Refinery

Greg Garland told analysts during the fourth quarter earnings conference on January 30, 2013 that had Phillips had taken a charge of $564 million for the impairment of our equity investment in the Melaka refinery. "This impairment was based on significantly lower estimated future refining margins in the region, driven primarily by expected increases in future crude oil pricing over the long term. As such, we determined that the fair value of our investment in Melaka was lower than our carrying value and that this loss in value was other than temporary."[366]

December 13, 2012: Phillips Likely to Sell its stake in Melaka Refinery in Malaysia

Reuters reported on December 13, 2012 that Greg Garland told reporters on December 13, 2012 that Phillips will likely look to sell its Whitegate refinery in Cork, Ireland, and its stake in the 2 Melaka refinery in Malaysia. Phillips plans to retain stakes in the refineries it owns in the United Kingdom and Germany. "We don't envision growing in the Asian refining space," said Garland.[367]

Ponca City Refinery

The Ponca City Refinery, located in Ponca City, Oklahoma, has a crude oil processing capacity of 187 MBD making it by far the largest refinery in Oklahoma.[368] The refinery processes a mixture of light, medium and heavy crude oil. Most of the crude oil processed is received by pipeline from the Gulf of Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas and Canada.[369] Photo by Travel Aficionado Flicker Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 2.0 Generic (CC BY-NC 2.0)

Description of Marland Refinery in Ponca City

The Ponca City Refinery, located in Ponca City, Oklahoma, has a crude oil processing capacity of 187 MBD making it by far the largest refinery in Oklahoma.[370] The refinery processes a mixture of light, medium and heavy crude oil. Most of the crude oil processed is received by pipeline from the Gulf of Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas and Canada. Additional foreign crude is purchased into the Gulf Coast and delivered by pipeline. The Ponca City Refinery is a high-conversion facility that produces a full range of products, including gasoline, diesel fuel, jet fuel, LPG and anode-grade petroleum coke. Its facilities include fluid catalytic cracking, delayed coking and hydrodesulfurization units. Finished petroleum products are shipped by truck, railcar, and company-owned and common-carrier pipelines to markets throughout the Mid-Continent Region.[371]

Ponca City Community Advisory Council (CAC)

The Ponca City Community Advisory Council (CAC) was established in 1991 between ConocoPhillips and the citizens of Ponca City. The CAC holds monthly meetings that start with updates on safety and environmental performance followed by information on refinery operations. Many meetings have an educational topic and often focus on environmental topics, such as air quality and groundwater remediation. Other topics of interest include sustainable development and the company’s other operations. The Ponca City CAC’s mission statement is to establish and maintain a dialogue between the community and ConocoPhillips in order to understand community issues and ConocoPhillips issues in an atmosphere of trust and mutual respect, using open, honest communication. With that in mind, members of the CAC conducted a survey in which they asked 10 community members about what issues, questions or suggestions they have for ConocoPhillips. The group used the results in planning the monthly meetings and other events in the community.[372]

San Francisco Refinery

The Rodeo Refinery. Semi-refined products from the Santa Maria facility are sent by pipeline to the Rodeo facility for upgrading into finished petroleum products. A high proportion of the refinery’s production is transportation fuel, such as gasoline, diesel fuel and jet fuel. The refinery produces CARB-grade gasoline using ethanol to meet government-mandated oxygenate requirements. The majority of refined products are distributed by pipeline, railcar and barge to customers in California.[373] Photo by Thomas Hawk Flicker Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 2.0 Generic (CC BY-NC 2.0)
The Santa Maria Refinery. Semi-refined products from the Santa Maria facility are sent by pipeline to the Rodeo facility for upgrading into finished petroleum products. A high proportion of the refinery’s production is transportation fuel, such as gasoline, diesel fuel and jet fuel. The refinery produces CARB-grade gasoline using ethanol to meet government-mandated oxygenate requirements. The majority of refined products are distributed by pipeline, railcar and barge to customers in California.[374] Photo by 350.org Flicker Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Generic (CC BY-NC-SA 2.0)

Description of San Francisco Refineries at Rodeo and Santa Maria

The San Francisco Refinery is comprised of two facilities linked by a 200-mile pipeline. The Santa Maria facility is located in Arroyo Grande, Calif., while the Rodeo facility is in the San Francisco Bay Area. The combined facilities have a total crude oil processing capacity of 120 MBD. The refinery processes mainly heavy, high-sulfur crude oil. It receives California crude oil via pipeline and both domestic and foreign crude oil by tanker. Semi-refined products from the Santa Maria facility are sent by pipeline to the Rodeo facility for upgrading into finished petroleum products. A high proportion of the refinery’s production is transportation fuel, such as gasoline, diesel fuel and jet fuel. The refinery produces CARB-grade gasoline using ethanol to meet government-mandated oxygenate requirements. The majority of refined products are distributed by pipeline, railcar and barge to customers in California.[375]

Located on 1600 acres, the Santa Maria Refinery has been in operation for more than 50 years. With 135 full-time employees and 70 specialized subcontractors, the refinery is permitted to produce a maximum of 44,500 barrels of refined crude per day. Phillips 66 has received permission for a 10 percent increase in the capacity of the refinery, from 44,500 barrels a day to 48,900 barrels a day.[376][377]

News and Views on Rodeo Refinery

March 27, 2015: Residents Push for more Information on Crude by Rail to Rodeo Refinery

Marin News reported on March 27, 2015 that residents of Rodeo, Crockett and Martinez say they want assurances that state and federal agencies are doing everything they can to keep them safe with plans advancing for crude oil by rail to the Phillips 66 refinery in Rodeo. If plans are approved, an estimated five cars a week, each hauling 80 train cars, would travel between an unloading facility in Santa Maria and along the Amtrak Capitol Corridor before arriving at the refinery in Rodeo. "The oil companies are getting all the benefits and the communities who live near them are taking all the risk," said Nancy Rieser, who lives in Crockett and is a member of Crockett-Rodeo United to Defend the Environment, a community organization. Her group is pushing the railroad industry to release its risk-assessment information, required for insurance purposes, to better understand what kind of plans companies have in an event of an emergency and whether their insurance policies would cover a large incident. Railroad companies have so far declined to release the information. "You need to have hospitals at the ready, you need to have first responders, so if you keep it a secret, it's as if the plan didn't exist," she said. "You can't be coy with the communities."

"No human activity is completely risk-free," said Bernard Weinstein, associate director of the Maguire Energy Institute at Southern Methodist University, adding that railroad companies are already shifting to new cars -- outfitted with heat shields, thicker tank material and pressure-relief devices and that the spill rate for trains transporting crude was roughly four times higher than accidents involving pipelines. "Communities are resistant to crude by rail and they are against pipelines, but they also want to go to the pump and be able to fill up their car."[378]

March 17, 2015: Recent Lawsuits Signal a Litigious Future for Santa Maria and Rodeo Refineries

Rhys Heyden writes in the Santa Maria Sun that three recent lawsuits filed in Contra Costa County against the Propane Recovery Project at Rodeo Refinery highlighted an important similarity between the two Philips 66 refineries. Namely, that Phillips operates a refinery in each county, and a proprietary pipeline links the two and that legal action has a direct connection to SLO County and the Santa Maria Refinery in Nipomo. “Folks who are watching the Santa Maria Refinery and its rail spur extension project should also keep a close eye on Rodeo,” said Roger Lin, an attorney representing environmental group Communities for a Better Environment (CBE) in one of the three suits. “We’ve always held the position that the two refineries are really just one whole.”

"In an oversimplified sense, Lin’s opinion is the nexus of the trio of lawsuits," writes Heyden. "Phillips 66 insists that a “propane recovery project” at the Rodeo Refinery and the rail spur project at the Santa Maria Refinery are discrete entities, and their opponents insist that the two projects are inextricable." “The county improperly ‘piecemealed’ its review of the [propane recovery] project from other related projects … designed to accommodate the switch from California crudes to out-of-state imports,” argues the SAFER suit. “People in SLO County, just like those in Contra Costa County, have the right to have all these impacts evaluated in one place,” said Marc Joseph, an attorney representing SAFER California. “It’s truly baffling that the powers that be refuse to analyze this project as a whole.”

“We’ve been saying all along that the fastest way to a conclusion is for Phillips 66 to just admit that these two projects are linked,” Lin said. “If Phillips 66 wants to shortcut this legal process and just tell the truth, we welcome that.” As for how Phillips 66—the prime mover of this entire situation—thinks legal action in Contra Costa County could affect its SLO County proposal, it’s anyone’s guess. In response to that exact question, Phillips spokesman Dennis Nuss simply answered, “We remain committed to the proposed Santa Maria rail project.”[379]

March 6, 2014: Phillips 66 Project Faces Additional Lawsuits Over Rodeo Refinery Propane and Butane Recovery Project

The San Jose Mercury News reported on March 6, 2015 that on March 4, 2015 Communities for a Better Environment sued the county and Phillips 66, contending the propane and butane recovery project at a Rodeo refinery is part of a grander plan to process heavy, dirty tar sands crude that would come to California by rail. On March 5, 2015 Rodeo Citizens Association filed suit in Contra Costa Superior Court, Martinez against Contra Costa County and the Phillips 66 Co., contending Phillips wants to transport heavy and dirty tar sands crude by rail from outside the state to a sister refinery in San Luis Obispo County and pipe the semi-refined oil to Rodeo. On March 5, 2015 Safe Fuel Energy Resources of California, a group representing workers at the Rodeo refinery, sued the county and Phillips 66 in Superior Court, Martinez, according to an announcement by the firm Public Good PR LLC. "Following two years of careful analysis by the Contra Costa County board (of Supervisors) and its expert staff, claims that this project is a crude by rail project were dismissed," said Phillips 66 spokesman Paul Adler.[380]

March 4, 2015: Rodeo Refinery Propane and Butane Recovery Project Subject to Legal Challenge

The Fort Bragg Advocate-News reported on March 4, 2015 that the environmental group "Communities for a Better Environment" has sued Contra Costa County over its approval of a propane and butane recovery project at a Rodeo refinery, contending it is a piece of a grander plan to process heavy, dirty tar sands crude that would come to California by rail. CBE has said that the refinery, with the acquiescence of authorities, seeks to "piecemeal" what the environmental group describes as "a tar sands refining project that could worsen pollution, climate, and refinery and rail explosion hazards." The EIR, CBE contends, "hid the project from the public and failed to mitigate its significant environmental impacts." Phillips 66 spokesman Paul Adler said Wednesday the company would be issuing a statement in response to the filing. Officials at County Counsel Sharon Anderson's office could not immediately be reached for comment.

Along with the Rodeo project's EIR, the Board of Supervisors on Feb. 3 rejected two appeals of a November 2013 county Planning Commission-approved use permit for the project. The appellants were CBE and the law firm of Shute, Mihaly and Weinberger on behalf of the Rodeo Citizens Association. The board vote was 4-1, with Supervisor John Gioia voting no.[381]

February 3, 2015: County Supervisors Approve Rodeo Refinery Propane and Butane Recovery Project

The San Jose Mercury News reported on February 3, 2015 that in a 4 - 1 decision the Contra Costa Board of Supervisors has approved Phillip 66's propane and butane recovery project at the Rodeo Refinery after more than a year of wrangling over the project's scope, its impacts on health and the environment, and safety concerns. The project "will help ensure the long-term viability of the Rodeo refinery and the many jobs it provides," said Phillips spokesman Paul Adler after the vote. "Protecting our people, our environment and our communities guides everything we do," added Adler, who previously worked for the county as a district representative for Supervisor Federal Glover. But opponents, including the environmental advocacy group Communities for a Better Environment, vowed to continue the fight. "This is an example of environmental injustice," said Roger Lin, attorney for CBE, adding that "procedural and substantive errors" accompanied the board's decision.[382]

January 31, 2015: Rodeo Refinery Propane and Butane Recovery Project Faces Stiff Opposition at Contra Costa County Hearing

The Contra Costa Times reported on January 31, 2015 that the propane and butane recovery project at a Rodeo petroleum refinery that has faced stiff opposition from some local residents as well as regional and national environmental groups as the Contra Costa County Board of Supervisors prepares to hold a hearing on February 3, 2015. The Phillips 66 Propane Recovery Project calls for installing new equipment to recover and sell propane and butane instead of burning the gases at the Rodeo refinery or flaring off excesses. Phillips 66 has said the project would reduce sulfur dioxide emissions by removing sulfur compounds from refinery fuel gas, and reduce other pollutants and greenhouses gases, but environmentalists and the Bay Area Air Quality Management District have questioned those claims. The hearing will include two appeals of the November 2013 approval by the county Planning Commission of a land use permit for the project, as well as consideration of a recirculated Environmental Impact Report. Opponents have said the Rodeo project should be considered as one together with a proposed rail spur at another Phillips 66 Santa Maria refinery in San Luis Obispo County while Phillips has countered that the two projects are independent of each other.[383]

December 17, 2014: Air board Approves Plan to Cut Pollution at Area Refineries Including Rodeo Refinery and Santa Maria Refinery

The San Jose Mercury News reported on December 17, 2014 that the regional air pollution regulators have approved a far-reaching blueprint to cut Bay Area oil refinery emissions by 20 percent. More rigorous monitoring of refinery emissions will be required. To assure continued clean air improvements, refiners will be required periodically to assess their pollution and ways to reduce it. "This strategy will ensure that refineries are taking the strongest steps to cut emissions and minimize their impacts on neighboring residents and the region as a whole," said Jack Broadbent, the air district's executive officer.[384]

December 9, 2014: Environmentalists Concerned About Canadian Oil Sands Crude Deliveries to Santa Maria and Rodeo Refineries

Tom Lochner reported in the Okaland Tribune on December 9, 2014 that environmentalists are concerned about deliveries of Canadian Oil Sands Crude to the Santa Maria Refinery. Sleuthing through the reports of the Santa Maria project and a liquefied petroleum gas project at another Phillips 66 refinery in Rodeo, the group concluded that the propane and butane to be recovered at the Bay Area facility would come from tar sands oil and a diluting agent used to prepare it for transport -- first, as diluted bitumen coming by rail to Santa Maria, then, semi-refined, by pipeline to Rodeo. The October 2014 DEIR specifically rules out delivery of Bakken to the Santa Maria Refinery, although it does not say exactly where the oil would come from.

Tar sands oil is "even worse than Bakken," contends CBE senior scientist Greg Karras. In diluted bitumen form, it is just as volatile, he said, and processing it consumes greater quantities of fossil fuels and produces more greenhouse gases and air pollutants. The heavy tar sands oil also contains more copper, vanadium, nickel, lead, sulfur and nitrogen than other crudes. The comments call tar sands oil among "the dirtiest, most carbon-intensive fuels on the planet." The high sulfur content, moreover, makes the oil corrosive. Sulfur corrosion, the comments note, was a factor in an August 2012 fire at the Chevron refinery in Richmond that sickened thousands. Diluted bitumen also is a powerful water pollutant, Karras said, particularly difficult to clean up because it is so heavy that it settles at the bottom of waterways.[385]

December 3, 2014: Deadline for Comments to Environmental Report on Proposed Propane and Butane Recovery Project at Rodeo Refinery

The Contra Costa Times reported on December 3, 2014 that December 5, 2014 is the deadline for comments to an environmental report on a proposed propane and butane recovery project at the Phillips 66 petroleum refinery. The project calls for installing new equipment to recover and sell propane and butane instead of burning the gases at the refinery or flaring off excesses. While Phillips 66 has said the project would reduce emissions of sulfur dioxide by removing sulfur compounds from refinery fuel gas, and reduce other pollutants and greenhouses gases, environmentalists and the Bay Area Air Quality Management District questioned those claims. The project suffered a string of setbacks after breezing through early stages of the approval process, beginning with the endorsement of the Rodeo Municipal Advisory Council in 2013, followed by county Planning Commission approval of a land use permit later that year. Two environmental groups appealed the Planning Commission's approval, characterizing the original draft environmental impact report as inadequate and incomplete. The air district, meanwhile, said the project's emissions and possible health effects should be considered cumulatively with other petroleum industry-related projects in the East Bay and North Bay.[386]

December 2, 2014: Local Resident Claims She Saw Fire at Rodeo Refinery

Inside Bay News reported on December 2, 2014 that refinery and county officials dismissed a resident's report of a fire on November 28, 2014 at Phillips 66's Rodeo Refinery saying what she saw was a glow from sodium lights shining through a steam plume. "In fact, what this community member saw was the lighting on the structure reflecting through steam," said Amy Lohr, a Phillips 66 spokeswoman. "Under certain conditions, the light when viewed through steam can appear as (it) did that night."

Crockett resident Nancy Rieser was driving past the refinery on her way home late Saturday afternoon when she saw what she described as "a fireball" and profuse smoke at the base of a coker, a unit that processes residual oil into certain gases, gas oils, and petroleum coke. Rieser says she also saw a charred, adjacent tall tank. She took several photos that she forwarded to this newspaper. "A security guard pulled up in a truck and told me to leave, despite the fact I was standing in a public road," said Rieser, a member of the environmental group CRUDE (Crockett-Rodeo United to Defend the Environment), recounting the incident. "He advised me that I could not take pictures as refineries were all now part of Homeland Security. I said I had a right to take a picture of a fire at a refinery, especially this one, as it was close to the community and was a public safety issue." As Rieser recalled it, the security guard then told her, "It wasn't a fire ... It was something else. I am not allowed to tell you what that is but ... this is not a fire."

Don Bristol, chief environmental officer at Phillips 66, responded in an email to a Crockett resident, which was forwarded to members of the CRUDE group that it was steam, not smoke visible in the photo. But he added, "Thanks again for sending the pictures, without seeing them for myself I would not have believed how much it looked like a fire. I have shared the pictures to the entire organization, and we are actually thinking about changing the lights to bright white LED lights."[387]

November 5, 2014: Phillips Begins Planned Maintenance at Rodeo Refinery

Hellenic Shipping News Worldwide reported on November 5, 2014 that Phillips began planned maintenance at RodeoRefinery. One source said the affected unit is the refinery’s hydrocracker, which would impact distillate supply.[388]

October 15, 2014: Air Quality Officials Want Refineries near San Francisco To Cut Emissions By 20 Percent

The Contra Costa Times reported on October 15, 2014 that Bay Area air quality officials want the five Bay Area refineries to cut oil refinery emissions by 20 percent. The refineries include Valero Energy Corp’s 132,000 b/d Benicia, Chevron Corp’s 245,271 b/d Richmond, Tesoro Corp’s 166,000 b/d Martinez, Royal Dutch Shell Plc’s 156,400 b/d Martinez, and Phillips 66’s 120,200 b/d Rodeo. By a 15-0 vote (with seven members absent), the air board gave its staff marching orders to come up with an emission reduction plan, and approved two related actions. By next spring or earlier, the board said it will consider a new rule to more rigorously determine current baseline emissions for refineries, and then track changes over time. Also by spring, the board said it will consider a rule barring refineries from increasing emissions as a result of equipment changes or modernizations. "This is a way to improve the lives of communities around refineries," said Marilyn Bardet of Benicians for a Healthy and Safe Community.[389]

Guy Bjerke, Bay Area manager of the Western States Petroleum Association, said the district is wrong to consider any reduction target before it has completed its new inventory of emissions at the five refineries. "The reductions must be based on sound science, not on speculation," Bjerke said. Industry lawyers also said the district has no evidence that a 20 percent cut would improve public health.[390]

August 24, 2014: Rodeo Refinery Unaffected by August 24 Earthquake

The five crude oil refineries in the San Francisco Bay area said their operations were unaffected by Sunday morning’s 6.0 magnitude earthquake. The refineries include Valero Energy Corp’s 132,000 b/d Benicia, Chevron Corp’s 245,271 b/d Richmond, Tesoro Corp’s 166,000 b/d Martinez, Royal Dutch Shell Plc’s 156,400 b/d Martinez, and Phillips 66’s 120,200 b/d Rodeo.[391]

August 1, 2014: Phillips Reports Small Leak Contained at Rodeo Refinery

Phillips reported a small valve leak that was contained on August 1 at its Rodeo, California refinery, according to a filing with Contra Costa Health Services.[392]

June 27, 2014: Phillips Reports Hydrogen Plant Shutdown at Rodeo Refinery

Phillips reported the hydrogen plant went down on June 27 at its Rodeo, California, refinery, according to a filing with Contra Costa County Health Services. [393]

June 4, 2014: County Supervisors Order More Environmental Study for Rodeo Refinery Expansion

Jean Tepperman reported at the East Bay Express on June 4, 2014 that Contra Costa residents and environmentalists fighting pollution from oil refineries scored two wins at the board of supervisors as county supervisors voted to send a proposal by Phillips 66 for a new project at its Rodeo refinery back for another round of environmental review. The previous environmental impact report (EIR) of the Phillips 66 proposal — to construct new storage tanks for propane and butane — was “flawed,” explained Catherine Kutsuris, director of the Department of Conservation and Development. Many comments from community residents, as well as a letter from the Bay Area Air Quality Management District, pointed out that the original EIR failed to address the “cumulative impacts” of the Phillips 66 proposal together with other local oil industry projects.[394]

According to Tepperman, refinery workers packed the chamber and spoke in support of the Phillips 66 project, while members of local groups such as Crockett Rodeo United to Defend the Environment (CRUDE), along with representatives of environmental organizations, supported the recommendation to revise and re-circulate the EIR. At the invitation of Supervisor Federal Glover, Larry Silva, manager of health and safety at the Phillips 66 plant, described the environmental benefits of the project, including lowering sulfur dioxide emissions and the potential for flaring. He said other projects have not had to do a cumulative health impact and asked for fair treatment.[395]

June 1, 2014: Phillips Reports Unit Upset at Rodeo Refinery

Phillips reported a unit upset led to flaring at its Rodeo refinery in northern California on June 1, according to a filing with Contra Costa Health Services.[396]

June 3, 2014: Rodeo Refinery Propane Recovery Project Delayed Again Over Environmental Impact

Rick Jones reported on the Martinez News-Gazette on June 3, 2014 that Contra Costa County officials want to recirculate the environmental impact report (EIR) for the Phillips 66 Rodeo refinery propane and butane recovery project that calls for the installation of new equipment to recover and sell propane and butane instead of burning it as fuel at the refinery or flaring off excesses. The project would reduce emissions of several pollutants, including sulfur dioxide, the refinery has said. Appeals, by Communities for a Better Environment and the Rodeo Citizens Association, contend the report understates potential impacts of the project and warn that Phillips plans to process more and dirtier crude oil. Phillips has described those contentions as incorrect and speculative.[397]

May 13, 2014: Phillips Reports Several Minor Units Shut at Rodeo Refinery

Phillips reported several minor unspecified units were shut due to a brief power disruption at its Rodeo refinery in northern California, according to a filing with state pollution regulators. The filing did not mention whether the shutdowns affected production or regular operations at the refinery. There were no offsite consequences and the refinery has stabilized, the filing added. [398]

April 18, 2014: Phillips Reports Small Gasoline Leak at Rodeo Refinery

Phillips reported a gasoline leak from a pipeline at its Rodeo, California, refinery, according to a filing with Contra Costa Health Services. About 2–3 barrels of gasoline were released within the refinery and the leak was contained, the filing said. [399]

April 4, 2014: Hearing on Rodeo Refinery Project Postponed until May 13

The Contra Costa Times reported on April 4, 2014 that a public hearing on a propane-and-butane recovery project at the Phillips 66 refinery in Rodeo was postponed by Contra Costa County Board of Supervisors to May 13. New equipment would enable the refinery to recover propane and butane instead of using it as fuel in its boilers or burning off excesses in a process called flaring, the company argued. It added it does not need to refine heavier crudes to make the project work. Opponents of the project argued the environmental report does not adequately study many of the project's potential impacts and it overstates the baseline amounts of propane and butane currently produced at the refinery. They also warned that Phillips plans to process more and dirtier oil. Phillips 66, characterizing many of the appellants' objections as speculative and based on incorrect assumptions, asserted the project would reduce emissions of the pollutant sulfur dioxide. Moreover, Phillips 66 said, there are no restrictions on the kinds of crude the refinery can process now or in the future.[400]

March 10, 2014: Phillips Fined $239k for Air Quality Violations at Rodeo Refinery in 2008 and 2009

Denis Cuff reported in the Contra Costa Times that the Bay Area Air Quality Management District announced on March 10, 2014 that it had reached a civil settlement with Phillips for the payment of $230,900 in air pollution penalties for 19 air quality violations at their Rodeo Refinery in 2008 and 2009 that included late or missed flare gas samples, failure to install and inspect required emission controls on the wastewater system, and operating a storage tank while control valves were open.The refinery also exceeded hydrogen sulfide limits in fuel gas. "The air district has the responsibility to ensure that refineries operate their facilities in full compliance of air quality regulations to protect the health of local residents," said Jack Broadbent, the air district's executive officer. "Any violation of these regulations, no matter how minor, will not be tolerated."[401] Officials at Phillips said the company had disclosed most of the violations to the air district and fixed the problems quickly. "We continue to make improvements in our procedures, training and monitoring to minimize if not eliminate the likelihood of recurrence," said Janet Grothe, a spokeswoman for Phillips.[402]

February 28, 2014: Phillips Faces Compliance Hearing for Pollution Monitoring System at Rodeo Refinery

The Contra Costa Times reported on February 28, 2014 that the Contra Costa County Zoning Administrator will hold a compliance meeting on March 3, 2014 on the land use permit of the Phillips 66 Rodeo Refinery to determine if the fence line pollution monitoring system, deemed deficient in October, has been fixed. The system is supposed to function 95 percent of the time, according to an agreement between the refinery and an environmental working group that is a condition of a Clean Fuels Expansion Project. According to the staff report, a contractor found the monitoring system exceeded the 95 percent standard during four months of a 10-month period, and failed to meet the standard during six of those months.[403]

January 29, 2014: Phillips 66 Agrees To Pay $6,000 In State Fines for Water Pollution Violations from Rodeo Refinery

The Contra Costa Times reported on January 29, 2014 that Phillips has agreed to pay $6,000 in fines to the state for exceeding discharge limits for selenium on two different occasions at its Rodeo refinery along San Pablo Bay that occurred on July 2, 2012 and September 5, 2012. Phillips agreed to waive its right to a hearing and to settle the matter under the board's Expedited Payment Program. The settlement is pending acceptance by the board's executive officer following a public comment period that runs until 5 p.m. on February 28, 2014.[404]

October 30, 2013: Garland Says the Option Value to Hold onto West Coast Refineries at Los Angeles and San Francisco is Not High

In answer to a question from Bradley Olsen of Tudor Pickering Holt & Co. Securities, Inc. Garland told analysts at the third quarter earnings conference on October 30, 2013 that the option value to hold onto West Coast Refineries at Los Angeles and San Francisco is not high. "I think in any time we look at an asset and we’re going to let an asset go, if we are going to get value for PSX shareholders, it has to be tax efficient in terms of the transaction itself. And we look at these assets East and West Coast, we’ll put in advantaged crudes, so that we think we can make them better and drive more value ultimately and optionality that thing, we look at these assets both east and west, we don’t have to put a lot of money into these assets," said Garland. "The option value to hold on is not high for us and again they are generating positive cash or generating maybe single-digit returns, but they are adding value to the portfolio overall. So we don’t feel like there it is stressed assets, we just have to move today. So we’ll hold them for some option value. We’ll consider multiple ways to create values with these assets, but in the mean time we’re going to work to make them better."[405]

October 7, 2013: Phillips Pitches Rodeo Refinery Modernization Project to Hercules City Council

The Contra Costa Times reported on October 7, 2013 that Phillips will make a presentation to the Hercules City Council on October 8, 2013 to promote a modernization project at its Rodeo refinery that would increase the recovery of propane and butane from the refining process in a campaign to generate public support for the project, which Phillips says will benefit the environment by reducing sulfur dioxide emissions, and create well-paying jobs at the refinery and in the surrounding community. Opponents of the plan say the new jobs would be mostly temporary and that the project would bring noise and threaten public safety citing the dangers of storing hydrocarbons and transporting them by rail.[406]

October 3, 2013: Phillips Reports Small Fire in Process Unit at Rodeo Refinery

Phillips 66 reported a small fire in the insulation of a process unit at its Rodeo refinery in northern California, according to a filing with the Contra Costa Health Services. [407]

August 23, 2013: Expansion of Rodeo Refinery Worries East Bay Residents

KGO-TV reported on August 23, 2013 that a plan to build a propane storage facility at Phillips' Rodeo Refinery has some residents fearing for their safety, especially after the big explosion at a propane plant in Central Florida last month. "You can run from a fire, you cannot run from an explosion," says Tegan Clive of Rodeo. "It's too close to people." Phillips says they're just trying to catch up to their competitors in the Bay Area, that all the others already have propane plants on site. "Right now, we currently utilize propane and butane and burn it in our furnaces here. So, it's a fuel source. We're going to replace that with natural gas, something that's cleaner burning than propane and butane," says Phillips spokesman Mark Hughest. Phillips 66 says their plan has been reviewed by safety experts and the risks are low. The Contra Costa Planning Commission has approved a draft environmental impact report. If the full board of supervisors approves a final plan, Phillips hopes to begin construction early next year.[408]

