Phillips 66: Sweeny Refinery

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Phillips 66 has 15 refineries globally and 2.2 million barrels a day of capacity. "When we think about our refining business we like to think about it in four segments. One is the Mid-Continent, about 21% of our capacity is there. Margins have been very strong in this area, as you know. Our largest region is the Gulf Coast, about 33% of our capacity is there.We have large economy of scale here. We have very complex refineries on the Gulf Coast. The Western US and Pacific region is about 20%, includes our interests in the Melaka refinery.The West Coast has typically had high margins historically, but the last couple years has been challenged in part due to the economic slowdown in California." Derivative Photo: Hugh Pickens

Phillips 66 has 15 refineries globally and 2.2 million barrels a day of capacity. "When we think about our refining business we like to think about it in four segments. One is the Mid-Continent, about 21% of our capacity is there. Margins have been very strong in this area, as you know. Our largest region is the Gulf Coast, about 33% of our capacity is there.We have large economy of scale here. We have very complex refineries on the Gulf Coast. The Western US and Pacific region is about 20%, includes our interests in the Melaka refinery.The West Coast has typically had high margins historically, but the last couple years has been challenged in part due to the economic slowdown in California."[1][2][3]

Contents

Sweeny Refinery

The Sweeny Refinery, located in Old Ocean, Texas, 65 miles southwest of Houston, has a crude oil processing capacity of 247 MBD. It processes mainly heavy, high-sulfur crude oil, but also processes light, low-sulfur crude oil. The refinery facilities include fluid catalytic cracking, delayed coking, alkylation, a continuous regeneration reformer and hydrodesulfurization units. The refinery receives domestic and foreign crude oil, primarily through wholly and jointly owned terminals on the Gulf Coast, including a deepwater terminal at Freeport, Texas. It produces a high percentage of transportation fuels, such as gasoline, diesel fuel and jet fuel. Other products include petrochemical feedstocks, home heating oil and coke. The refinery operates nearby terminals and storage facilities in Freeport, Jones Creek and on the San Bernard River, along with pipelines that connect these facilities to the refinery. Refined products are distributed throughout the Midwest and southeastern United States by pipeline, barge and railcar. Photo by imelda Flicker Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.0 Generic (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)

Description of Sweeny Refinery

The Sweeny Refinery, located in Old Ocean, Texas, 65 miles southwest of Houston, has a crude oil processing capacity of 247 MBD. It processes mainly heavy, high-sulfur crude oil, but also processes light, low-sulfur crude oil. The refinery facilities include fluid catalytic cracking, delayed coking, alkylation, a continuous regeneration reformer and hydrodesulfurization units. The refinery receives domestic and foreign crude oil, primarily through wholly and jointly owned terminals on the Gulf Coast, including a deepwater terminal at Freeport, Texas. It produces a high percentage of transportation fuels, such as gasoline, diesel fuel and jet fuel. Other products include petrochemical feedstocks, home heating oil and coke. The refinery operates nearby terminals and storage facilities in Freeport, Jones Creek and on the San Bernard River, along with pipelines that connect these facilities to the refinery. Refined products are distributed throughout the Midwest and southeastern United States by pipeline, barge and railcar. Merey Sweeny, L.P. (MSLP) is a limited partnership that owns a 70 MBD delayed coker and related facilities at the Sweeny Refinery that produce fuel-grade petroleum coke. Prior to August 2009, MSLP was owned 50/50 by ConocoPhillips and Petróleos de Venezuela, S.A. (PDVSA), Venezuela’s national oil company. Under agreements that govern relationships between the partners, certain defaults by PDVSA with respect to supply of crude oil to the Sweeny Refinery gave ConocoPhillips the right to acquire PDVSA’s 50 percent ownership interest in MSLP. In August 2009, ConocoPhillips exercised that right. PDVSA has initiated arbitration in the International Chamber of Commerce challenging ConocoPhillips’ actions, and the arbitration process is under way.[4]

News and Views on Sweeny Refinery

May 28, 2014: International Tribunal Supports Phillips' Takeover of Coker at Sweeny Refinery

