Phillips 66: Alliance Refinery

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Phillips 66 has 15 refineries globally and 2.2 million barrels a day of capacity. "When we think about our refining business we like to think about it in four segments. One is the Mid-Continent, about 21% of our capacity is there. Margins have been very strong in this area, as you know. Our largest region is the Gulf Coast, about 33% of our capacity is there.We have large economy of scale here. We have very complex refineries on the Gulf Coast. The Western US and Pacific region is about 20%, includes our interests in the Melaka refinery.The West Coast has typically had high margins historically, but the last couple years has been challenged in part due to the economic slowdown in California." Derivative Photo: Hugh Pickens

Phillips 66 has 15 refineries globally and 2.2 million barrels a day of capacity. "When we think about our refining business we like to think about it in four segments. One is the Mid-Continent, about 21% of our capacity is there. Margins have been very strong in this area, as you know. Our largest region is the Gulf Coast, about 33% of our capacity is there.We have large economy of scale here. We have very complex refineries on the Gulf Coast. The Western US and Pacific region is about 20%, includes our interests in the Melaka refinery.The West Coast has typically had high margins historically, but the last couple years has been challenged in part due to the economic slowdown in California."[1][2][3]


Contents

Alliance Refinery

The Alliance Refinery, located on the Mississippi River in Belle Chasse, La., 25 miles south of New Orleans, has a crude oil capacity of 247 MBD and processes mainly light, low-sulfur crude oil. Alliance receives domestic crude oil from the Gulf of Mexico via pipeline and foreign crude oil from West Africa via pipeline connected to the Louisiana Offshore Oil Port. The single-train refinery’s facilities include fluid catalytic cracking, hydrodesulfurization units, a reformer and aromatics units that enable it to produce a high percentage of transportation fuels, such as gasoline, diesel fuel and jet fuel. Other products include petrochemical feedstocks, home heating oil and anode petroleum coke.The majority of the refined products are distributed to customers in the southeastern and eastern United States through major common-carrier pipeline systems and by barge.[4] Photo by eustatic Flicker Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Generic (CC BY-NC-SA 2.0)
Flooding at the Alliance Refinery in Belle Chasse, Louisiana after Hurricane Isaac. Greg Garland told investors and securities analysts at the 2012 Barclays CEO Energy-Power Conference in New York on September 5, 2012 that Isaac went right over the top of the Alliance refinery. "We got back in the refinery on Wednesday afternoon. Some minor damage in terms of insulation blown off of towers, but really the refinery came through in really good shape. Back side of the storm created flooding in Plaquemines Parish. It overran a levy. We had about a 100 foot breach in our dike. So we got water into the refinery. By Thursday afternoon, we had managed to breach that. But we had about a foot to a foot and a half of water in the refinery." Photo: Lower Mississippi Riverkeeper Flickr Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.0 Generic (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)

Description of Alliance Refinery

The Alliance Refinery, located on the Mississippi River in Belle Chasse, La., 25 miles south of New Orleans, has a crude oil capacity of 247 MBD and processes mainly light, low-sulfur crude oil. Alliance receives domestic crude oil from the Gulf of Mexico via pipeline and foreign crude oil from West Africa via pipeline connected to the Louisiana Offshore Oil Port. The single-train refinery’s facilities include fluid catalytic cracking, hydrodesulfurization units, a reformer and aromatics units that enable it to produce a high percentage of transportation fuels, such as gasoline, diesel fuel and jet fuel. Other products include petrochemical feedstocks, home heating oil and anode petroleum coke.The majority of the refined products are distributed to customers in the southeastern and eastern United States through major common-carrier pipeline systems and by barge.[5]

News and Views on Alliance Refinery

March 26, 2014: Phillips Pays $500,000 Fine for Clean Air Violations at Alliance Refinery and Four Other Refineries