June 10, 2013: Equipment Problem at Rodeo Refinery

4-traders reported on June 10, 2013 that according to a filing with the Contra Costa Health Services Hazardous Materials Program, sulfur dioxide was burned off after an unspecified equipment problem at Rodeo Refinery. The filing did not give a date.[409]

April 18, 2013: Phillips to Restart Hydrocracker after Pump Repairs at Rodeo Refinery

Phillips to Restart Hydrocracker after Pump Repairs at Rodeo Refinery by April 18.[410]

April 12, 2013: Phillips Cuts Production at Rodeo Refinery to Repair Pump

Bloomberg reported on April 12, 2013 that Phillips cut production at Rodeo Refinery to repair a pump at the No. 246 hydrocracker that was damaged after overheating on April 10, 2013. The work is expected to last about three days, said a person familiar with operations at Rodeo, who asked not to be identified because the information isn’t public.[411]

April 10, 2013: Rodeo Refinery Flared Gases for Six Hours after a Unit Shut

Bloomberg reported on April 11, 2013 that Rodeo refinery flared gases for six hours after a unit shut, the company said in a notice to Contra Costa County regulators on April 10, 2013.[412]

March 20, 2013: Phillips Signs Deal that Could Boost Deliveries of Cheap Crude to Rodeo Refinery

Eliot Caroom reported on Bloomberg on March 20, 2013 that Phillipshas signed a pact with Targa Resources Partners LP (NGLS) for five years to provide rail-unloading and barge-loading services in Tacoma, Washington for about 30,000 barrels a day of U.S. and Canadian crudes that will go to the Ferndale Refinery. Phillips’s Rodeo refinery near San Francisco could also receive crude deliveries, displacing imports from outside North America. “We are aggressively pursuing increased access to advantaged crudes in North America by partnering with leading third-party transportation providers and better leveraging our own system capabilities,” Greg Garland, Phillips 66 chairman and chief executive officer, said in the statement. “Increasing our utilization of those advantaged crudes should allow us to capture significant value in our refining and marketing businesses.”[413]

February 13, 2013: Phillips Reports Gasoline Leak at Rodeo Refinery

According to a filing with the Contra Costa Health Services, Phillips 66’s refinery in Rodeo, California, experienced a small gas leak of several gallons from a seal on a pump February 11. The company reported that it isolated and stopped the leak.[414]

February 5, 2013: Canadian Crude is Being Transported to San Francisco Refinery

Reuters reported on February 5, 201 that Tim Taylor, Phillips executive vice president for commercial, marketing, transportation and business development, told the Credit Suisse energy conference that Phillips has begun moving cut-price Canadian crude to its California refineries at Los Angeles and San Francisco via rail. "We're beginning to deliver Canadian crude to our California refineries by rail," said Taylor. Garland told Reuters on January 30, 2013 that Phillips was looking at coiled tube cars that are suited to bitumen in Canada's heavy oil deposits that must be heated in order to flow.[415]

February 1, 2013: Unspecified Unit Outage at Rodeo Refinery

Fox Business reported on February 6, 2013 that an unspecified unit outage occurred at Philips Rodeo refinery on February 1, 2013.[416]

January 30, 2013: Garland Does Not Rule Out a Sale of San Francisco Refinery

Reuters reports that Greg Garland told investors on January 30, 2013 at the 4th quarter earnings conference that Phillips did not rule out a sale of Phillips two California refineries, one at Los Angeles and one at San Francisco, given challenges with state regulatory requirements and high costs. "We're studying any and all options for California in terms of where do we go long-term in the business," said Garland. "We are doing everything we can to improve it. I don't feel it's a distressed asset. We want to take our time and be thoughtful."[417]

Garland told analysts that Phillips 66 was looking at getting railcars capable of hauling even cheaper Canadian heavy crude to the company's refineries in California. However, he said resistance to such a move was likely. A 2006 California law requiring sharp cuts in emissions has a component that would require refineries to run crudes produced in environmentally friendly ways. Canadian crude production comes with high emissions. Plus, California has the huge Monterey shale, estimated by the U.S. government to have more reserves than the prolific Eagle Ford in Texas or Bakken in North Dakota. But output has been spotty with geology that differs from those other plays. Given those uncertainties, Garland told Reuters in an interview that for the time being, Phillips 66 will focus on improving the California refineries' single-digit returns while studying a possible sale, joint venture or spinoff. "The option value to hold California is zero. It really costs us nothing."[418]

January 22, 2013: Unspecified Shutdown at Rodeo Refinery

Fox Business reported on February 6, 2013 that an unspecified shutdown occurred at Philips Rodeo refinery on January 22, 2013.[419]

January 9, 2013: Phillips Reports Sulfur Dioxide Emissions at Rodeo Refinery

Phillips 66 reported emissions of sulfur dioxide from an unspecified unit at its Rodeo refinery very early morning on January 9, according to a filing with the California Emergency Management Agency. The filing did not specify the cause of the emissions, which lasted for more than seven hours.[420]

January 9, 2013: Phillips Restarts an Unspecified Unit at Rodeo Refinery

Phillips reported an unspecified unit restart at its Rodeo refinery early on January 9, according to a filing with local environmental regulators. No further detail is provided in the filing.[421]

October 31, 2012: California Refineries are in Lower Performing Part of Refinery Portfolio and Must Improve

Tim Taylor was asked at the Phillips Third Quarter Earnings Conference on October 31, 2012 if Phillips' position with its two major refineries in California was sufficiently advantaged to warrant continued participation and replied that when Phillips looks at the West Coast, it's been one of the more challenged markets from a recovery standpoint post-recession. "In California, specifically, it's a tough regulatory environment, as well, so costs are higher. And there is a lot of potential additional costs as new regulations come into effect. That said, it's still a very significant market and we think it's really important to look at how can we get some of these crudes out of the middle part of the country into the West Coast, particularly California. So we're working hard on that to try and change that. The comment I'd make in Washington is that that's got a natural access to the Bakken in North Dakota and Canadian crudes. We separate the Washington piece from the California piece that way. But everyone's working hard to look at some crude solutions for the West Coast to improve its competitive position."[422]

"I think we look at the market and say demand continues to struggle out there, as well, post-recession," added Taylor. "And then I think you look more fundamentally at the operating environment and the costs associated with particularly the environmental regulations. And we think that's going to continue to keep pressure on operations and operating costs out there. So, yes, I would say that from a California perspective it is one of the more challenged parts of our portfolio in terms of the basic value equation. So that's why we're still looking at the crude side of it. And continuing to stay abreast and on top of what it's going to take to comply with things like AB32 to really maintain your operations out there."[423]

Asked if California would still remain part of Phillips' core portfolio Taylor replied that right now California is in the lower performing part of Phillips portfolio. "So I think that if our assessment would become that it's going to be challenged for some period of time, we've either got to find a way to improve that operation or find some other way to deal with that."[424]

September 10, 2012: Unplanned Flaring Event at Rodeo Refinery

Nasdaq reported on September 20, 2012 that unplanned flaring event took place on September 10, 2012 at the Rodeo Refinery, according to the California Emergency Management Agency. It wasn't known which units were affected.[425]

August 29, 2012: Fire at Rodeo Refinery Said to Have Shut Down Coker Plant

Bloomberg reported on August 30, 2012 that according to Rick Johnson, a Phillips 66 spokesman, a “small fire” was extinguished in a unit at the Rodeo Refinery on August 29, 2012. According to a person with knowledge of the incident who asked not to be identified because the information isn’t public, the fire was said to have shut down the coker plant and the unit, which converts heavy oil feedstocks into lighter products such as naphtha and heating oil, was not expected to run at 50 percent of capacity until after 4 pm on August 30, 2012 and not at full rates until the end of the week. Phillips 66 declined to comment on the unit’s status.[426]

August 24, 2012: Rodeo Refinery Shuts Down Hydrocracking unit due to Equipment Failure

Reuters reported that the Rodeo Refinery shut the hydrocracking unit August 24, 2012 due to an equipment failure, according to a notice filed with California pollution regulators. "Equipment failure at the unicracker required shutdown and flaring," according to the notice filed with the Contra Costa County Health Department Hazardous Materials Program.[427]

August 10, 2012: Sources Allege Phillips Delaying Work on a Hydrocracker at Rodeo Refinery to Take Advantage of Record Profits

Businessweek reported on August 10, 2012 that Phillips is said to made the decision to delay work on a hydrocracker at the Rodeo refinery in Northern California to take advantage of a fuel-price surge after a fire that cut production at Chevron Corp's Richmond plant. The Rodeo refinery put off maintenance for at least a month at a hydrocracking unit, which makes gasoline and jet fuel, said a person with knowledge of the schedule. The work on the hydrocracker was to have taken six weeks.[428] Phillips 66 delayed a hydrocracker turnaround at the Rodeo refinery in Northern California by a month to profit from a price surge following an Aug. 6 fire at Chevron's Richmond refinery, a person with direct knowledge of the work said.[429]

August 1, 2012: Phillips to Run 30,000 bpd of Advantaged Crudes to Rodeo Refinery

Phillips reported during their second-quarters earnings report on August 1, 2012 that Phillips wants to move the shale crudes from 120,000 to ultimately 450,000 to 460,000 barrels a day and has a plan to get advantaged crude into most of Phillips' refineries. "We are trying to get those crudes to every refinery we can," said Phillips CEO Greg Garland. "Smaller Rodeo we can get at 30,000 barrels a day."[430]

July 25, 2012: Valve Leak Causes Flaring at Rodeo Refinery

The Wall Street Journal reported on July 25, 2012 that a leaking valve caused flaring and the release of excessive amounts of sulfur dioxide on July 24, the Rodeo, Refinery according to a California Emergency Management Agency Hazardous Materials Spill Report.[431]

July 19, 2012: Pump Fire at Rodeo Refinery

Bloomberg reported on July 19, 2012 that Phillips 66 extinguished a fire on a pump at the 76,000-barrel-a-day Rodeo plant, according to Rich Johnson, a company spokesman in Houston.[432]

June 27, 2012: Contra Costa Health Department to Address Concerns About Rodeo Refinery Chemical Release

The San Fransisco Chronicle reported on June 27, 2012 that the Contra Costa Health Department will hold a meeting on July 2nd to address concerns and answer questions about the Phillips 66 refinery chemcial release, which occurred on June 15th and affected residents in Pleasant Hill & Martinez. On June 15, the seam of a tank storing processed water at the Phillips 66 refinery separated and allowed hydrogen sulfide vapors into the air, causing a rotten egg odor. The release persisted throughout the area and people may have felt nausea, had headaches or people with respiratory sensitivities may have affected their breathing. Hazardous Materials Ombudsman Michael Kent said it is important to be transparent when such incidents occur so the public is aware of what happened, what is being done and what follow-up actions are taking place. Speakers at the meeting will include representatives from Phillips 66 and County Supervisor Federal Glover’s office, Public Health Director Dr. Wendel Brunner and Chief Environmental Health and Hazardous Materials Officer Randy Sawyer.[433]

June 16, 2012: Crews Pumped Hundreds of Thousands Of Gallons Of "Sour Water" from a Ruptured Tank at Rodeo Refinery

Rick Hurd reported in the Contra Costa Times on June 16, 2012 that hazardous materials crews pumped hundreds of thousands of gallons of "sour water" from a ruptured tank at a Phillips 66 petroleum refinery in Rodeo as they continued to clean up from a leak the day before. Hydrogen sulfide is not dangerous in low concentrations, but its offensive rotten-egg smell is strong and easily noticed, and can cause dizziness and nausea, said Randy Sawyer, the county's chief environmental health and hazardous materials officer. The threshold for the gas becoming a health hazard is 30 parts per million, and the highest measurement in the area surrounding the refinery was 1 part per million. Crews laid down a blanket of firefighting foam in the tank, and a contractor will rivet and tape down a heavy chemical resistant tarp. The cause of the rupture remains unknown, and the investigation likely won't be finished for weeks.[434][435]

June 15, 2012: Gas Release from Rodeo Refinery Causes Concern in Benicia

JB Davis reported in the Benicia Patch that a leak at the Phillips 66 oil refinery in Rodeo caused a gaseous smell that greeted morning walkers in Benicia as ground level monitors in Benicia that track air quality did showed an uptick in hydrogen sulfide, a colorless, flammable gas that has a rotten egg smell. The Contra Costa County Hazardous Materials team and the county’s health department determined that the leak created a “non-harmful nuisance odor,” according to Division Chief Nick Thomas of the Benicia Fire Department. “Just prior to 8 a.m. was the height of the readings but they are back to normal now,” said Benicia Fire Chief Steve Vucurevich who also reported that the City has received nearly 400 phone calls about the odor.[436] Phillips 66 reported that a leak from a storage tank caused a release of water used in the refining process. The water has a foul smell like rotten eggs. Refinery production was unaffected.[437]

June 4, 2012: Planned Overhaul Completed at Rodeo Refinery

Reuters reported on June 4, 2012 that Phillips 66 has completed a planned overhaul at Rodeo Refinery that began on April 24.[438]

June 1, 2012: Sulfur Dioxide Emissions due to a Flaring Event at Rodeo Refinery

Reuters reported that Phillips 66 reported sulfur dioxide emissions due to a flaring event at its refinery in Rodeo, California, according to a filing with state pollution regulators. The filing with California Emergency Management Agency said the release would not pose threat to local residents. Flaring usually indicates refinery operations are interrupted by planned maintenance or an unplanned breakdown.[439]

News and Views on Santa Maria Refinery

March 31, 2015: Phillips 66 to Present at Public Forum on Controversial Santa Maria Oil Train Project

KCBX reported on March 31, 2015 that representatives from Phillips 66, as well as the Oil Refinery Watch Group are expected to present their arguments for and against the Santa Mariarail project at a public discussion on April 2, 2015 in Grover Beach organized by Karen Bright with the South County Democratic Club of San Luis Obispo Count. "We had put it out to our members—various things and items, subject matter that they'd like to have presentations on throughout the year—and this was the one that rose to the top," said Bright. "I think because it's so current and there are so many differences of opinion, so we just wanted to get the facts from both sides."[440]

March 17, 2015: Recent Lawsuits Signal a Litigious Future for Santa Maria and Rodeo Refineries

Rhys Heyden writes in the Santa Maria Sun that three recent lawsuits filed in Contra Costa County against the Propane Recovery Project at Rodeo Refinery highlighted an important similarity between the two Philips 66 refineries. Namely, that Phillips operates a refinery in each county, and a proprietary pipeline links the two and that legal action has a direct connection to SLO County and the Santa Maria Refinery in Nipomo. “Folks who are watching the Santa Maria Refinery and its rail spur extension project should also keep a close eye on Rodeo,” said Roger Lin, an attorney representing environmental group Communities for a Better Environment (CBE) in one of the three suits. “We’ve always held the position that the two refineries are really just one whole.”

"In an oversimplified sense, Lin’s opinion is the nexus of the trio of lawsuits," writes Heyden. "Phillips 66 insists that a “propane recovery project” at the Rodeo Refinery and the rail spur project at the Santa Maria Refinery are discrete entities, and their opponents insist that the two projects are inextricable." “The county improperly ‘piecemealed’ its review of the [propane recovery] project from other related projects … designed to accommodate the switch from California crudes to out-of-state imports,” argues the SAFER suit. “People in SLO County, just like those in Contra Costa County, have the right to have all these impacts evaluated in one place,” said Marc Joseph, an attorney representing SAFER California. “It’s truly baffling that the powers that be refuse to analyze this project as a whole.”

“We’ve been saying all along that the fastest way to a conclusion is for Phillips 66 to just admit that these two projects are linked,” Lin said. “If Phillips 66 wants to shortcut this legal process and just tell the truth, we welcome that.” As for how Phillips 66—the prime mover of this entire situation—thinks legal action in Contra Costa County could affect its SLO County proposal, it’s anyone’s guess. In response to that exact question, Phillips spokesman Dennis Nuss simply answered, “We remain committed to the proposed Santa Maria rail project.”[441]

February 21, 2015: Mesa Refinery Watch Group Says "Just Say No to Crude by Rail" to Phillips Santa Maria Oil Train Project

The Mesa Refinery Watch Group wrote an op-ed in the Cal Coast News on February 21, 2015 opposing Phillips “crude-by-rail strategy” on California and San Luis Obispo County and listing the local cities, counties, and ditricts that have already officially communicated their opposition:

  • Alameda County
  • Berkeley
  • Berkeley Rent Stabilization Board
  • Camarillo
  • Davis
  • Moorpark
  • Oakland
  • Oxnard
  • Richmond
  • Simi Valley
  • San Jose
  • San Leandro Unified School District
  • San Luis Obispo City
  • Ventura County
  • Ventura Unified School District

"Therefore — this is not a “NIMBY” issue," write the group. "Phillips’ plan endangers scores of cities and towns, and millions of citizens as their trains carry tar sands all the way from Canada to SLO County."[442]

February 18, 2015: San Luis Obispo City Council Opposes Phillips Santa Maria Oil Train Project

The Paso Roble Daily News reported on February 18, 2015 that the San Luis Obispo City Council decided on February 17, 2015 to oppose the Santa Maria Phillips 66 rail spur project, which could bring mile-long oil trains carrying 2.5 million gallons of crude nearly every day through San Luis Obispo. The council directed city staff to write a letter to the county opposing the Phillips 66 project. In voting to oppose the Santa Maria Phillips 66 rail spur, San Luis Obispo joins cities and counties all along the rail route that have passed resolutions and sent letters against the project, including San Jose, Davis, Berkeley, Oakland, Moorpark, Oxnard, Camarillo, Alameda County, and Ventura County. More than 22,000 people from across California have also voiced opposition to the project. “We’re seeing massive opposition to this project from citizens all along the rail route — and with good reason,” said Valerie Love with the Center for Biological Diversity. “No one in their right mind would invite these dangerous bomb trains into their community.”[443]

February 4, 2015: Workers at Santa Maria Refinery Concerned About Fatigue Policy, Show Solidarity with Union Strikers

The New Times reports that since January 28, 2015 a rotating group of members the United Steelworkers (USW) Local 534 chapter have been picketing at the gates of the Phillips 66 Santa Maria Refinery in Nipomo to show solidarity with the work stoppage involving roughly 3,800 workers at nine refineries that started on February 1, 2015. “We are just picketing and not on strike yet, but it’s important for us to express ourselves and show solidarity with the USW,” said Juan Zepeda, the financial secretary/treasurer of the local USW chapter and a sulfur plant operator at the Santa Maria Refinery. “The picketing shows [Phillips 66] that they haven’t torn us apart yet.” “At this time, there hasn’t yet been a decision to expand the work stoppage,” said Nashville-based USW spokeswoman Lynne Hancock. “More refineries could soon join the strike if necessary, but 
that decision would be made at the national level.”

Outside the Santa Maria Refinery, Zepeda said 10 to 15 workers have been picketing every day for about a week, adding that—other than showing solidarity—the local USW chapter’s biggest issue is installing a new “fatigue policy” to give overworked employees some relief. “I can work anywhere from 110 to 148 hours in a two-week period, and that’s typical—it’s almost impossible for refinery workers to have family time,” Zepeda said. “You can only squeeze a nickel so hard before it starts to hurt the other side. “It’s also a ticking time bomb, it’s a refinery where a lot can go up in flames,” he added. “You’ve got to have people that are alert and have their wits about them—you can’t live with some zombie at the controls.”

“Once national bargaining is completed, Phillips 66 will be negotiating a new bargaining contract with the local USW unions that represent each of our refineries covered by expiring contracts,” says Phillips 66 spokesman Dennis Nuss. “We are committed to reaching a new agreement that is good for our employees and protects the future of some of the best jobs in American industry. “We are hopeful that we can achieve this goal without any interruption to our operations,” he added. “In addition to competitive wages and benefits, we expect the next contract to support our local efforts to improve safety and productivity.”[444]

January 22, 2015: Teagan Clive Says Contra Costa County Recently Created a New Tax Base for Phillips 66 Reducing Payments from $3,900 per acre for their main lot to $42

Teagan Clive wrote a letter to the Martinez News-Gazette on January 22, 2015 reporting that according to Tax Assessor Gus Kramer, Phillips 66’s taxes were now based on “profits, not property.” Since the refinery owns 37 percent of the land in Rodeo, this went far to reduce their tax burden. Kramer couldn’t say off-hand how much Phillips has reduced their tax burden but public records show that, in 2014, they paid $3,900 per acre for their main lot and now they’re paying only $42 per acre. BOS Chairman John Gioia confirmed the new “profit-sharing” relationship with P66. "This begs the question: How can the BOS objectively vote on any matter concerning P66 – like the controversial Propane Project which is believed to involve notorious tar sands – if the County has become a “business partner”? Although Phillips ranks No. 6 on the Fortune 500, the County is now obliged to help them make money. This might explain why Supervisor Glover “lost” his long-time assistant, Paul Adler, who went to work for the refinery this month, in “government affairs.”"[445]

January 15, 2015: San Jose City Council Votes Unanimously to Oppose Plans For Phillips 66 Crude Oil Transport

NBC Bay Area News reported on January 15, 2015 that the San Jose City Council voted unanimously to oppose Phillips 66's plans for crude oil to be transported through San Jose and urged the San Luis Obispo Planning Commission to reject the expansion proposal. "It's coming right through our cities within a hundred feet of homes in my council district," said City Councilman Ash Kalra. "Going through farmlands in my council district as well, and going through downtown." The issue was discussed at Tuesday's council meeting and a debate lasted lasted late into the afternoon, with some council members saying it is the federal government's job, not the city's, to make the call. "We should also be asking 'Is enough being done to make us safe?'" Councilman Johnny Khamis said. "But not outright oppose it."[446]

January 12, 2015: Carolyn Norr Writes: "Say no to toxic oil trains for the future of our children"

Carolyn Norr wrote an op-ed in the Contra Costa Times on January 12, 2015 that said that Phillips 66 proposes an expansion of its facility 250 miles south of here, that would bring a mile-long toxic train every day past our homes and schools. "I invite the San Luis Obispo Board of Supervisors, my City Council, and everyone who cares about the safety and future of families in California, to join me in doing everything in our power to stop this plan. No to the expansion of Phillips 66, no to oil trains in our communities."

Orley Troxel replied in the comments that "I wish I knew if Carolyn Norr drove a vehicle? I bet "Yes". I wish I knew if Carolyn Norr heated and cooled her house, with energy from fossil fuels? I bet "Yes". I wish I knew whether Carolyn Norr used plactic wrap in her kitchen, wore clothes made with man-made fabrics, wore clothes with "organic" fibers that were cultivated with machinery that burned fossil fuels."[447]

December 31, 2014: The Pros and Cons of a Controversial Phillips 66 Oil-by-Rail Project

Rhys Heyden wrote in the New Times on December 31, 2014 that Phillips 66's Santa Maria Refinery would like to transport much of its crude oil into San Luis Obispo County via train, while opponents would prefer such plans to be driven out of the county on a rail. "Many stakeholders adamantly support the project, while many locals virulently oppose the proposed rail spur that would allow this transportation method to materialize," writes Heyden. "There are plenty of lawyers involved and lots of money tied up in each side of the issue, and the project itself reaches far beyond the borders of SLO County."

Seeking to understand why many people support the project, New Times reached out to Phillips 66 to get their point of view. Though New Times requested a tour of the refinery and access to speak with a variety of Phillips 66 employees, the company—working with SLO-based PR firm Barnett Cox & Associates—declined to provide either, instead offering a presentation and interview with two company spokespeople. Essentially, Phillips argues that oil production in Santa Barbara County (the refinery’s predominant current source of oil at about 65 to 80 percent of total sourcing) is in decline. Anticipating further falloff, the company wants to diversify how it receives oil and where it receives it from.

Project adversaries disagreed with what they see as “specious” arguments from Phillips 66. They feel that the company has not been a good neighbor and is pursuing the crude-by-rail strategy primarily to enhance profits, not because any refinery jobs or the local oil supply are truly at risk. “There are just no grounds on which to support this project,” says Sierra Club leader Andrew Christie. “The impacts are understated, the EIR has been deficient from the start, and there are still 11 ‘significant and unavoidable’ impacts in a defective EIR.” All of these impacts are essentially due to the potential for high levels of toxic emissions from the oil trains or the mushrooming consequences of a possible crude oil spill and/or derailment.

Unsurprisingly for a project of this magnitude, many politicos polled by New Times said they saw the rail spur project likely being appealed by one side or the other—from the Planning Commission, to the Board of Supervisors, to the California Coastal Commission (the refinery is in the coastal zone)—and then likely being settled in court in a years-long struggle.“Ultimately, it comes down to this: Is what they’re proposing appropriate for the community, or are the impacts just too great?,” said District 3 Supervisor Adam Hill. “It will be interesting to see how that question is answered.”[448]

December 31, 2014: The Shredder Writes: "There’s a plethora of people eager to tell you all about how Phillips 66 has done so much for the community"

Anonymous columnist "The Shredder" wrote in the New Times on December 31, 2014 that there's "here’s a plethora of people eager to tell you all about how Phillips 66 has done so much for the community, how much Phillips 66 cares about us all, and how very much it would hurt Phillips 66’s feelings if we denied the company its rail spur project. The problem is, Phillips 66 has greased the verbal wheels by giving these people a lot of money, and then turned around and given even more money to a local PR firm to tell the rest of the community just how great Phillips 66 really is. Call me a cynic, but as soon as I know someone’s been paid to say something, they lose credibility in my eyes, and I’m speaking as someone who has never been paid. Maybe they really mean it. But if that were the case, why wouldn’t they say it without being paid?"

The reality is that Phillips 66’s “good neighbor” moments tend to be choreographed, right down to photographs of a smiling spokesperson handing over an enormous check. And that’s OK. That’s what for-profit corporations do. It is not, however, what good neighbors do. I know, because my neighbor is still miffed about the time I offered to pay up front so my dog can freely pop squats in his yard. In fact, a company is not a neighbor at all, regardless of how many times a PR company repeats the term. A corporation is not a human being with human concerns; corporations are motivated by one thing: profit.

While I don’t fault Phillips 66 for behaving like a corporation any more than I fault a wild animal for behaving like a wild animal, I don’t much appreciate the fact that they’re trotting out platitudes about being there for the community in lieu of substantive discussion about the impacts of what they’re proposing. Hiring a company to attempt to wrangle and limit the media while feeding the public a heavily manipulated image of an oil company as Mr. Rogers—if Mr. Rogers was in the habit of doling out enormous checks—is a fairly oily thing to do.[449]
December 23, 2014: Judge Rules That Phillips 66 Policy Prohibiting Santa Maria Refinery Employees from Talking to the Media Violates the Law

David Minsky reports at the Santa Maria Sun that on November 25, 2014 a National Labor Relations Board administrative law judge found that Phillips policy of prohibiting Phillips employees at the Santa Maria Refinery from speaking to reporters violated the law. According to case documents, attorneys representing Phillips 66 argued in court that the policy was meant to prohibit employees from speaking on the company’s behalf about any confidential operations. But the judge rejected this argument, saying the policy was ambiguous and violates the law because employees could “reasonably construe” that it would prohibit them from discussing, among other things, labor disputes or conditions of work. Reached by email last week, Phillips 66 spokesperson Dennis H. Nuss said the company is aware of the recent decision, but didn’t make specific comments about the case. However Nuss did write: “Our company’s top priority is the safety of everyone who works at our sites and lives in our neighboring communities. In 2012, Phillips 66 redistributed certain safety-related functions and responsibilities among personnel at the Santa Maria Refinery, and there were no staff reductions. These changes have helped maintain and improve the refinery’s high standards for safety performance.”[450]

December 23, 2014: Phillips Donates $30,000 to Santa Maria Museum

The Paso Roble Daily News reported on December 23, 2014 that volunteers from the San Luis Obispo Railroad Museum received a $30,000 contribution from Phillips earmarked to help complete the museum’s ambitious model railroad room, a scale model depiction of the rail industry in SLO as it looked in the early part of the 20th century. According to Museum volunteer Arnold Jonas, the group hosted a tour of its facility for Phillips 66 officials in late fall and received a positive reaction. “Several of the people touring our museum were from out of state and were frankly amazed at what our group of volunteers has accomplished,” said Jonas. “And not only was the group impressed by the museum, they were intrigued by our emphasis on education and our interest in telling the story of the railroad in our county. Apparently that paved the way for our grant approval,” he said. “All of us involved in the oil industry are aware of the role the local railroad played – and continues to play – in keeping our product moving,” said Bill Schroll, manager of the Phillips 66 Santa Maria Refinery located on the Nipomo Mesa. “We are delighted to help educate residents and areas visitors about the rich history of the railroads and their role on the Central Coast, including the dynamic partnership that continues between our industries,” he said.[451]

December 17, 2014: Air board Approves Plan to Cut Pollution at Area Refineries Including Rodeo Refinery and Santa Maria Refinery

The San Jose Mercury News reported on December 17, 2014 that the regional air pollution regulators have approved a far-reaching blueprint to cut Bay Area oil refinery emissions by 20 percent. More rigorous monitoring of refinery emissions will be required. To assure continued clean air improvements, refiners will be required periodically to assess their pollution and ways to reduce it. "This strategy will ensure that refineries are taking the strongest steps to cut emissions and minimize their impacts on neighboring residents and the region as a whole," said Jack Broadbent, the air district's executive officer.[452]

December 12, 2014: Moonpark City Councilman Doesn't Agree With Letter of Opposition to Santa Maria Oil Trains

Art Van Kraft reported in the Moonpark Acorn on December 12, 2014 that Moonpark City Councilman Keith Millhouse says he doesn’t agree with a report from the Moonpark community development department, which concludes that trains carrying crude oil to Phillips Santa Maria Refinery would be a potential threat to residents and recommends a letter of opposition be submitted to the San Luis Obispo County Planning Commission. “I don’t know why staff decided that an opposition letter would be the appropriate response,” said Millhouse, who said he can’t see the risk in allowing the freight train to pass through the city, one of several along the 213-mile route. “They come up with a highly implausible scenario and suggested action based upon that. I don’t think that is responsible.” Millhouse pointed out that Phillips 66 wouldn’t be the first oil company to transport crude through town on a regular basis. Millhouse said the report doesn’t put the risk in proper context and creates unnecessary fear. “That (threat) is not a realistic problem,” Millhouse said. “They are creating hysteria about what might happen and we need a more rational discussion of this.”[453]

December 12, 2014: Berkeley Rent Board to Discuss Effects of Phillips Plan to Bring Oil by Rail Through East Bay Cities

Tom Lochner reported in the Contra Costa Times on December 12 , 2014 that the Berkeley Rent Stabilization Board will discuss crude oil transport by rail through East Bay communities at their next meeting. A draft resolution opposes a proposal by Phillips 66 to bring crude oil from outside the state to its Santa Maria refinery in San Luis Obispo County. The purpose of the resolution is to pre-empt "the possible destruction of affordable housing in Berkeley from an explosive and destructive derailment ... as the trains pass through Berkeley." "If the crude-by-rail project is approved, these dangerous 'bomb trains' will roll through many California communities each day, including northern and western shorelines of Alameda and Contra Costa Counties," the draft resolution reads. "This project will put many communities at risk of accidents and spills, threatening our air, water, health and Berkeley's rent-controlled housing stock."