Fuelfix reported on May 28, 2014 that the International Chamber of Commerce’s Court of Arbitration has upheld Phillips 66’s right to exercise a call option in 2009 and assume Petroleos de Venezuela SA's (PDVSA) interest in Merey Sweeny LP. The partnership owns a 70,000-barrel- per-day delayed coker and related facilities at the refinery. “Certain defaults by PDVSA with respect to supply of crude oil to the Sweeny refinery triggered the right to acquire PDVSA’s 50 percent ownership interest,” says Phillips spokesman Rich Johnson. State-owned PDVSA initiated arbitration with the ICC, claiming the exercise of the call right was invalid. “Since there is not a lot of crude imported into the U.S. anymore, this decision hurts PDVSA on several fronts. First, the company loses the refinery and production, and secondly it loses the opportunity to bring crude into the refinery,” says Carl Larry.[5]

April 11, 2014: Phillips to Build Splitter at Sweeny Refinery to Process Condensates into Fuel Components that Can Be Exported

Reuters reported on April 11, 2014 that Phillips plans to build a condensate splitter at Sweeny refinery which will allow it to process condensates into fuel components that can be exported.[6]

March 26, 2014: Phillips Pays $500,000 Fine for Clean Air Violations at Sweeny Refinery and Four Other Refineries

CSP Daily News reported on March 26, 2014 that Phillips will pay a $500,000 penalty for violations of the Clean Air Act at the Sweeny Refinery in Old Ocean, Texas, the Alliance Refinery in Belle Chasse, La., the Wood River Refinery in Roxana, Ill., the Lake Charles Refinery in Westlake, La., the Borger Refinery in Borger, Texas, and several terminals across the country. Phillips also agreed to retire more than 21 billion sulfur credits that could have been used in the production of gasoline, which could potentially lead to significantly less pollution from vehicles. In a administrative settlement agreement, the EPA alleged that the company generated invalid sulfur credits between 2006 and 2012 and that Phillips failed to comply with recordkeeping, reporting, sampling and testing requirements at the five refineries. EPA discovered these violations during facility inspections and through a review of company records, which included the results of third-party company audits required by the Clean Air Act.[7]

March 20, 2014: Phillips May Build Condensate Splitter at Sweeny Refinery to Separate Ultra-light Crude Oil into Unfinished Products

Dan Murtaugh reported at Businessweek on March 20, 2014 that Phillips is considering building a condensate splitter at its Sweeny refinery to separate ultra-light crude oil into unfinished products that could be exported overseas, sold to refineries or blenders, or provide feedstock to run more downstream units at full capacity. Sweeny, which is distilling about 255,000 barrels of crude a day, doesn’t produce enough unfinished or intermediate products to fill all of its secondary units such as fluid catalytic crackers, refinery General Manager Willie Tempton Jr. said. Products from a splitter could go into those units. Sweeny is relatively isolated, making it more difficult to obtain intermediate feedstocks from outside, said Chris Chandler, Phillips 66’s general manager of natural gas liquids.[8] Bloomberg reported on March 6, 2014 that British Petroleum had signed on to take at least 80 percent of the capacity of a new $360 million mini-refinery in Houston that will process crude just enough to escape restrictions on sales outside the country. “It’s a relatively inexpensive way around the export prohibition,” says Judith Dwarkin “You can lightly ruffle the hydrocarbons and they are considered processed and then they aren’t subject to the ban.” "The international buyers of these products will likely need to refine them further, so this is basically a veiled form of condensate exports,” said Leo Mariani.[9][10][11] According to Bloomberg, three additional plants have been proposed by other pipeline or trading companies, and refiners including Valero and Phillips said they may follow suit.[12]

March 20, 2014: Phillips Prepares Fractionator to Convert Mixed NGLs into Ethane, Propane, Butane And Natural Gasoline by 2015

Dan Murtaugh reported at Businessweek on March 20, 2014 that Phillips is expanding natural gas liquids and export capabilities at Sweeny Refinery by preparing the ground for Phillips' first wholly-owned fractionator, which by 2015 will be able to convert about 100,000 bpd of mixed NGLs into ethane, propane, butane and natural gasoline.[13]

February 14, 2014: Garland Says Phillips Has Plans to Process More Eagle Ford Crude at Sweeney Refinery