CSP Daily News reported on March 26, 2014 that Phillips will pay a $500,000 penalty for violations of the Clean Air Act at the Alliance Refinery in Belle Chasse, La., the Sweeny Refinery in Old Ocean, Texas, the Wood River Refinery in Roxana, Ill., the Lake Charles Refinery in Westlake, La., the Borger Refinery in Borger, Texas, and several terminals across the country. Phillips also agreed to retire more than 21 billion sulfur credits that could have been used in the production of gasoline, which could potentially lead to significantly less pollution from vehicles. In a administrative settlement agreement, the EPA alleged that the company generated invalid sulfur credits between 2006 and 2012 and that Phillips failed to comply with recordkeeping, reporting, sampling and testing requirements at the five refineries. EPA discovered these violations during facility inspections and through a review of company records, which included the results of third-party company audits required by the Clean Air Act.[6]

February 14, 2014: Garland Says Phillips Has Plans to Process More Eagle Ford Crude Alliance Refinery

Greg Garland told security analysts at the Credit Suisse Global Energy Summit on February 12, 2014 that Phillips has plans to process more Eagle Ford crude at Sweeny and Alliance Refineries. "One of the things we find with the Eagle Ford crude, you hit limits because of bottleneck issues. So even in Alliance, which is 230 a day light sweet refinery, we hit limits of how much Eagle Ford we can process there. So we have projects at Alliance to debottleneck that if you will so we can process more Eagle Ford at Alliance. Similarly, Sweeny, these are projects that are $30 million or $40 million where you can take existing equipment, reconfigure, do a pre-flash tower, and we can get an incremental 5,000, 10,000 barrels a day through. But we're not going to invest $500 million or $600 million or $1 billion in adding capacity to do that. It'll be very incremental around the margin for us. So you should expect we can move to 350 to 360 and 370 maybe, but we're not going to take it to 500."[7]

February 14, 2014: Garland Says the Decision Not the Sell Alliance Refinery Was a Good One

Greg Garland told security analysts at the Credit Suisse Global Energy Summit on February 12, 2014 that the decision not to sell Alliance Refinery was a good one. "As we look at what's happening and the crudes coming at us, clearly the U.S. Gulf Coast is going to move to we think a very advantaged position. As we came out of Conoco Phillips, we made the decision to take Alliance off the market, because we were in the middle of a process to sell Alliance. I think it turned out to be a good decision for us as we look back."[8]

February 11, 2014: Alliance Refinery to Begin 47 Day Turnaround

Businessweek reported on February 11, 2014 that Alliance refinery will begin shutting down 10 units on March 5 including the only crude unit, whose atmospheric tower is plugged, and a delayed coker, which requires decoking for a turnaround that will last 47 days, according to two people who asked not to be identified because the information isn’t public. Other units to be shut for the turnaround include a catalytic reformer, a diesel hydrotreater, an aromatic extraction unit, a saturate gas unit and a low-sulfur gasoline unit, according to a regulatory filing with the state last month. The refinery’s catalytic cracker will remain in operation during the work.[9]

Dennis Nuss, a company spokesman in Houston, said in an e-mail that details regarding specific units and duration of work involved in a turnaround are considered proprietary.[10]

July 31, 2013: Phillips to Process More Light Oil at Alliance Refinery

Greg Garland told analysts at Phillips 2nd Quarters earnings conference on July 31, 2013 that Phillips has opportunities at the Sweeny Refinery, Alliance Refinery, and Lake Charles Refinery to make some modifications and process more light oil through these facilities and with minimal capital investment. "We are looking for 40% return type projects on the refining side. And so we’re looking for quick hit, fast payout projects. We have some underutilized equipment that we can kind of tie together and use that all and so we've got some projects around that that we are executing." Garland added that the projects are already underway. "We actually do things like tie-ins and turnarounds and some other things. So, it kind of depends on the schedule and things that are available, but those are our plans that we have in place to make those margin in some of our refining system already."[11]

February 14, 2013: Equipment Malfunction Shuts Compressor at Alliance Refinery

Phillips 66 reported flaring at its Alliance refinery in Belle Chasse on February 14 was due to an equipment malfunction that shut a compressor, according to a filing with the U.S. National Response Center. Operators were attempting to stabilize the units and get the compressor back online.[12]