Phillips 66 has said it is pleased that issues brought forth by the community are addressed in a revised Draft Environmental Impact Report that will be the subject of a public hearing in San Luis Obispo. "We understand that there may be opposition to the project, and we look forward to San Luis Obispo County providing responses to new issues that are raised and addressing them in compliance with (the California Environmental Quality Act)."[454]

December 9, 2014: Environmentalists Concerned About Canadian Oil Sands Crude Deliveries to Santa Maria and Rodeo Refineries

Tom Lochner reported in the Oakland Tribune on December 9, 2014 that environmentalists are concerned about deliveries of Canadian Oil Sands Crude to the Santa Maria Refinery. Sleuthing through the reports of the Santa Maria project and a liquefied petroleum gas project at another Phillips 66 refinery in Rodeo, the group concluded that the propane and butane to be recovered at the Bay Area facility would come from tar sands oil and a diluting agent used to prepare it for transport -- first, as diluted bitumen coming by rail to Santa Maria, then, semi-refined, by pipeline to Rodeo. The October 2014 DEIR specifically rules out delivery of Bakken to the Santa Maria Refinery, although it does not say exactly where the oil would come from.

Tar sands oil is "even worse than Bakken," contends CBE senior scientist Greg Karras. In diluted bitumen form, it is just as volatile, he said, and processing it consumes greater quantities of fossil fuels and produces more greenhouse gases and air pollutants. The heavy tar sands oil also contains more copper, vanadium, nickel, lead, sulfur and nitrogen than other crudes. The comments call tar sands oil among "the dirtiest, most carbon-intensive fuels on the planet." The high sulfur content, moreover, makes the oil corrosive. Sulfur corrosion, the comments note, was a factor in an August 2012 fire at the Chevron refinery in Richmond that sickened thousands. Diluted bitumen also is a powerful water pollutant, Karras said, particularly difficult to clean up because it is so heavy that it settles at the bottom of waterways.[455]

December 3, 2014: County Receives 11,000 Letters Opposing Santa Maria Rail Spur Project

The New Times reported on December 3, 2014 that the San Luis Obispo County Planning and Building Department’ was surprised to have received 11,000 messages and letters opposing Phillips 66's rail spur project that would bring crude oil by rail to the Phillips 66 Santa Maria Refinery. “It said we had 10,600 unread messages,” said Murray Wilson. “That’s in addition to the 50 to 100 hard copies of letters we received, so it’s going to take a while to sort through all of this.” Wilson said that his department is currently organizing and forwarding all of the public comments to the EIR consultants, who will subsequently respond to the communication and put together the final EIR for the project. “We’re scheduled to have the final EIR published by the middle of January, and I hope we can stay on that target,” Wilson said. “It’s a matter of making sure we respond to all the letters appropriately.” According to Wilson, the vast majority of communication received—he estimated 98 or 99 percent—was comprised of about five different types of individually signed form letters from various environmental activist groups.[456]

November 26, 2014: San Jose City Councilman Urges Rejection of Phillips 66 Company Rail Spur Extension Project

The Santa Cruz Sentinel News reported on November 26, 2014 that San Jose City councilman Ash Kalra has announced his opposition to the Phillips 66 Company Rail Spur Extension Project would bring as many as 250 unit trains a year with 80 tank cars plus locomotives and supporting cars to a new crude oil unloading facility in Santa Maria from the north or from the south along tracks owned by the Union Pacific Railroad. "This will allow mile-long oil trains carrying millions of gallons of explosive, toxic crude oil in unsafe tank cars to travel through California every day," reads a news release from San Jose City Councilman Ash Kalra. "These trains will travel through the Bay Area passing neighborhoods in San Jose, including Kalra's District 2 in south San Jose. This proposed plan threatens the residents and families along the rail routes and also threatens the environment and local water supplies." Kalra continues by urging San Luis Obispo County to reject the project, saying, "The safety of our community members, our health, and our environment, should not be taken lightly."[457]

November 18, 2014: Op-ed Says that Santa Maria Refinery Rail Expansion Could Imperil Downtown San Jose

Richard Nevle and Deborah Levoy wrote in an op-ed in the San Jose Mercury News on November 18, 2014 that trains rolling through Northern California communities on their way to Phillips' Santa Maria refinery may soon carry massive charges of highly toxic tar sands crude that could bring nightmarish catastrophes to the heart of San Jose's downtown neighborhoods. "The mile-long trains transport millions of gallons of volatile oil in unsafe tank cars that are prone to derailing and exploding. California's railways weren't built to transport this noxious oil," write the authors. "If you think oil spills can't happen in San Jose, consider that more rail-transported oil spilled in 2013 than in the four prior decades. Or ask relatives of the 47 people who were incinerated when an oil train exploded in Quebec in July 2013."

"Oil companies including ConocoPhillips, of which Phillips 66 is a subsidiary, have contributed huge sums of money to forestall meaningful legislative action on the climate, actively working against the public interest in order to line their own pockets. The proposed facility expansion in Santa Maria is motivated by more of the same amoral self-interest that willfully places public health, land, water and climate at risk. We can't hope for oil companies to behave ethically. That would be perilous. We simply have to fight them every step of the way."[458]

November 14, 2014: Sacramento Area Council of Governments Calls for Stronger Safety Controls on a Phillips Santa Maria Rail Proposal

The Sacramento Bee reported on November 14, 2014 that board members of the Sacramento Area Council of Governments, regional officials are asking San Luis Obispo County to require the Phillips 66 to notify local fire officials before any crude oil train comes through the area, limit the parking of crude-oil-laden trains in the urban area, provide funding for training on fighting oil fires, and require trains and tracks to have modern safety features. SACOG officials said they are not taking a stance against rail shipments of crude oil in general. “Our intent is not to prohibit any types of shipments, our intent is to ensure that where they are shipped that we impose the most reasonably feasible safety measures for our communities,” the agency’s attorney Kirk Trost said during a board briefing this week.

The Sacramento group, in its letter, also joined a growing national chorus of cities and states demanding that particularly flammable crude oil from the Bakken region of North Dakota be stripped of its more volatile elements before being loaded on trains. In an email to The Sacramento Bee, Phillips 66 spokesman Dennis Nuss said Phillips does not plan to ship Bakken oil to its Santa Maria Refinery. “Phillips 66 is working to ensure the long-term viability of the Santa Maria Refinery and the many jobs it provides,” he wrote. “Our plans for this project reflect our company’s commitment to operational excellence and safety while enhancing the competitiveness of the facility.”[459]

November 12, 2014: Group Meets to Voice Opposition to Crude Oil Deliveries by Rail to Santa Maria Refinery

The San Luis Obispo Tribune reported on November 12, 2014 that more than 200 people met in Nipomo to voice opposition to a plan by Phillips 66 to install tracks so it can deliver crude oil to its Santa Maria refinery by rail. One by one, group members took turns detailing significant and potentially disastrous impacts that they believe the proposal could have on San Luis Obispo County. “Approving this project would change the very fabric of our county,” Martin Akel said. “My friends, protect yourself. Take action and take it now.” No county planning officials or Phillips 66 representatives spoke during the presentations.

According to Cynthia Lambert writing in the Tribune, judging by the large crowd and enthusiastic response for the speakers, many attendees agreed with concerns about possible air quality, noise and odor impacts, as well as the potential for rail accidents that could cause oil spills, fires or explosions — not just in Nipomo, but anywhere along the Union Pacific mainline. “How can anyone be in favor of this?” said Janet Pelkey, who came to the meeting with her husband, Jim, to learn more about the project.[460]

November 1, 2014: Phillips Reports Flaring at Santa Maria Refinery

Phillips filed a report with the California Emergency Management Agency, indicating flaring due to a process upset at its Santa Maria refinery in Arroyo Grande, California, on Saturday. The report stated that the refinery was being brought “back under control” after the incident.[461]

October 29, 2014: Laurance Shinderman Says Phillips 66 Rail Spur Project is Wrong for San Luis Obispo County

Laurance Shinderman of the Mesa Refinery Watch Group wrote an op-ed piece in the Cal Coast News on October 29, 2014 that says that Phillips' plan to build a rail spur and a crude oil railcar unloading facility for the Santa Maria Refinery could result in effects that impair adjacent agricultural uses along the UPRR mainline in the event of a derailment and or spill, including the generation of contaminated air emissions, soil and water contamination and increased risk of fire which have the potential to adversely affect adjacent agricultural areas. "Under the new proposal, the Phillips facility will undertake an entirely new method of doing business," writes Shinderman . "In effect, they’re turning over the tables on our citizens, and starting all over again … with a potential disastrous impact on those who live in the county. The fact that Phillips has been a “good neighbor” and taxpayer, has nothing to do with granting them the right to introduce a completely new, different and dangerous way to conduct their operations."[462]

"This project is a heads Phillips wins and tails SLO loses," concludes Shinderman, "because if there were a disaster; who would compensate businesses for their economic loss, or compensate farmers for their land that could be potentially made useless due to the fall out of toxic soot and ash. Are the health, safety and the vitality of San Luis Obispo county worth granting Phillips the go ahead with this project so that they could garner a few extra dollars/barrel from “advantaged” crude? We think not."[463]

October 10, 2014: New Study Assesses Rick of Oil Spill at Santa Maria Refinery if Proposed Rail Project is Approved

The San Luis Obispo Tribune reported on October 10, 2014 that a new study has assessed three rail routes to Phillips 66's Santa Maria Refinery and found the project could significantly impact public safety if a crude oil spill results in a fire or explosion near a populated area. An analysis estimated the average incident rate of a release of 100 gallons or more of oil from a train traveling between the Phillips 66 refinery and rail yards in Roseville or Colton would be once every 46 years to 76 years, depending on the route. The probability of an oil release anywhere along the entire rail line in California would be greater — estimated at once every 19 years to 31 years. But explosions are considered unlikely with a 100-gallon spill. “While the exact route the trains would take to get to these two rail yards is speculative, all of the routes within and outside of California would traverse populated areas that could be impacted in the event of a release that resulted in a fire or explosion,” the report states.[464]

The report also found that trains would be traveling about 3 miles per hour on the Phillips 66 property, so it’s unlikely they could be hit hard enough to result in a spill. The hazard impacts at the refinery were found to be less than significant, according to the draft report. No crude oil or refined product would be transported out of the refinery by rail. Also, no Bakken crude will be delivered to the refinery as part of the project — a response to concerns that light crude oil from the Bakken region in North Dakota may be more volatile than other crudes. The risk would also be substantially lowered by using the safest tank car design available, which could reduce the probability of an oil spill by about 74 percent, according to the report.[465]

September 30, 2014: Some Residents Oppose Phillips Bringing More Oil Trains to Santa Maria Refinery

KSBY reported on September 30, 2014 that Phillips wants to add 44,000 feet of track on the property near the Santa Maria Refinery and begin bringing in up to five trains with 80 railcars per train to transport crude oil. Phillips hosted an open house on September 30, 2014 about the project so locals could ask questions and share their concerns about the proposal. A spokesperson for the Phillips 66 Refinery says the proposed rail project is solely on their property, and claims it would not be an issue for people who live nearby. "The entire project will be on Phillips 66 property here at the refinery," says James Anderson, Superintendent of the Santa Maria Refinery. "The project does not increase any intake and throughput of the refinery and it would be a way for us to obtain crude oil from additional sources throughout the United States."[466]

People who live near the refinery say they are still concerned. "They are not going to be doing anything to reduce the harm that they are going to create for the people here who will be breathing this," says Marty Akel, Nipomo resident and member of the Mesa Refinery Watch Group. "We have a rail terminal with all the noise pollution of diesel trains, coupling and uncoupling all the time, the air pollution, the light pollution, they will be destroying the atmosphere over here." Akel lives in the Trilogy estates at Monarch Dunes. He and his neighbors say they are outraged at the proposed project at the Santa Maria Refinery, that if approved, would be viewable from their backyard. "I wouldn't want to live in their backyard, and I do live here. It is just not a good thing." says Amy Hedges. "The ocean is out there, Trilogy is right here, you can see how close it is. It is going to be a tremendous burden for everyone up in the Mesa."[467]

September 5, 2014: Garland Disappointed with Lengthy Permit Process for Rail Offloading at Santa Maria Refinery

Reuters reported on September 3, 2014 that Greg Garland told analysts at the Barclays CEO Energy-Power Conference that Phillips was "disappointed" in the lengthy permitting process for a rail offloading project at its refinery in Santa Maria, California, but remained optimistic it would be built. The rail project would bring in about 40,000 bpd of heavy oil, like that produced in Canada rather than light Bakken crude, according to the company. A local planning commission meeting to consider approving the project has been pushed to January from April to allow an environmental impact report produced in late 2013 to be recirculated for more public comment.[468]

Garland added that Phillips has ordered another 500 railcars to increase its fleet to 3,700 railcars. which will allow it to eventually move up to 185,000 barrels per day (bpd) of North Dakota Bakken crude oil to its refineries on the East and West coasts.[469]

July 16, 2014: Phillips 66 Restarts Santa Maria Refinery after Power Outage

Phillips 66 said power loss at its Santa Maria, California, refinery was only temporary and was quickly restored. [470]

July 16, 2014: Power Outage Causes Flaring at Phillips Santa Maria Refinery

The Tribune reported on July 16, 2014 that a temporary power outage at the Phillips Santa Maria Refinery caused a flaring incident Tuesday, July 15, 2014, which was spotted by some local residents.[471]

July 1, 2014: Phillips Continues Working to Restart Santa Maria Refinery

Phillips said it was still working to restart its Santa Maria, California refinery following a power outage on July 16.[472]

June 1, 2014: Phillips Says Operations Normal at Santa Maria Refinery After Steam Power Plant Shutdown

Phillips on Sunday said its Santa Maria refinery in Arroyo Grande, California, resumed normal operations late Friday following the shutdown of the site’s steam power plant. The shutdown occurred due to a process upset, the company said. The company reported an unspecified process upset at the refinery on Friday, according to a filing with state pollution regulators. [473]

May 21, 2014: Update: Phillips Working to Restart Santa Maria Refinery

Phillips said it was working to restart its Santa Maria refinery in Arroyo Grande, California, Wednesday, following an unplanned shutdown caused by a power outage May 20. [474]

May 1, 2014: Phillips Reports Flaring at Santa Maria Refinery

Phillips said its Santa Maria refinery experienced a process upset at the site’s steam power plant, resulting in an unscheduled shutdown of the unit. As a result, fuel gas was directed to the refinery’s flare, resulting in visible flaring.[475]

May 1, 2014: Flare From Santa Maria Refinery Seen Throughout Five Cities Area After Process Upset

KSBY reported on May 1, 2014 that flare at the Phillips 66 Santa Maria Refinery on the Nipomo Mesa could be seen throughout the Five Cities area causing several people to contact KSBY News, inquiring about a potential fire in the area. Phillips 66 released the following statement, explaining the incident: "At approximately 9 a.m. Pacific time today, the Phillips 66 Santa Maria Refinery experienced a process upset at the site's steam power plant, resulting in an unscheduled shutdown of the unit. As a result, fuel gas was directed to the refinery's flare, resulting in visible flaring. All appropriate regulatory notifications have been made. Phillips 66 personnel have been dispatched off-site and are monitoring air quality. All data indicate there have not been any off-site impacts. There have been no injuries and all personnel are safe. The cause of the process upset is under investigation."[476]

April 25, 2014: Phillips Promises Not to Bring Bakken Crude to Santa Maria Refinery

Cynthia Lambert reported in the San Luis Obispo Tribune that Phillips 66 officials said this week that they would not accept any light crude oil from the Bakken region as part of a proposed rail project at the Santa Maria refinery. In a past interview, company officials said rail shipments to the refinery might include a small amount of oil from the Bakken field in North Dakota or Canada — a plan that raised alarm, as there’s concern that Bakken oil might be more volatile than other crudes. “We told the county to put it right in the project description that we will not receive Bakken crude,” said Jim Anderson, project manager for the rail spur proposal.[477]

Some opponents said that their concerns remain despite any promises about the type of crude oil coming by rail into the county. “Regardless of the type of oil, the trains coming through here are a bad idea,” said Martin Akel. Members of the Mesa Refinery Watch group say Phillips 66’s proposal would dramatically transform its business model locally by creating a new, high-intensity operation with 250 more oil-hauling trains traveling through the county and significantly increasing the potential for accidents. “The bottom line — their claim of running out of crude to deliver by pipeline and the threat of lost jobs is a red herring,” the group wrote in a draft position paper. “The company simply wants to change the types of crude they refine in Nipomo, because they’re far more profitable.”[478]

April 16, 2014: Health and Safety Specialists at Santa Maria Refinery Claim They Were Punished for Unionizing

Colin Rigley reported at the New Times on April 16, 2014 that health and safety specialists at Phillips' Santa Maria Refinery allege Phillips officials warned them in January, 2012 that if they joined the United Steelworkers Union they would lose hours, be stripped of managerial powers, and as many as three of them could lose their jobs. “The insinuation here was that, ‘We may not need all of you,’” one of the specialists said in a written statement submitted to the labor board.[479]

When the newly unionized group went to the bargaining table in December, 2012, the specialists say in a complaint filed with the National Labor Relations Board that Phillips management carried out its threats. Phillips' proposed contract on December 10, 2012 allegedly included the threatened reductions of hours and responsibilities. The refinery’s health and safety specialists serve as organizers of the plant’s emergency response crew. Though none of the health and safety specialists was fired, three of them were transferred from their primary roles into regular plant operations, according to the complaint. The union is seeking to recover lost wages for the health and safety specialists, and to have their original job functions restored. Those lost wages totaled as much as $17,000 per year for some employees. In its complaint, the union further alleges that Phillips 66 bargained in bad faith when it imposed the 2012 contract.[480]

Phillips 66, in its responses to the union’s complaint, said the company reduced the five health and safety specialists to two as part of regular staffing changes, and the job functions were distributed across other personnel. “There is no value more important in our company than ensuring the safety of everyone who works at our sites as well as the safety of our neighboring communities,” Phillips spokesman Dennis Nuss said in a written statement to New Times. “In 2012, Phillips 66 redistributed certain safety-related functions and responsibilities among personnel at the Santa Maria Refinery, and there were no staff reductions. These changes have helped maintain and improve the refinery’s high standards for safety performance.”[481]

In addition to the reduced contract for health and safety specialists, the union alleges that the company violated federal labor laws when it implemented “news media guidelines” in October 2012. Those guidelines instructed employees not to speak to news media and, “It is against company policy for anyone but an authorized company spokespersons [sic] to speak to the news media.” The company defends its policy as a routine business practice that violated no labor laws.[482]

April 16, 2014: Candidates for County Supervisor Spar Over Plan to Move Crude Oil to Santa Maria Refinery by Rail

David Sneed reported in The Tribune on April 16, 2014 that the three candidates running for District 4 County Supervisor faced off in a forum at Nipomo High School, sparring – sometimes testily – over a variety of issues including the proposed rail spur at the Phillips 66 refinery to deliver crude oil from new sources. Real estate broker Mike Byrd took the firmest stance, saying he does not like the idea of oil being imported into the county in rail cars because it poses too many safety issues. “I have a problem with the idea that this is going to be allowed,” Byrd said, adding that a way should be found to pipe the oil into the refinery. Appointed incumbent Caren Ray said it is unethical of Byrd to take a hard-nosed position on the matter before it comes before the Board of Supervisors and said she is working to make sure that the environmental impacts and other issues associated with the project are dealt with. Lynn Compton said the project has its pros and cons but pointed out that the refinery is a source of good jobs in the district. “They are a good neighbor and a benefit to the community,” she said, adding that the county’s permitting of the project is unfolding as it should.[483]

March 28, 2014: Santa Maria Rail Extension Project Reopened for Public Comment

The Contra Costa Times reported on March 28, 2014 that an environmental report for a rail expansion project at Phillips' Santa Maria Refinery that some East Bay residents fear could bring highly flammable, light crude from the Bakken oil fields in North Dakota and Canada through their communities will be reissued and subjected to a new round of public comment. This week, the Berkeley and Richmond city councils voted unanimously to oppose the transport of crude oil by rail through the East Bay, adding to a large body of commentary previously submitted during the draft report's initial public comment period. Murry Wilson, environmental resource specialist for the San Luis Obispo County Department of Planning and Building, said his agency decided to recirculate the draft report due to the large volume and nature of comments received. Phillips 66 spokesman Dean Acosta said this week the Santa Maria refinery is "configured to run the heavier California crudes," but he stopped short of saying the refinery would not receive Bakken crude.[484] .

March 24, 2014: Mesa Refinery Watch Group Says Explosive Risks Far Outweigh Benefits at Phillips' Santa Maria Refinery

Linda Reynolds, the Chairperson for the Mesa Refinery Watch Group wrote an op-ed in the Cal Coast News on March 24, 2014 that says that Phillips "revamped corporate business model is to maximize profits by turning our nation’s rail lines into inherently unsafe “tank car pipelines” to take advantage of the new flood of lower-cost Canadian tar sands 1 and domestic fracked crude oils." According to Reynolds instead of bringing in crude by pipeline, Phillips proposes to bring half-billion gallons (488,000,000) of crude per year to the Santa Maria Refinery, via 20,800 rail tank cars and that the tank cars may very well contain Bakken crude — the explosive crude that has destroyed lives, property and the environment in towns across the U.S. and Canada. "We believe the vastly increased risks that this proposal brings to the citizens and businesses throughout SLO County and the Central Coast are unacceptable," concludes Reynolds. "The risks of massive explosions, fires, oil spills, and air, noise, odor and light pollution, enormously outweigh the benefits the plan bestows on an individual business entity — that is, Phillips 66. Any honest risk, benefit analysis would lead to that conclusion."[485]

March 14, 2014: Phillips Santa Maria Rail Spur Meeting Draws Critics

The Santa Maria Times reported on March 14, 2014 that 150 people attended an afternoon town hall meeting to discuss the Phillips' Santa Maria rail project that would allow tank cars to deliver crude oil to the Santa Maria Refinery. When an audience member asked how many in the audience opposed the project, virtually everyone raised a hand. When San Luis Obispo County 4th District Supervisor Caren Ray asked how many supported it, not one hand went up. Ray told the crowd that the County Planning Department “was simply overwhelmed” by 800 public comments about the draft Environmental Impact Report. The meeting started with a Powerpoint presentation by Art Herbon of the Mesa Watch steering committee outlining the project and why the group opposes it. Reasons cited by Herbon and, later, audience members included noise, air quality, dust, odors, visual and economic impacts plus the explosive danger of Bakken crude oil. “We support Phillips 66 in its efforts to increase profits and provide jobs, but not at any cost ...,” Herbon said following his presentation.[486]

The draft Environmental Impact Report says the primary source of crude oil in the shipments would be the Bakken oil formation in South Dakota, which opponents find alarming. Bakken crude was involved in the explosions and fires Dec. 30 when two trains collided in South Dakota, prompting the U.S. Department of Transportation to issue a warning that Bakken crude might be more flammable than other types. Bakken crude not only carries more hydrogen sulfide, which is toxic and flammable, but also more explosive butane and propane gases. Ray said Phillips 66 officials told her they would change the draft EIR so Bakken would not be the primary source but would not eliminate it entirely. That’s because Bakken crude could be delivered by “manifest trains” that would haul tank cars as well as other types of cargo, she said.[487]

February 20, 2014: Likelihood Of A Train Accident Releasing Oil In South County is Once In Every 226 Years

The Times Press recorder reports that a proposed rail spur extension and expansion at the Phillips 66 Santa Maria Refinery will be discussed at the South County Advisory Council meeting on February 24, 2014. Jim Anderson, superintendent of maintenance at the refinery, will present an overview of the project to construct additional rail spurs on the refinery property. Under the proposal, up to five trains would be unloaded each week, with the maximum expected to be 250 trains per year. That works out to an annual total ranging from 470 million to 547.5 million gallons, depending upon car sizes. According to the Draft Environmental Impact Report the likelihood of a train accident releasing oil in the county at once in every 226 years.[488]

February 14, 2014: Garland Thinks the Santa Maria Rail Terminal Will Get Approved

Greg Garland told security analysts at the Credit Suisse Global Energy Summit on February 12, 2014 that he thinks the Santa Maria Rail terminal will be approved. "I wouldn't say that California is on the sidelines cheering us on in terms of permitting. It's a noisy, messy process. We're in the middle of comments at Santa Maria. Actually think we're going to get that done," said Garland. "End of the day, I'm not going to say that California is a rational place to do business, but I feel better today than I did six months ago or a year ago about our ability to get advantaged crudes into California, particularly heavy crudes.[489]

February 7, 2014: Opponents of Rail Terminal to Santa Maria Refinery Take Their Concerns to County Traffic Committee

The Times Press Recorder reported on February 7, 2014 that opponents of the proposed rail facility expansion at the Santa Maria refinery plan to take their concerns to South County Advisory Council’s Traffic and Circulation Committee Meeting on February 13, 2014 that is scheduled to discuss the transportation section of the project’s draft environmental impact report. "We will be there in force,” said group member Laurance Shinderman. Members of Mesa Refinery Watch have collected 400 signatures on a petition opposing the expansion and another 100 people individually wrote letters opposing the project said Shinderman. The group worries about a catastrophic explosion along the Union Pacific rail line like the one on December 30, 2013 when two trains collided in South Dakota and last July that killed 47 people after a derailment in Quebec. “It’s not an issue of the refinery increasing capacity,” Shinderman said. “It’s an issue of trains coming through.” Shinderman said the EIR’s assertion the project will have no significant impacts “is just insane,” noting there will be impacts to noise, aesthetics, traffic and air quality. “I think our position is not fewer trains but no trains."[490]

December 23, 2013: Safety Critics of Rail Terminal through San Luis Obispo County Speak Out at Workshop

The Santa Maria Sun reported on December 23, 2013 that 60 citizens and stakeholders gathered for a two-hour public workshop on December 12, 2013 regarding the draft environmental impact report (DEIR) for the Phillips 66 project to ship oil by train through San Luis Obispo County to Phillips Santa Maria Refinery in Nipomo. “I want people to wake up,” said Julie Tacker, a Los Osos resident and local activist. “I’d like people all along the railroad line—which runs right through the heart of SLO County—to pay attention. All it takes is one car on the oil train to blow, and then they’ll all blow.” Concerns raised about the rail spur project included the significant danger of an oil train accident similar to the Québec disaster of July 2013, adverse traffic and noise impacts, the higher volatility of Bakken crude (a potential source for the oil trains), and what detractors called the suspicious timing of the project in relation to a 10 percent refinery through-put increase approved just two months before the rail spur project was proposed. Local environmental activist Eric Greening was concerned about the safety of the train cars that will be used to transport oil. Greening claimed “the majority of train cars on the rails in America right now are substandard,” and requested that Phillips 66 use safer cars.[491]