Greg Garland told security analysts at the Credit Suisse Global Energy Summit on February 12, 2014 that Phillips has plans to process more Eagle Ford crude at Sweeny and Alliance Refineries. "One of the things we find with the Eagle Ford crude, you hit limits because of bottleneck issues. So even in Alliance, which is 230 a day light sweet refinery, we hit limits of how much Eagle Ford we can process there. So we have projects at Alliance to debottleneck that if you will so we can process more Eagle Ford at Alliance. Similarly, Sweeny, these are projects that are $30 million or $40 million where you can take existing equipment, reconfigure, do a pre-flash tower, and we can get an incremental 5,000, 10,000 barrels a day through. But we're not going to invest $500 million or $600 million or $1 billion in adding capacity to do that. It'll be very incremental around the margin for us. So you should expect we can move to 350 to 360 and 370 maybe, but we're not going to take it to 500."[14]

December 18, 2013: Phillips Reports Emissions at Sweeny Refinery

Phillips reported a sudden failure of the PP splitter pressure control system that resulted in venting to flare which continued until the control system was repaired. [15]

November 15, 2013: Phillips Reports Planned Work at Sweeny Refinery

Reuters reported on November 15, 2013 that Phillips has warned of emissions from a fluidic catalytic cracking unit regenerator stack because of planned work at Sweeny Refinery. The planned maintenance will be performed to dislodge catalytic fines that have collected on the electrostatic precipitator grid.[16]

October 30, 2013: Garland Says Decrease in Heavy Crude Is Due to Downtime at Sweeny and Lake Charles Refineries

Garland told analysts at the third quarter earnings conference on October 30, 2013 that the decrease in other heavy crude from 27% to 24% is attributed mainly to the downtime at Phillips' Lake Charles and Sweeney refineries this year.[17]

October 7, 2013: Phillips Reports Incinerator Shut at Sweeny Refinery

Phillips 66 shut an incinerator at its refinery in Sweeny, Texas, according to a filing with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality. The company reported emissions from its sulfur recovery unit, the filing said. [18]

September 29, 2013: Phillips Reports Unit Start Up After Power Blip at Sweeny Refinery

Phillips 66 reported ethylene unit 33 will start up on or after September 29 after being forced to shut down on September 23 when a power blip occurred due to an owl hitting a transformer. [19]

September 23, 2013: Phillips Reports Units Online After Power Blip at Sweeny Refinery

Phillips 66 reported it restored power and brought units back online after a power interruption at its refinery in Sweeny, Texas, according to a filing with state pollution regulators. The refineryreported emissions from sulfur recovery units. [20]

July 31, 2013: Two Power Outages at Sweeny Were a Major Problem for Phillips

FuelFix reported on July 31, 2013 that Phillips 66 underperformed in the second quarter as its earnings dropped 19 percent because of higher costs for oil and outages that shut down key facilities. The refinery at Sweeny had two power outages that were a major problem. “We had a second power outage in the second quarter and in my view that’s unacceptable,” Garland said. The refinery is powered both by an on-site generation facility and by a power company. The power company was the cause of the two outages. “To me, personally, the biggest disappointment in the quarter was having a second power outage at Sweeny,” Garland added.[21]

"We are working with the third-party power supplier to upgrade their systems, their networks, we are looking at what we can do within refinery to recover from one of these incidents quicker around our own systems and balances," said Greg G. Maxwell, EVP, Finance and CFO. "There is a co-gen unit at Sweeny, it’s running sort 350,000 megawatt and we’ve used about 125,000 megawatt at the complex. So we are looking to say, what can we do to island that facility, technically it’s possible, practically difficult, but it can be done we’re working and then finally we are working to get a second supplier power into that complex. So that should be an event that is not repeated in the future. And so I think if you think for me personally and the biggest disappointment in the quarter was having a second power outage at Sweeny, which by the way impacts all the way across our businesses, so we had the refinery down, all the ethylene units were down, the frac was down. So it impacted all three business platforms that we had, and so we’ll absolutely get that one fixed."[22]