January 30, 2013: Garland Says Phillips Has Completely Backed Out US Light Sweet Crude from Alliance Refinery

Greg Garland told analysts at the 4th quarter earnings conference on January 30, 2013 that Phillips has completely backed out imports of U.S. light sweet crude in the Gulf Coast refineries including Alliance Refinery.[13]

December 13, 2012: Phillips Announces Marine Charter Agreements to Supply Alliance Refinery with Eagle Ford Advantaged Crude

Phillips 66 reported at their inaugural Analyst Meeting on December 13, 2013 that they had recently signed time charter agreements for two medium-range Jones Act marine vessels that will supply the Alliance and Bayway refineries, and potentially the company’s other Gulf Coast refineries, with Eagle Ford crude beginning in early 2013.[14]

October 31, 2012: Phillips Ran Global Refineries at 96% Capacity in 3rd Quarter Despite Downtime at Alliance Refinery

Chief Financial Officer Greg Maxwell reported at the Phillips Third Quarter Earnings Conference on October 31, 2012 that globally Phillips ran at a 96% utilization rate despite the Alliance refinery being down for approximately three weeks related to the impact of Hurricane Isaac.[15]

September 21, 2012: Production Resumes at Alliance Refinery

Nasdaq reported on September 26, 2012 that production had resumed at its Alliance refinery on September 21, 2012 as expected. Operations were idled on August 28 ahead of Hurricane Isaac.[16]

September 19, 2012: Phillips Expects to Have Alliance Back Online by September 22

Phillips 66 reported on September 17, 2012 that several units have been brought back online at the Alliance Refinery and that Phillips expects to have all refinery units back online by the end of the week of September 17.[17]

September 6, 2012: Power Restored at Alliance Refinery

Phillips 66 reported on September 6, 2012 that power was restored to Alliance Refinery on September 5, 2012 and the refinery expected to be operating by mid-September.[18]

September 5, 2012: Alliance Refinery Loses Electricity

Phillips 66 reported on September 5, 2012 that Alliance Refinery has lost electricity supply from its third-party power provider and work is proceeding to resolve the problem, and the utility provider expects to have power back to the refinery by late in the day on September 5, 2012. This outage will slow the restart of the refinery.[19]

Greg Garland told investors and securities analysts at the 2012 Barclays CEO Energy-Power Conference in New York on September 5, 2012 that Isaac went right over the top of the Alliance refinery. "We got back in the refinery on Wednesday afternoon. Some minor damage in terms of insulation blown off of towers, but really the refinery came through in really good shape. Back side of the storm created flooding in Plaquemines Parish. It overran a levy. We had about a 100 foot breach in our dike. So we got water into the refinery. By Thursday afternoon, we had managed to breach that. But we had about a foot to a foot and a half of water in the refinery. By Saturday, we had pumped all that out. No equipment damage really. We had hardened the refinery after Katrina. We had raised and elevated motor control centers, control rooms, etc. So really no equipment damage. We got a boiler started up Sunday night. We got gas restored on Sunday, power restored on Tuesday. So we're in startup mode and we expect in six to nine days, we'll have Alliance up and running. So really we came out well compared to the Katrina event back in 2005."[20]

September 4, 2012: Electricity Restored to Alliance Refinery

Phillips 66 reported on September 4, 2012 that power was restored to the Alliance Refinery early the morning of September 24, 2012 and refinery personnel are in the process of safely bringing the refinery back online. It is expected to take a couple of weeks before the refinery is running at normal rates.[21]

September 4, 2012: Alliance Refinery Reports Leakage at Oil Storage Facility

Reuters reported on September 4, 2012 that a leaking oil storage facility at the Alliance Refinery released an unknown amount of oil into the facility and surrounding area according to a filing with national pollution regulators. The incident was discovered at 1308 (local time) on September 2, 2012, the filing said.[22]