Phillips 66 staffers, SLO County Planning and Building Department representatives, and the DEIR report consultants were in attendance to receive public comments and to answer questions. The county has tentatively scheduled a Planning Commission hearing for the project on April 24.[492]

November 26, 2013: Phillips Moves Ahead with Plans to Build Rail Terminal to Ship Oil to Santa Maria Refinery

Ralph Vartabedian wrote in the LA Times on November 26, 2013 that Phillips is moving forward with a plan to build a rail terminal in San Luis Obispo County that would send trains with up to 80 tank cars of crude oil through Southern California and the Bay Area to the Phillips' Santa Maria Refinery. Phillips said in a draft environmental impact statement that it wants to build five sets of parallel tracks that would accommodate trains as often as 250 times per year at its Santa Maria Refinery. The impact statement acknowledges some safety and environmental issues with the new rail facility. "The main hazards associated with the Rail Spur Project are potential accidents at the [Santa Maria Refinery] and along the [Union Pacific] mainline that could result in oil spills, fires and explosions," the report said. Murray Wilson, a San Luis Obispo planning department official, said the project has received both local support and opposition. The extent of public opinion should become clearer during the 60-day public comment period that opened this week.[493]

October 11, 2013: Phillips Seeks Permission to Expand Rail Shipments of Crude to Santa Maria Refinery

KCOY reported on October 11, 2013 that Phillips plans to bring more crude in by rail to the Santa Maria Refinery via the existing Union Pacific track that runs right by the refinery. "The pipelines only go out into the local areas in San Luis Obispo and Santa Barbara Counties where the crude production is declining and has been declining for many years", says Phillips 66 Santa Maria Refinery Superintendent Jim Anderson, "its getting to the point where we need to get additional sources of crude from outside the area beyond the reach of our existing pipelines." Phillips wants to build a new, larger rail unloading facility on less than 30 acres of the refinery's 1600 acre site and is now going through the permitting and environmental review process with San Luis Obispo County. "Its sized to receive a train 80 cars long", Anderson says, "we would unload those cars 20 at a time, and so the train would plan to be in and out of the facility in about 11 hours."[494]

July 5, 2013: Seal Repaired at Santa Maria Refinery

Nasdaq reported on July 5, 2013 that according to a filing with California'sOffice of Emergency Services a pump seal that failed in the tail gas unit of its Santa Maria refinery on July 4, 2013 was repaired and the refinery had returned to normal operations.[495]

June 24, 2013: Phillips to Restart Santa Maria Refinery After Outage

Alison Sider reported in the WSJ on June 24, 2013 that Phillips is restarting its Santa Maria refinery in Arroyo Grande, Calif, after it lost power June 23. 2013 in a regional power outage. Semi-refined products from the Arroyo Grande facility are sent by pipeline to the Rodeo Refinery for upgrading into finished petroleum products, according to Phillips 66's website. The Rodeo plant was not affected by the power outage.[496]

December 13, 2012: Safety Changes At Santa Maria Refinery Pit Workers Against Management

Matt Fountain reported in the New Times on December 13, 2012 that before December 10 2012, Phillips 66 employed five health and safety shift specialists at the Santa Maria refinery, who worked onsite in 12-hour shifts but that after the specialists became members of USW Local 534, relations between management and the team have grown shakier. Last month, word came down: The five were being split up. Two would work the regular daylight shift as “safety coordinators” and the other three would be reassigned to the operations emergency response team, essentially the lowest position in terms of safety. According to Fountain, along with the reassignments came severe pay cuts—some to the tune of $12 an hour less, according to knowledgeable sources. The changes were finalized December 10, 2012. In their place, management delegated their responsibilities to plant employees, though at a far lower degree than what the health and safety shift specialists did, according to USW staff representative Ron Espinoza. Instead of having an all-encompassing EMT and search and rescue-certified expert on site, now the only EMT on site will be the front gate security guard, according to union reps and plant employees. The problem with the guard assuming response duties, they said, is that guards aren’t equipped or authorized to access many of the higher-risk areas of the facility. “We do believe it’s retaliation,” USW staff representative Espinoza told New Times. “They’re coming after them, and doing a fairly good job at it.”[497]

In January 2012, members of the USW Local 534 took to the picket lines outside the plant’s gates to protest the management’s hard-line on their then-ongoing labor negotiations. One of the issues of contention: a “fatigue policy” for work schedules. And another: safety equipment improvements.[498]

In response to a long list of questions regarding the specialist team and safety conditions at the plant, Phillips 66 Spokesman Rich Johnson provided the following statement in an e-mail to New Times: “There is no value more important in our company than ensuring the safety of everyone who works at our sites as well as the safety of our neighboring communities. Over the past year, we have redistributed certain safety-related functions and responsibilities among personnel at the Santa Maria refinery, and there have been no staff reductions. We expect these changes will help maintain and improve the refinery’s high standards for safety and performance.”[499]

According to Fountain, plant operators seem to be upset over the reorganizing of the safety department, as well, as they’ll now be seeing additional job duties and training requirements on top of an already-full workload. “I love this company, I obviously have no problem with Big Oil, [Phillips is] good to the environment—it’s just the way their mentality is,” one employee told New Times. “These [HSS specialists] make [the company] look better if an emergency happens, but there’s a calculated risk, and if they can get away with something, they will. “It’s going to take somebody high in the chain to say stop. That’s the way these people think,” he added.[500]

December 12, 2012: Phillips Wants to Increase Production at Santa Maria Refinery

KCOY reported on December 12, 2012 that Phillips 66 is asking San Luis Obispo County for permission to expand its refinery in Arroyo Grande to increase its oil production by 4,500 barrels a day. "There is no new construction of the refinery," says Phillips 66 Spokesperson Rich Johnson. "The existing equipment is capable of processing more crude oil." The San Luis Obispo County planning commission will consider the company's proposal in a hearing on December 13, 2012. Following that hearing, the company will still have to go before the Air Pollution Quality Control District in January. "We looked at public safety, noise, land use, public services, water resources and air quality and found that there were no significant and unavoidable impacts," says Arlin Genet of the San Luis Obispo County Air Pollution Quality Control District.[501]

June 26, 2012: Santa Maria Refinery Wins a National Safety Award

The Santa Maria Times reported on June 26, 2012 that the Phillips 66 Santa Maria refinery won a national safety award from the American Fuel and Petrochemicals Manufacturers and a delegation of five refinery employees traveled to San Antonio, Texas, to accept the 2011 Distinguished Safety Award presented May 17 at AFPM’s national safety conference. To qualify, a facility must have an exceptional safety record that includes no lost-time injuries for three prior years. The Santa Maria Refinery has about 150 employees and processes about 45,000 barrels per day of crude oil that is shipped via pipeline for further processing at the company’s refinery in Rodeo.[502]

Sweeny Refinery

The Sweeny Refinery, located in Old Ocean, Texas, 65 miles southwest of Houston, has a crude oil processing capacity of 247 MBD. It processes mainly heavy, high-sulfur crude oil, but also processes light, low-sulfur crude oil. The refinery facilities include fluid catalytic cracking, delayed coking, alkylation, a continuous regeneration reformer and hydrodesulfurization units. The refinery receives domestic and foreign crude oil, primarily through wholly and jointly owned terminals on the Gulf Coast, including a deepwater terminal at Freeport, Texas. It produces a high percentage of transportation fuels, such as gasoline, diesel fuel and jet fuel. Other products include petrochemical feedstocks, home heating oil and coke. The refinery operates nearby terminals and storage facilities in Freeport, Jones Creek and on the San Bernard River, along with pipelines that connect these facilities to the refinery. Refined products are distributed throughout the Midwest and southeastern United States by pipeline, barge and railcar. Photo by imelda Flicker Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.0 Generic (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)

Description of Sweeny Refinery

The Sweeny Refinery, located in Old Ocean, Texas, 65 miles southwest of Houston, has a crude oil processing capacity of 247 MBD. It processes mainly heavy, high-sulfur crude oil, but also processes light, low-sulfur crude oil. The refinery facilities include fluid catalytic cracking, delayed coking, alkylation, a continuous regeneration reformer and hydrodesulfurization units. The refinery receives domestic and foreign crude oil, primarily through wholly and jointly owned terminals on the Gulf Coast, including a deepwater terminal at Freeport, Texas. It produces a high percentage of transportation fuels, such as gasoline, diesel fuel and jet fuel. Other products include petrochemical feedstocks, home heating oil and coke. The refinery operates nearby terminals and storage facilities in Freeport, Jones Creek and on the San Bernard River, along with pipelines that connect these facilities to the refinery. Refined products are distributed throughout the Midwest and southeastern United States by pipeline, barge and railcar. Merey Sweeny, L.P. (MSLP) is a limited partnership that owns a 70 MBD delayed coker and related facilities at the Sweeny Refinery that produce fuel-grade petroleum coke. Prior to August 2009, MSLP was owned 50/50 by ConocoPhillips and Petróleos de Venezuela, S.A. (PDVSA), Venezuela’s national oil company. Under agreements that govern relationships between the partners, certain defaults by PDVSA with respect to supply of crude oil to the Sweeny Refinery gave ConocoPhillips the right to acquire PDVSA’s 50 percent ownership interest in MSLP. In August 2009, ConocoPhillips exercised that right. PDVSA has initiated arbitration in the International Chamber of Commerce challenging ConocoPhillips’ actions, and the arbitration process is under way.[503]

News and Views on Sweeny Refinery

January 22, 2015: Phillips Christens Petrochemical Academy at Sweeny

The Facts reported on January 22, 2015 that competing with with other companies, such as Dow Chemical Co., BASF and Freeport LNG, to attract the younger workers in the Sweeny area can make it difficult to find new, younger employees, but with the Petrochemical Academy, but according to Sweeny Refinery manager Willie Tempton Phillips 66 is able to control its future by training the next generation right in its own backyard. “They’ve got the technology, the staff and people to provide the industry with an abundance of well-trained and capable potential employees,” said Tempton. The facility opened its doors to Sweeny High School students at the start of this school year in August. Sweeny ISD students can take dual-credit courses at Brazosport College while attending high school, Chevron Phillips Chemical Sweeny Complex Plant Manager Wayne McDowell said. Students who enroll in these classes will gain practical college-level skills, and do it before graduating high school. “We need everyone here and more to help us bring awareness to the young people that opportunities do exist in the petrochemical manufacturing industry,” McDowell said.[504]

December 8, 2014: Phillips 66 Files Permit to Build Condensate Splitter

Argus reported on December 8, 2014 that Phillips 66 has filed an initial construction permit for a simplified condensate splitter at Sweeny Refinery that would allow it to process condensate to break it down into naptha and other products.[505] The permit application filed earlier this month with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality identifies the project as a "simplified condensate splitter unit" and is a step in the company's ongoing study of the project. The splitter, as well as an Eagle Ford crude and condensate pipeline and a second 110,000 bpd fractionator at the refinery site "are currently in the engineering design and permitting phase," spokesman Dennis Nuss said. Phillips 66 executives have said the company is evaluating the export of condensate, a super-light form of crude oil.[506]

September 5, 2014: Phillips Begins FCCU Overhaul at Sweeny Refinery

Reuters reported on September 3, 2014 that Phillips 66 began a planned overhaul on a gasoline-producing fluidic catalytic cracking unit at Sweeny Refinery, according to energy intelligence service Genscape. Phillips had filed notice with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality that it would begin planned work on the 78,000 bpd FCCU as required every five years.[507]

September 3, 2014: Phillips Hardens Electrical Infrastructure at Sweeny to Prevent a Recurrence of 2013 Outages

Greg Garland told analysts at Barclays CEO energy-Power Conference on September 3, 2014 that Phillips wants to prevent a reccurence of the electrical problems that plagued Sweeny in the first and second quarters of 2013. "We took out our other equity owner, 50% owner of the 440 megawatt Cogen facility at Sweeny. when you think about the existing investment we have, the new investment going in at Sweeny, both from PSX and also CPChem, we want to make sure we harden that electrical infrastructure. You remember in the first quarter and second quarter of last year, we had some issues, mostly related to our third-party providers. We want to ensure that we've got that well in hand and we don't have that ever happen to us again and so that was part of the reason for that.[508]

FuelFix reported on July 31, 2013 that Phillips 66 underperformed in the second quarter as its earnings dropped 19 percent because of higher costs for oil and outages that shut down key facilities. The refinery at Sweeny had two power outages that were a major problem. “We had a second power outage in the second quarter and in my view that’s unacceptable,” Garland said. The refinery is powered both by an on-site generation facility and by a power company. The power company was the cause of the two outages. “To me, personally, the biggest disappointment in the quarter was having a second power outage at Sweeny,” Garland added.[509]

August 15, 2014: Phillips and Chevron Pledge $1,6000,000 to Fund Petrochemical Academy in Sweeny

Hydrocarbon Proecssing reported on August 15, 2014 that Phillips 66 and Chevron Phillips Chemical are making an initial combined contribution of $1.6 million to help fund the creation of a petrochemical academy with the Sweeny Independent School District as part of their continued commitment to education and workforce development initiatives in the communities where they operate. The $1.6 million combined contribution by Phillips 66 and Chevron Phillips Chemical will support the purchase of equipment, building renovations, and scholarships for juniors and seniors enrolled in Sweeny ISD and surrounding school systems. Subsequent contributions will be made in coming years to help cover ongoing maintenance and operation costs and additional equipment. We have significant growth plans for our operations in this region, so it’s exciting to know that students who enroll in classes at the academy will gain college-level skills before they even graduate high school,” said Willie Tempton, Refinery Manager at Phillips Sweeny Refinery. “That means a well-trained workforce for industry in our area and good paying jobs for young Texans looking for a career right here at home.”[510]

August 13, 2014: Phillips Breaks Ground on LPG Export Terminal at Freeport

Jordan Blum reported in the Houston Business Journal on August 13, 2014 that Phillips broke ground on its $1 billion liquefied petroleum gas export terminal — its first ever — in Freeport to sell propane, butane and more to international markets. The project, which is expected to be completed in mid-2016, will export 4.4 million barrels of fuel a month to countries in Europe and Asia. The terminal will get the fuel from its Sweeny complex in Old Ocean and its Gulf Coast Fractionators facility in Mont Belvieu. "We are investing, we are building and we are growing," Phillips 66 Chairman and CEO Greg Garland said at the groundbreaking. "The projects we're breaking ground on … total more than $3 billion of investment for our company, … and it's happening right here in our own backyard in the communities of Sweeny and Freeport." Freeport has advantages over operating out of the Houston Ship Channel because Freeport is 3 miles from deep water, compared to 50 miles for the channel says Jim Webster, Phillips 66’s general manager of midstream.[511]

July 16, 2014: Phillips Cuts Unit Rates Due to Power Blip at Sweeny Refinery

Phillips reported power to both flare gas recovery compressors was lost due an electrical failure causing the flare gas recovery system to shutdown. Power was quickly restored, and a safe and controlled restart of the flare gas recovery compressors was conducted. Units were operated at reduced rates during the outage in order to reduce the amount of flaring. [512]

July 10, 2014: Phillips to Accelerate Development of Sweeny Fractionator and Freeport Terminal

FueldFix reported on July 10, 2014 that Phillips will increase its 2014 capital budget by $1.2 billion for 2014 in order to fund its liquefied petroleum gas project as well as a recent acquisition. The increase will allow the company to put more cash towards the development of a new fractionator at its Sweeny refinery and a liquid petroleum gas export terminal in Freeport, among other projects. The fractionator is expected to come online in the third quarter of 2015, and the export terminal is expected to be operational in mid-2016. The fracionator will separate natural gas liquids into components including ethane, propane and butane. Some of those products will then be exported as liquefied petroleum gas from Freeport. The entire project is slated to cost $3 billion.[513]

July 4, 2014: Phillips 66 Reports FCCU Normal after Feed Cut at Sweeny Refinery

Phillips 66 reported a fluid catalytic cracking unit (FCCU) at its Sweeny refinery in Texas was brought back to normal operations after feed was stopped due to a pump malfunction, a filing with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality showed. Feed was stopped to FCCU 3 due to the loss of a feed pump motor at an adjacent process unit, the filing said, adding that the feed rate was resumed following repairs on the pump. [514]

June 6, 2014: Phillips Reports FCCU Emissions at Sweeny Refinery

Phillips reported an air blower turbine shutdown was causing emissions from its coker and fluid catalytic cracking unit (FCCU) at its Sweeny refinery in Texas on Friday, according to a filing with state pollution regulators. Energy intelligence firm Genscape had reported a brief flaring was observed at the refinery on Thursday. [515]

May 28, 2014: International Tribunal Supports Phillips' Takeover of Coker at Sweeny Refinery

Fuelfix reported on May 28, 2014 that the International Chamber of Commerce’s Court of Arbitration has upheld Phillips 66’s right to exercise a call option in 2009 and assume Petroleos de Venezuela SA's (PDVSA) interest in Merey Sweeny LP. The partnership owns a 70,000-barrel- per-day delayed coker and related facilities at the refinery. “Certain defaults by PDVSA with respect to supply of crude oil to the Sweeny refinery triggered the right to acquire PDVSA’s 50 percent ownership interest,” says Phillips spokesman Rich Johnson. State-owned PDVSA initiated arbitration with the ICC, claiming the exercise of the call right was invalid. “Since there is not a lot of crude imported into the U.S. anymore, this decision hurts PDVSA on several fronts. First, the company loses the refinery and production, and secondly it loses the opportunity to bring crude into the refinery,” says Carl Larry.[516]

April 11, 2014: Phillips to Build Splitter at Sweeny Refinery to Process Condensates into Fuel Components that Can Be Exported

Reuters reported on April 11, 2014 that Phillips plans to build a condensate splitter at Sweeny refinery which will allow it to process condensates into fuel components that can be exported.[517]

March 26, 2014: Phillips Pays $500,000 Fine for Clean Air Violations at Sweeny Refinery and Four Other Refineries

CSP Daily News reported on March 26, 2014 that Phillips will pay a $500,000 penalty for violations of the Clean Air Act at the Sweeny Refinery in Old Ocean, Texas, the Alliance Refinery in Belle Chasse, La., the Wood River Refinery in Roxana, Ill., the Lake Charles Refinery in Westlake, La., the Borger Refinery in Borger, Texas, and several terminals across the country. Phillips also agreed to retire more than 21 billion sulfur credits that could have been used in the production of gasoline, which could potentially lead to significantly less pollution from vehicles. In a administrative settlement agreement, the EPA alleged that the company generated invalid sulfur credits between 2006 and 2012 and that Phillips failed to comply with recordkeeping, reporting, sampling and testing requirements at the five refineries. EPA discovered these violations during facility inspections and through a review of company records, which included the results of third-party company audits required by the Clean Air Act.[518]

March 24, 2014: Phillips Reports Compressors Trip at Sweeny Refinery

Phillips reported two compressors tripped because of a low lube oil pressure shutdown at its Sweeny refinery in Texas, according to a filing with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality. The refinery operators were working to get the compressors back online, the filing said.[519]

March 20, 2014: Phillips May Build Condensate Splitter at Sweeny Refinery to Separate Ultra-light Crude Oil into Unfinished Products

Dan Murtaugh reported at Businessweek on March 20, 2014 that Phillips is considering building a condensate splitter at its Sweeny refinery to separate ultra-light crude oil into unfinished products that could be exported overseas, sold to refineries or blenders, or provide feedstock to run more downstream units at full capacity. Sweeny, which is distilling about 255,000 barrels of crude a day, doesn’t produce enough unfinished or intermediate products to fill all of its secondary units such as fluid catalytic crackers, refinery General Manager Willie Tempton Jr. said. Products from a splitter could go into those units. Sweeny is relatively isolated, making it more difficult to obtain intermediate feedstocks from outside, said Chris Chandler, Phillips 66’s general manager of natural gas liquids.[520] Bloomberg reported on March 6, 2014 that British Petroleum had signed on to take at least 80 percent of the capacity of a new $360 million mini-refinery in Houston that will process crude just enough to escape restrictions on sales outside the country. “It’s a relatively inexpensive way around the export prohibition,” says Judith Dwarkin “You can lightly ruffle the hydrocarbons and they are considered processed and then they aren’t subject to the ban.” "The international buyers of these products will likely need to refine them further, so this is basically a veiled form of condensate exports,” said Leo Mariani.[521][522][523] According to Bloomberg, three additional plants have been proposed by other pipeline or trading companies, and refiners including Valero and Phillips said they may follow suit.[524]

March 20, 2014: Phillips Prepares Fractionator to Convert Mixed NGLs into Ethane, Propane, Butane And Natural Gasoline by 2015

Dan Murtaugh reported at Businessweek on March 20, 2014 that Phillips is expanding natural gas liquids and export capabilities at Sweeny Refinery by preparing the ground for Phillips' first wholly-owned fractionator, which by 2015 will be able to convert about 100,000 bpd of mixed NGLs into ethane, propane, butane and natural gasoline.[525]

March 4, 2014: Phillips 66 Reports Unit 35 Heater at Sweeny Refinery Back after Upset due to Cold Weather

Phillips 66 reported it brought back online a heater associated with unit 35 after an upset due to cold weather at its Sweeny refinery in Texas, according to a filing with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality. [526]

February 14, 2014: Garland Says Phillips Has Plans to Process More Eagle Ford Crude at Sweeney Refinery

Greg Garland told security analysts at the Credit Suisse Global Energy Summit on February 12, 2014 that Phillips has plans to process more Eagle Ford crude at Sweeny and Alliance Refineries. "One of the things we find with the Eagle Ford crude, you hit limits because of bottleneck issues. So even in Alliance, which is 230 a day light sweet refinery, we hit limits of how much Eagle Ford we can process there. So we have projects at Alliance to debottleneck that if you will so we can process more Eagle Ford at Alliance. Similarly, Sweeny, these are projects that are $30 million or $40 million where you can take existing equipment, reconfigure, do a pre-flash tower, and we can get an incremental 5,000, 10,000 barrels a day through. But we're not going to invest $500 million or $600 million or $1 billion in adding capacity to do that. It'll be very incremental around the margin for us. So you should expect we can move to 350 to 360 and 370 maybe, but we're not going to take it to 500."[527]

December 18, 2013: Phillips Reports Emissions at Sweeny Refinery

Phillips reported a sudden failure of the PP splitter pressure control system that resulted in venting to flare which continued until the control system was repaired. [528]

November 15, 2013: Phillips Reports Planned Work at Sweeny Refinery

Reuters reported on November 15, 2013 that Phillips has warned of emissions from a fluidic catalytic cracking unit regenerator stack because of planned work at Sweeny Refinery. The planned maintenance will be performed to dislodge catalytic fines that have collected on the electrostatic precipitator grid.[529]

October 30, 2013: Garland Says Decrease in Heavy Crude Is Due to Downtime at Sweeny and Lake Charles Refineries

Garland told analysts at the third quarter earnings conference on October 30, 2013 that the decrease in other heavy crude from 27% to 24% is attributed mainly to the downtime at Phillips' Lake Charles and Sweeney refineries this year.[530]

October 7, 2013: Phillips Reports Incinerator Shut at Sweeny Refinery

Phillips 66 shut an incinerator at its refinery in Sweeny, Texas, according to a filing with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality. The company reported emissions from its sulfur recovery unit, the filing said. [531]

September 29, 2013: Phillips Reports Unit Start Up After Power Blip at Sweeny Refinery

Phillips 66 reported ethylene unit 33 will start up on or after September 29 after being forced to shut down on September 23 when a power blip occurred due to an owl hitting a transformer. [532]

September 23, 2013: Phillips Reports Units Online After Power Blip at Sweeny Refinery

Phillips 66 reported it restored power and brought units back online after a power interruption at its refinery in Sweeny, Texas, according to a filing with state pollution regulators. The refineryreported emissions from sulfur recovery units. [533]

July 31, 2013: Two Power Outages at Sweeny Were a Major Problem for Phillips

FuelFix reported on July 31, 2013 that Phillips 66 underperformed in the second quarter as its earnings dropped 19 percent because of higher costs for oil and outages that shut down key facilities. The refinery at Sweeny had two power outages that were a major problem. “We had a second power outage in the second quarter and in my view that’s unacceptable,” Garland said. The refinery is powered both by an on-site generation facility and by a power company. The power company was the cause of the two outages. “To me, personally, the biggest disappointment in the quarter was having a second power outage at Sweeny,” Garland added.[534]

"We are working with the third-party power supplier to upgrade their systems, their networks, we are looking at what we can do within refinery to recover from one of these incidents quicker around our own systems and balances," said Greg G. Maxwell, EVP, Finance and CFO. "There is a co-gen unit at Sweeny, it’s running sort 350,000 megawatt and we’ve used about 125,000 megawatt at the complex. So we are looking to say, what can we do to island that facility, technically it’s possible, practically difficult, but it can be done we’re working and then finally we are working to get a second supplier power into that complex. So that should be an event that is not repeated in the future. And so I think if you think for me personally and the biggest disappointment in the quarter was having a second power outage at Sweeny, which by the way impacts all the way across our businesses, so we had the refinery down, all the ethylene units were down, the frac was down. So it impacted all three business platforms that we had, and so we’ll absolutely get that one fixed."[535]

July 31, 2013: Phillips to Process More Light Oil at Sweeny Refinery

Greg Garland told analysts at Phillips 2nd Quarters earnings conference on July 31, 2013 that Phillips has opportunities at the Sweeny Refinery, Alliance Refinery, and Lake Charles Refinery to make some modifications and process more light oil through these facilities and with minimal capital investment. "We are looking for 40% return type projects on the refining side. And so we’re looking for quick hit, fast payout projects. We have some underutilized equipment that we can kind of tie together and use that all and so we've got some projects around that that we are executing." Garland added that the projects are already underway. "We actually do things like tie-ins and turnarounds and some other things. So, it kind of depends on the schedule and things that are available, but those are our plans that we have in place to make those margin in some of our refining system already."[536]

July 1, 2013: Phillips Reports Release of Hydrogen Cyanide at Sweeny Refinery

According to a filing with the National Response Center, two fluid catalytic cracking units (FCCUs) released hydrogen cyanide July 1. The report did not give a status on the FCCUs.[537]

June 11, 2013: Controller Failure Causes Delayed Coker Emissions at Sweeny Refinery

Phillips 66 reported flaring at its Sweeny refinery June 11 after the Unit 29.2 Delayed Coker Pressure Indicated Controller (PIC) valve opened due to a controller failure, according to a filing with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality. The Unit 29.2 Delayed Coker and Unit 29 Flare are listed as sources of emissions.[538]

May 29, 2013: Unit 35 Shut Down at Sweeny Refinery

Retuers reported on May 29, 2013 that Unit 35 shut down at the Sweeny Refinery and that intermittent flaring occurred.[539] Phillips said a furnace problem caused Unit 35, previously identified as an Aromatics Unit, to shut down, a filing to Texas state environmental regulators. Aromatics, which are produced in the catalytic reforming of naphtha, are used in the production of petrochemicals and can be added to gasoline to raise its octane rating. Refinery operations personnel routed the emissions caused by the event to several of the plant's safety flare stacks intermittently throughout the day and worked to bring Unit 35 back on line. The emissions event lasted just under 12 hours.[540]

May 28, 2013: Furnace Stack Malfunction Shuts Unit at Sweeny Refinery

Phillips 66 reported that Unit 35 furnace at its Sweeny refinery tripped when a stack damper stuck in a closed position, which caused Unit 35 to shut, causing flaring, according to a filing with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality. Intermittent flaring related to this incident continued for about 9 hours on May 28.[541]

May 20, 2013: Sweeny Refinery is Operational Again

Christine Harvey reported on Bloomberg on May 20, 2013 that Sweeny Refinery is operational again as Phillips completed a restart of the refinery after a power failure on May 11, 2013 caused the plant to temporarily shut down and flare gases, according to Rich Johnson, a company spokesman based in Houston.[542]

May 11, 2013: Power Outage Causes Shutdown at Sweeeny Refinery That Will Take Several Days to Restart

Fox Business reported on May 11, 2013 that according to a government filing Phillips shut down some units and decreased production on others on May 11, 2013 after a power outage at its Sweeny refinery. Units affected included the 25.2 crude distillation unit--one of the first steps in the oil refining process--and the 27.1 fluid catalytic cracking unit, a key gasoline production unit. The power outage started at 9 a.m. local time and was triggered by a larger outage in Texas and New Mexico. "This is an ongoing event," Phillips 66 said in the filing.[543]