July 31, 2013: Phillips to Process More Light Oil at Sweeny Refinery

Greg Garland told analysts at Phillips 2nd Quarters earnings conference on July 31, 2013 that Phillips has opportunities at the Sweeny Refinery, Alliance Refinery, and Lake Charles Refinery to make some modifications and process more light oil through these facilities and with minimal capital investment. "We are looking for 40% return type projects on the refining side. And so we’re looking for quick hit, fast payout projects. We have some underutilized equipment that we can kind of tie together and use that all and so we've got some projects around that that we are executing." Garland added that the projects are already underway. "We actually do things like tie-ins and turnarounds and some other things. So, it kind of depends on the schedule and things that are available, but those are our plans that we have in place to make those margin in some of our refining system already."[23]

July 1, 2013: Phillips Reports Release of Hydrogen Cyanide at Sweeny Refinery

According to a filing with the National Response Center, two fluid catalytic cracking units (FCCUs) released hydrogen cyanide July 1. The report did not give a status on the FCCUs.[24]

June 11, 2013: Controller Failure Causes Delayed Coker Emissions at Sweeny Refinery

Phillips 66 reported flaring at its Sweeny refinery June 11 after the Unit 29.2 Delayed Coker Pressure Indicated Controller (PIC) valve opened due to a controller failure, according to a filing with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality. The Unit 29.2 Delayed Coker and Unit 29 Flare are listed as sources of emissions.[25]

May 29, 2013: Unit 35 Shut Down at Sweeny Refinery

Retuers reported on May 29, 2013 that Unit 35 shut down at the Sweeny Refinery and that intermittent flaring occurred.[26] Phillips said a furnace problem caused Unit 35, previously identified as an Aromatics Unit, to shut down, a filing to Texas state environmental regulators. Aromatics, which are produced in the catalytic reforming of naphtha, are used in the production of petrochemicals and can be added to gasoline to raise its octane rating. Refinery operations personnel routed the emissions caused by the event to several of the plant's safety flare stacks intermittently throughout the day and worked to bring Unit 35 back on line. The emissions event lasted just under 12 hours.[27]

May 28, 2013: Furnace Stack Malfunction Shuts Unit at Sweeny Refinery

Phillips 66 reported that Unit 35 furnace at its Sweeny refinery tripped when a stack damper stuck in a closed position, which caused Unit 35 to shut, causing flaring, according to a filing with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality. Intermittent flaring related to this incident continued for about 9 hours on May 28.[28]

May 20, 2013: Sweeny Refinery is Operational Again

Christine Harvey reported on Bloomberg on May 20, 2013 that Sweeny Refinery is operational again as Phillips completed a restart of the refinery after a power failure on May 11, 2013 caused the plant to temporarily shut down and flare gases, according to Rich Johnson, a company spokesman based in Houston.[29]

May 11, 2013: Power Outage Causes Shutdown at Sweeeny Refinery That Will Take Several Days to Restart

Fox Business reported on May 11, 2013 that according to a government filing Phillips shut down some units and decreased production on others on May 11, 2013 after a power outage at its Sweeny refinery. Units affected included the 25.2 crude distillation unit--one of the first steps in the oil refining process--and the 27.1 fluid catalytic cracking unit, a key gasoline production unit. The power outage started at 9 a.m. local time and was triggered by a larger outage in Texas and New Mexico. "This is an ongoing event," Phillips 66 said in the filing.[30]

Fox Business reported on May 12, 2013 that Phillips announced on May 12, 2013 that it would take "several days" to fully restart its Sweeny refinery in Old Ocean, Texas, after a power outage on May 11, 2013. "Power has been restored and the refinery is in the process of restarting, which is expected to take several days to complete," said Phillips 66 spokesman Rich Johnson.[31]

April 19, 2013: Transformer Malfunction Shuts Crude Unit, Causes FCCU Emissions at Sweeny Refinery

Phillips 66 reported a transformer malfunction near the Crude Unit No. 25.1 at its Sweeny refinery caused the unit to shut down, and forced operators to reduce rates, according to a filing with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality. During this event, operators de-energized the Unit 27 fluid catalytic cracking unit (FCCU) electrostatic precipitator, causing emissions from the Unit 27 FCCU regenerator and Unit 27.1 FCCU regenerator. Operators later restored the FCCU electrostatic precipitator to normal service. On April 19, energy intelligence service Genscape reported the shutdown of a 123,500 b/d crude distillation unit and a 47,000 b/d FCCU at the refinery.[32]