September 2, 2012: Alliance Refinery Remains Shut Down without Power

Phillips 66 reported on September 2, 2012 that the Alliance Refinery remains shut down and is without power at this time but most of the floodwater has been cleared from the refinery and personnel have returned to work and are preparing the refinery for an eventual restart once power has been restored by the third-party power provider.[23]

August 31, 2012: Alliance Refinery Remains Shut Down Due to Flooding

Phillips 66 reported on August 31, 2012 that the Alliance Refinery remains shut down without power and floodwater remains in parts of the refinery. More than 100 employees should be at the refinery by the end of August 31, 2012 to assist with assessment and recovery of the refinery and additional emergency generators, fuel and other supplies also are expected. A timeline for restart will be developed once the assessment is complete.[24]

Herald Online reported on August 31, 2012 that Phillips will contribute $500,000 to the American Red Cross to assist relief operations following Hurricane Isaac and flooding in the Gulf Coast region and will match employee contributions for disaster relief. "Our thoughts and prayers go out to all those impacted by Hurricane Isaac, including our many employees, friends and neighbors across the Gulf Coast,” said Phillips CEO Greg Garland. “We are extremely thankful that all of the employees at our Alliance Refinery in Belle Chasse, La., and their immediate families are safe, though some have experienced significant damage to their homes and property.[25]

August 30, 2012: Some Flooding from Hurricane Isaac in Alliance Refinery

Phillips 66 reported on their web site on Augsut 30, 2012 that a team is assessing damage from flooding from Hurricane Isaac and that some flooding is evident in the refinery with personnel working to prevent more flooding and to pump water out of the flooded areas. The refinery remains shut down and is without power and a timeline for restarting the refinery will be made once the assessment is complete.[26]

August 28, 2012: Alliance Refinery Loses Power During Hurricane Isaac

The Times-Picayune reported on August 28, 2012 that according Plaquemines Parish Sheriff's Office deputies, Hurricane Isaac knocked out power at the Phillips 66 Alliance Refinery in Belle Chase's Jesuit Bend area. Belle Chase has about 5,100 outages as hurricane-force winds in lower Plaquemines likely would last between 6 to 10 hours.[27] “We are not yet able to confirm whether or not flooding in the region has impacted the refinery,” the company said in a statement on its website.[28] The Phillips 66 web site reported that refinery personnel are making plans to re-enter the refinery once the hurricane has passed and it is safe to do so in order to assess the condition of the refinery. A decision on a timeline for restart will be made once the assessment can be completed.[29]

August 27, 2012: Alliance Refinery Will be Shut Down for Hurricane Isaac

Fox News reported on August 27, 2012 that the Alliance refinery in Belle Chasse was in the process of suspending operations and would be completely shut down by the evening of August 27, 2012 ahead of Tropical Storm Isaac.[30] Refinery owners often shut down operations in advance of a storm because refineries consume enormous amounts of electric power and generate steam to cook crude oil into gasoline, diesel, jet fuel and heating oil and if a refinery loses power suddenly, operators can't properly clear the partially cooked oil out of pipes, and re-starting the refinery can take several days or even weeks. However if refineries instead conduct what is known as an orderly shutdown, they can re-start as soon as the power supply is assured again.[31]

August 26, 2012: Alliance Refinery Likely to Shut Down for Hurricane Isaac

Reuters reported on August 26, 2012 that Hurricane Isaac looks set to disrupt U.S. offshore oil and gas supplies and analysts say it could wreak havoc on "refinery row" along the Gulf Coast, a low-lying area between Texas and Mississippi that is home to about 44 percent of U.S. refining capacity and could be the biggest test for U.S. energy infrastructure since 2008, when Hurricanes Gustav and Ike disrupted offshore oil output for months and damaged onshore natural gas processing plants, pipelines and some refineries. According to Lousiana Governor Bobby Jindal, Phillips 66 was "likely" to shut its 247,000 bpd Alliance refinery in Belle Chasse, Louisiana.[32]