Fox Business reported on May 12, 2013 that Phillips announced on May 12, 2013 that it would take "several days" to fully restart its Sweeny refinery in Old Ocean, Texas, after a power outage on May 11, 2013. "Power has been restored and the refinery is in the process of restarting, which is expected to take several days to complete," said Phillips 66 spokesman Rich Johnson.[544]

April 19, 2013: Transformer Malfunction Shuts Crude Unit, Causes FCCU Emissions at Sweeny Refinery

Phillips 66 reported a transformer malfunction near the Crude Unit No. 25.1 at its Sweeny refinery caused the unit to shut down, and forced operators to reduce rates, according to a filing with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality. During this event, operators de-energized the Unit 27 fluid catalytic cracking unit (FCCU) electrostatic precipitator, causing emissions from the Unit 27 FCCU regenerator and Unit 27.1 FCCU regenerator. Operators later restored the FCCU electrostatic precipitator to normal service. On April 19, energy intelligence service Genscape reported the shutdown of a 123,500 b/d crude distillation unit and a 47,000 b/d FCCU at the refinery.[545]

April 16, 2013: Phillips Resumes Normal Operations at Sweeny Refinery after Steam Loss Affects Several Units

Phillips 66 reported that several units at its Sweeny refinery shut down the morning of April 16 following a loss of most of the plant’s steam supply, according to a filing with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality. The steam loss was caused by an interruption in the natural gas supply to the adjacent cogeneration unit, which resulted in the shutdown of all the cogeneration turbines operating at the time. Operators were investigating the cause of the natural gas supply disruption. Following the loss of most steam, the refinery followed established steam shedding procedures and shut certain units down in a safe and controlled manner, which resulted in flaring. A backup boiler provided sufficient steam to allow some units to continue to operate. The natural gas supply to the cogeneration turbines was restored, and refining units re-started in a sequence to minimize emissions. Operators reported the refinery had resumed normal operations by the April 17.[546]

April 9, 2013: Unit Trips at Sweeny Refinery

Nasdaq reported on April 12, 2013 that Unit 38 tripped on April 9, 2013 while a depressure valve was being serviced at Sweeny Refinery according to a filing with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality.[547]

March 26. 2013: Compressor Failure at Sweeny Refinery

Nasdaq reported on March 26, 2013 that Phillips in a filing with the National Response Center reported a compressor problem on March 25, 2013 at its Sweeny Refinery resulting in lower production rates.[548]

March 11, 2013: Power Outage at Sweeney Refinery Causes Chemical Release

Bloomberg reported on March 11, 2013 that Phillips released an unknown amount of hydrogen sulfide, sulfur dioxide and benzene at its Sweeny, Texas, oil refinery because of flaring after a power outage.[549] Fox News reported on March 14, 2013 that power at Sweeny Refinery has been fully restored and the plant is in the process of restarting after a third-party provided power failure on March 10. It will take several days for the refinery to reach normal operations, a Phillips 66 spokesman said.[550]

February 25, 2013: Phillips Restarting Pipestill, SRU at Sweeny Refinery after Extended Work

Phillips was restarting production units including a pipestill and sulfur recovery unit (SRU) at its Sweeny refinery on February 25, according to sources familiar with the operations. Several production units were shut in early January for planned work initially scheduled to run four weeks, but operators extended the work by two weeks for additional repairs. Sources had previously reported the refinery was on February 22 restarting a 124,000 b/d crude distillation unit and a coking unit. A Phillips 66 spokesman said February 25 that maintenance was still underway.[551]

February 22, 2013: Phillips Begins Restarting 124,000 b/d CDU and Coker Unit at Sweeny Refinery after Extended Work

Phillips 66 was restarting a 124,000 b/d crude distillation unit (CDU) and a coking unit at its Sweeny refinery on February 22, according to sources familiar with refinery operations. Operators began restarting the units earlier in the week and expected initial production to begin this week, with full production restored by mid-March. The CDU and coker were shut in early January for planned work initially scheduled to run four weeks, but operators extended the work by two weeks for additional repairs.[552]

February 18, 2013: Phillips Reports Coker and FCCU Emissions at Sweeny Refinery

Phillips 66 reported reported emissions from a coker and from the Unit 27 FCCU on February 18 were due to a malfunction in the instrument air header, which led to a decision by operators to de-energize the electrostatic precipitators and thus created excess emissions.[553]

February 14, 2013: Phillips Restarts FCCU after Electrical Trip at Sweeny Refinery

Phillips 66 reported it was restarting the Unit 27 fluid catalytic cracking unit (FCCU) at its Sweeny refinery on February 14 after an electrical feeder trip shut the unit, resulting in emissions from the FCCU and the coker,

February 7, 2013: Production Units Restart at Sweeney Refinery After Planned Maintenance

Bloomberg reported on February 25, 2013 that production units including a pipestill and sulfur recovery unit wee restarting after planned maintenance that began on January 7, 2013 according to two people familiar with the operations who asked not to be identified because the information isn’t public. [554]

January 30, 2013: Garland Says Phillips Has Completely Backed Out US Light Sweet Crude from Sweeney Refinery

Greg Garland told analysts at the 4th quarter earnings conference on January 30, 2013 that Phillips has completely backed out imports of U.S. light sweet crude in the Gulf Coast refineries including Sweeney.[555]

January 6, 2013: Compressor Trip Causes Flaring at Sweeny Refinery

Phillips 66 reported a compressor on Unit 26.2 at its Sweeny refinery tripped, according to a filing with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality.[556]

October 31, 2012: Sweeny Refinery to Receive 30,000 barrels per day of Eagle Ford Crude by Early 2014

Tim Taylorl reported at the Phillips Third Quarter Earnings Conference on October 31, 2012 that Phillips had reached agreement with Kinder Morgan to deliver up to 30,000 barrels per day of Eagle Ford crude via a new pipeline connection to our Sweeny refinery in early 2014. "That's actually a project or a connector pipeline that's relatively short that will be built by Kinder Morgan. And so that's a throughput pipeline connection agreement that we have specifically for that."[557]

September 30, 2012: Process Units Restarted at Sweeny Refinery after Power Outage

Nasdaq reported on October 1, 2012 that Philips restarted process units at its Sweeny Refinery on September 30, 2012 following an early morning power outage. The outage caused flaring and opacity as some units shut down; some went into circulation mode, and some reduced charge rates, a government filing said.[558]

September 11, 2012: Sweeny Refinery Reports Release from Thermal Oxidizer

Reuters reported on September 11, 2012 that there was a benzene release from a thermal oxidizer Sweeny Refinery, according to a filing with national pollution regulators.[559]

August 23, 2012: New Pipeline to Transport up to 30,000 bpd of Advantaged Eagle Ford Shale Crude to Sweeney Refinery

PR Newswire reported on August 23, 2012 that Kinder Morgan plans invest $90 million to build a 27-mile, 12-inch diameter lateral pipeline to extend its Kinder Morgan Crude Condensate (KMCC) pipeline to transport Eagle Ford crude and condensate to Phillips 66’s Sweeny Refinery. The pipeline will have an initial capacity of 30,000 barrels per day (bpd) of capacity, expandable to 100,000 bpd. “This pipeline lateral will provide yet another attractive delivery point for customers of our KMCC pipeline while providing Phillips 66 with enhanced access to price-advantaged Eagle Ford crude and condensate,” said KMP Products Pipelines President Tom Bannigan. Kinder Morgan’s crude/condensate pipeline, which was ready for service in June 2012, already transports crude/condensate from the Eagle Ford shale to the Houston Ship Channel through 65 miles of new-build construction and 113 miles of converted natural gas pipeline. “This agreement aligns with a fundamental part of the Phillips 66 business strategy to get advantaged crude to our refineries,” said Glenn Simpson, general manager, Phillips 66 Crude & International Supply.[560] The Eagle Ford formation is located close to the U.S. Gulf Coast and the largest concentration of U.S. refineries. Eagle Ford crude was priced at $93.75 a barrel on Agust 22, 2012, about a $3 discount to U.S. crude benchmark West Texas Intermediate and a $19 discount to Louisiana Light Sweet.[561]

August 2, 2012: FCCU Emissions During Rapper System Repairs at Sweeney Refinery

Phillips 66 reported it would begin repairs on August 2, 2012 to fix a short circuit detected this week at its Sweeney refinery, according to a filing with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality. The short circuit was causing a portion of the rapper system to operate abnormally and had ultimately led to emissions, the filing said. After locating the problem and making the necessary repairs, operators will return the system to service. The filing lists a fluid catalytic cracking unit (FCCU) as a source of emissions, which were expected to continue until August 9.[562]

August 1, 2012: Phillips to Run 40,000 bpd of Advantaged Crudes to Sweeney Refinery

Phillips reported during their second-quarters earnings report on August 1, 2012 that Phillips wants to move the shale crudes from 120,000 to ultimately 450,000 to 460,000 barrels a day and has a plan to get advantaged crude into most of Phillips' refineries. "We are trying to get those crudes to every refinery we can," said Phillips CEO Greg Garland. "Sweeny about 40,000 barrels a day."[563]

CNBC reported on August 23, 2012 that Phillips 66's Sweeny, Texas, refinery will take 30,000 bpd of Eagle Ford oil beginning in 2014 when Kinder Morgan Energy Partners completes a $90-million extension of a pipeline to the plant, which is 66 miles south of Houston. Light, sweet Eagle Ford crude is lower-priced than other global crudes, which increases profitability for refiners by cutting their crude costs. Eagle Ford crude was recently priced at $93.75 a barrel, about a $3 discount to U.S. crude benchmark West Texas Intermediate and a $19 discount to Louisiana Light Sweet.[564]

July 16, 2012: Fluid Catalytic Cracking Unit Restarted at Sweeney Refinery

On July 25, 2012 Reuters reported that the Fluid Catalytic Cracking Unit (FCCU) restarted at the Sweeney Refinery on July 16, 2012.[565]

July 12, 2012: Coker Flare at Sweeney Refinery

Reuters reported on June 13, 2012 there was a Coker Flare at the Sweeney Refinery on July 12, 2012.[566] Businessweek reported on July 12, 2012 that the refinery reported emissions from coker and fluid catalytic cracker No. 3, according to a filing with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality. The maintenance event began yesterday at 6:22 a.m. local time and lasted until 11:22 a.m. today, the company said.[567]

July 5, 2012: Unplanned Work at Sweeney Refinery

Reuters reported on June 13, 2012 there was unplanned work at the Sweeney Refinery on July 5, 2012.[568]

July 1, 2012: Leaks Repaired on a portion of Fluidic Catalytic Cracking Unit at Sweeney Refinery

Reuters reported on July 1, 2012 that Phillips repaired leaks on a portion of the gasoline-producing fluidic catalytic cracking unit on June 30 and July 1 after the refinery found oil oozing from welds on a box attached to the unit's riser to repair a hot spot found between a month and two months ago, according to a notice the refinery filed with state pollution regulators. Additional welding was done on the box to repair the leaks, but the work resulted in increased release of particulate matter and carbon monoxide.[569]

May 12, 2012: Power Outage at Sweeny Refinery

Reuters reported on May 13, 2012 that the Sweeny refinery restarted on May 12, 2012 after a power outage hit the refinery affecting the sulfur recovery unit according to a notice the refinery filed with Texas pollution regulators.[570]

Trainer Refinery

The Trainer Refinery, sold by Phillips 66 to Delta Airlines in June, 2012, is located on the Delaware River in Trainer, Pa., about 10 miles southwest of downtown Philadelphia. The refinery has a crude oil processing capacity of 185 MBD and processes mainly light, low-sulfur crude oil. Trainer receives crude oil by tanker from West and North Africa and Canada. The refinery facilities include fluid catalytic cracking, hydrodesulfurization units, a reformer and a hydrocracker that enable it to produce a high percentage of transportation fuels, such as gasoline, diesel fuel and jet fuel. Other products include home heating oil and low-sulfur fuel oil. Refined products are primarily distributed to customers in Pennsylvania, New York and New Jersey via pipeline, barge and railcar.[571] Photo by Phillips 66

Description of Trainer Refinery

The Trainer Refinery, sold by Phillips 66 to Delta Airlines in June, 2012, is located on the Delaware River in Trainer, Pa., about 10 miles southwest of downtown Philadelphia. The refinery has a crude oil processing capacity of 185 MBD and processes mainly light, low-sulfur crude oil. Trainer receives crude oil by tanker from West and North Africa and Canada. The refinery facilities include fluid catalytic cracking, hydrodesulfurization units, a reformer and a hydrocracker that enable it to produce a high percentage of transportation fuels, such as gasoline, diesel fuel and jet fuel. Other products include home heating oil and low-sulfur fuel oil. Refined products are primarily distributed to customers in Pennsylvania, New York and New Jersey via pipeline, barge and railcar.[572]

News and Views on Trainer Refinery

February 9, 2015: Forbes Says Delta Made a Mistake Buying the Trainer Refinery from Phillips 66

Christopher Helman wrote in Forbes Magazine on February 9, 2015 that two-and-a-half years after Delta Airlines decision to buy the Trainer Refinery from Phillips 66 Delta has sunk $420 million of capital into the refinery, which has generated roughly $100 million of losses. "This deal is even more idiotic now than it was then,” says Ed Hirs. Buying a refinery just isn’t a big hedge against fuel prices because the real cost of fuel is the oil, not the refining. “It’s as wrongheaded as buying a bakery to hedge against rising bread prices,” says Hirs. “If you really want to hedge your bread price, then buy a wheat field. Likewise, if these guys want to hedge fuel prices what they should buy are oilfields–which are on sale right now.” Delta would have been better off just waiting for oil prices to fall and then locking in lower fuel prices in the futures market. Instead it’s stuck with an expensive albatross.

Delta still tries to put a good face on Trainer. After sinking some $40 million more into the plant in 2014, Delta said in a December presentation that Trainer was profitable in the fourth quarter because fuel prices did not fall quite as fast as crude oil.[573]

January 23, 2013: Phillips 66 pays $50K over Hazardous Waste Allegations at Trainer Refinery

The Philadelphia Inquirer reported on January 23, 2013 that Phillips 66 Co. has agreed to pay a $50,000 penalty to settle alleged violations of hazardous waste regulations at its former refinery in Trainer. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency cited Phillips 66 for violations involving the storage of hazardous materials including refinery hydrocarbon waste, chromium waste, heavy metal waste from batteries and mercury waste from fluorescent bulbs.[574]

June 22, 2012: Delta Completes Purchase of Trainer Refinery

CBS Moneywatch reported on June 22, 2012 that Delta Airlines had completed its $180 million purchase of Phillips' Trainer Refinery and the refinery is expected to restart in September, according to filings made with Pennsylvania utility regulators by the Delta subsidiary that will run it, Monroe Energy LLC. Delta said the refinery will hire back about 400 people.[575]

June 13, 2012: Delta Airlines Set to Close its Landmark Deal on June 22 to buy the Trainer Refinery

Reuters reported on June 13, 2012 that Delta Airlines is set to close its deal to buy Phillips 66's Trainer Refinery on June 22, allowing Delta to begin a long-delayed maintenance overhaul in early July. A plant-wide turnaround lasting 40 to 50 days is expected to begin after July 4, allowing the idled plant to resume producing fuel. The major maintenance, which is required every five years, was originally due in the spring of 2011, but had been deferred until the plant was shut later that year. Delta expects to reconfigure parts of the refinery to maximizes jet fuel production. About 175 out of the 220 hourly workers are expected to return to the plant, with the remainder either retiring, transferring or getting other employment.[576]

May 1, 2012: Phillips 66 Sells Trainer Refinery

Phillips 66 issued a press release on May 1, 2012 announcing that Phillips 66 and Monroe Energy LLC have signed a purchase and sales agreement for Monroe Energy LLC, a subsidiary of Delta Air Lines, to purchase the Trainer Refinery and associated terminal and pipeline assets for $180 million. The purchase price does not include the value of existing inventories. The transaction is expected to close in the first half of 2012. Phillips 66 also has entered into multi-year agreements with Monroe to supply jet fuel to Monroe in other regions of the country while Phillips 66 will purchase gasoline and other refined products from Monroe at the Trainer Refinery and local terminals.[577]

Critics of Delta's purchase of the refinery have questioned the wisdom of Delta trying to run a refinery in the Northeast. Ed Hirs, a professor of energy economics at the University of Houston, said hedging fuel costs through options can accomplish very much the same agenda without being exposed to the risks of owning a refinery.[578]

Reuters reported on April 9, 2012 that Phillips 66 continue to shore up its refining portfolio and has two refineries up for sale - Trainer and Alliance in Louisiana. Sources familiar with the sales process said Delta Airlines is considering a bid for the Trainer refinery, idled at the end of September 2011, and is in "very critical" negotiations with ConocoPhillips. Reuters also reports that there may be other actions affecting its portfolio.[579]

Andrew Maykuth wrote in the Philadelphia Inquirer that a bid by Delta Airlines to buy the idled Phillips 66 refinery in Trainer to satisfy its enormous thirst for jet fuel appears to be gaining momentum. "Sources close to negotiations believe that Delta Air Lines has emerged as the clear favorite for the idle plant," says Tom Kloza, publisher of Oil Price Information Service. "The action certainly implies that the Trainer refinery will be restarted in the second half of 2012, and perhaps as early as July or August." Delta's interest in buying a business that an experienced oil company wants to jettison has raised eyebrows among some analysts, who believe that the airline has other means available to protect itself from fuel-price fluctuations without investing in manufacturing. "At one level it makes sense to better manage supply," said James Balaschak, a principal with Deloitte Consulting L.L.P. in Philadelphia. "On the other hand it is outside their core business. There are alternative strategies such a hedging which can be as effective."[580]

The Phiadelphia Inquirer reported on April 17, 2012 that US Senator Bob Casey Jr. (D., Pa.) and the Delaware County Council had urged ConocoPhillips to sell its refinery in Trainer to a buyer that would keep the refinery operating as a manufacturing facility rather than turn it into a fuel storage terminal and wrote to ConocoPhillips chief executive James Mulva to urge him to sell the plant to buyer that would operate it as a refinery, which would employ more people and require more investment than a fuel-storage facility.[581]

Did Delta Make a Mistake Buying the Trainer Refinery from Phillips 66?

Greory J. Millman wrote in the Wall Street Journal on May 15, 2012 that Delta's out-of-pocket investment to acquire the Trainer Refinery is $150 million, and it plans to spend another $ 100 million to maximize jet fuel production there. "There are three problems here. First, Delta will not manage the capital invested in the refinery for optimal return. Second, even if Delta were to do so, the refinery is one of the least economical in the U.S. so its potential returns are low at best. Third, the refinery will probably require much more capital than Delta's public presentations suggest." It's easy to see why ConocoPhillips (COP) shut Trainer down adds Millman. "The Trainer Refinery was not producing net income," said ConocoPhillips Chief Financial Officer Jeff Sheets during the company's third-quarter earnings call in 2011. "The cash generation was also not very strong. We were at a point where we were having to decide about timing on turnaround costs and future capital expenditures, which had a lot to do with the timing of the decision to shut it down in October." Once shareholders see the consequences of this deal unfold, they'll demand that Delta divest the refinery operations and redeploy the capital in more productive investments concludes Millman.[582]

Whitegate Refinery

Whitegate Refinery Photo: Phillips 66

News and Views from Whitegate refinery

February 9, 2015: Phillips Complete Sale of Bantry Bay Oil Terminal in West Cork, Ireland

Houston Business Journal reported on February 9, 2015 that Phillips 66 has completed the sale of the Bantry Bay Oil Terminal in West Cork, Ireland to a new Houston energy company founded last year by the Warburg Pincus LLC private equity firm. "We are pleased to have acquired the Bantry Bay Terminal, which serves as a critical commercial link in northwest Europe for crude and refined products," Zenith CEO Jeffrey Armstrong said in a prepared statement. "The terminal's attractive deepwater location on Bantry Bay enables our customers to take advantage of many trade opportunities, and the terminal will remain an important part of Ireland's strategic petroleum reserve." The terminal, located on Whiddy Island in Bantry Bay, has a storage capacity of more than 8 million barrels and is one of the largest in Europe. Zenith said it intends to continue operating the terminal on a commercial basis.[583]

October 31, 2014: Whitegate Refinery is Off the Market

The Herald reported on October 31, 2014 that Greg Garland, chief executive of Phillips 66, said the sales process for the Whitegate refinery in Co Cork had been a failure and that Whitegate Refinery is "essentially off the market" after it failed to sell the refinery. Phillips said that it would continue to run the refinery, which has operated in East Cork for nearly 55 years, as usual. It's been speculated that a closure could be on the cards if a buyer isn't found. "Phillips 66 will continue operating the refinery as usual while identifying opportunities to enhance returns from this business," a spokesman told the Herald.[584]

According to the Irish Independent, when the Whitegate refinery and Bantry storage terminals were sold by the State in 2001, it was a condition of the sale that they must continue to be operated until at least 2016. This requirement applied to the company that purchased the assets and any future owners. A report commissioned by the Department of Communications, Energy and Natural Resources last year found that overall oil demand has declined since peaking at 11.8m tonnes in 2006 for Ireland. Then Energy Minister Pat Rabbitte said the report showed that having an operational refinery on the island provided flexibility and enhanced the options available to the State in the event of an oil supply disruption by mitigating the complete reliance on imports. "As such, the continued operation of the Whitegate refinery on a commercial basis is highly desirable," Mr Rabbitte said.[585]

October 29, 2014: Sale of Whitegate Refinery is a Failed Process

Greg Garland told analysts during the third quarter earnings conference call on October 29, 2014 that the sale of the Whitegate Refinery is a failed process. "Whitegate, really a failed process. No interest in someone buying the Whitegate Refinery, so that asset is essentially off the market for now."[586]

August 28, 2014: Phillips to Sell Whiddy Oil Terminal

The Irish Examiner reported on August 28, 2014 that Phillips has reached an agreement to sell the Whiddy Island oil terminal in Bantry, which holds a third of Ireland’s strategic oil reserves, to the US startup, Zenith Energy. “We understand from Phillips 66 that Zenith intend to continue operating the terminal on a commercial basis. The Bantry terminal will therefore remain an important element of Irish oil infrastructure, regardless of its ownership,” said the Department of Energy Communications, Energy and Natural Resources. Phillips 66 employs 30 people directly at the site and the operation indirectly supports 100 contractor jobs. The Whiddy facility, which has a storage capacity of 7.5 million tonnes, is considered one of the best fuel storage facilities in Europe following significant investment over the past 15 years.[587]

August 26, 2014: Whitegate Refinery Operates at a Loss

The Independent reported on August 26, 2014 that Phillips 66 Ireland Ltd recorded a pre-tax losses of $42.48m in 2013 after enjoying pre-tax profits of $26.6m in 2012 - a negative swing of $69.14m. The directors' report states that "while the sharp correction to demand patterns has stabilised following the economic crisis in Ireland and Europe, demand in general has returned to a declining trend. "Of greater impact is that external competitive pressures have risen. This is seen from the USA following their shale energy revolution, new build refineries in the Middle East and continued supply into Europe from Russia." The directors state that the firm's assets ran well with strong reliability and availability.[588]

April 3, 2014: Phillips Gives Up Trying to Sell Whitegate Refinery

Alison Sider reported in the WSJ on April 3, 2014 that after nearly a year of trying to sell its Whitegate refinery in Ireland, Phillips is calling off the search for a buyer and will just keep running it. “Based on the level of interest from potential buyers, we will take the next step in the sales process for the Bantry Bay storage terminal only,” company spokesman Rich Johnson said. According to Sider European refineries are struggling because fuel demand in the region is down amid a sluggish economy, plus there’s increasing competition from plants in the Middle East, Asia and even the U.S.[589]

February 14, 2014: Garland Says Phillips Expects to Sell Whitegate Refinery in 2014

Greg Garland told security analysts at the Credit Suisse Global Energy Summit on February 12, 2014 that Phillips expects to sell Maleka and Whitegate in 2014. "We've gotten very good at selling the good things. I told Clayton we're going to have to get very good at selling the not-so-good things. Certainly [we] have a process underway with Whitegate. We have a process underway with Melaka. What I would say in that you should expect that we will draw those processes to a conclusion in 2014.[590]

October 30, 2013: Garland Says Phillips Still Looking to Sell Whitegate Refinery

Garland told analysts at the third quarter earnings conference on October 30, 2013 that Phillips is still looking at "selling possibly our Whitegate refinery in Ireland and our interest in the Melaka refinery in Malaysia, and so those efforts continue. We’re in the process of evaluating specifically the opportunities around Whitegate. So I think those have been the pieces of portfolio for us that long-term are really where the strategic interest is."[591]

September 12, 2013: Phillips 66 says It Has Buyers Interested in Whitegate Refinery

Greg Garland told analysts at the Barclays Energy-Power Conference in New York that Phillips has potential buyers interested in its Whitegate Refinery. Garland declined to elaborate, but analysts had speculated that buyers would be tough to find.[592]

June 10, 2013: Phillips Wants to Sell Whitegate Refinery

Reuters reported on June 11, 2013 that Phillips wants to sell the Whitegate Refinery in Cork, Ireland. However Seth Kleinman, head of energy research at Citigroup says the odds of finding a buyer look slim and that the refinery would probably have to be shut down as it will be hard to find a buyer for it. In the meantime Phillips will continue to operate the refinery. "Phillips 66 intends to continue operating the assets as usual during the marketing process, which is expected to last for several months," said company spokesman Rich Johnson in a statement.[593]

Europe's refining sector has been struggling because of over capacity and Coryton refinery in the UK, owned by the bankrupt Petroplus group, closed last year after administrators failed to find a buyer for it. Micheal Martin, the leader of Ireland's main opposition party Fianna Fail, said the sale of the refinery had potentially serious consequences for its economy as it is the only refinery in Ireland supplying about one third of Ireland's oil products. "Whitegate is a key strategic asset. It provides one third of all our transportation fuel and is a long-term principal supplier to the National Oil Reserves Agency. The threat to its future has serious implications for Ireland's energy supply and consequently for our economy," Martin said in a statement. "It has been a major employer in the area for decades, supporting hundreds of jobs directly and indirectly. Its loss would be a serious blow to local economy."[594]

"The move is part of a fire sale of Irish assets by Phillips," writes James Detar on Investor's Business Daily. "which is also selling an oil and refined products storage terminal in Bantry Bay in County Cork, and its Ireland wholesale marketing business."[595]

December 13, 2012: Phillips Likely to Sell Whitegate Refinery in Ireland

Reuters reported on December 13, 2012 that Greg Garland told reporters on December 13, 2012 that Phillips will likely look to sell its Whitegate refinery in Cork, Ireland, and its stake in the 2 Melaka refinery in Malaysia. Phillips plans to retain stakes in the refineries it owns in the United Kingdom and Germany. "We don't envision growing in the Asian refining space," said Garland.[596]

Wood River Refinery

The Wood River Refinery is located about 15 miles northeast of St. Louis, Mo., at the convergence of the Mississippi and Missouri rivers in Roxana, Ill. Jointly owned by ConocoPhillips and Cenovus Energy, the Wood River Refinery is operated by ConocoPhillips. Gross crude oil processing capacity of the refinery is approximately 306 MBD. The complex includes a docking area on the Mississippi River. The refinery processes a mix of light, low-sulfur and heavy, high-sulfur crude oil. Wood River receives domestic, Canadian and other foreign crude oil by various pipelines and produces a high percentage of transportation fuels, such as gasoline, diesel fuel and jet fuel. Other products include petrochemical feedstocks, asphalt and coke. The Wood River Refinery’s operations include three distilling units, two fluid catalytic cracking units, hydrocracking, coking, reforming, hydrotreating and sulfur recovery. Wood River is a major supplier to Lambert International Airport in St. Louis and is also a supplier to Chicago’s O’Hare Airport. Finished product leaves Wood River through pipeline, rail, barge and by truck. The company continues to progress the CORE Project at the Wood River Refinery. Upon completion, the project is expected to increase crude oil gross capacity from 95 MBD to 225 MBD and increase clean product yield by 5 percent.[597] Photo by Ran Yaniv Hartstein Flicker Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic (CC BY 2.0)

Description of Wood River Refinery

The Wood River Refinery is located about 15 miles northeast of St. Louis, Mo., at the convergence of the Mississippi and Missouri rivers in Roxana, Ill. Jointly owned by ConocoPhillips and Cenovus Energy, the Wood River Refinery is operated by ConocoPhillips. Gross crude oil processing capacity of the refinery is approximately 306 MBD. The complex includes a docking area on the Mississippi River. The refinery processes a mix of light, low-sulfur and heavy, high-sulfur crude oil. Wood River receives domestic, Canadian and other foreign crude oil by various pipelines and produces a high percentage of transportation fuels, such as gasoline, diesel fuel and jet fuel. Other products include petrochemical feedstocks, asphalt and coke. The Wood River Refinery’s operations include three distilling units, two fluid catalytic cracking units, hydrocracking, coking, reforming, hydrotreating and sulfur recovery. Wood River is a major supplier to Lambert International Airport in St. Louis and is also a supplier to Chicago’s O’Hare Airport. Finished product leaves Wood River through pipeline, rail, barge and by truck. The company continues to progress the CORE Project at the Wood River Refinery. Upon completion, the project is expected to increase crude oil gross capacity from 95 MBD to 225 MBD and increase clean product yield by 5 percent.[598]