April 16, 2013: Phillips Resumes Normal Operations at Sweeny Refinery after Steam Loss Affects Several Units

Phillips 66 reported that several units at its Sweeny refinery shut down the morning of April 16 following a loss of most of the plant’s steam supply, according to a filing with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality. The steam loss was caused by an interruption in the natural gas supply to the adjacent cogeneration unit, which resulted in the shutdown of all the cogeneration turbines operating at the time. Operators were investigating the cause of the natural gas supply disruption. Following the loss of most steam, the refinery followed established steam shedding procedures and shut certain units down in a safe and controlled manner, which resulted in flaring. A backup boiler provided sufficient steam to allow some units to continue to operate. The natural gas supply to the cogeneration turbines was restored, and refining units re-started in a sequence to minimize emissions. Operators reported the refinery had resumed normal operations by the April 17.[33]

April 9, 2013: Unit Trips at Sweeny Refinery

Nasdaq reported on April 12, 2013 that Unit 38 tripped on April 9, 2013 while a depressure valve was being serviced at Sweeny Refinery according to a filing with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality.[34]

March 26. 2013: Compressor Failure at Sweeny Refinery

Nasdaq reported on March 26, 2013 that Phillips in a filing with the National Response Center reported a compressor problem on March 25, 2013 at its Sweeny Refinery resulting in lower production rates.[35]

March 11, 2013: Power Outage at Sweeney Refinery Causes Chemical Release

Bloomberg reported on March 11, 2013 that Phillips released an unknown amount of hydrogen sulfide, sulfur dioxide and benzene at its Sweeny, Texas, oil refinery because of flaring after a power outage.[36] Fox News reported on March 14, 2013 that power at Sweeny Refinery has been fully restored and the plant is in the process of restarting after a third-party provided power failure on March 10. It will take several days for the refinery to reach normal operations, a Phillips 66 spokesman said.[37]

February 25, 2013: Phillips Restarting Pipestill, SRU at Sweeny Refinery after Extended Work

Phillips was restarting production units including a pipestill and sulfur recovery unit (SRU) at its Sweeny refinery on February 25, according to sources familiar with the operations. Several production units were shut in early January for planned work initially scheduled to run four weeks, but operators extended the work by two weeks for additional repairs. Sources had previously reported the refinery was on February 22 restarting a 124,000 b/d crude distillation unit and a coking unit. A Phillips 66 spokesman said February 25 that maintenance was still underway.[38]

February 22, 2013: Phillips Begins Restarting 124,000 b/d CDU and Coker Unit at Sweeny Refinery after Extended Work

Phillips 66 was restarting a 124,000 b/d crude distillation unit (CDU) and a coking unit at its Sweeny refinery on February 22, according to sources familiar with refinery operations. Operators began restarting the units earlier in the week and expected initial production to begin this week, with full production restored by mid-March. The CDU and coker were shut in early January for planned work initially scheduled to run four weeks, but operators extended the work by two weeks for additional repairs.[39]

February 18, 2013: Phillips Reports Coker and FCCU Emissions at Sweeny Refinery

Phillips 66 reported reported emissions from a coker and from the Unit 27 FCCU on February 18 were due to a malfunction in the instrument air header, which led to a decision by operators to de-energize the electrostatic precipitators and thus created excess emissions.[40]

February 14, 2013: Phillips Restarts FCCU after Electrical Trip at Sweeny Refinery

Phillips 66 reported it was restarting the Unit 27 fluid catalytic cracking unit (FCCU) at its Sweeny refinery on February 14 after an electrical feeder trip shut the unit, resulting in emissions from the FCCU and the coker,

February 7, 2013: Production Units Restart at Sweeney Refinery After Planned Maintenance

Bloomberg reported on February 25, 2013 that production units including a pipestill and sulfur recovery unit wee restarting after planned maintenance that began on January 7, 2013 according to two people familiar with the operations who asked not to be identified because the information isn’t public. [41]

January 30, 2013: Garland Says Phillips Has Completely Backed Out US Light Sweet Crude from Sweeney Refinery

Greg Garland told analysts at the 4th quarter earnings conference on January 30, 2013 that Phillips has completely backed out imports of U.S. light sweet crude in the Gulf Coast refineries including Sweeney.[42]