August 9, 2012: Phillips 66 Puts Project On Hold to Boost ultra-low-sulfur diesel fuel output at Alliance Refinery

Bloomberg reported on August 9, 2012 that Phillips is holding off on starting a project that would boost ultra-low-sulfur diesel fuel output at its Alliance refinery in Louisiana. Phillips 66 is “re-evaluating the timing of the project based on market economics,” Rich Johnson, a Houston-based company spokesman, said in an e-mailed statement. “Reviewing economics such as supply and demand forecasts for our product will be taken into consideration as part of the long-range planning cycle we use to determine what capital projects we want to invest in.” The company received a permit on July 25, 2012 to expand a diesel hydrotreater and gulfining unit, according to a filing with the state’s Department of Environmental Quality allowing the units to remove more sulfur to meet emissions regulations. The permit will expire on Jan. 25, 2014.[33]

August 1, 2012: Phillips to Run 50,000 to 90,000 bpd of Advantaged Crudes to Alliance Refinery

Phillips reported during their second-quarters earnings report on August 1, 2012 that Phillips wants to move the shale crudes from 120,000 to ultimately 450,000 to 460,000 barrels a day and has a plan to get advantaged crude into most Phillips refineries. "We are trying to get those crudes to every refinery we can," said Phillips CEO Greg Garland. "And then Alliance, we are running today Eagle Ford crude and some Bakken crude in Alliance, but ultimately [we want to run] 50,000 to 90,000 barrels a day."."[34]

August 1, 2012: Phillips Won't Sell Alliance Refinery

Reuters reported on Phillips second-quarters earnings report on August 2, 2012 that Phillips 66 said it would retain its 247,000 barrel-per-day Alliance plant in Belle Chasse, Louisiana, because it expects increased access to cut-price light sweet crude to run there.[35] "We had a lot of people go through the data room. We had a handful of offers and nothing we really regarded as approaching our whole value for the asset," said Garland. "I think in the interim year that's passed since we made that first decision that our view has changed in terms of Gulf Coast crudes particularly LLS as becoming advantaged. So we just think Alliance really has more future value than certainly -- value today than what people are willing to pay."[36]

June 5, 2012: Phillips 66 Reconsiders Sale of Alliance Refinery

Nasdaq reported on June 5, 2012 that Phillips 66 CEO Greg Garland told financial analysts during an investors conference that although Phillips 66 has been considering the sale of its Alliance refinery in Belle Chasse, Louisiana since December 2011, the company is now rethinking the prospect amid falling prices for Light Louisiana Sweet (LLS) crude oil and may not put the refinery up for sale after all. "Our view of that refinery has increased," said Garland. "We think LLS will become an advantaged crude." hillips 66 and other refiners have been rearranging their geographic footprint to take advantage of a boom in US oil and natural gas production that has scrambled the refining map. Refineries with access to new, discounted oil in the U.S. midcontinent have prospered, while coastal refineries have seen profit margins decline.[37] LLS sold for about $95 a barrel Tuesday, down nearly 17% since December. The premium of about $12 LLS commands over inland-crude-oil benchmark West Texas Intermediate should fall as more WTI crude comes to the Gulf Coast via pipelines and rail cars.[38]

According to an article in the Wall Street Journal on June 7, 2012, it may be difficult for Phillips to find a buyer for the Alliance Refinery because long term US gasoline consumption is falling. "Other refineries all have assets on the chopping block, but in a world where domestic fuel sales are in long-term decline, potential buyers are in short supply," write Ben Lefebre. However lower crude prices are making the economics of refining attractive again. "There may be a gleam of hope for Gulf Coast refiner profitability," writes Lefebre. "Exports are growing and Gulf Coast crude economics are getting better. The surge in domestic crude production could bring down the cost of regional oil benchmark Light Louisiana Sweet, giving refines in the region a distinct advantage, refiners and analysts have said."[39]