Joint Venture with the Canadian oil company EnCana

In 2007 the Wood River refinery became part of a business joint venture with the Canadian oil company EnCana (now Cenovus Energy) with each partner now having a 50 percent interest in the refinery. In return, ConocoPhillips gained a 50% interest in Cenovus's oil sands projects at Foster Creek and Christina Lake, Alberta.[599] Approximately 2/3 of the refinery's capacity is used to treat heavy oil, including synthetic crude oil from the Athabasca Oil Sands in Alberta.[600]

CORE Project

In 2008 EnCana Corporation, through its 50-50 integrated oil venture with ConocoPhillips, began construction of a Coker and Refinery Expansion (CORE) project at the Wood River refinery in Roxana, Illinois to expand upgrading capacity as well as increase production of clean transportation fuels for the U.S. Midwest market. The CORE project wasestimated to cost a total of about US$1.8 billion net was is expected to be completed by 2011. It 's purpose was to: Add a 65,000 barrels-per-day (bbls/d) coker to enable processing of growing supplies of heavy crude oil; Increase total crude oil refining capacity by 50,000 bbls/d to 356,000 bbls/d; More than double heavy crude oil refining capacity to 240,000 bbls/d; Increase the clean product yield by 10 percent to 89 percent; Eliminate 40,000 bbls/d of low-value asphalt production. “When the CORE project is complete, IOCo will have two strategically located refineries in the U.S. each with significant heavy oil processing capacity. Combined, the Wood River refinery and the Borger refinery in Texas will have a total heavy oil capacity of 275,000 bbls/d, placing IOCo among the leading heavy oil refiners in the U.S.,” said Brian Ferguson, EnCana’s Chief Financial Officer, who is the designated President & Chief Executive Officer of IOCo.[601]

News and Views on Wood River Refinery

February 26, 2015: Phillips Donates $20,000 to Southern Illinois University Edwardsville School of Engineering

The Riverbender reported on February 26, 2015 that the Phillips 66 Wood River Refinery donated $20,000 to the Southern Illinois University Edwardsville School of Engineering on February 24, 2015 to provide support for equipment, activities and 10 scholarships to students at SIUE’s Engineering Summer Camp who demonstrate financial need. “The Phillips 66 Wood River Refinery has an emphasis on outreach, particularly in education that betters our community,” said Melissa Erker, director of government and community affairs for Phillips 66. “With this partnership, we have the ability to enhance the community by supporting science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) at SIUE.[602]

January 5, 2015: Wood River Refinery Spokeswoman Says Falling Oil Prices Have Not Impacted Phillips' Business

Will Buss reported at BDM.com on January 8, 2015 that spokeswoman Melissa Erker of the Phillips 66 Wood River Refinery in Roxana says that falling crude oil prices have not impacted Phillips 66's business because it is not extracting oil from the ground, but purchasing it at a low price. “If we’re paying less for the product and we’re getting less for gasoline, there is really no impact,” Erker said.[603]

December 31, 2014: Tax Settlement Money from Wood River Refinery Has Been Distributed

The Alton Daily News reported on December 31, 2014 that the money promised in a settlement between Wood River Refinery and three taxing bodies has been distributed with $8.5-million going to the school district, $1.8-million to the village of Roxana, and almost $300,000 to the Roxana Community Park District. According to the terms of the agreement, none of those bodies had to repay taxes collected from the refinery in 2011 and 2012, and the refinery will have a lower assessed value for 2013. This settlement comes after the refinery objected to how much it paid in local property taxes from 2010 to 2011.[604]

December 23, 2014: Phillips Reports Emissions at Wood River Refinery

Phillips reported emissions at Wood River Refinery on December 23, 2014.[605]

December 9, 2014: Phillips Contributes Over $200,000 to Southwest Illinois Division of United Way

The Telegraph reported on December 9, 2014 that Phillips 66 Wood River Refinery was the second highest contributor to the Southwest Illinois Division of United Way contributing more than $200,000 of the $1,700,000 total.[606]

December 9, 2014 Continued Expansion at Wood River Refinery Could Mean 750 Construction Jobs in 2015

The Alton Daily Times reported on December 9, 2014 that although the bulk of the Coker and Refinery Expansion project wrapped up in 2011, a continuation of the project would likely mean a resumption of construction work in early 2015 with 750 construction jobs. The work needs IEPA approval. which is pending because the state of Illinois needs to sign off on the plan due to a revision of air emission permits.[607]

December 8, 2014: Phillips Donates $100,000 to Build Bike Trail in Bethalto

The Alton Daily News reported on December 8, 2014 that Phillips has given a grant of $100,000 to to create a bike trail in the Village of Bethalto to compliment its park system.[608]

November 25, 2014: CDU Restarted, VDU and Coker Remain Shut at Phillips Wood River Refinery

Genscape reported the 64,000 b/d crude distillation unit (CDU) was restarted and the 30,000 b/d vacuum distillation unit (VDU) and 16,000 b/d coker remained shut following an upset on November 22. Significantly decreased furnace stack activity at all three units was observed beginning the morning of November 22. The company reported flaring due to an unspecified equipment failure in a filing with the IEMA.[609]

November 22, 2014: Phillips Reports Equipment Failure at Wood River Refinery

Phillips reported an unspecified equipment failure on Saturday at its Wood River refinery in Roxana, Illinois, according to a filing with the Illinois Emergency Management Agency.[610]

November 20, 2013: Village of Roxana Will Not Have to Repay Million of Dollars to Philips 66 in Tax Assessment Case

The Alton Daily News reported on November 20, 2014 that the local school district of the village of Roxana will not have to repay millions of dollars that the Madison County State’s Attorney says it overtaxed Phillips 66 for the Wood River Refinery. An agreement between numerous taxing bodies and the owners of the Phillips 66 Wood River Refinery has been reached that would eliminate repayment for taxes collected in 2011 and 2012, and lower the refinery’s 2013 assessed value by about $100-million. Phillips filed an objection earlier this year over the amount of taxes levied by the Village of Roxana, the Roxana Park District, Roxana Library District and the Roxana School District. Parties still have to sign off on the agreement.[611]

November 18, 2014: Phillips Donates $250,000 to Upgrade Storm Warning Systems Around Wood River Refinery

KSDK reported on November 28, 2014 that Phillips 66 Wood River Refinery is donaring $250,000 to three local communities to upgrade their storm warning systems by installing new sirens. Phillips has also put money aside for educational programming, including severe weather preparedness programs that will be taught in schools and at municipal fire departments and will fund a National Weather Service spotters training course.[612] Wood River Fire Chief Steve Alexander says much of the credit for this agreement goes to Phillips 66.[613]

November 12, 2014: Phillips Reports Flaring Due to Upset Conditions Wood River Refinery

Phillips Reports Flaring Due to Upset Conditions Wood River Refinery [614]

October 25, 2014: Phillips Reports Process Unit Upset at Wood RiverRefinery

Phillips reported a process unit upset at its Wood River refinery in Illinois on Saturday, according to a filing with the Illinois Emergency Management Agency. The incident led to sulfur dioxide emissions, the filing said.[615]

October 23, 2014: Planned Turnaround at Wood River Refinery Contributed to Lower Cenovus Profits

The Globe and Mail reported that Cenovus Energy Inc, Canada’s No.2 independent oil producer, reported a 4 per cent fall in quarterly profit and a 53 per cent drop in operating cash flow mainly due to an outage at Borger Refinery in July, 2014 that lasted for 35 days. A planned turnaround at the Wood River refinery in Illinois also contributed to the drop in profit and cash flow. Cenovus has a 50 per cent stake in the two U.S. refineries which are operated by Phillips 66.[616] "Several factors reduced profitability of our refineries in the third quarter, including lower throughput due to planned downtime with Wood River and unplanned outage at Borgerand lower crack spreads compared to earlier this year," said Cenovus COO John K. Brannan.[617]

October 23, 2014: Wood River Turnaround is Coming into Startup Phase

Greg Pardy of RBD Capital Markets asked Robert William Pease, Executive Vice-President of Markets, Products & Transportation, if the Wood River Refinery had come back up after their scheduled turnaround and how much heavy oil would be processed through the quarter during Cenovus' Fourth Quarter earnings conference on October 23, 2014. Cenovus has a 50 per cent stake in Wood River Refinery which is operated by Phillips 66."The Wood River turnaround has progressed well at completing through the turnaround and actually coming into startup phase right now," said Pease. "So things went well during the turnaround. We're encouraged by what we expect out of it. As far as how much heavy crude will be processed, the refineries do optimize based on the economics of the different crude choices. In the past quarter, we saw some improved economics on some of the other grades besides our bitumen heavy grades. So we expected to -- the bitumen to be a high portion of the total crude range. But whether or not we'll see an increase will be driven by market economics and values at the refinery."[618]

October 20, 2014: Candidates for US Congress Discuss Wood River Refinery

The Telegraph reported on October 20, 2014 that Republican challenger for the Illinois Congressional District 12, Mike Bost, was joined by fellow Republican, John Shimkus (R- IL Dist. 15) at the Phillips 66 refinery in Wood River to discuss energy issues that affect Illinois residents. Shimkus is on the Congressional Energy Subcommittee, and was at the refinery to support Bost as well as future legislation regarding the controversial Keystone Pipeline XL. Shimkus said that the general public was not aware of how many pipelines there were in everyday use. “It is the safest, cheapest, and most environmentally sound way to move liquid product,” said Shimkus and added that Democrats in Congress were “dragging their feet” on the matter and he said that it was “ridiculous.” The two were discussing the expansion of the Keystone Pipeline with Phillips 66 in the background to display how many jobs American energy creates. According to representatives from Phillips 66, the refinery employs as many as 850 people directly and 400 indirectly through contract work. Many jobs were created when the refinery spent $4 billion to prepare for the incoming Canadian crude oil according to Shimkus. “They gave us jobs in a time when there wasn’t a lot of jobs in the area,” said Shimkus. After their short statements at the Phillips 66 refinery in Wood River, Shimkus and Bost went to Percy, Ill. to tour the Nighthawk Coal Mine.[619]

October 9, 2014: Phillips Reports Pipeline Leak at Wood River Refinery

Phillips reported a diesel spill on October 9, 2014 from a pipeline leak at its Wood River, Illinois, refinery, according to the Illinois Emergency Management Agency.[620]

October 16, 2014: Phillips Reports Wet Gas Compressor Failure after Power Blip at Wood River Refinery

Phillips reported a wet gas compressor failure on October 16, 2014 after a power blip at the Wood River Refinery.[621]

July 25, 2014: Phillips 66 Reports Equipment Failure at Wood River Refinery

Phillips 66 reported an unspecified equipment failure on Friday at its Wood River refinery in Illinois, according to a filing with state pollution regulators. The filing did not mention if the event hurt regular refinery operations or affected production.[622]

June 27, 2014: Phillips Awards Nine Scholarships to Students Whose Parents Work at Wood River Refinery

The Edwardsville Intelligencer reported on June 27, 2014 that Phillips has awarded nine college scholarships of $16,000 to local high school seniors whose parents work for Phillips at the Wood River Refinery. The awards are based on academic excellence, community service and financial need. “This scholarship program reflects Phillips 66’s commitment to the communities where we live and operate and builds on our corporate vision of improving lives,” said Melissa Erker. “We congratulate these students on their achievements inside and outside the classroom and wish them every success in college." The Phillips 66 Dependent Scholarship Program will annually award as many as 66 four-year scholarships of $16,000 each for higher education at any accredited institution. Scholarship Management Services, a neutral, third-party administrator of educational assistance programs, selects the recipients and manages the program for Phillips 66.[623]

April 26, 2014: Phtographer's Art Project Puts Him at Odds with Wood River Refinery

The St. Louis Post-Dispatch reported on April 26, 2014 that when documentary filmmaker and educator Tom Atwood set out to photograph the industrial grandeur of the Wood River refinery, he had tense encounters with the owners and police, who he said have treated him like a potential terrorist. Atwood is in the final stages of “The Refinery Project,” and many of Atwood’s pictures feature attractive women, often showing a fair amount of skin, set against the refinery’s imposing backdrop of soot-stained stacks, steam clouds and twinkling lights.“I remember the first time that I drove past the refinery with my family and being shocked that an industrial plant of such magnitude was so close to suburban communities,” Atwood said.

Atwood said that he had been stopped and questioned — illegally, he asserts — about half a dozen times by refinery security guards and police officers, particularly those from Roxana and South Roxana. His first shoot was typical of scenes that would play out over the course of the project at the complex, which sits in Roxana just north of the boundary with South Roxana. “I was setting up for a shoot on a long, gravel parking lot along Madison Street in South Roxana,” Atwood said. “There was no sign on the lot; it looked like a public parking area.” Within minutes, a police car pulled up. “The officer told me, ‘You can’t do that here,’ ” Atwood said. It turned out that the parking lot was private property, owned by the refinery. Atwood would come to learn that the refinery owns just about all the property that abuts the behemoth plant that is not a city street or sidewalk. Atwood said he was careful from then on to shoot only from public streets and sidewalks. At one point, he said, a South Roxana officer told him that the refinery had the power under the Patriot Act to confiscate his camera. He said other officers had threatened to arrest him in the name of special Homeland Security laws, and that plant guards, citing the terrorist attacks of 9/11, have threatened to have his name placed on a national list as a security risk.

Refinery spokeswoman Melissa Erker said Atwood’s project qualified as “suspicious activity” under the Maritime Transportation Security Act. “Under this act, we are required to report any suspicious activities, which includes Atwood taking pictures of the facility,” Erker said this week. “Unfortunately, post 9/11, that’s the way we have to act in this world.”

A national expert on the First Amendment said recently that Atwood had the law on his side. “Basically, the law says that if you can see it standing in a public place, you can photograph it,” Osterreicher said. “Nonetheless, many times I have dealt with this very issue in Washington, where security guards and police are telling people they can’t take a picture of this or that building.”

Tom Atwood and the refinery recently reached a tenuous accord: The plant will not call in guards or police if Atwood notifies it ahead of any shoot to divulge when and where he would take pictures. There were times when I told myself that I should just man up and force them to arrest me. I stood down because my models did not deserve to be drawn into that kind of drama,” he said. “But that doesn’t mean I like it.”[624]

March 26, 2014: Phillips Pays $500,000 Fine for Clean Air Violations at Wood River Refinery and Four Other Refineries

CSP Daily News reported on March 26, 2014 that Phillips will pay a $500,000 penalty for violations of the Clean Air Act at the Wood River Refinery in Roxana, Ill., the Alliance Refinery in Belle Chasse, La., the Sweeny Refinery in Old Ocean, Texas, the Lake Charles Refinery in Westlake, La., the Borger Refinery in Borger, Texas, and several terminals across the country. Phillips also agreed to retire more than 21 billion sulfur credits that could have been used in the production of gasoline, which could potentially lead to significantly less pollution from vehicles. In a administrative settlement agreement, the EPA alleged that the company generated invalid sulfur credits between 2006 and 2012 and that Phillips failed to comply with recordkeeping, reporting, sampling and testing requirements at the five refineries. EPA discovered these violations during facility inspections and through a review of company records, which included the results of third-party company audits required by the Clean Air Act.[625]

March 23, 2014: Phillips 66 Reports Reformer Start-up at Wood River Refinery

Phillips 66 reported a start-up at the steam methane reformer (SMR) on March 22, 2014 at its refinery in Wood River, Illinois, according to a filing with state pollution regulators. Phillips 66 had reported a process unit upset at the refinery on Marcfh 20, 2014. [626]

March 5, 2014: Phillips Repairing Equipment at Wood River Refinery

Phillips reported that it’s repairing unspecified equipment at its refinery in Wood River, Illinois, according to a filing with state pollution regulators. [627]

March 3, 2014: Phillips Reports Emissions from Valve Release at Wood River Refinery

Phillips reported emissions from a valve release at its refinery in Wood River, Illinois, according to a filing with state pollution regulators on Monday. [628]

February 26, 2014: Phillips 66 Reports Compressor Trip at Wood River Refinery

Phillips 66 reported compressor 4003 tripped at its joint-venture Wood River, Illinois, refinery, a filing with the Illinois Emergency Management Agency showed.[629]

February 24, 2014: Phillips Resumes Operations at Wood River refinery After February 21 Power Outage

Phillips 66 said operations have resumed at its joint-venture Wood River, Illinois, refinery following a power outage over the weekend. The refinery was hit by a power outage on Friday night and was using its safety flare system late Saturday, according to notices filed with state pollution regulators.[630]

January 30, 2014: Phillips Reports Process Unit Upset at Wood River Refinery

Phillips reported a process unit upset on January 30, 2014 at its Wood River refinery in Roxana, Illinois, which led to sulfur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide emissions, a filing with the Illinois Emergency Management Agency pollution regulator showed. The incident led to a processor trip which caused flaring, the filing said. [631]

January 22, 2014: Phillips Reports Equipment Malfunction, Start-up Procedures After Fire at Wood River Refinery

Phillips reported an equipment malfunction at its Wood River refinery in Roxana, Illinois, which led to sulfur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide emissions, a filing with the Illinois Emergency Management Agency pollution regulator showed. On January 22, 2014 the company had begun standard start-up procedures to bring a unit affected by a fire on January 21, 2014 back into service. The company had earlier said a small process unit fire that began after a leak at the refinery had been extinguished. [632]

January 15, 2014: Phillips Reports ‘Start-up Issues’ at Wood River Refinery

Phillips reported “start-up issues” on January 15, 2014 with units at its Wood River refinery in Roxana, Illinois, a filing with the Illinois Emergency Management Agency [633]

January 10, 2014: Phillips Reports Coker Unit Malfunction at Wood River Refinery

A coking unit malfunctioned on January 10, 2014 at Phillips' Wood River, Illinois refinery, according to a notice posted online Saturday by the Illinois Emergency Management Agency. Liquid running down the hydrogen line triggered a malfunction in the north coker at the refinery, setting off the plant’s safety flare system, according to the notice.[634]

January 8, 2014: Phillips Reports Flaring at Wood River Refinery

Phillips reported flaring at its Wood River refinery on January 8, 2014 according to a filing with state pollution regulators. [635]

January 7, 2014: Phillips Reports Unit Upset at Lake Charles Refinery

Phillips reported an unspecified unit upset leading to sulfur dioxide emissions at its Lake Charles refinery in Westlake, Louisiana, according to a filing with the National Response Center on January 7, 2014. [636]

December 20, 2013: Phillips Reports Wet Gas Compressor Trip at Wood River Refinery

Phillips reported a wet gas compressor tripped at its Wood River refinery in Roxana, Illinois, according to a filing with the Illinois Emergency Management Agency. The loss of the compressor led to sulfur dioxide emissions, the filing said. [637]

November 25, 2013: Equipment Failure at Wood River Refinery

Reuters reported on November 25, 2013 that Phillips reported an equipment failure on November 23, 2013 and that there was a release of hydrogen sulfide, sulfur dioxide, and nitrous oxide according to a filing with the Illinois Emergency Management Agency.[638]

October 30, 2013: Phillips May Increase the Use of Heavy Crudes at Wood River Refinery

In answer to a question from analyst Faisel Khan of Citigroup Global Markets Inc. at the third quarter earnings conference on October 30, 2013 Garland told analysts that Phillips is really looking at ways to increase heavy crude capacity at Wood River Refinery. "Yes, it’s a potential project and it’s really looking at ways to utilize fully that system. So, I think we’re always interested in those higher returns, debottlenecks that did make sense there and so I think we’re continuing to work definitely in the engineering side to try and find a way to increase the use of those heavy crudes and the advantage that we seek with that," said Garland. "It’s not anything at all like the revamp that we went through Wood River runs heavy crudes. This is much more incremental optimization kind of stage show. This is looking at the bottlenecks and thinking about where we can find capacity and ways to handle lights perhaps in the heavy crude."[639]

October 9, 2013: Phillips Reports Compressor Trip at Wood River Refinery

Phillips reported a flare gas recovery compressor tripped at its Wood River refinery in Roxana, Illinois, according to a filing with the Illinois Emergency Management Agency. The incident led to nitrous dioxide emissions, the filing said.[640]

September 15, 2013: Phillips Reports Equipment Issues at Wood River Refinery

Phillips 66 reported equipment issues at its Wood River refinery a filing with the Illinois Emergency Management Agency said. The incident occurred on Sunday and led to sulfur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide emissions, the agency said. [641]

September 2, 2013: Phillips Restarts VDU at Wood River Refinery

Phillips restarted the 105,000 b/d vacuum distillation unit (VDU) at its Wood River, Illinois refinery. Ramp-up of the VDU started September 2 after being offline since August 29. The associated 65,000 b/d coker has continued operating normally during the outage[642]

August 29, 2013: Phillips Reports Process Unit Upset, Emissions at Wood River Refinery

A process unit upset was reported at Phillips’ Wood River refinery in Roxana, Illinois, according to a filing with the Illinois Emergency Management Agency. The incident led to sulfur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide emissions, the filing said.[643]

August 28, 2013: Phillips Reports Flare Gas Recovery Compressor Shut at Wood River Refinery

A flare gas recovery compressor shutdown was reported at Phillips' Wood River refinery in Roxana, Illinois, a filing with the Illinois Emergency Management Agency said. The incident led to sulfur dioxide emissions, state pollution regulators said.[644]

August 9, 2013: Phillips Reports Malfunction at Wood River Refinery

The DOE reported on August 9, 2013 that Phillips reported a unit malfunction, on August 9, 2013 at its Wood River Refinery according to a notice filed with the Illinois Emergency Management Agency. The malfunction triggered releases of sulfur dioxide and nitrogenoxide, according to the notice. No further details were immediately available.[645]

August 5, 2013: Phillips Reports Process Equipment Upset at Wood River Refinery

Phillips reported a process equipment upset occurred August 5 at its Wood River refinery in Roxana, Illinois, according to a filing with Illinois Emergency Management Agency. The incident led to sulfur dioxide emissions, the filing said.[646]

July 23, 2013: Phillips Flared Gases After Unit Upset at Wood River Refinery

Bloomberg reported on July 23, 2013 that Phillips flared gases because of a unit upset at its Wood River Refinery.[647]

July 18, 2013: Flare Gas Compressor Shut at Phillips Wood River Refinery

Phillips reported a flare gas compressor shutdown at its Wood River refinery, according to a filing with state pollution regulators. There were also sulfur dioxide emissions, the filing with the Illinois Emergency Management Agency said.[648]

July 2, 2013: Wood Refinery Refinery Returns to Normal After Planned Maintenance

Reuters reported on July 2, 2013 that according to energy market intelligence firm Genscape, Phillips 66's Wood River Refinery had returned to normal operations following planned maintenance that began on or about June 6, 2013.[649]

June 18, 2013: Phillips Starts Up of HCU at Wood River Refinery

Phillips 66 reported that it had started up a hydrocracker unit at its Wood River refinery in Illinois on June 18, according to a filing with national pollution regulators.[650]

June 10, 2013: Phillips Reports Equipment Leak near Compressor at Wood River Refinery

Phillips 66 on June 10 reported emissions due to an equipment leak in a compressor area at its Wood River, Ill. refinery, according to filings with the State pollution regulator. Operators reported last week that plant maintenance was underway at the refinery.[651]

June 9, 2013: Phillips Reports Leak in Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel Unit at IWood River Refinery

Phillips 66 reported a leak in the ultra low sulfur diesel unit was discovered at its Wood River refinery late at night on June 9, according to a filing with the U.S. National Response Center. Operators were isolating and depressuring the unit. The company reported emissions on June 10 due to an equipment leak in a compressor area at the refinery in a notice filed with State pollution regulators.[652]

June 6, 2013: Planned Maintenance Under Way at Wood River Refinery

Nasdaq reported on June 6, 2013 that planned work is currently under way at its Wood River Refinery. It is not clear if the planned maintenance is associated with the failure of a flare gas recovery compressor on a flare stack unit that caused a release of sulfur dioxide and flaring on June 3, 2013. Citing company policy, Phillips 66 spokesman Rich Johnson did not elaborate on the scope of the maintenance, when it began or how long it would continue.[653]

June 3, 2013: Flare Gas Recovery Compressor Off Line at Wood River Refinery

Retuers reported on June 4, 2013 that a flare gas recovery compressor tripped off line at the Wood River Refinery on June 3, 2013.[654]

May 29, 2013: Hydrocarbon Unit Shut Down at Wood River Refinery

The Wall Street Journal reported on May 29, 2013 that a Hydrocarbon Unit was shut down on May 28, 2013 following a process leak that caused a hydrogen sulfide release at the Wood River Refinery.[655]

May 17, 2013: Phillips Reports Coke Compressor Loss at Wood River Refinery

Fox Business reported on May 17, 2013 that Phillips filed a report with the Illinois Emergency Management Agency on the loss of compressor on a coke unit at Wood River Refinery.[656]

May 3, 2013: Electrical Supply Problems Cause Emissions at Wood River Refinery

Phillips 66 reported emissions of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides from its Wood River refinery on May 3 were caused by electrical power supply problems, according to a filing with the Illinois Emergency Management Agency.[657]

April 30, 2013: Flare Gas Recovery Compressor Fails at Wood River Refinery

Phillips 66 reported the loss of a flare gas recovery compressor at its Wood River refinery on April 30, according to a filing with state pollution regulators.[658]

April 24, 2013: Sulphur Dioxide Flared at Wood River Refinery

Proactive Investors reported on April 24, 2013 that Phillips flared sulphur dioxide at its Wood River Refinery on April 23, 2013.[659]

April 18, 2013: Hydrocracking Unit Trips Offline at Wood River Refinery

Phillips 66 reported a hydrocracking unit at its Wood River refinery tripped offline April 18, causing nitrous oxide emissions, according to a filing with State pollution regulators. Operators discovered a hydrocracker high separator dump valve had lifted.[660]

April 15, 2013: Compressor Trip Causes Sulfur Dioxide Release at Wood River Refinery

Phillips 66 reported a compressor tripped offline at its Wood River refinery on April 15, causing a release of sulfur dioxide, according to a filing with the Illinois Emergency Management Agency.[661]

April 13, 2013: Phillips Reports HCU Leak Wood River Refinery

Phillips reported a leak of gas oil at a hydrocracker unit (HCU) at its Wood River refinery on April 13, according to filings with the U.S. National Response Center and the Illinois Emergency Management Agency.[662]

April 8, 2013: Phillips Reports Sulfuric Acid Leak at Wood River Refinery

Phillips 66 reported that approximately one barrel of sulfuric acid leaked from a flange at its Wood River refinery on April 8.[663]

April 6, 2013: Phillips Reports Work on Flare Gas Recovery System at Wood River Refinery

Phillips 66 reported it was performing work on the flare gas recovery system at its Wood River refinery on April 6, according to a filing with the Illinois Emergency Management Agency.[664]

April 2, 2013: Phillips Reports Compressor Trip at Wood River Refinery

Phillips reported a compressor tripped offline on April 2 at its 362,000 b/d Wood River refinery in Roxana, Illinois. There were sulfur dioxide emissions that coincided with the failure. The unit involved in the incident was not identified.[665]

March 25, 2013: Flare Gas Compressor Trip Causes Emissions at Wood River Refinery

Phillips 66 reported a flare gas recovery compressor tripped at its Wood River refinery on March 25, causing sulfur dioxide and nitrous oxide emissions, according to a filing with state pollution regulators.[666]

March 20, 2013: Phillips Reports Unspecified Flaring at Wood River Refinery

Phillips reported flaring at its Wood River refinery on March 20, according to a filing with state pollution regulators. Planned maintenance is underway at the refinery, but it was unclear what caused the flaring.[667]

March 1, 2013: Rates Said to be Cut on Two Crude Distillation Units at Wood River Refinery

Bloomberg reported on March 1, 2013 that according to a person familiar with the turnaround at the Wood River Refinery who asked not to be identified because the information isn’t public, the plant’s 120,000-barrel-a-day distillation unit is shut, while production from a 150,000-barrel-a-day unit will be cut by half for the next seven to 10 days, while a third unit, which can process about 60,000 barrels of crude a day, is operating at full rates. Work will be performed on that equipment for six days in late March. Planned work was also expected on a hydrocracker from late February to late March, a diesel hydrotreater and delayed coker for six days each in March and two desulfurization units for a combined 24 days. Rich Johnson, a Phillips spokesman, declined to comment on operations in an e-mail. Johnson said Feb. 26 that planned maintenance at the refinery was under way.[668]