January 6, 2013: Compressor Trip Causes Flaring at Sweeny Refinery

Phillips 66 reported a compressor on Unit 26.2 at its Sweeny refinery tripped, according to a filing with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality.[43]

October 31, 2012: Sweeny Refinery to Receive 30,000 barrels per day of Eagle Ford Crude by Early 2014

Tim Taylorl reported at the Phillips Third Quarter Earnings Conference on October 31, 2012 that Phillips had reached agreement with Kinder Morgan to deliver up to 30,000 barrels per day of Eagle Ford crude via a new pipeline connection to our Sweeny refinery in early 2014. "That's actually a project or a connector pipeline that's relatively short that will be built by Kinder Morgan. And so that's a throughput pipeline connection agreement that we have specifically for that."[44]

September 30, 2012: Process Units Restarted at Sweeny Refinery after Power Outage

Nasdaq reported on October 1, 2012 that Philips restarted process units at its Sweeny Refinery on September 30, 2012 following an early morning power outage. The outage caused flaring and opacity as some units shut down; some went into circulation mode, and some reduced charge rates, a government filing said.[45]

September 11, 2012: Sweeny Refinery Reports Release from Thermal Oxidizer

Reuters reported on September 11, 2012 that there was a benzene release from a thermal oxidizer Sweeny Refinery, according to a filing with national pollution regulators.[46]

August 23, 2012: New Pipeline to Transport up to 30,000 bpd of Advantaged Eagle Ford Shale Crude to Sweeney Refinery

PR Newswire reported on August 23, 2012 that Kinder Morgan plans invest $90 million to build a 27-mile, 12-inch diameter lateral pipeline to extend its Kinder Morgan Crude Condensate (KMCC) pipeline to transport Eagle Ford crude and condensate to Phillips 66’s Sweeny Refinery. The pipeline will have an initial capacity of 30,000 barrels per day (bpd) of capacity, expandable to 100,000 bpd. “This pipeline lateral will provide yet another attractive delivery point for customers of our KMCC pipeline while providing Phillips 66 with enhanced access to price-advantaged Eagle Ford crude and condensate,” said KMP Products Pipelines President Tom Bannigan. Kinder Morgan’s crude/condensate pipeline, which was ready for service in June 2012, already transports crude/condensate from the Eagle Ford shale to the Houston Ship Channel through 65 miles of new-build construction and 113 miles of converted natural gas pipeline. “This agreement aligns with a fundamental part of the Phillips 66 business strategy to get advantaged crude to our refineries,” said Glenn Simpson, general manager, Phillips 66 Crude & International Supply.[47] The Eagle Ford formation is located close to the U.S. Gulf Coast and the largest concentration of U.S. refineries. Eagle Ford crude was priced at $93.75 a barrel on Agust 22, 2012, about a $3 discount to U.S. crude benchmark West Texas Intermediate and a $19 discount to Louisiana Light Sweet.[48]

August 2, 2012: FCCU Emissions During Rapper System Repairs at Sweeney Refinery

Phillips 66 reported it would begin repairs on August 2, 2012 to fix a short circuit detected this week at its Sweeney refinery, according to a filing with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality. The short circuit was causing a portion of the rapper system to operate abnormally and had ultimately led to emissions, the filing said. After locating the problem and making the necessary repairs, operators will return the system to service. The filing lists a fluid catalytic cracking unit (FCCU) as a source of emissions, which were expected to continue until August 9.[49]

August 1, 2012: Phillips to Run 40,000 bpd of Advantaged Crudes to Sweeney Refinery

Phillips reported during their second-quarters earnings report on August 1, 2012 that Phillips wants to move the shale crudes from 120,000 to ultimately 450,000 to 460,000 barrels a day and has a plan to get advantaged crude into most of Phillips' refineries. "We are trying to get those crudes to every refinery we can," said Phillips CEO Greg Garland. "Sweeny about 40,000 barrels a day."[50]