May 1, 2012: Phillips 66 is Trying to Sell Alliance Refinery

Garland told Reuters on May 1, 2012 that Phillips 66 aims to double refined product exports to 200,000 bpd in the next two years, but its 247,000 bpd Alliance refinery in Belle Chasse, Louisiana -- which runs light-sweet crude -- is on the block. Increasing U.S. light-sweet inland shale oil output along with more infrastructure to move it to the refinery-heavy Gulf Coast means more advantaged crude prices could show up in the region in the coming years, increasing Alliance's value, Garland said. If the price isn't right for what he called "a good export platform for us," Phillips 66 will keep it, Garland said. "We wouldn't let the refinery go cheap."[40]

Phillips 66 Worldwide Refineries

Phillips has the following worldwide refineries:[41]

Country Name Location Capacity (KBD) Nelson Complexity Factor Clean Product Yield
Gulf Coast US Alliance Refinery (AL) Belle Chasse, LA 247 12.5 86%
Eastern US and Europe Bayway Refinery (BW) Linden, NJ 238 8.4 90%
Central US Billings Refinery (BI) Billings, MT 118 14.4 89%
Central US Borger Refinery (BG) Borger, TX 146 12.3 89%
Western US and Asia Ferndale Refinery (FN) Ferndale, WA 105 7.0 75%
Eastern US and Europe Humber Refinery (HU) North Linconshire 265 11.6 81%
Gulf Coast US Lake Charles Refinery (LC) Westlake, LA 239 11.2 69%
Western US and Asia Los Angeles Refinery (LA) Carson, CA/Wilmington, CA 139 14.1 87%
Western US and Asia Melaka Refinery in Malaysia (ME) Melaka 58 9.3 83%
Eastern US and Europe MIRO Refinery in Germany* (MI) Karlsruhe 56 7.9 85%
Central US Ponca City Refinery (PC) Ponca City, OK 187 9.8 91%
Western US and Asia San Francisco Refinery (SF) Rodeo, CA and Santa Maria, CA 120 13.5 83%
Gulf Coast US Sweeny Refinery (SW) Old Ocean, TX 247 13.2 87%
Eastern US and Europe Whitegate Refinery in Ireland (WG) Cork 71 3.8 65%
Central US Wood River Refinery (WR) Roxana, IL 306 12.5 85%
  • Denotes joint ventures. Crude capacity reflects that proportion.