Bloomberg reported on March 18, 2013 that the 120,000-barrel-a-day crude distillation unit at the Wood River Refinery, which had been shut, is now running at capacity, said the person, who asked not to be identified because the information isn’t public. The 150,000-barrel-a-day unit is operating at 50 percent of capacity and will return to full rates in the next seven days, the person said. A third unit, which can process about 60,000 barrels of crude a day, is at capacity. Work is planned on that unit for six days in late March.[669]

February 27, 2013: Unplanned Unit Shutdown at Wood River Refinery

Nasdaq reported on February 28, 2013 that an ""unplanned unit shutdown" ocurred at the Wood River Refinery according to a filing with Illinois regulators.[670]

February 26, 2013: Flaring Occurs During Scheduled Maintenance at Wood River Refinery

Nasdaq reported on February 27, 2013 that flaring occurred during scheduled maintenance at the Wood River Refinery on February 26, 2013.[671]

February 25, 2013: Process Upset at Wood River Refinery

Nasdaq reported on February 27, 2013 that a process upset occurred at the Wood River Refinery on February 25, 2013.[672]

February 19, 2013: Phillips Reports Flaring at Wood River Refinery

Phillips reported flaring and emissions of sulfur dioxide, nitrogen monoxide, and nitrogen dioxide were due to unknown reasons at its Wood River refinery on February 19, according to a filing with state pollution regulators.[673]

February 14, 2013: Phillips Reports Flare Gas Recovery Compressor Trip at Wood River Refinery

Phillips 66 reported sulfur dioxide emissions at its Wood River refinery in Roxana, Illinois, caused by a flare gas recovery compressor trip, according to a filing with state pollution regulators.[674]

January 30, 2013: Garland Says Phillips Utilization Rate Was Negatively Impacted by Turnaround at Wood River Refinery

Greg Garland told analysts at the 4th quarter earnings conference on January 30, 2013 that Phillips utilization rate was negatively impacted by the turnaround at the Wood River Refinery as well as turnarounds at Los Angeles and Borger refineries, and Hurricane Sandy related unplanned downtime at the Bayway refinery. "In refining and marketing, our refining realized margin was $13.67 per barrel with a global crude utilization rate of 91% and a clean product yield of 83%," said Garland. "Lower volumes negatively impacted earnings by $42 million, mainly in the Atlantic basin and the Central Corridor regions, reflecting unplanned downtime due to Hurricane Sandy and plant turnarounds."[675]

January 25, 2013: Phillips Restarts Alkylation unit at Wood River Refinery

Bloomberg reported on January 25, 2013 that Phillips will restart the alkylation unit at the Wood River Refinery that was shut down on January 22, 2013. The benzene extractor, a part of the unit, will close for work for 22 days beginning February 28, 2013 according to a person who asked not to be identified because the information isn’t public.[676]

January 23, 2013: Phillips to Shut Down two Crude Distillation Units for 33 Days at Wood River Refinery

Bloomberg reported on January 23, 2013 that Phillips plans to shut two crude distillation units, a hydrocracker, a diesel hydrotreater and a coker for 33 days beginning in late February The refinery will begin shutting a hydrocracker on February 26 for work lasting until late March, a diesel hydrotreater on March 9 for six days and a delayed coker on March 25 for six days, according to a person familiar with the turnaround schedule. Other units will be taken down for work during the turnaround, including two desulfurization units for a combined 24 days.[677]

January 16, 2013: Phillips Returns CDU to Service at Wood River Refinery After Electrical Fire

Phillips 66 said it has returned a crude distillation unit (CDU) to service at its Wood River refinery after repairs over the weekend. The unit was temporarily shut following a brief electrical fire on on January 12, 2013.[678]

January 12, 2013: Brief Electrical Fire Shuts CDU at Wood River Refinery

Phillips 66 reported a crude distillation unit (CDU) at its Wood River refinery was temporarily shut following a fire on January 12, 2013, according to a spokesman. At approximately 5:00 p.m. local time, an electrical fire occurred in a piece of equipment that supports one of the refinery’s crude units, the spokesman said. He did not identify the unit where the fire broke out, but the refinery filed a notice January 12 with the Illinois Emergency Management Agency about a fire on an above-ground crude oil storage tank. The spokesman said that repairs were underway and that the crude unit was expected to return to production in “a couple of days.” The CDU is one of three at the Wood River refinery.[679]

December 12, 2012: Flaring at Wood River Refinery

Fox Business reported that flaring at the Wood River refinery caused by the loss of a wet-gas compressor in a filing with the Illinois Emergency Management Agency.[680]

December 8, 2012: Hydrogen sulfide Release at Wood River Refinery

Fox Business reported that a compressor seal failed on a cracker unit at its Wood River refinery on December 8, 2012 leading to the release of hydrogen sulfide. A company spokesman declined to comment.[681]

November 16, 2012: Refining Units Being Brought Back Online at Wood River Refinery

Nasdaq reported on November 16, 2012 that refining units are being brought back on line at the Wood River Refinery according to traders doing business with the company. An unspecified number of units were taken off line late September and more recent issues have affected the restart of units.[682]

November 13, 2012: Excessive Emissions Released at Wood River Refinery

Nasdaq reported on November 16, 2012 that a gas compressor tripped off line at the Wood River Refinery on November 13, 2012 according to a state government filing. The even caused an excessive release of emissions, but it wasn't know which unit was affected. A refining unit was also upset at the same facility on November 9, 2012.[683]

November 8, 2012: Process Upset at Wood River Refinery

Nasdaq reported on November 13, 2012 that there had been a process upset at the Wood River Refinery on November 8, 2012. . It wasn't known which unit was affected.[684]

October 31, 2012: Scheduled Maintenance Turnaround in Progress at Wood River Refinery

Tim Taylor reported at the Phillips Third Quarter Earnings Conference on October 31, 2012 that the scheduled maintenance turnaround at the Wood River Refinery is currently underway and is proceeding as planned. "Wood River and Borger are both in turnarounds today. We expect those back in operation here in November. Those are major turnarounds. Borger is a very significant one. We do have some operations continuing at Wood River today. Those are planned turnarounds that we've had. We've got smaller turnarounds going on at LA that has some minor impacts in terms of its throughput."[685]

October 26, 2012: Contaminated Houses near Phillips' Wood River Refinery to Be Torn Down

The Telegraph reported on October 26, 2012 that three houses in a polluted area of Roxana near the west fence line of what is now the Wood River Refinery, operated by Phillips 66, are scheduled for demolition November 5 to allow the expansion of a pollution remediation project after tests showed benzene contamination in the area. Phillips 66 acquired the facility from Shell Oil Company after a series of other owners operated it and Phillips has defended the way it has operated the plant. The three houses near Chaffer and Fourth streets now are vacant after they were acquired by Shell, and neighbors are speculating that more homes may be purchased. The Illinois Environmental Protection Agency has been testing homes in the area for several months and found benzene in occupied rooms in the basements in the homes. One family was put up in a motel for several months before Shell bought their property, said Dale Carroll of the 100 block of Fourth Street near the three homes that are slated for demolition.[686]

October 6, 2012: Roxana School District Receives $10 million More in Property Tax Revenue from Reassessment of the Wood River Refinery

The Telegraph reported on October 6, 2012 that for the 2012 fiscal year, the Roxana School District received $10 million more in property tax revenue from the reassessment of the Wood River Refinery, operated by Phillips 66, with about $9.5 million of the increase attributable to the district's operating funds. The district still is working toward securing a long-term agreement with the refinery, said Superintendent Deb Kreutztrager.[687]

On March 31, 2012 the St. Louis Post-Dispatch reported that at issue is the completion of a $3.8 billion expansion at the Wood River Refinery in 2011. Phillips 66 sought to blunt an expected increase in its assessed valuation — on which property taxes are based — by claiming that the vast majority of its operation is dedicated to pollution control. A pollution control facility designation means significantly smaller assessment increases, which mean that school districts and other taxing bodies get smaller increases in revenue. Plaintiffs in the lawsuit include the village of Roxana and the school districts in Roxana, Wood River and East Alton. They say they were not initially aware of the move because the Pollution Control Board and Illinois EPA did not provide proper information and public access to meetings, in violation of the Open Meetings Act and Freedom of Information Act. As a result, the suit claims, the local governments have not been able to formally dispute what they say is an obviously suspect claim: that $3 billion of the project's $3.8 billion expansion was dedicated to pollution control rather than the business of refining fuel.[688]

The refinery and a larger group of affected taxing bodies negotiated an agreement in 2005 that established tax valuation through 2010. That agreement set the value at about $265 million — an increase of about $85 million — and provided for annual increases at a rate 1 percentage point below any increase of the Consumer Price Index. The refinery also agreed to supplemental payments of more than $3 million for previous tax years. In March 2012, the Madison County Board of Review set the 2011 assessed value at $402.2 million, reflecting a market value of $1.2 billion. It would affect taxes payable this year. That is up sharply from the 2010 valuation of $93.4 million, based on a market value of $280 million.[689][690]

The huge expansion increased the refinery's oil-processing capacity by about a third, to 356,000 barrels per day, and enabled it to process heavy crude from the oil sands of Alberta, Canada. The oil arrives via the 2,100-mile-long Keystone Pipeline, which opened last year. Melissa Erker, a spokeswoman for the refinery, would not comment on litigation specifics but said the pollution control exceptions are part of the state's tax code and "allow us to remain competitive relative to property taxes as compared to other refineries in the Midwest."[691]

September 25, 2012: Process Unit Shut Down for Planned Maintenance at Wood River Refinery

Nasdq reported on October 1, 2012 that an unspecified process unit was shut down on September 25, 2012 for planned maintenance at its Wood River Refinery in Roxana, Illinois, according to a filing made available on Sept 26.[692]

September 5, 2012: Garland says CORE was a Good Investment at Wood River Refinery

Greg Garland told investors and securities analysts at the 2012 Barclays CEO Energy-Power Conference in New York on September 5, 2012 that the $3.8 billion investment in CORE at the Wood River facility was a good investment. "The other way that we're looking at increasing our return on capital in the base R&M business is increasing clean product yield. You see a nice track record here. As we start up Wood River CORE, we premise about a 5% increase at Wood River CORE. We've seen that with the project in about the 1% increase you see between '11 and '12 year to date is primarily associated with Wood River starting up. We think we can drive this another 1% to 2% without significant capital investment. Want to give you a quick update on the CORE project, $3.8 billion at the Wood River facility. I think it was a good investment. You can see on the slide that the first half benefit to Phillips 66 was $200 million pretax. That's slightly better than expectations. When we approved the project a couple years ago, we're seeing the increase in clean products that we premised. We're running about 166,000 barrels a day of Canadian heavy now at the facility. So it's been a good solid project for us."[693]

August 23, 2012: Hydrogen Sulfide Released at Wood River Refinery

Nasdaq reported on August 30, 2012 that an equipment failure on August 23, 2012 caused a release of hydrogen sulfide at the Wood River Refinery.[694]

August 1, 2012: Phillips is Getting 15 to 20% Return on Investment on the CORE Project at Wood River Refinery

Phillips reported during their second-quarters earnings report on August 1, 2012 that Phillips is pleased with their investment the Coker and Refinery Expansion (CORE) project where up to 200,000 barrels a day of Canadian or heavy crude are coming intot he Wood Rive Refinery. "We are seeing the clean product yield improvement that we envisioned, we are net 65,000 barrels a day of clean products to us. So 120 across the refinery. So as we step back and look at that project you know $3.8 billion investment, solid returns in our view. This is a 15% to 20% type return project for us."[695]

According to a report by Downstream Today on December 4, 2008 the CORE Project was a $4 billion expansion to increase the facility's heavy oil processing capacity as well as its overall throughput by adding a coker unit and increase Wood River's bitumen handling capacity nearly 700% to 200,000 b/d and increase the facility's clean product yield to 87%. "The refinery's total capacity will increase by 94,000 b/d to 400,000 b/d. The facility's owners began the expansion in September 2008 following an unexpectedly lengthy process of obtaining the necessary air permits."[696]

When asked at the Q2 Earnings Conference Call by Morgan Bartosh of Citigroup about the CORE Project and what level of heavy light differential is required to make investment in a new coker economically feasible, Garland replied that he wasn't sure that anyone would start a new coker today in today's market environment. "There's more coking capacity than there is heavy capacity to get into the cokers today. And I think we view that through at least 2017," said Garland. " So, but on the other hand I would say that we are pleased with our investment that we made in the CORE project. It is delivering the results that we anticipated. We are up to 200,000 barrels a day of Canadian or heavy crude into Wood River. We are seeing the clean product yield improvement that we envisioned, we are net 65,000 barrels a day of clean products to us. So 120 across the refinery. So as we step back and look at that project you know $3.8 billion investment, solid returns in our view. This is a 15% to 20% type return project for us."[697]

August 1, 2012: Phillips to Run 90,000 to 120,000 bpd of Advantaged Crudes to Wood River Refinery

Phillips reported during their second-quarters earnings report on August 1, 2012 that Phillips wants to move the shale crudes from 120,000 to ultimately 450,000 to 460,000 barrels a day and has a plan to get advantaged crude into most of Phillips' refineries. "We are trying to get those crudes to every refinery we can," said Phillips CEO Greg Garland. "Wood River, we can run up to 90,000 to 120,000 barrels a day of shale type crudes there."[698]

July 1, 2012: Compressor failure Triggers Flaring at Wood River Refinery

Reuters reported on July 1, 2012 that according to a notice the refinery filed with Illinois regulators Phillips 66's joint-venture refinery in Wood River, Illinois, reported a compressor malfunction that triggered flaring on June 29, 2012. The refinery was working to repair the compressor and restart the unit affected by the malfunction.[699]

May 29, 2012: Illinois’ Attorney General Sues Owners of Wood River Refinery for Ground Water Pollution

Saint Louis Today reported on May 29, 2012 that Illinois’ Attorney General Lisa Madigan is suing the current and past owners of the Wood River Refinery in Roxana, Illinois claiming they're responsible for polluted groundwater around the refinery. The suit comes just months after the Village of Roxana filed a similar lawsuit alleging contamination from the plant. The lawsuit claims the companies have allowed oil, gasoline and other toxins to permeate the groundwater and spread beyond the plant’s property line. "These companies must be held accountable for the environmental and public health damage caused by this contamination,” said the attorney general in a statement. The refinery is jointly owned by Cenovus Energy and Phillips 66, which operates the plant. Melissa Erker, a Phillips 66 spokeswoman, said the company has been working with Shell and state environmental regulators to allow access for remediation of historical contamination. "It is our belief that we are named because of our direct relationship with the former owner," Erker said.[700][701][702]

May 8, 2012: Fault in a Flare Gas Recovery Compressor at the Wood River Refinery

Bloomberg reported on May 4, 2012 that Phillips 66 reported a fault in a flare gas recovery compressor that resulted in a release at its Wood River refinery in Illinois on May 3, 2012. Phillips sent a notice to the Illinois Emergency Management Agency about the incident but Rich Johnson, a spokesman at the company’s headquarters in Houston, declined to comment on the incident.[703]

May 4, 2012: Flare Gas Recovery Compressor Trips at Wood River Refinery

Phillips 66 reported that a flare gas recovery compressor tripped at its joint-venture Wood River refinery in Roxana, Illinois, according to a filing with state regulators. Operators put the compressor back online, which was expected to resolve the issue.[704]