CNBC reported on August 23, 2012 that Phillips 66's Sweeny, Texas, refinery will take 30,000 bpd of Eagle Ford oil beginning in 2014 when Kinder Morgan Energy Partners completes a $90-million extension of a pipeline to the plant, which is 66 miles south of Houston. Light, sweet Eagle Ford crude is lower-priced than other global crudes, which increases profitability for refiners by cutting their crude costs. Eagle Ford crude was recently priced at $93.75 a barrel, about a $3 discount to U.S. crude benchmark West Texas Intermediate and a $19 discount to Louisiana Light Sweet.[51]

July 16, 2012: Fluid Catalytic Cracking Unit Restarted at Sweeney Refinery

On July 25, 2012 Reuters reported that the Fluid Catalytic Cracking Unit (FCCU) restarted at the Sweeney Refinery on July 16, 2012.[52]

July 12, 2012: Coker Flare at Sweeney Refinery

Reuters reported on June 13, 2012 there was a Coker Flare at the Sweeney Refinery on July 12, 2012.[53] Businessweek reported on July 12, 2012 that the refinery reported emissions from coker and fluid catalytic cracker No. 3, according to a filing with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality. The maintenance event began yesterday at 6:22 a.m. local time and lasted until 11:22 a.m. today, the company said.[54]

July 5, 2012: Unplanned Work at Sweeney Refinery

Reuters reported on June 13, 2012 there was unplanned work at the Sweeney Refinery on July 5, 2012.[55]

July 1, 2012: Leaks Repaired on a portion of Fluidic Catalytic Cracking Unit at Sweeney Refinery

Reuters reported on July 1, 2012 that Phillips repaired leaks on a portion of the gasoline-producing fluidic catalytic cracking unit on June 30 and July 1 after the refinery found oil oozing from welds on a box attached to the unit's riser to repair a hot spot found between a month and two months ago, according to a notice the refinery filed with state pollution regulators. Additional welding was done on the box to repair the leaks, but the work resulted in increased release of particulate matter and carbon monoxide.[56]

May 12, 2012: Power Outage at Sweeny Refinery

Reuters reported on May 13, 2012 that the Sweeny refinery restarted on May 12, 2012 after a power outage hit the refinery affecting the sulfur recovery unit according to a notice the refinery filed with Texas pollution regulators.[57]


Phillips 66 Worldwide Refineries

Phillips has the following worldwide refineries:[58]

Country Name Location Capacity (KBD) Nelson Complexity Factor Clean Product Yield
Gulf Coast US Alliance Refinery (AL) Belle Chasse, LA 247 12.5 86%
Eastern US and Europe Bayway Refinery (BW) Linden, NJ 238 8.4 90%
Central US Billings Refinery (BI) Billings, MT 118 14.4 89%
Central US Borger Refinery (BG) Borger, TX 146 12.3 89%
Western US and Asia Ferndale Refinery (FN) Ferndale, WA 105 7.0 75%
Eastern US and Europe Humber Refinery (HU) North Linconshire 265 11.6 81%
Gulf Coast US Lake Charles Refinery (LC) Westlake, LA 239 11.2 69%
Western US and Asia Los Angeles Refinery (LA) Carson, CA/Wilmington, CA 139 14.1 87%
Western US and Asia Melaka Refinery in Malaysia (ME) Melaka 58 9.3 83%
Eastern US and Europe MIRO Refinery in Germany* (MI) Karlsruhe 56 7.9 85%
Central US Ponca City Refinery (PC) Ponca City, OK 187 9.8 91%
Western US and Asia San Francisco Refinery (SF) Rodeo, CA and Santa Maria, CA 120 13.5 83%
Gulf Coast US Sweeny Refinery (SW) Old Ocean, TX 247 13.2 87%
Eastern US and Europe Whitegate Refinery in Ireland (WG) Cork 71 3.8 65%
Central US Wood River Refinery (WR) Roxana, IL 306 12.5 85%
  • Denotes joint ventures. Crude capacity reflects that proportion.