Master Index for Phillips 66 Articles

References

  1. ConocoPhillips. "Slide Presentation for Phillips 66 Investor Update" April 9, 2012
  2. ConocoPhillips. "Phillips 66 Analyst Update Transcript of Phillips 66 Analyst Update" April 9, 2012
  3. Seeking Alpha. "ConocoPhillips' CEO Hosts Phillips 66 Analyst Update Conference Call" April 9, 2012
  4. ConocoPhillips. "US Refining as of March 31, 2011"
  5. ConocoPhillips. "US Refining as of March 31, 2011"
  6. CSP Daily News. "Phillips 66 to Pay $500,000 Over Clean Air Act Violations" March 26, 2014.
  7. Credit Suisse Global Energy Summit. "Transcript of Phillips 66 Presentation" by Greg Garland. February 12, 2014
  8. Credit Suisse Global Energy Summit. "Transcript of Phillips 66 Presentation" by Greg Garland. February 12, 2014
  9. Businessweek. "Phillips 66 Said to Shut Alliance Units March 5 for 47 Days" by Barbara Powell. February 11, 2014.
  10. Businessweek. "Phillips 66 Said to Shut Alliance Units March 5 for 47 Days" by Barbara Powell. February 11, 2014.
  11. Seeking Alpha. "Phillips 66's CEO Discusses Q2 2013 Results - Earnings Call Transcript" July 31, 2013.
  12. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (Feb. 15, 2013 through Feb. 21, 2013)
  13. Seeking Alpha. "Phillips 66's CEO Discusses Q4 2012 Results - Earnings Call Transcript" January 30, 2013.
  14. Phillips 66. "Phillips 66 Announces 2013 Capital Program and Intent to Form MLP" December 13, 2012.
  15. Phillips 66. "Phillips Third Quarter Earnings Conference" October 31, 2012
  16. Nasdaq. "Refinery Status: Coker Unit Snag Reported at Exxon Joliet" September 26, 2012.
  17. Phillips 66. "Storm Center Update #13 for Tropical Storm Isaac" September 17, 2012
  18. Phillip 66. "Storm Center Update #11 for Tropical Storm Isaac" September 6, 2012
  19. Phillips 66. "Storm Center Update #10" September 5, 2012
  20. Phillips 66. "2012 Barclays CEO Energy-Power Conference" presented by Phillips CEO Greg Garland. September 5, 2012.
  21. Phillips 66. "Storm Center Website Update #9 for Tropical Storm Isaac" September 4, 2012.
  22. Reuters. "Phillips66 Alliance refinery reports leakage at oil storage facility" September 4, 2012.
  23. Phillips 66. "Storm Center Website Update #8 for Tropical Storm Isaac" September 2, 2012
  24. Phillips 66. "Storm Center Website Update #7 for Tropical Storm Isaac" 12 pm August 31, 2012
  25. Herald Online. "Phillips 66 Contributes to Hurricane Isaac Disaster Relief" August 31, 2012.
  26. Phillips 66. "Storm Center Website Update #6 for Tropical Storm Isaac" 11 am, August 30, 2012
  27. Times-Picayune. "As Hurricane Isaac winds knock down power lines, Phillips 66 Alliance Refinery loses power along with thousands of others in Plaquemines Parish" August 28, 2012.
  28. FuelFix. "Louisiana refinery without power after shutdown" August 29, 2012.
  29. Phillips 66. "Storm Center Website Update #5 Hurricane Isaac. 9 a.m., Wednesday, August 29, 2012"
  30. Fox News. "Phillips 66: Belle Chasse, La., Refinery Closing Ahead of Isaac" August 27, 2012.
  31. WPXI. "Gas prices rise as refineries shut down for Isaac" August 27, 2012.
  32. Reuters. "UPDATE 2-Storm Isaac bearing down on U.S. refining hub" August 26, 2012.
  33. Bloomberg. "Phillips 66 Puts Alliance Refinery Diesel Fuel Project On Hold" by Christine Harvey. August 9, 2012.
  34. Phillips 66. "Transcript for Phillips 66 second-quarter earnings call" August 1, 2012
  35. Reuters. "Phillips 66 profit jumps 14 pct, shares up" by Kristin Hays. August 2, 2012
  36. Phillips 66. "Transcript for Phillips 66 second-quarter earnings call" August 1, 2012
  37. Nasdaq. "Phillips 66 CEO: Louisiana Refinery Sale Decision to Come in Summer" by Ben Lefebre. June 5, 2012.
  38. Fox News. "Phillips 66 CEO Says Decision on Louisiana Refinery Will Come in Summer: June 5, 2012.
  39. Wall Street Journal. "Phillips 66 Rethinks Plan to Sell Louisiana Refinery" by Ben Lefebvre. June 7, 2012.
  40. Reuters. "Phillips 66 aims to run more shale oil" by Kristen Hays. May 1, 2012.
  41. New World Encyclopedia. "ConocoPhillips" retrieved May 6, 2012.

About the Author

Hugh Pickens

Hugh Pickens (Po-Hi '67) is a physicist who has explored for oil in the Amazon jungle, crossed the empty quarter of Saudi Arabia, and built satellite control stations for Goddard Space Flight Center all over the world. Retired in 1999, Pickens and his wife moved from Baltimore back to his hometown of Ponca City, Oklahoma in 2005 where he cultivates his square foot garden, mows nine acres of lawn, writes about local history and photographs events at the Poncan Theatre and Ponca Playhouse.

Since 2001 Pickens has edited and published “Peace Corps Online,” serving over one million monthly pageviews. His other writing includes contributing over 1,500 stories to “Slashdot: News for Nerds,” and articles for Wikipedia, “Ponca City, We Love You”, and Peace Corps Worldwide.

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