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References

  1. ConocoPhillips. "Slide Presentation for Phillips 66 Investor Update" April 9, 2012
  2. ConocoPhillips. "Phillips 66 Analyst Update Transcript of Phillips 66 Analyst Update" April 9, 2012
  3. Seeking Alpha. "ConocoPhillips' CEO Hosts Phillips 66 Analyst Update Conference Call" April 9, 2012
  4. New World Encyclopedia. "ConocoPhillips" retrieved May 6, 2012.
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  281. Grimsby Telegraph. "Management change at the helm of Phillips 66 Humber Refinery" February 7, 2014.
  282. Grimsby Telegraph. "UPDATE: Injured Phillips 66 workers at Pinderfields Hospital" November 28, 2013.
  283. Grimsby Telegraph. "Conditions unchanged of workers seriously injured in Phillips 66 refinery accident" November 1, 2013 (sic)
  284. Grimsby Telegraph. "Phillis66 Contractors' Early Morning Protest Against Cuts to Breaks" September 30, 2013.
  285. Grimsby Telegraph. "Phillips 66 contractors hold vote to consider industrial action" October 1, 2013.
  286. ConocoPhillips. "US Refining as of March 31, 2011"
  287. ConocoPhillips. "US Refining as of March 31, 2011"
  288. American Press. "Phillips 66 gives Westlake $115k police, fire grant" by Frank DeCesare. December 20, 2014.
  289. United Steelworkers. US Department of Energy. "Energy Assurance Daily" November 25, 2014
  290. KPLC. "No chemicals released, no injuries reported in fire at Phillips 66" November 23, 2014.
  291. KPLC Tv. "LaGrange receives $100,000 grant from Phillips 66" October 28, 2014.
  292. CSP Daily News. "Phillips 66 to Pay $500,000 Over Clean Air Act Violations" March 26, 2014.
  293. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events January 1 – January 9, 2014
  294. reuters. "Phillips 66 says work completed at Lake Charles refinery in Louisiana: November 18, 2013.
  295. Seeking Alpha. "Phillips 66's CEO Discusses Q3 2013 Results - Earnings Call Transcript" October 30, 2013.
  296. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (Aug. 30, 2013 through Sept. 5, 2013)
  297. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (Aug. 30, 2013 through Sept. 5, 2013)
  298. KPLC TV "Phillips 66 to conduct drill exercise this week" by Elona Weston. August 6, 2013.
  299. Seeking Alpha. "Phillips 66's CEO Discusses Q2 2013 Results - Earnings Call Transcript" July 31, 2013.
  300. Fox Business. "Refinery Status: Leak, Fire at LyondellBasell -2-" April 4, 2013.
  301. KPLC. "Sowela Holds Ribbon Cutting For Phillips 66 Process Technology Building" February 27, 2013.
  302. Seeking Alpha. "Phillips 66's CEO Discusses Q4 2012 Results - Earnings Call Transcript" January 30, 2013.
  303. KPLC. "La. Supreme Court asked to review I-10 Bridge case" by Theresa Schmidt. October 24, 2012.
  304. Fox News. "Phillips 66: Belle Chasse, La., Refinery Closing Ahead of Isaac" August 27, 2012.
  305. United Steelworkers Weekly List of Refinery Events "July 13, 2012—July 19, 2012"
  306. KIPT TV. "Court hearing held on I-10 Bridge contamination" by Theresa Schmidt. June 26, 2012.
  307. KIPT TV. "Court hearing held on I-10 Bridge contamination" by Theresa Schmidt. June 26, 2012.
  308. Reuters. "Phillips Westlake refinery restarts after power loss -filing" June 17, 2012.
  309. BusinessWeek. "Gulf Gasoline Gains Amid Power Failure at Phillips 66 Refinery" by Paul Burkhardt. June 18, 2012.
  310. ConocoPhillips. "US Refining as of March 31, 2011"
  311. ConocoPhillips. "US Refining as of March 31, 2011"
  312. Daily Breeze. "Heavy black smoke spews from flare at Phillips 66 refinery in Wilmington" by Sandy Mazza. January 29, 2015.
  313. United Steelworkers. US Department of Energy. "Energy Assurance Daily" October 31, 2014
  314. United Steelworkers. US Department of Energy. "Energy Assurance Daily" August 21, 2014
  315. US Department of Energy. "Energy Assurance Daily" July 16, 2014
  316. Random Length News. "Hahn Sends Letter to State Fire Marshal about Phillips 66 Violations" by Zamná Ávila. July 8, 2014.
  317. US Department of Energy. "Energy Assurance Daily" July 8, 2014
  318. US Department of Energy. "Energy Assurance Daily" May 28, 2014
  319. Wilmington Press-Telegram. "Crack in idle Phillips 66 pipeline spews crude oil onto Wilmington streets" by Brad Graverson. March 18, 2014.
  320. Wilmington Press-Telegram. "Crack in idle Phillips 66 pipeline spews crude oil onto Wilmington streets" by Brad Graverson. March 18, 2014.
  321. LA Times. "Phillips 66 oil line in Wilmington blamed for 1,200-gallon spill" by Jeff Gottlieb. March 18, 2014.
  322. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events for February 21 – 27, 2014
  323. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events for February 14 – 20, 2014
  324. Daily Breeze "11 workers treated after hazardous materials leak at Phillips 66 Refinery in Wilmington" December 31, 2013.
  325. Seeking Alpha. "Phillips 66's CEO Discusses Q3 2013 Results - Earnings Call Transcript" October 30, 2013.
  326. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events September 27, 2013—October 1, 2013
  327. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events September 6, 2013—September 12, 2013
  328. Bloomberg. "Los Angeles Gasoline Strengthens as Carson Refinery Flares Gases" by Eliot Caroom. August 12, 2013.
  329. Bloomberg. "Los Angeles Gasoline Strengthens as Carson Refinery Flares Gases" by Eliot Caroom. August 12, 2013.
  330. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (June 7, 2013 through June 13, 2013)
  331. Fox Business. "Phillips 66 Plans Gas Flaring at Wilmington, Calif., Refinery-Filing" by Ben Lefebre. May 10, 2013.
  332. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (April 12, 2013 through April 18, 2013)
  333. Fox Business. "Refinery Status: Leak, Fire at LyondellBasell -2-" April 4, 2013.
  334. Bloomberg. "Los Angeles Gasoline Advances as Phillips 66, Exxon Repair Units" March 18, 2013.
  335. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (Feb. 8, 2013 through Feb. 14, 2013)
  336. Reuters. "UPDATE 1-Phillips 66 moving some Canadian crude to Calif. refineries" by Kristen Hays. February 5, 2013.
  337. Reuters. "Phillips 66 mulling options for California refineries" by Kristen Hays.
  338. Reuters. "Phillips 66 mulling options for California refineries" by Kristen Hays.
  339. Seeking Alpha. "Phillips 66's CEO Discusses Q4 2012 Results - Earnings Call Transcript" January 30, 2013.
  340. Bloomberg. "Los Angeles Gasoline Rises as Phillips 66 Refinery Plans Flaring" November 26, 2012.
  341. Nasdaq. "Refinery Status: Unit Upset At Phillips 66/Cenovus Refinery In Wood River, Illinois" November 13, 2012.
  342. Philips 66. "Phillips Third Quarter Earnings Conference" October 31, 2012
  343. Philips 66. "Phillips Third Quarter Earnings Conference" October 31, 2012
  344. Philips 66. "Phillips Third Quarter Earnings Conference" October 31, 2012
  345. Fox News. "Phillips 66 Restarting Units at California Refinery-Spokesman" October 24, 2012.
  346. Tulsa World. "Phillips 66 delaying work on refinery; sources allege cash-in on gas-price surge" by Lynn Doan. October 6, 2012.
  347. Contra Costa Times. "Air pollution regulators probe Phillips 66 refinery in Wilmington" by Sandy Mazza. September 24, 2012.
  348. Nasdaq. "Refinery Status: Some Units Restarted At Phillips 66 Los Angeles Refinery" September 21, 2012.
  349. Nasdaq. "Refinery Status: Coker Unit Snag Reported at Exxon Joliet" September 26, 2012.
  350. Nasdaq. "Refinery Status: Valve Leak Causes Flaring At Phillips 66 Rodeo, Calif., Refinery" July 27, 2012.
  351. Reuters. "U.S. refinery shutdowns - Sinclair, Phillips 66, Tesoro" July 25, 2012.
  352. Reuters. "U.S. refinery shutdowns-Phillips 66, Tesoro, Exxon" July 13, 2012.
  353. Reuters. "Phillips LA refinery performing planned work-filing" July 8, 2012.
  354. Reuters. "U.S. refinery shutdowns-Phillips 66, Tesoro, Exxon" July 13, 2012.
  355. Reuters. "U.S. refinery shutdowns-Phillips 66, Tesoro, Exxon" July 13, 2012.
  356. United Steelworkers Weekly List of Refinery Events. "June 29, 2012—July 5, 2012
  357. Nasdaq. "Sulfur Recovery Plant Down at Phillips 66 Wilmington, Calif., Refinery" June 26, 2012.
  358. Reuters. "Planned work done at Los Angeles-area refinery -Phillips 66" May 8, 2012.
  359. Bloomberg Businessweek. "San Francisco Gasoline Rises to Six-Month High on Work" by Lynn Doan. May 3, 2012.
  360. FuelFix. "Phillips 66 to sell refining stake in Asia for $635M" November 12, 2014.
  361. Phillips 66. "PSX - Q3 2014 Phillips 66 Earnings Call" October 29, 2014.
  362. MSN. "Petronas abruptly shuts secondary refining unit, say sources" August 29, 2014.
  363. Credit Suisse Global Energy Summit. "Transcript of Phillips 66 Presentation" by Greg Garland. February 12, 2014
  364. Seeking Alpha. "Phillips 66's CEO Discusses Q3 2013 Results - Earnings Call Transcript" October 30, 2013.
  365. Business Times. "Melaka refinery crude unit restarted" July 15, 2013.
  366. Phillips 66. "Q4 2012 Phillips 66 Earnings Conference Call" January 30, 2013.
  367. Reuters. "Phillips considers sale of Irish, Malaysian refining stakes" December 13, 2012.
  368. Bartlesvile Examiner-Enterprise. "ConocoPhillips, Phillips 66 have deep roots in Bartlesville" by Ryan Lance and Greg Garland. May 1,2012.
  369. ConocoPhillips. "Worldwide Refining"
  370. Bartlesvile Examiner-Enterprise. "ConocoPhillips, Phillips 66 have deep roots in Bartlesville" by Ryan Lance and Greg Garland. May 1,2012.
  371. ConocoPhillips. "Worldwide Refining"
  372. ConocoPhillips Web Site. "Ponca City Refinery - Community Advisory Council" Retrieved April 5, 2012
  373. ConocoPhillips. "US Refining as of March 31, 2011"
  374. ConocoPhillips. "US Refining as of March 31, 2011"
  375. ConocoPhillips. "US Refining as of March 31, 2011"
  376. KCOY. "Phillips 66 Refinery Seeking Expanded Rail Shipments of Crude" by Keith Carls. October 11, 2013.
  377. The Tribune. "Hearing on rail project proposed for Nipomo Mesa is postponed" by Cynithia Lambert. April 1, 2014.
  378. Marin News. "Residents pushing for more information on crude by rail" by Karina Ioffee. Marh 27, 2015.
  379. Santa Maria Sun. "Warning shots: A trio of recent lawsuits could signal a litigious future for Phillips 66 and its rail spur project" by Rhys Heyden. March 4, 2015.
  380. The San Jose Mercury News. "Rodeo: Phillips 66 project faces additional lawsuits" by Tom Lochner. March 6, 2015.
  381. Fort Bragg Advocate-News "Rodeo refinery project subject of legal challenge" by Tom Lochner. March 4, 2015.
  382. San Jose Mercury News. "Martinez: Supervisors approve Rodeo refinery's propane and butane recovery project" by Tom Lochner. February 2, 2015.
  383. Contra Costa Times. "Rodeo refinery's propane and butane recovery project to be subject of much-delayed hearing in Martinez" by Tom Lochner. January 31, 2015.
  384. San Jose Mercury News. "Air board approves plan to cut pollution at oil refineries" by Dennis Cuff. December 17, 2014.
  385. San Jose Mercury News. "Berkeley, environmentalists cite concerns over two-city refinery project" by Tom Lochnar. December 9, 2014.
  386. Contra Costa Times. "Rodeo refinery project comment deadline is Friday" by Tom Lochner. December 3, 2014.
  387. Inside Bay Area. "Fire or no fire: Rodeo refinery says what resident saw was really just a light shining through steam" by Tom Lochner. December 2, 2014.
  388. Hellenic Shipping News Worldwide. "Platts Pre-Report Survey of Analysts’ EIA/API Estimates Suggests 1.2 Million-Barrel Build in U.S. Crude Oil Stocks" November 5, 2014.
  389. Contra Costa Times. "Air board wants to cut refinery emissions 20 percent" by Denis Cuff. October 14, 2014.
  390. Contra Costa Times. "Air board wants to cut refinery emissions 20 percent" by Denis Cuff. October 14, 2014.
  391. United Steelworkers. US Department of Energy. "Energy Assurance Daily" August 26, 2014
  392. United Steelworkers. US Department of Energy. "Energy Assurance Daily" August 5, 2014
  393. US Department of Energy. "Energy Assurance Daily" July 2, 2014
  394. East Bay Express. "Supes Order More Environmental Study for Phillips 66 Refinery Expansion" by Jean Tepperman. June 4, 2014.
  395. East Bay Express. "Supes Order More Environmental Study for Phillips 66 Refinery Expansion" by Jean Tepperman. June 4, 2014.
  396. US Department of Energy. "Energy Assurance Daily" June 4, 2014
  397. Martinez News-Gazette. "Phillips 66 Propane Recovery Project delayed once again" by Rick Jones. June 3, 2014.
  398. US Department of Energy. "Energy Assurance Daily" May 14, 2014
  399. US Department of Energy. "Energy Assurance Daily", April 22, 2014
  400. Contra Costa Times. "Hearing on Rodeo refinery project continued to May 13" by Tom Lochner. April 4, 2014.
  401. Contra Costa Times. "Phillips 66 oil refinery in Rodeo to pay $230,900 for air pollution violations" by Denis Cuff. March 10, 2014.
  402. San Fransisco Chronicle. "Phillips 66 fined for air-quality violations at Rodeo refinery" by Victoria Colliver. March 10, 2014.
  403. Contra Costa Times. "Compliance hearing Monday for Phillips 66 Rodeo refinery" by Tom Lochner. February 28, 2014.
  404. Contra Costa Times. "Rodeo: Phillips 66 agrees to pay $6,000 in state fines for water pollution violations" by Tom Lochner. January 29, 2014.
  405. Seeking Alpha. "Phillips 66's CEO Discusses Q3 2013 Results - Earnings Call Transcript" October 30, 2013.
  406. Contra Costa Times. "Hercules: Phillips 66 to pitch Rodeo refinery modernization project to Hercules City Council" by Tom Lochner. October 7, 2013.
  407. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (Oct. 2, 2013 through Oct. 10, 2013)
  408. KGO-TV. "Refinery expansion plans worry East Bay residents" by Laura Anthony. August 23, 2013.
  409. 4-traders. "Phillips 66 : Had Problem at Rodeo Refinery -Filing" June 10, 2013.
  410. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (April 12, 2013 through April 18, 2013)
  411. Bloomberg. "San Francisco Gasoline Surges as Phillips 66 Said to Cut Rates" April 12, 2013.
  412. Bloomberg. "California Gasoline Premium Gains as BP Flares, Plant Unit Shuts" April 11, 2013.
  413. Bloomberg. "Phillips 66 Signs Deals to Boost Oil Deliveries by Pipe, Rail" by Eliot Caroom. March 20, 2013.
  414. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (Feb. 8, 2013 through Feb. 14, 2013)
  415. Reuters. "UPDATE 1-Phillips 66 moving some Canadian crude to Calif. refineries" by Kristen Hays. February 5, 2013.
  416. Fox Business. "Refinery Status: Phillips 66 Reports Unit Outage" February 6, 2013.
  417. Reuters. "Phillips 66 mulling options for California refineries" by Kristen Hays.
  418. Reuters. "Phillips 66 mulling options for California refineries" by Kristen Hays.
  419. Fox Business. "Refinery Status: Phillips 66 Reports Unit Outage" February 6, 2013.
  420. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (Jan. 1, 2013 through Jan. 10, 2013)
  421. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (Jan. 11, 2013 through Jan. 17, 2013)
  422. Philips 66. "Phillips Third Quarter Earnings Conference" October 31, 2012
  423. Philips 66. "Phillips Third Quarter Earnings Conference" October 31, 2012
  424. Philips 66. "Phillips Third Quarter Earnings Conference" October 31, 2012
  425. Nasdaq. "Refinery Status: Coker Unit In Maintenance At HollyFrontier El Dorado, Kansas Refinery" September 20, 2012.
  426. Bloomberg. "San Francisco Diesel Rises To Record On 7-Year Supply Low" by Lynn Doan. August 30, 2012.
  427. Reuters. "Phillips Rodeo Calif. refinery hydrocracker shut -filing" August 29, 2012.
  428. Businessweek. "California Gasoline Falls After Phillips 66 Said to Delay Work" by LynnDoan. August 10, 2012.
  429. Tulsa World. "Phillips 66 delaying work on refinery; sources allege cash-in on gas-price surge" by LynnDoan. October 6, 2012.
  430. Phillips 66. "Transcript for Phillips 66 second-quarter earnings call" August 1, 2012
  431. Wall Street Journal. "Refinery Status: Valve Leak Causes Flaring At Phillips 66 Rodeo, Calif., Refinery" July 25, 2012
  432. Businessweek. "Los Angeles Fuel Rises on Tesoro Refinery Work" July 19, 2012.
  433. San Fransisco Chronicle. "Meeting to Address Concerns About the Phillips 66 Refinery Release" June 27, 2012.
  434. Mercury News. "Cleanup at Phillips 66 refinery in Rodeo continues" by Rick Hurd. June 16, 2012.
  435. The Oakland Tribune. "Cleanup at Phillips 66 refinery in Rodeo continues" by Rick Hurd. Updated June 16, 2012.
  436. Benicia Patch. "Gas Release from Philips 66 Refinery in Rodeo Causing Concern in Benicia" by JB Davis. June 16, 2012.
  437. Reuters. "US WCoast Products - Gasoline strengthens on release" June 15, 2012.
  438. Reuters. "Phillips completes overhaul at Rodeo refinery -company" June 4, 2012.
  439. Reuters. "Phillips 66 reports flaring at Rodeo, Calif, refinery" June 1, 2012.
  440. KCBX. "Santa Maria Refinery's controversial oil train project is topic of public forum" March 31, 2015.
  441. Santa Maria Sun. "Warning shots: A trio of recent lawsuits could signal a litigious future for Phillips 66 and its rail spur project" by Rhys Heyden. March 4, 2015.
  442. Cal Coast News. "Just say no to crude by rail" February 21, 2015.
  443. Paso Robles Daily News. "San Luis Obispo City Council opposes Phillips 66 oil train project" February 18, 2015.
  444. New Times. "Phillips 66 Santa Maria Refinery workers show solidarity with union strikers" by Rhys Heyden. Feburary 4, 2015.
  445. Martinez News-Gazette. "Teagan Clive: ‘Phillips 66’s New Tax Base’" January 22, 2015.
  446. NBC Bay Area News. "San Jose City Council Votes to Oppose Plans For Crude Oil Transport" by Robert Handa. January 15, 2015.
  447. Contra Costa Times. "Guest commentary: Say no to toxic oil trains for the future of our children" by Carolyn Norr. January 12, 2015.
  448. New Times. "A crude proposal: The pros and cons of a controversial Phillips 66 oil-by-rail project" by Rhys Heyden. December 31, 2014.
  449. New Times. "Good Fences" by The Shredder. December 31, 2014.
  450. Santa Maria Sun. "Judge rules that Phillips 66 news media policy violates the law" by David Minsky. December 25, 2014.
  451. Paso Roble Daily News. "SLO Railroad Museum receives $30,000 donation" December 23, 2014.
  452. San Jose Mercury News. "Air board approves plan to cut pollution at oil refineries" by Dennis Cuff. December 17, 2014.
  453. Moonpark Acorn. "Councilman questions report on train safety" by Art Van Kraft. December 12, 2014.
  454. Contra Costa Times. "Berkeley rent board to discuss effects of oil by rail through East Bay cities" by Tom Lochner. December 12, 2014.
  455. San Jose Mercury News. "Berkeley, environmentalists cite concerns over two-city refinery project" by Tom Lochnar. December 9, 2014.
  456. New Times. "Nearly 11,000 letters received regarding Nipomo rail spur project" by Rhys Heyden. December 3, 2014.
  457. Santa Cruz Sentinel News. "San Jose council member urges rejection of Central California refinery's crude-by-rail project" by Tom Lochner. November 26, 2014.
  458. San Jose Mercury News "Oil trains in San Jose: Phillips 66 refinery expansion could imperil downtown" by Richard Nevle and Deborah Levoy. November 18, 2014.
  459. Sacramento Bee. "Sacramento leaders call for more crude-oil train safety" by Tony Bizjak. November 14, 2014.
  460. San Luis Obispo Tribune. "Meeting on Phillips 66 project in Nipomo draws over 200 people" by Cynthia Lambert. November 12, 2014.
  461. United Steelworkers. US Department of Energy. "Energy Assurance Daily" November 3, 2014
  462. Cal Coast News. "Phillips 66 rail spur project is wrong for SLO County" by Laurance Shinderman. October 29, 2014.
  463. Cal Coast News. "Phillips 66 rail spur project is wrong for SLO County" by Laurance Shinderman. October 29, 2014.
  464. San Luis Obispo Tribune. "New study on Phillips 66 refinery's proposed rail line gauges risk of oil spills" by Cynthia Lambert. October 10, 2014.
  465. San Luis Obispo Tribune. "New study on Phillips 66 refinery's proposed rail line gauges risk of oil spills" by Cynthia Lambert. October 10, 2014.
  466. KSBY. "Phillips 66 Santa Maria Refinery proposes adding crude oil trains to operation" September 30, 2014.
  467. KSBY. "Phillips 66 Santa Maria Refinery proposes adding crude oil trains to operation" September 30, 2014.
  468. Reuters. "Phillips 66 says adding railcars to move crude to coastal refineries" September 3, 2014.
  469. Reuters. "Phillips 66 says adding railcars to move crude to coastal refineries" September 3, 2014.
  470. US Department of Energy. "Energy Assurance Daily" July 16, 2014
  471. the Tribune. "Flaring at Phillips 66 oil refinery" July 16, 2014.
  472. US Department of Energy. "Energy Assurance Daily" July 18, 2014
  473. US Department of Energy. "Energy Assurance Daily" June 2, 2014
  474. US Department of Energy. "Energy Assurance Daily" May 21, 2014
  475. US Department of Energy. "Energy Assurance Daily" May 2, 2014
  476. KSBY. "Flare from Phillips 66 refinery seen throughout Five Cities" May 5, 2014.
  477. San Luis Obispo Tribune. "Phillips 66 says no Bakken crude oil planned for Nipomo Mesa refinery" by Cynthia Lambert. April 25, 2014.
  478. San Luis Obispo Tribune. "Phillips 66 says no Bakken crude oil planned for Nipomo Mesa refinery" by Cynthia Lambert. April 25, 2014.
  479. New Times. "Organized opposition: Phillips 66 health and safety specialists allege they were punished for unionizing" by Colin Rigley. April 14, 2014.
  480. New Times. "Organized opposition: Phillips 66 health and safety specialists allege they were punished for unionizing" by Colin Rigley. April 14, 2014.
  481. New Times. "Organized opposition: Phillips 66 health and safety specialists allege they were punished for unionizing" by Colin Rigley. April 14, 2014.
  482. New Times. "Organized opposition: Phillips 66 health and safety specialists allege they were punished for unionizing" by Colin Rigley. April 14, 2014.
  483. The Tribune. "County supervisor candidates spar over Phillips 66 plan to move oil by rail" by David Sneed. April 16, 2014.
  484. Contra Costa Times. "Phillips 66 refinery's rail extension project reopened for public comment" by Tom Lochner. March 28, 2014.
  485. Cal Coast News. "Phillips 66 rail project – explosive risks far outweigh the benefits" by Linda Reynolds. March 24, 2014.
  486. Santa Maria Times. "Phillips 66 rail spur meeting draws critics" by Mike Hodgson. March 14, 2014.
  487. Santa Maria Times. "Phillips 66 rail spur meeting draws critics" by Mike Hodgson. March 14, 2014.
  488. Times Press recorder. "SCAC to hear presentation on Phillips 66 rail spur" February 20, 2014.
  489. Credit Suisse Global Energy Summit. "Transcript of Phillips 66 Presentation" by Greg Garland. February 12, 2014
  490. Times Press Recorder. "Traffic Committee to discuss Phillips 66 rail project" February 7, 2014.
  491. Santa Maria Sun. "Phillips 66 rail spur critics speak out at workshop" by Rhys Heyden. December 23, 2013.
  492. Santa Maria Sun. "Phillips 66 rail spur critics speak out at workshop" by Rhys Heyden. December 23, 2013.
  493. LA Times. "Phillips 66 plans to build San Luis Obispo County rail terminal" by Ralph Vartabedian. November 26, 2013.
  494. KCOY. "Phillips 66 Refinery Seeking Expanded Rail Shipments of Crude" by Keith Carls. October 11, 2013.
  495. Nasdaq. "Phillips 66 Reported Seal Failure Has Been Repaired at Santa Maria Refinery" July 5, 2013.
  496. Wall Street Journal. "Phillips 66 Restarting Arroyo Grande Facility After Outage" June 24, 2013.
  497. New Times. "Re(de)fining safety" by Matt Fountain. December 13, 2012.
  498. New Times. "Re(de)fining safety" by Matt Fountain. December 13, 2012.
  499. New Times. "Re(de)fining safety" by Matt Fountain. December 13, 2012.
  500. New Times. "Re(de)fining safety" by Matt Fountain. December 13, 2012.
  501. KCOY. "Phillips 66 Ask For More Oil Pumping On The Central Coast" by Libertad Zabala. December 12, 2012.
  502. Santa Maria Times. "Phillips 66 refinery wins safety award" June 26, 2012.
  503. ConocoPhillips. "US Refining as of March 31, 2011"
  504. The Facts. "Sweeny ISD, industry christen petrochemical academy" by Andy Packard. January 22, 2015.
  505. Argus. "Phillips 66 files condensate splitter permit" December 8, 2014.
  506. Yahoo News. "Phillips files for permit to build condensate splitter in Sweeny, TX" December 8, 2014.
  507. Reuters. "Phillips begins FCCU overhaul at Sweeny, TX refinery" September 3, 2014.
  508. Barclays CEO Energy-Power Conference. "Presentation by Greg Garland" September 3, 2014.
  509. FuelFix. "Phillips 66 earnings fall with disappointments" by Zain Shauk. July 31, 2013.
  510. Hydrocarbon Processing. "Phillips 66, Chevron Phillips to fund new Texas petrochemical academy" Augusut 15, 2014.
  511. Houston Business Journal. "Phillips 66 breaks ground in Freeport" by Jordan Blum. August 13, 2014.
  512. US Department of Energy. "Energy Assurance Daily" July 16, 2014
  513. Fuelfix. "Phillips 66 increases capital budget, approves more buybacks" July 10, 2014
  514. US Department of Energy. "Energy Assurance Daily" July 7, 2014
  515. US Department of Energy. "Energy Assurance Daily" June 6, 2014
  516. FuelFix. "Phillips 66 says court supports Sweeny takeover from PDVSA" May 28, 2014.
  517. Reuters. "Phillips 66 says exporting U.S. oil to Canada" April 11, 2014.
  518. CSP Daily News. "Phillips 66 to Pay $500,000 Over Clean Air Act Violations" March 26, 2014.
  519. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events March 21 – March 27, 2014
  520. Businessweek. "Phillips 66 Considering Splitter at Sweeny Refinery" by Dan Murtaugh. March 20, 2014.
  521. Bloomberg. "BP Splitter Refinery Seen Skirting U.S. Oil Export Ban" by Alex Nussbaum and Bradley Olson. March 6, 2014.
  522. Slashdot. "BP Finds Way To Bypass US Crude Export Ban" by Hugh Pickens. March 7, 2014.
  523. Slashdot. "US Now Produces More Oil and Gas Than Russia and Saudi Arabia" by Hugh Pickens. October 7, 2014.
  524. Bloomberg. "BP Splitter Refinery Seen Skirting U.S. Oil Export Ban" by Alex Nussbaum and Bradley Olson. March 6, 2014.
  525. Businessweek. "Phillips 66 Considering Splitter at Sweeny Refinery" by Dan Murtaugh. March 20, 2014.
  526. US Department of Energy. "Energy Assurance Daily", March 5, 2014
  527. Credit Suisse Global Energy Summit. "Transcript of Phillips 66 Presentation" by Greg Garland. February 12, 2014
  528. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (Dec. 13, 2013 through Dec. 19, 2013)
  529. Reuters. "Phillips 66 reports planned work at Sweeny refinery" November 15, 2013.
  530. Seeking Alpha. "Phillips 66's CEO Discusses Q3 2013 Results - Earnings Call Transcript" October 30, 2013.
  531. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (Oct. 2, 2013 through Oct. 10, 2013)
  532. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events September 27, 2013—October 1, 2013
  533. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events September 20, 2013— September 26, 2013
  534. FuelFix. "Phillips 66 earnings fall with disappointments" by Zain Shauk. July 31, 2013.
  535. Seeking Alpha. "Phillips 66's CEO Discusses Q2 2013 Results - Earnings Call Transcript" July 31, 2013.
  536. Seeking Alpha. "Phillips 66's CEO Discusses Q2 2013 Results - Earnings Call Transcript" July 31, 2013.
  537. United Steelworkers. efinery Events - (June 28, 2013 through July 4, 2013)
  538. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (June 7, 2013 through June 13, 2013)
  539. Reuters. "Reuters. "Phillips Reports Unit Shut at Sweeny, TX Refinery" May 29, 2013.
  540. Hydrocarbon Processing. "Phillips 66 reports unit shutdown, emissions at Sweeny refinery" by Rose Marton-Vitale. May 30, 2013.
  541. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (May 24, 2013 through May 30, 2013)
  542. Bloomber. "Gulf Gasoline Hits Six-Week Low as Phillips 66 Completes Restart" by Christine Harvey. May 20, 2013.
  543. Fox Business. "Phillips 66 Has Power Outage at Sweeny Refinery - Filing" May 11, 2013.
  544. Fox Business. "Phillips 66 Restarting Sweeny Refinery After Outage" May 12, 2013.
  545. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (April 19, 2013 through April 25, 2013)
  546. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (April 12, 2013 through April 18, 2013)
  547. Nasdaq. "Refinery Status: Phillips 66 Reports Flaring at Rodeo, Calif. Refinery" April 12, 2013.
  548. Nasdaq. "Refinery Status: Phillips 66 Has Compressor Problem at Sweeny Refinery" March 26, 2013.
  549. Bloomberg. "Phillips 66 Has Power Outage at Sweeny Plant, NRC Filing Shows" by Christian Schmollinger. March 11, 2013.
  550. Fox Business. "Refinery Status: Citgo's Louisiana Refinery" March 14, 2013.
  551. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (Feb. 22, 2013 through Feb. 28, 2013)
  552. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (Feb. 22, 2013 through Feb. 28, 2013)
  553. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (Feb. 15, 2013 through Feb. 21, 2013)
  554. Bloomberg. "Gulf Gasoline Slumps as Exxon, Phillips 66 Restart Units" February 25, 2013.
  555. Seeking Alpha. "Phillips 66's CEO Discusses Q4 2012 Results - Earnings Call Transcript" January 30, 2013.
  556. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (Jan. 1, 2013 through Jan. 10, 2013)
  557. Philips 66. "Phillips Third Quarter Earnings Conference" October 31, 2012
  558. Nasdaq. "Refinery Status: Phillips 66 Restarting Sweeny, Texas, Units After Power Outage" October 1, 2012.
  559. Reuters. "Phillips 66 Sweeny refinery reports release from thermal oxidizer" September 11, 2012.
  560. PR Newswire. "Kinder Morgan Energy Partners and Phillips 66 Agree to Deliver Eagle Ford Shale Crude to Coastal Refinery" August 23, 2012.
  561. Reuters. "UPDATE 1-Kinder Morgan to carry Eagle Ford crude for Phillips 66" August 23, 2-12.
  562. United Steelworkers Weekly List of Refinery Events. July 27,2012 - Agust 2, 2012
  563. Phillips 66. "Transcript for Phillips 66 second-quarter earnings call" August 1, 2012
  564. CMBC. "Texas refiners thirsty for Eagle Ford crude" August 23, 2012.
  565. Reuters. "U.S. refinery shutdowns - Sinclair, Phillips 66, Tesoro" July 25, 2012.
  566. Reuters. "U.S. refinery shutdowns-Phillips 66, Tesoro, Exxon" July 13, 2012.
  567. Businessweek. "Gulf Coast Gasoline Gains as Phillips 66 Refinery Makes Repairs" by Paul Burkhardt. July 12, 2012.
  568. Reuters. "U.S. refinery shutdowns-Phillips 66, Tesoro, Exxon" July 13, 2012.
  569. Reuters. "Phillips Sweeny refinery fixes leak on FCC - filing" July 1, 2012.
  570. Reuters. "Phillips 66 Sweeny refinery restarting" May 13. 2012.
  571. ConocoPhillips. "US Refining as of March 31, 2011"
  572. ConocoPhillips. "US Refining as of March 31, 2011"
  573. Forbes Magazine. "How Cheap Oil Has Delta Air Lines Jet Fooled" by Christopher Helman. Februay 9, 2015.
  574. Philadelphia Inquirer. "Phillips 66 pays $50K over hazardous waste allegations at Trainer refinery" January 23, 2013.
  575. CBS Moneywatch. "Delta Air Lines finalizes purchase of refinery" June 22, 2012.
  576. Reuters. "Delta set to close refinery deal, begin maintenance: sources" June 13, 2012.
  577. MarketWatch. "Phillips 66 Sells Trainer, Pa., Refinery to Delta Air Lines" April 30, 2012.
  578. Forbes Magazine. "Delta Pulls The Trigger On Purchase Of Philly Refinery From Phillips 66" by Steve Schaefer. May 1, 2012.
  579. Reuters. "Conoco spinoff's CEO has no comment on Trainer sale" April 9, 2012.
  580. Philadelphia Inquirer. "Delta bid for Trainer refinery gaining momentum" by Andrew Maykuth. April 17, 2012.
  581. Philadelphia Inquirer. "Pols: Keep it as a refinery" April 19, 2012.
  582. Wall Street Journal. "Delta Refines A Fallacy" by Gregory J. Millman. May 15, 2012.
  583. Houston Business Journal. "New Houston energy company buys major oil terminal from Phillips 66" by Jordan Blum. February 9, 2015.
  584. The Herald. "Irish refinery 'off the market'" October 31, 2014.
  585. Independent. "Texans concede defeat in bid to sell off Ireland's single oil refinery" by Colm Kelpie. October 31, 2014.
  586. Phillips 66. "PSX - Q3 2014 Phillips 66 Earnings Call" October 29, 2014.
  587. Irish Examiner. "Whiddy oil terminal sold to US company" by Claire O'Sullivan. Augusut 28, 2014.
  588. The Independent. "Whitegate oil refinery company falls into the red" August 26, 2014.
  589. WSJ. "Trying to Sell an Oil Refinery in the British Isles? Good Luck" by Alison Sider. April 3, 2014.
  590. Credit Suisse Global Energy Summit. "Transcript of Phillips 66 Presentation" by Greg Garland. February 12, 2014
  591. Seeking Alpha. "Phillips 66's CEO Discusses Q3 2013 Results - Earnings Call Transcript" October 30, 2013.
  592. Reuters. "Phillips 66 says buyers interested in Ireland refinery" September 12, 2013.
  593. Reuters. "UPDATE 1-Phillips 66 to sell Ireland's sole refinery" June 10, 2013.
  594. Reuters. "UPDATE 1-Phillips 66 to sell Ireland's sole refinery" June 10, 2013.
  595. Investor's Business Daily. "Exxon, Phillips 66, Chevron In Major Oil Asset Deals" by James Detar. June 11, 2012.
  596. Reuters. "Phillips considers sale of Irish, Malaysian refining stakes" December 13, 2012.
  597. ConocoPhillips. "US Refining as of March 31, 2011"
  598. ConocoPhillips. "US Refining as of March 31, 2011"
  599. WikiMapia. "ConocoPhillips/Cenovus - Borger Refinery" retrieved January 16, 2014.
  600. Wikimapia. "ConocoPhilips/Cenovus - Wood River Oil Refinery" retrieved January 16, 2014.
  601. EnCana Press Release. "EnCana and ConocoPhillips begin Wood River refinery expansion" September 24, 2008.
  602. Riverbender. "Phillips 66 Wood River Refinery Sponsors SIUE Summer Camps" February 26, 2015.
  603. BDM.com "Cheap gas prices not all good news: Metro-east oil companies affected" by Will Buss. January 5, 2015.
  604. Alton Daily News. "Treasurer Distributes Settlement Funds" December 31, 2014.
  605. United Steelworkers. US Department of Energy. "Energy Assurance Daily" December 23, 2014
  606. The Telegraph. "Area United Way efforts raise $1.7M" December 9, 2014.
  607. Alton Daily Times. "Continued Expansion At Refinery" December 9, 2014.
  608. Alton Daily News. "Proposed Bike Trail Gets Grant" December 8, 2014.
  609. United Steelworkers. US Department of Energy. "Energy Assurance Daily" November 25, 2014
  610. United Steelworkers. US Department of Energy. "Energy Assurance Daily" November 24, 2014
  611. Alton Daily News. "Settlement Agreement For Refinery" November 20, 2014.
  612. KSDK. "3 communities to get upgraded tornado sirens" November 28, 2014.
  613. Alton Daily News. "Tornado Siren Project" by Doug Jenkins. November 28, 2014.
  614. United Steelworkers. US Department of Energy. "Energy Assurance Daily" November 12, 2014
  615. United Steelworkers. US Department of Energy. "Energy Assurance Daily" October 28, 2014
  616. The Globe and Mail. "Refinery outage hurts Cenovus quarterly profit" October 23, 2014
  617. Seeking Alpha. "Cenovus Energy's (CVE) CEO Brian Ferguson on Q3 2014 Results - Earnings Call Transcript" October 23, 2014.
  618. Seeking Alpha. "Cenovus Energy's (CVE) CEO Brian Ferguson on Q3 2014 Results - Earnings Call Transcript" October 23, 2014.
  619. The Telegraph. "Shimkus, Bost talk Canadian crude" by Cory Davenport. October 20, 2014.
  620. United Steelworkers. US Department of Energy. "Energy Assurance Daily" October 9, 2014
  621. United Steelworkers. US Department of Energy. "Energy Assurance Daily" October 16, 2014
  622. US Department of Energy. "Energy Assurance Daily" July 29, 2014
  623. Edwardsville Intelligencer. "Phillips 66 awards 9 scholarships" June 27, 2014.
  624. St. Louis Post-Dispatch. "Edwardsville photographer's art project puts him at odds with Wood River Refinery, police" by Paul Hempel. April 26, 2014.
  625. CSP Daily News. "Phillips 66 to Pay $500,000 Over Clean Air Act Violations" March 26, 2014.
  626. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events March 21 – March 27, 2014
  627. US Department of Energy. "Energy Assurance Daily", March 6, 2014
  628. US Department of Energy. "Energy Assurance Daily", March 5, 2014
  629. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events for February 21 – 27, 2014
  630. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events for February 21 – 27, 2014
  631. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events January 24 – January 30, 2014
  632. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events January 17 – January 23, 2014
  633. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events January 10 – January 16, 2014
  634. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events January 10 – January 16, 2014
  635. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events January 1 – January 9, 2014
  636. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events January 1 – January 9, 2014
  637. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (Dec. 20, 2013 through Dec. 31, 2013)
  638. Reuters. "Phillips 66 reports equipemnt failure at Wood River, IL refinery" November 25, 2013.
  639. Seeking Alpha. "Phillips 66's CEO Discusses Q3 2013 Results - Earnings Call Transcript" October 30, 2013.
  640. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (Oct. 2, 2013 through Oct. 10, 2013)
  641. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events September 13, 2013—September 19, 2013
  642. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (Aug. 30, 2013 through Sept. 5, 2013)
  643. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (Aug. 30, 2013 through Sept. 5, 2013)
  644. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (Aug. 23, 2013 through Aug. 29, 2013)
  645. United Steelworkers. "Weekly List of Refinery Events" by Lynne Hancock. August 13, 2013.
  646. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (Aug. 2, 2013 through Aug. 8, 2013)
  647. Bloomberg. "Midwest Gasoline Strengthens on Wood River Refinery Upset" by Christine Harvey. July 23, 2013.
  648. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (July 12, 2013 through July 18, 2013)
  649. Reuters. "Canada crude - Prices climb on refinery restarts" July 2, 2013.
  650. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (June 14, 2013 through June 20, 2013)
  651. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (June 7, 2013 through June 13, 2013)
  652. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (June 7, 2013 through June 13, 2013)
  653. Nasdaq. "Phillips 66: Planned Work Under Way at Illinois Refinery" June 6, 2013.
  654. Reuters. "Phillips 66 reports flare gas compressor off line" June 4, 2013.
  655. Wall Street Journal. "Refinery Status: Phillips 66 Reports Hydrocracker Unit Leak at Wood River" May 29, 2013.
  656. Fox Business. "Phillips 66 Reports Gas Flaring at Wood River, Ill., Refinery" May 17, 2013.
  657. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (May 2, 2013 through May 9, 2013)
  658. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (April 26, 2013 through May 2, 2013)
  659. Proactive Investors. "ENERGY MARKETS REPORT INCLUDING: Phillips 66 flared sulphur dioxide at its 356,000 bpd Wood River" April 24, 2013.
  660. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (April 19, 2013 through April 25, 2013)
  661. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (April 12, 2013 through April 18, 2013)
  662. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (April 12, 2013 through April 18, 2013)
  663. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (April 5, 2013 through April 11, 2013)
  664. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (April 5, 2013 through April 11, 2013)
  665. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (Mar. 29, 2013 through April 4, 2013)