Master Index for Phillips 66 Articles

References

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  25. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (June 7, 2013 through June 13, 2013)
  26. Reuters. "Reuters. "Phillips Reports Unit Shut at Sweeny, TX Refinery" May 29, 2013.
  27. Hydrocarbon Processing. "Phillips 66 reports unit shutdown, emissions at Sweeny refinery" by Rose Marton-Vitale. May 30, 2013.
  28. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (May 24, 2013 through May 30, 2013)
  29. Bloomber. "Gulf Gasoline Hits Six-Week Low as Phillips 66 Completes Restart" by Christine Harvey. May 20, 2013.
  30. Fox Business. "Phillips 66 Has Power Outage at Sweeny Refinery - Filing" May 11, 2013.
  31. Fox Business. "Phillips 66 Restarting Sweeny Refinery After Outage" May 12, 2013.
  32. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (April 19, 2013 through April 25, 2013)
  33. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (April 12, 2013 through April 18, 2013)
  34. Nasdaq. "Refinery Status: Phillips 66 Reports Flaring at Rodeo, Calif. Refinery" April 12, 2013.
  35. Nasdaq. "Refinery Status: Phillips 66 Has Compressor Problem at Sweeny Refinery" March 26, 2013.
  36. Bloomberg. "Phillips 66 Has Power Outage at Sweeny Plant, NRC Filing Shows" by Christian Schmollinger. March 11, 2013.
  37. Fox Business. "Refinery Status: Citgo's Louisiana Refinery" March 14, 2013.
  38. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (Feb. 22, 2013 through Feb. 28, 2013)
  39. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (Feb. 22, 2013 through Feb. 28, 2013)
  40. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (Feb. 15, 2013 through Feb. 21, 2013)
  41. Bloomberg. "Gulf Gasoline Slumps as Exxon, Phillips 66 Restart Units" February 25, 2013.
  42. Seeking Alpha. "Phillips 66's CEO Discusses Q4 2012 Results - Earnings Call Transcript" January 30, 2013.
  43. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (Jan. 1, 2013 through Jan. 10, 2013)
  44. Philips 66. "Phillips Third Quarter Earnings Conference" October 31, 2012
  45. Nasdaq. "Refinery Status: Phillips 66 Restarting Sweeny, Texas, Units After Power Outage" October 1, 2012.
  46. Reuters. "Phillips 66 Sweeny refinery reports release from thermal oxidizer" September 11, 2012.
  47. PR Newswire. "Kinder Morgan Energy Partners and Phillips 66 Agree to Deliver Eagle Ford Shale Crude to Coastal Refinery" August 23, 2012.
  48. Reuters. "UPDATE 1-Kinder Morgan to carry Eagle Ford crude for Phillips 66" August 23, 2-12.
  49. United Steelworkers Weekly List of Refinery Events. July 27,2012 - Agust 2, 2012
  50. Phillips 66. "Transcript for Phillips 66 second-quarter earnings call" August 1, 2012
  51. CMBC. "Texas refiners thirsty for Eagle Ford crude" August 23, 2012.
  52. Reuters. "U.S. refinery shutdowns - Sinclair, Phillips 66, Tesoro" July 25, 2012.
  53. Reuters. "U.S. refinery shutdowns-Phillips 66, Tesoro, Exxon" July 13, 2012.
  54. Businessweek. "Gulf Coast Gasoline Gains as Phillips 66 Refinery Makes Repairs" by Paul Burkhardt. July 12, 2012.
  55. Reuters. "U.S. refinery shutdowns-Phillips 66, Tesoro, Exxon" July 13, 2012.
  56. Reuters. "Phillips Sweeny refinery fixes leak on FCC - filing" July 1, 2012.
  57. Reuters. "Phillips 66 Sweeny refinery restarting" May 13. 2012.
  58. New World Encyclopedia. "ConocoPhillips" retrieved May 6, 2012.

About the Author

Hugh Pickens

Hugh Pickens (Po-Hi '67) is a physicist who has explored for oil in the Amazon jungle, crossed the empty quarter of Saudi Arabia, and built satellite control stations for Goddard Space Flight Center all over the world. Retired in 1999, Pickens and his wife moved from Baltimore back to his hometown of Ponca City, Oklahoma in 2005 where he cultivates his square foot garden, mows nine acres of lawn, writes about local history and photographs events at the Poncan Theatre and Ponca Playhouse.

Since 2001 Pickens has edited and published “Peace Corps Online,” serving over one million monthly pageviews. His other writing includes contributing over 1,500 stories to “Slashdot: News for Nerds,” and articles for Wikipedia, “Ponca City, We Love You”, and Peace Corps Worldwide.

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